Ladder Safety- Safety First!


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Ladder Safety

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  • Cal OSHA: “A fixed ladder is a ladder permanently attached to a structure, building, or equipment. “
  • Performance work = need to reach out or move frequently
  • Access work: use ladders to reach upper working levels
  • Top support condition = condition of the building or edge of the roof.
  • Non-self supporting ladders must be placed at a proper angle. The foot/base of the ladder should stand 1 foot out from the wall for every 4 ft up.
  • Ladder will take a corner before you do.
  • Ladder Safety- Safety First!

    1. 1. Ladder Safety
    2. 2. What is wrong with this? “ electric” drill wet no shoes
    3. 3. Overview <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Types </li></ul><ul><li>Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Climbing/Working Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Safety carry </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz </li></ul>
    4. 4. Background <ul><li>1 Death/ Day -Ladder Fall (Http:// </li></ul><ul><li>65,000 Injuries/Year ( Http:// ) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Regulations <ul><li>Cal OSHA Title 8, Subchapter 7, Group 1, Article 4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 3276 Use of Ladders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 3277 Fixed Ladders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 3278 Portable Wood Ladders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 3279 Portable Metal Ladders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Section 3280 Portable Reinforced Plastic Ladders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Source: </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Types of Ladders (1) <ul><li>Fixed ladders </li></ul>
    7. 7. Types of Ladders (2) <ul><li>Portable ladders </li></ul>
    8. 8. Portable Ladders required for activities on a construction site (1) <ul><li>Performance work </li></ul><ul><li>Stepladder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self supporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-adjustable in height </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flat steps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hinged back </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Portable Ladders required for activities on a construction site (2) <ul><li>Access work </li></ul><ul><li>Single Ladder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-self supporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non adjustable in height </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One section </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extension Ladder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-self supporting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjustable in length </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two sections </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Portable Ladder Selection <ul><li>Consider work surface </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Floor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Level surface </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Top support condition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ladders be tall enough </li></ul><ul><li>to reach work area </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Conductive </li></ul><ul><li>Weight capacity rating (person/supplies) </li></ul>
    11. 11. Ladder Duty Rating Sources: ANSI A14 and OSHA 1910.26 Type Capable of Supporting Rated Use Type IAA 375 lbs Special Duty Type IA 300 lbs Extra Heavy Duty Industrial Type I 250 lbs Heavy Duty Industrial Type II 225 lbs Medium Duty Commercial Type III 200 lbs Light Duty Household
    12. 12. Self Supporting Ladder <ul><li>Use on level surface </li></ul><ul><li>Fully extend and lock Spreaders </li></ul><ul><li>Never climb or stand on the top step </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain three point contact </li></ul>
    13. 13. Self Supporting Ladder (Cont.) <ul><li>Use tool belt to carry tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pulley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or hoist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High traffic area </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Co-worker assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barricade doors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cones </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Non- Self Supporting Ladders <ul><li>Use on level surface </li></ul><ul><li>Height to base ratio </li></ul><ul><li>Extends 3ft above supporting edge </li></ul><ul><li>Use tool belt/pulley </li></ul><ul><li>Stay off the top three rungs </li></ul><ul><li>Only one person at a time </li></ul><ul><li>Three point contact </li></ul>
    15. 15. Non- Self Supporting Ladders (cont.) The 4:1 Height to Base Ratio
    16. 16. Non- Self Supporting Ladders (cont.) Minimum Overlap for Extension Ladders Ladder Height (ft) Minimum Overlap (ft) ≤ 36 3 37 – 48 4 48 – 60 5
    17. 17. Safety Ladder Carrying <ul><li>Carry horizontally </li></ul><ul><li>Hold at midpoint to balance the load. </li></ul><ul><li>Get help if needed </li></ul><ul><li>Making turns – be careful! </li></ul>
    18. 18. Ladder Inspection <ul><li>Prior to EVERY use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loose or damaged rungs, steps, rails or braces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spreaders can be locked in place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety feet are present on straight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ladders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grease or dirt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paint can hide defects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tag-out ladders ( Do Not Use ) </li></ul>
    19. 19. Climbing/Working Guidelines <ul><li>Wear slip-resistant footwear </li></ul><ul><li>ALWAYS face ladder (up and down) </li></ul><ul><li>Move slowly/cautiously on ladder </li></ul>
    20. 20. Ladder Storage <ul><li>ANSI recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>Dry and ventilated storage area </li></ul><ul><li>Vertically- support/ tie every 6ft </li></ul><ul><li>Horizontally- support both ends and middle </li></ul><ul><li>Do Not store items on top of ladder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Warp </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Example 1:
    22. 22. Example 2:
    23. 23. Example 3:
    24. 24. WATCH YOUR STEP
    25. 25. Contacts <ul><li>David Wei, Safety Specialist </li></ul><ul><li>310-206-4189; [email_address] </li></ul>