Everything you need to know when writing an essay


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Everything you need to know when writing an essay

  2. 2. WHAT IS AN ESSAY? An organized piece of writing that focuses on a single topic
  3. 3. ORGANIZATION Organized around a thesis Begins with an introduction Ends with a concluding paragraph
  4. 4. REASONS FOR WRITING AN ESSAY  Helps you to express ideas more clearly and effectively  It is a required part of almost all colleges courses
  5. 5. DIFFERENT ELEMENTS: PARAGRAPH VS ESSAY  Organized around a main idea  Introductory sentence  Developed by supporting details  Concluding sentence  Organized around a thesis  Introductory paragraph  Developed by supporting body paragraphs  Concluding paragraph
  6. 6. THESIS It has to do with what you are writing about THESIS STATEMENT Sentence in the essay that states the thesis Expressed in the first paragraph Key step in developing an effective essay
  7. 7. TIPS FOR WRITING YOUR THESIS STATEMENT Determined the kind of paper you are writing.  An Analytical paper (breaks down an issue or idea into its component parts)  An Expository paper (explains something to the audience)  An Argumentative paper (makes a claim about a topic and justifies this claim with specify evidence) Should be specific.  Appears at the end of the first paragraph of a paper. Should reflect exactly what you have discussed in the paper.
  8. 8. INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH  First part of an essay which has a major influence on the reader s desire to keep reading.  Includes different strategies to get the readers attention that should be connected with the thesis statement  It should conclude with the most important idea of the essay.
  9. 9. BODY OF AN ESSAY  Set of paragraphs that develop the idea expressed in the thesis statement BODY PARAGRAPHS Provide the content of the essay Each one should be unique, be unified around a main idea and arranged coherently
  10. 10. CONCLUSION OF AN ESSAY  Purpose: To leave the reader with a positive impression, a sense of completeness and the inclination to think about the topic  Should not give more information about the topic  Restates your thesis statement in other words
  11. 11. THE REVISION AND EDITING PROCESS  Process of reviewing and rewriting to make your ideas more logical  Aspects: I. revision through reading II. revision through collaboration
  12. 12. TYPES OF ESSAYS Analyse/analysis Argumentative Persuasive Cause and effect Comparison and contrast Definition Narrative Descriptive Division Classification Mixed pattern
  13. 13. ANALYZE/ANALYSIS  To write an analysis, you need to think about how each part of something contributes to the success of the whole.  Describe HOW and WHY its elements function.
  14. 14. ARGUMENT/ARGUMENTATIVE  An argument paper presents a stronger claim to a more resistant audience.  To write an argument essay, you’ll need to gather evidence and present a well-reasoned argument on a debatable issue.  You must base your paper on a strong position.  You must choose one side or the other when you write an argument paper!
  15. 15. DO…  …use passionate language  …cite experts who agree with you  …provide facts, evidence, and statistics to support your position  …provide reasons to support your claim  …address the opposing side’s argument and refute their claims
  16. 16. DON’T…  …use weak qualifiers like “I believe,” “I feel,” or “I think”—just tell us!  …claim to be an expert if you’re not one  …use strictly moral or religious claims as support for your argument  …assume the audience will agree with you about any aspect of your argument  …attempt to make others look bad
  17. 17. PERSUASIVE/PERSUADE  To write a persuasive paper, you’ll need to use evidence and good reasons to convince others to agree with your point of view on a particular subject.  Conduct the effective research by obtaining facts and evidence to support your ideas.  It doesn't simply report information (like a typical research paper would)--it uses that information to make an argument or prove a point.
  18. 18. PERSUASIVE THESIS STATEMENT  It is a one-sentence description of your topic and the argument that you plan to make  Not only tell us what the essay will be about, but also where the author stands on that issue (his or her opinion) and briefly explain why.
  19. 19. CAUSE & EFFECT  First, determine a scenario in which one action or event caused certain effects to occur.  Second, explain what took place and why  This essay allows us to identify patterns and explain why things turned out the way that they did
  20. 20. NARROWING A LARGE TOPIC Ask yourself…  What's the main (most important) cause?  Can I break the different types of effects down into categories?  Which category interests me the most?
  21. 21. COMPARE/CONTRAST You should…  Make new connections or express new differences between two things. You can compare, contrast or compare and contrast.  Choose 2 things that could go in the same category, but are also quite different
  22. 22. ORGANIZING YOUR COMPARE AND CONTRAST PAPER Chunking: placing all of the information for each individual subject in one place (chunk), and then using similarities as transitions.  Piecing: giving pieces of the information for each individual subject in each paragraph, arranging the information by topic rather than by subject.
  23. 23. DEFINITION/DEFINE To write a definition essay, you’ll need to define a word that:  has a complex meaning  is disputable (could mean different things to different people)
  24. 24. NARRATIVE/DESCRIPTIVE Narrative essay tells a story, relates events that had happened. Descriptive essay describes a person, object, or event.
  25. 25. TIPS FOR WRITING EFFECTIVE NARRATIVE AND DESCRIPTIVE ESSAYS:  Tell a story about a moment or event that means a lot to you  Avoid long introductions and lengthy descriptions.  Make sure your story has a point. Describe what you learned from this experience.  Describe the setting, characters, the plot, conflicts and resolution of your story.
  26. 26. USING CONCRETE DETAILS FOR NARRATIVES Concrete Language  …makes the story or image seem clearer and more real to us.  …gives us information that we can easily grasp and perhaps empathize with. Abstract Language…  ...makes the story or image difficult to visualize.  …leaves your reader feeling empty, disconnected, and possibly confused.
  27. 27. DIVISION & CLASSIFICATION  Division Essay: Choose something that the majority of people might not know much about and therefore can't understand how complex that topic is. You will break your topic down into meaningful and important categories.  Classification Essay: Type of analysis in which you classify information, organize or sort it into appropriate categories.  How to classify the topic:  These categories will be the basis for the details you will include.  Make sure you create useful and meaningful categories.  It is useful to create a chart to plan out your categories.
  28. 28. BIBLIOGRAPHY  Types of papers & students samples by the Roane State Community College. Retrieved from http://www.roanestate.edu/owl/Types.html Accessed on: September 5, 2013  Tips and Examples for Writing Thesis Statements. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu Accessed on: September 6, 2013