The Nazis in Power


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The Nazis in Power

  1. 1. The Nazis in Power <ul><li>Revision presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Leaving Cert History Class </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Nazis in Power <ul><li>Gleichschaltung (Co-ordination) </li></ul><ul><li>Intimidation and Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Night of the Long Knives </li></ul><ul><li>Death of Hindenburg </li></ul><ul><li>Centralisation of Government </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Youth Movements </li></ul><ul><li>Women in Nazi Germany </li></ul>
  3. 3. Gleichschaltung (Co-ordination) <ul><li>All aspects of life brought under the control of the Nazi Party. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany officially known as the ‘Third Reich’. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler declares the Third Reich will last a thousand years. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler establishes a totalitarian regime. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Intimidation and Violence <ul><li>During March 1933 election the SA fight street battles with the Communists. </li></ul><ul><li>Public meetings are broken up </li></ul><ul><li>Local police work with SA. </li></ul><ul><li>After the Reichstag fire 4000 Communists are arrested. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitlers new powers also see imprisonment without trial of opponents. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Night of the Long Knives <ul><li>30 June 1934 </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler saw the SA and its leader Rohm as a threat - they numbered over 2 million. </li></ul><ul><li>Rohm also wanted to take over the army. </li></ul><ul><li>SS arrest leaders of the SA and other political figures e.g. von Schleicher. </li></ul><ul><li>Rohm was executed along with 90 others. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Death of Hindenburg <ul><li>Hindenburg dies on 2 August 1934 </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler immediately takes over his role as President. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler declares himself to be Fuhrer (Leader) of Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>German armed forces swear oath of allegiance to Hitler (in return for stopping the SA from taking over the army). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Centralisation of Government <ul><li>Trade Unions banned and replaced by the Nazi Labour Front. </li></ul><ul><li>Legal profession is purged of non-Nazis. </li></ul><ul><li>New Nazi People Courts established. </li></ul><ul><li>The State Police placed under the control of Heinrich Himmler (leader of the SS). </li></ul><ul><li>The SS and the Gestapo used to hunt down opponents of the Nazi regime. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Education <ul><li>History re-written to fit Nazi ideology. Lessons concentrate on the origins of the Nazi Party and the history of the Aryan Race. </li></ul><ul><li>Biology stressed the importance of racial purity. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical training emphasised in rebuilding the Master Race. </li></ul><ul><li>Religion phased out of schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers purged to ensure support for Nazis. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Youth Movements <ul><li>Hitler Youth for Boys – emphasis on physical training and military drills. </li></ul><ul><li>League of German Maidens for girls – emphasis on Kinder, Kirche und Kuche (Children, Church and Kitchen). </li></ul><ul><li>By 1934 Hitler Youth had 3.5 million members. Initially attracted working class boys, but then became dominated by the sons of the middle class and the wealthy. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Women in Nazi Germany <ul><li>They were taught their role was as a good wife and mother and their place was in the home. </li></ul><ul><li>Law for the Encouragement of Marriage (1933) which gave newly weds a loan of 1000 marks to encourage having children. </li></ul><ul><li>10 commandments for choice of spouse (1934) which encouraged people to marry Germans and keep race pure. </li></ul><ul><li>Not allowed to wear make-up, have hair dyed or have perms </li></ul><ul><li>Only to wear flat shoes and no trousers allowed </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>No slimming as thought unhealthy - would upset child-bearing </li></ul><ul><li>No smoking as seen as 'un-German' </li></ul><ul><li>Long hair or put in bun or plaits </li></ul><ul><li>Women dismissed from the professions in 1934 </li></ul><ul><li>By 1936 women could not be judges or sit on jury </li></ul><ul><li>Nazis Banned contraception and abortion </li></ul><ul><li>The racially 'unpure' were sterilised. </li></ul>Women in Nazi Germany
  12. 12. <ul><li>Presentation Prepared by: </li></ul><ul><li>Dominic Haugh </li></ul><ul><li>St. Patrick’s Comprehensive School </li></ul><ul><li>Shannon </li></ul><ul><li>Co. Clare </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation can be used for educational purposes only – all rights remain with the author </li></ul>