SUMMARY Summary is basically what it sounds like…summing somethingup, or giving you the basic outline or premise of a story. It tells whathappens in a text, or series of events. Summary is an observation. The purpose of a summary is to inform your readers and let themknow whats going on…give them the basic gist.
SUMMARY CONT. Summary often uses the W’s • Who • What • When • Where W’s • Why • How
SUMMARY CONT. You should only use summary when you need to make points. If you are summarizing then you are just giving a basic outline ofthe plot and you arent doing the important work of criticallyevaluating and really diving into the text. Think of summary as a way of recapping-like explaining to afriend the latest episode of your favorite show…you would want toinform them and give them the basic points.
ANALYSIS Analysis is an argument or your take on a certain interpretation ofa plot or text. We use analysis to take apart certain parts of a text to look at themcloser and really delve into the meaning of the words and symbolsand really see what the author was trying to get across. You should really hone in and narrow your focus to a specific partof a text or passage in order to perform a good analysis.
ANALYSIS CONT. An analysis is more of an inference than an observation. Its yourtake on the plot and characters. It was interesting to read in the PowerPoint our teacher did that“Forming a thoughtful argument based on evidence is something wedo every day for all sorts of reasons.” I never really thought aboutdecision making as something so complex but perhaps it is.
ANALYSIS CONT. Think of analysis as you would a movie critic or a book critic, youwant to give the plot without giving away the juicy details. You shouldgive your personal opinion and perspective but in a way that isrespectful to the text.
IN CONCLUSION The differences between summary and analysis is that summary is the basic idea of a textwhere analysis is more of the underlying meaning and unwritten essence. To help yourself differentiate you should use the PIE acronym:P-Your argument needs to have a Point.I-You need to have support or Illustrations to back up your pointE-You should have an Explanation why your talking about what you are, or an explanation for the points your making.