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Facism and nazism

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Facism and nazism

  1. 1. Omar Soto Blé
  2. 2.  Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism that came to prominence in mid-20th century Europe. Fascists seek to unify their nation through a totalitarian state that promotes the mass mobilization of the national community, relying on a vanguard party to initiate a revolution to organize the nation on fascist principles.  Hostile to liberal democracy, socialism, and communism, fascist movements share certain common features, including the veneration of the state, a devotion to a strong leader, and an emphasis on ultra nationalism, ethnocentrism, and militarism. Fascism views political violence, war, and imperialism as a means to achieve national rejuvenation and asserts that nations and races deemed superior should attain living space by displacing ones deemed weak or inferior.
  3. 3.  A political regime, usually totalitarian, ideologically based on centralized government, government control of business, repression of criticism or opposition, a leader cult and exalting the state and or religion above individual rights. Originally only applied (usually capitalized) to Benito Mussolini's Italy.
  4. 4. I. Treaty of Versailles – 1783 VI. Briand Kellog - 1928 II. Constitution it PNF - 1919 VII. Lateran Pact – 1929 III. March on Rome – 1922 VIII. Invasion of Ethiopia (Abyssinia by) - 1935 IV. Locarno Conference - 1925 V. Letter of Labour – 1927
  5. 5. Corneliu Zelea Codreanu
  6. 6. Ante Pavelić Zaki-Al-Arsuzi
  7. 7. Wang Jingwei
  8. 8. Plínio Salgado
  9. 9. Oswald Mosley
  10. 10. At dawn on July 10, 1943 the Allied Eighth Army under the command of Marshal Harold Alexander began massively invade southern Sicily. Although the enemy stealthily evacuated ashore following a pre-planned strategy, the establishment of the beachhead became clear that the idea of ​Churchill to hit "the underbelly of Europe" was a fait accompli. In the summer of 1943 no one was more aware of that than "Il Duce" Benito Mussolini, former Editor of "Avanti" Italian Socialist Party newspaper, founder of the Fascist Party and dictator of Italy. The second chronologically totalitarian leader in Europe in the last century (in 1917 Lenin and Mussolini in 1922) knew that the invasion of Sicily announced the Peninsula and with it the ultimate failure of the adventure in which the head honcho himself shaven jaw had committed massive irresponsibly fate of Italy. A deductive intelligence contradictory combination with arrogant ego, capable of fully cloud that virtue, the Dictator understood at once that Italy could not continue as a belligerent. There is no historical evidence, however, that the leader of the March on Rome simultaneously fatal appreciate personal implications of their defeat.
  11. 11. Nazism claimed that an Aryan master race was superior to all other races. To maintain what it regarded as the purity and strength of the Aryan race, Nazis sought to exterminate Jews and Romani, and the physically and mentally disabled. Other groups deemed "degenerate" or "asocial" received exclusionary treatment, including homosexuals, blacks, Jehovah's Witnesses and political opponents. The Nazis supported territorial expansionism. According to Nazi ideology, the gaining of Lebensraum ("living space") is a law of nature for all healthy and vigorous peoples of superior races — who, as they grow in population size and face overpopulation in their territory, expand their territory and displace peoples of inferior races. Nazism rejected the Marxist concept of class struggle and instead promoted the idea of Volksgemeinschaft ("people's community"). Nazis wanted to overcome social divisions which they considered artificial; instead, all parts of the racially homogenous society should cooperate for national unity. Nazism denounced both capitalism and communism for being associated with Jewish materialism Like other fascist movements, Nazism supported the outlawing of strikes by employees and lockouts by employers, because these were regarded as a threat to national unity. Instead, the state controlled and approved
  12. 12.  the main idea of the Nazis was to take control of people and countries around the world.
  13. 13.  FEBRUARY 27, 1933  The Reichstag building (GERMAN PARLIAMENT) IS DESTROYED BY FIRE  After declaring that the Communists were responsible for the arson that destroyed the Reichstag (German parliament) in Berlin, Adolf Hitler used this fact to assume extraordinary powers in Germany. Hitler convinced the German President Paul von Hindenburg to declare a state of emergency. Thus, personal freedoms protected by the constitution is suspended.
  14. 14.  MARCH 5, 1933  NAZIS NOT GET THE MOST VOTES IN ELECTIONS REICHSTAG (GERMAN PARLIAMENT)  Despite the declaration of a state of emergency in February 1933 and of the extraordinary powers assumed by Adolf Hitler, the Nazis did not manage to win a governing majority in parliamentary elections. The Nazis won only 45 percent of the vote. Later, in March 1933, Hitler presented a bill that would give the government the power to enact laws without a vote in the German parliament. The bill passed, in part due to the arrest of several communist and socialist opponents before voting for the project.
  15. 15.  23 MARCH 1933  The Reichstag (parliament GERMAN) VOTE FOR THE LEGISLATURE TO HITLER  After the failure of the Nazi party that wins a majority in parliament, Adolf Hitler has a bill that will grant their government the legislative authority. The Nazis, the conservatives and the Catholic Center Party support the socalled "Enabling Act" that would guarantee the Hitler government the power to enact laws without a vote in parliament for a period of four years. Before the vote, opponents communists and many socialists were arrested. Finally, only the Socialists who were still opposed to the measure. The project is accepted and soon Hitler outlaws all political parties in Germany, except the Nazi Party.
  16. 16.  JUNE 30, 1934  NIGHT OF THE LONG KNIVES  There is a vent at the top of the assault troops (SA) and other suspected opponents of the regime of Adolf Hitler. In this purge is known as the "Night of the Long Knives". Over 80 SA leaders were arrested and executed without trial. Hitler argued that the purge is the answer to a plot to overthrow the SA government. The SA under the command of Ernst Roehm, have attempted to take the place of the German army. Roehm Removing it will further support Hitler's army.
  17. 17.  AUGUST 2, 1934  VON HINDENBURG PRESIDENT DIES AT 87 YEARS  German President Paul von Hindenburg dies at age 87. After his death, Adolf Hitler assumes the powers of the presidency. The military takes an oath of personal loyalty to Hitler, whose dictatorship is based on his position as Reich President (head of state), Reich Chancellor (head of government) and Führer (leader of the Nazi party). Now, Hitler's official title is "Führer and Reich Chancellor".
  18. 18. Walter Darré Heinrich Himmler
  19. 19. Karl Dönitz Rudolf Hess Grand Admiral of the Fleet Germany and Adolf Hitler's successor after his suicide. General of the SS and Hitler's deputy, fled to Britain and captured in 1941.
  20. 20. Hermann Goering Commander of the Luftwaffe and president of the Reichstag. Alfred Jodl Chief of Staff of the Wehrmacht.
  21. 21. Wilhelm Keitel Alfred Rosenberg Chief of the High Command of the Wehrmacht. The Nazi Party ideologue.
  22. 22. Joachim von Ribbentrop Franz von Papen Foreign minister, Albert Speer, architect and Minister of Armaments; Nazi ambassador to Austria and Turkey.
  23. 23.  Berlin was eventually surrounded and cut communications between the capital and the rest of Germany. Despite the evident total defeat, Hitler refused to relinquish his power or surrender. No communications from Berlin, Hermann Göring sent an ultimatum to the city asking to take the Nazi regime in April, considering that Hitler had been incapacitated as leader. Upon receiving the message, Hitler angrily ordered Göring's immediate arrest and made an airplane hand over the message to Göring in Bavaria. Later, the Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, began in northern Germany to communicate with the Western Allies in search of a negotiated peace. Hitler once again reacted violently to these attempts and ordered Himmler's arrest and execution. Given the null intent by Hitler to surrender, intense street fighting continued in the torn ruins of Berlin, the remnants of the German army, Hitler Youth and Waffen-SS were fighting with the Red Army. This battle is known as the Battle of Berlin. The German forces suffered heavy losses, reaching to recruit a large number of children and the elderly to defend Berlin pockets of territory still controlled by the Red Army. The April 30, 1945, the city ravaged by the cruel battle, Hitler committed suicide in his underground bunker. Two days later, on May 2, German General Helmuth Weidling unconditionally surrendered to Soviet General Vasily Chuikov.

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