Name: Muhammad Hariz bin Muslan
Class: 3 Ar-razi
Nik Aziz ‘tok guru’
Datuk Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat was perhaps best known for his humility,
having lived in an old wooden house even while heading Kelantan for over
two decades. His real name is Nik Abdul Aziz bin Nik Mat, was born on 10
January 1931 in Kampung Pulau Melaka, Kelantan. Tuan Guru Dato ' Nik
Abdul Aziz Nik Mat was in a family that is very powerful stick to the
teachings of Islam. His father, Haji Nik Mat bin Raja Banjar bin Raja
Abdullah bin Raja is Raja Jembal descendant Mamat. His father, better
known as Lord Guru Nik Mat call Godly as he's religious sciences. He is
famous in Kelantan in the conduct of village huts Fly Shop. In these
programmes, Nik Abdul Aziz received his early education with hundreds of
Islamic students from all over Southeast Asia.
Since young he studied thoroughly religious Scriptures from the late
muktabar and learn to write from his father and his mother Hajah Aminah
Majid. During the age of 9 years, Nik Abdul Aziz sent learning with Tuan Guru
Haji Mohamad Abas at the pondok Ittifaqiyah Madrasah, Jertih, Besut,
Terengganu. Although the age of the Master Teacher is still young but he is
able to dominate the book Asmuni (a grammar book that relatively high)
comparable to students who are older.
Nik Abdul Aziz was born in Kota Bharu in 1931 as the second of five siblings.
He was raised by a single father (Tok Kura) who was an aspiring blacksmith.
Nik Aziz's Islamic studies began in pondok schools in Kelantan and
Terengganu. He went on to study at Darul Uloom Deoband in Uttar Pradesh,
India for five years. He obtained his Bachelor of Arts in Arabic Studies and
Master of Arts in Islamic jurisprudence from Al-Azhar University, Egypt. During
his university studies, he was one of the witnesses and a civilian to have lived
in the heat of the Arab-Israeli Conflict.
Having returned from Egypt, Nik Aziz began as a teacher at various religious schools
in Kelantan, hence his popular nickname "Tok Guru.” He was able to converse in
Standard Malay, Arabic, English, Tamil and Urdu in addition to his native Kelantanese.
Nik Aziz joined PAS in 1967. He contested and won the Kelantan Hilir
parliamentary seat by-election in that same year, and held the seat (later
renamed Pengkalan Chepa) until 1986. In 1982, he was part of a movement by
young members to bring change to the party leadership. PAS had lost the
Kelantan state elections in 1978 and, as PAS state commissioner, Nik Aziz
began to question president Asri Muda's leadership. Finally, in the PAS
Muktamar (General Assembly) that year, Asri was forced to resign.
After stepping aside from federal politics, Nik Aziz won a seat in the Kelantan
State Assembly in the 1986 general elections. In 1990, PAS managed to wrest
control of Kelantan back from Barisan Nasional. In his capacity as party leader
in the state, Nik Aziz became Menteri Besar of Kelantan. He succeeded Yusof
Rawa as spiritual leader of PAS in 1991.
Nik Aziz's government was re-elected on four occasions (1995, 1999, 2004, 2008), until his
retirement in 2013. During the 1990s, his administration in Kelantan frequently clashed on
the role of Islam in Malaysia with the Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad. In contrast with
the racially-exclusive ruling party UMNO, he openly rejected communal politics.
Nik Aziz commanded support from a large number of non-Muslims in Malaysia and played
a leading role during PAS' increase in popularity among non-Muslims.
Retirement and Death
Nik Aziz retired as Chief Minister of Kelantan at the 2013 election. PAS was re-
elected and Nik Aziz's deputy, Ahmad Yaakob, took his place. Over the
ensuing two years, Nik Aziz became increasingly ill with prostate cancer, and
died at 9.40 p.m. on 12 February 2015 at his residence in Kampung Pulau
Melaka, Kota Bharu. The following day, more than 10,000 people attended his
funeral at Masjid Tok Guru, his local mosque. His death triggered a by-
election for his seat, N06 Chempaka in the Kelantan State Assembly.
Quiet, devout, generous and patient
A Skilled Speaking Preacher
Pursue Islamic Knowledge Since Young
Love to qiamullail
Operate the mobile huts
Never stopped going out from home day and night giving
lectures and speaking to villagers.
He was a great leader who gave everything he could to his
Humble and respected leader
A positive and open attitude