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Famous Personality - Umar al-Khattab


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Subject: English Form 3
Topic: Famous Personalities
Prepared by: Nurul Fatini Athirah binti Hj Dzulkurnain

Published in: Education
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Famous Personality - Umar al-Khattab

  2. 2. BIODATA NAME : Umar Al-Khattab BIRTH DATE : 579 Masihi (45 before Hijrah) BIRTH PLACE : Makkah POSITION : Khulafa’ Ar-Rasyidin (after Abu Bakr) TITLE : Al-Farooq (separation between right and wrong) Amirul Mu’minin DEATH DATE : 6 November 644 Masihi
  3. 3. EARLY LIFE During his childhood he was herding goats and at the time he was an adult he was a merchant trading goods by going back and forth between Mecca and Syam. He was also a good fighter and a brave hero and famous for its vigor.
  4. 4. Umar Al-Khattab was considered as an independent person. He was herding goats at a young age and dealing with trade on his own by going back and forth between Mecca and Syam to bring merchandise. He was also known to love to learn something new vigorously until he learned it well. Due to that he became famous for its vigor.
  5. 5. CONVERSION TO ISLAM During Muhammad Islam began to spread outright, Umar defended the tradition of the Quraysh. Umar was among those most strongly opposed to Islam at the time. Umar found his sister and brother-in-law reciting the verses of the Quran. Umar slapped his sister so hard that she fell to the ground bleeding from her mouth. When he saw what he did to his sister, he calmed down out of guilt and asked his sister to give him what she was reciting. Umar bin Al-Khattab was attracted to Islam after listening to his sister reading the verses of the Quran (Surah Taha).
  6. 6. Saidina Umar is a loving person. He still loves his sister when he calmed down out of guilt after slapping his sister for reciting the verses of the Quran.
  7. 7. MIGRATION TO MEDINA In 622 CE, due to the safety offered by Yathrib (later renamed Medina), Muhammad ordered his followers to migrate to Medina. Most Muslims migrated at night fearing resistance from Quraish at their migration, but Umar is reported to have left openly during the day saying: "Any one who wants to make his wife a widow and his children orphans should come and meet me there behind that cliff."
  8. 8. Umar Al-Khattab was also a brave man. He left openly during the day to Yathrib while most Muslims migrated at night fearing resistance from Quraish.
  9. 9. UMAR AL-KHATTAB GOVERNMENT oFormed the Shura Council. o Divided Islamic Territories. -divided the expanded government into provinces and put some officers to run the administration oReformed in the economic field. -rates and the tax system were changed oRenewed the social status of slaves. -slaves were no longer humiliated and oppressed
  10. 10. He became the next caliph after Abu Bakr death. He was a smart and responsible person to govern the country. The government of Umar was more or less a unitary government, where the sovereign political authority was the caliph. The empire of Umar was divided into provinces and the provinces were administered by the provincial governors
  11. 11. UMAR AL-KHATTAB PERSONALITIES oindependent o vigorous o loving o brave o smart o responsible