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Instructional Strategies For Technology Integration


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Information to assist teachers with technology integration in the K-12 classrooms

Published in: Education, Technology
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Instructional Strategies For Technology Integration

  1. 1. ECT 642 Spring, 2010 Daryl Diamond, Ph.D. Instructional Strategies for Technology Integration Did You Know?
  2. 2. <ul><li>What does research say about using Technology effectively? </li></ul><ul><li>Research exists now that helps define where technology can most effectively impact student learning.  </li></ul><ul><li>Students should be motivated, engaged and learning actively </li></ul><ul><li>Learning should be authentic </li></ul><ul><li>Learning should be collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>Students should be the explorers and producers of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction and learning should be integrated across curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Students should be proficient in digital age literacy skills </li></ul><ul><li>Assessments should be performance based </li></ul>What you need to know before you start
  3. 3. How do I engage students? <ul><li>To actually have students engaged: </li></ul><ul><li>You need to frame projects differently </li></ul><ul><li>We no longer need students to just locate facts and spit them back to us </li></ul><ul><li>In this digital age it's too easy to copy and paste the answers </li></ul><ul><li>The way to frame projects differently is to create an Essential Question for students to answer that involves the desired skills of higher-level thinking </li></ul>
  4. 4. Characteristics of Engaging Work <ul><li>Novelty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working in cooperative groups or pairs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A new way of doing a book report </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working with outside sources or experts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using novel resources such as a digital microscope or Excel spreadsheet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Choice </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose two of three essay questions to answer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choice of essential question and/or project type </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Product Focus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Something that has meaning to the student </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For an authentic audience </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Authenticity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Real-world </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resource </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicators of Engaged Learning (NCREL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indicators of Engaged Learning (NCREL) – a different format </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. How do I know if a lesson is a good example of integrating technology? <ul><li>For examples of engaging tasks that employ technology, check out: </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum Portal </li></ul><ul><li>eMints National Center </li></ul><ul><li>Intel Designing Effective Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Innovative Teachers Network </li></ul><ul><li>Oracle Education Thinkquest </li></ul><ul><li>Apple Continuity of Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Kent School District K-6 Integrated Units   </li></ul><ul><li>Broward County Public Schools: Broward Enterprise Education Portal (BEEP) </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  6. 6. Scoring Guides <ul><li>Many scoring guides also exist that highlight the elements to look for within technology integrated units. Check out the guide below: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Try using the scoring guide above to evaluate this lesson: </li></ul><ul><li> Sample Lesson </li></ul>
  7. 7. The ASSURE Model of Instruction for Effective Use of Technology <ul><ul><ul><li>A nalyze the Learner </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>S tate Objectives and Expectations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>S elect the Materials and Media </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U tilize the Materials and Media </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>R equire Student Participation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E valuation and Feedback </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Go to </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Review the following information for common themes and best practices of technology use. <ul><li>4 Teachers Video and Website </li></ul><ul><li>A School of One , New York City </li></ul><ul><li> and the links to learning and technology indicators </li></ul><ul><li>A Meta-Analysis of the Effectiveness of Teaching and Learning with Technology on Student Outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Education and Technology Planning Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Using Technology to Improve the Literacy Skills of Students with Disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Issue: Technology: A Catalyst for Teaching and Learning in the Classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Technology in School: What the Research Says </li></ul><ul><li>Technology in Education </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Integration Made Easy </li></ul><ul><li>Marzano’s High Yield Strategies </li></ul>
  9. 9. Identify Content Essential Learning: <ul><li>What do I want students to know and be able to do? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Review Learning Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Florida Sunshine State Standards - </li></ul><ul><li>Access Points - expectations written for students with significant cognitive disabilities to access the general education curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>B. Define specific learning goals for the unit </li></ul><ul><li>One format for goals (from Classroom Instruction that Works)  uses statements about what students will know and be able to do at the end of a unit </li></ul><ul><li>C. Define where technology can be incorporated effectively;  Where can technology add to the building of student knowledge or engagement.? How are you teaching now? </li></ul><ul><li>Try using Learning with Technology Profile Tool - from NCREL </li></ul>
  10. 10. What learning do I assess? <ul><li>Consider assessment of one or more of the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skills and processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application of technology skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Final product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence of learning can also be informal. This could consist of teacher observation or notes. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For more information on assessment, check out: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kent School District's Classroom Assessment Guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kent School District's Staff Development Class-Rethinking the Research Report- Evidence of Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scoring Student Projects (not rubrics) from NRTEC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The following rubrics might be adapted for the assessment of the application of a specific technology skills: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Camera Work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia Project or Web Page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grading Rubric for PowerPoint Presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rubric for Evaluating WebQuests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation Rubric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project-Based Learning Multimedia Presentation Checklist (grades 9-12) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project-Based Learning Multimedia Presentation Checklist (grades 5-8) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project-Based Learning Multimedia Presentation Checklist ( grades 2-4) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The following site is a great place to view multiple rubrics and to create your own. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RubiStar - design your own rubrics or alter an existing one </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Design the Activity <ul><li>A. What activities will engage students and form knowledge? Think of activities that: Require students to answer a How?, Which?, or Why? question allowing students to create new knowledge or information </li></ul><ul><li>Pertain to the real world, ideally students' personal interests </li></ul><ul><li>Allow for student creativity and choice; and </li></ul><ul><li>Present a high but acceptable level of challenge </li></ul><ul><li>For more information, check out: </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Taxonomies </li></ul><ul><li>Questioning Strategies that generate Essential Questions – </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  12. 12. What strategies and technolog(ies) would best enable students to complete the task/activity? <ul><li>How will I scaffold student learning and the tasks required? Which pieces make sense to have as technology scaffolds; which pieces don't? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For more information on techniques to scaffold learning using technology, check out the Kent School District's website on Scaffolds for Student Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For more information on what technology standards exist for each grade level, check out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For more information on potential technology applications specific to the disciplines of science, English/language arts, math, or social studies, consider the ideas discussed in: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Integrating Technology into the Curriculum. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Using Technology Effectively </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tools for TEKS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transforming Teaching Through Technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kathy Schock Guide for Educators </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Design the Process <ul><li>What steps, related to the content and the technology skills, will the teacher and students go through to reach the intended outcomes? (Taking on the process in smaller chunks will help students succeed!) </li></ul><ul><li>A. Identification of instructional resources and materials Related to the use if instructional technology, teacher preparation might include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>identifying appropriate electronic resources or websites, then organizing them for students using bookmarks or hyperlinks within an instructional document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>developing graphic organizers for student use (ex. for student note taking while conducting online research; for development of storyboard plans for a multimedia or digital video presentation). See samples . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>creating templates (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Publisher) to guide student work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspiration/Kidspiration </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Design the Process <ul><li>B. Selection of instructional strategies for content and technology goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>direct instruction, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>guided practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modeling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>providing examples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cooperative learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For more ideas on instructional strategies, check out: </li></ul>
  15. 15. Designing the Process <ul><li>C. Identification of matching student activities </li></ul><ul><li>D. Identification of a calendar of student activities. This will help you determine which days you will need equipment or personnel support and give you a general guideline of how long the unit will be. </li></ul><ul><li>E. Determination of how, and to whom, students will publish, present or share their learning. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Plan for Classroom Management Related to the Use of Technology <ul><li>How will the available technology to student ratio be managed? </li></ul><ul><li>Check out the Managing Classroom Technology Resources website, particularly the pieces on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Managing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grouping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thinkfinity Classroom Configuration Chart </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Verizon Thinkfinity <ul><li>Verizon Thinkfinity Powerpoint </li></ul><ul><li>Verizon Thinkfinity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thinkfinity Hotlinks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guiding Questions for Partner Sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration Plan Overview </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration Plan Checklist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration Plan Template (Blank) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sample Integration Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sample Integration Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sample Integration Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sample Integration Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Link to NETS-S standards: </li></ul><ul><li>Link to 21 st century skills: </li></ul>
  18. 18. Go! <ul><li>Give your lesson plan one final look   Try going over your unit as if you as a student. Evaluate it through their eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>You can also go over your with a Scoring Guide for Lesson Plans using Technology Resources </li></ul><ul><li>For further development of your skills, try: </li></ul><ul><li>Webquests </li></ul><ul><li>Rethinking the Research Report </li></ul><ul><li>Some information retrieved from </li></ul>
  19. 19. Other Resources Consulted: <ul><li>Powerful Learning . Brandt, Ron. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Alexandria, VA, 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>Plugging In: Choosing and using educational technology . Jones, B., Valdez, G., Nowakowski, J., Rasmussen, C. NEKIA Communications - North Central Regional Education Laboratory, 1995. </li></ul><ul><li>Planning Good Change with Technology and Literacy . McKenzie, Jamie Ed.D. FNO Press, Bellingham, WA, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom Instruction that Works ,  Marzano, Norford, Paynter, Pickering and Gaddy. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Alexandria, VA, 2001. </li></ul>