Totalitarianism

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Defines totalitarianism; highlights Mussolini, Stalin, and Hitler with clips of all three (don't have to use the entire length of clips). Also, there is a youtube clip from the movie V for Vendetta

Published in: Education, News & Politics

Totalitarianism

  1. 1. TOTALITARIANISM
  2. 2. Totalitarianism Defined <ul><li>Government controls every aspect of life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No privacy or independent organizations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Political system dominates: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All powerful leader </li></ul>
  3. 3. Totalitarian Leaders Mussolini Stalin Hitler
  4. 4. Logic of Totalitarianism <ul><li>In order to create a perfect society out of imperfect human beings, the political system requires a high level of coercive control over every facet of life. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Totalitarianism’s Features http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =Xu-g1Oe26Sw&feature=related <ul><li>There are seven (7): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cult of the leader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radical ideology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass mobilization and indoctrination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of secret police </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Central control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of terror and violence </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Cult of the Leader <ul><li>Supreme, autonomous </li></ul><ul><li>Hero worship </li></ul><ul><li>Wise </li></ul><ul><li>Paternalistic </li></ul><ul><li>Charismatic </li></ul>
  7. 7. Radical Ideology <ul><li>Control is official, total, comprehensive </li></ul><ul><li>Exploits popular fears and prejudices </li></ul><ul><li>Legitimates a revolutionary break from the past </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides scapegoat for past wrongs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explains present sacrifices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promises a future of peace and plenty </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Organization <ul><li>Single, political party serves leader in promoting ideology </li></ul><ul><li>Party is subservient to leader </li></ul><ul><li>No dissent permitted! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mass mobilization and indoctrination <ul><li>Fanatic followers make any sacrifice </li></ul><ul><li>Regime mobilizes against any internal or external enemy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opponents, scapegoats, counter-revolutionaries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use aggressive warfare to keep people mobilized </li></ul>
  10. 10. Secret Police <ul><li>Secret police and informers are used to monitor and control citizenry </li></ul>
  11. 11. Central Control <ul><li>Control all organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the Arts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clubs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>News media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor unions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Churches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Terror and Violence <ul><li>To smooth the way to a take-over </li></ul><ul><li>Creates atmosphere of crisis and instability </li></ul><ul><li>Dramatizes inability of old government to provide security </li></ul><ul><li>To maintain control afterward </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps population too terrorized to dissent </li></ul>
  13. 13. Benito Mussolini – Italy http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v = hIxAsangFZc&feature = PlayList&p =5D4F6CCBE0FA804A&playnext=1&playnext_from= PL&index =16 Benito Mussolini convinced war veterans that they needed to fight the politicians who were destroying Italy • Fascism – strong, centralized government headed by a powerful dictator; rooted in nationalism • Did not attempt to control farms & factories like Communism; many Italians feared Communism • March on Rome (1922) – Italian king allowed him to form new government • Il duce (the chief) – crushed all opposition and controlled every aspect of life
  14. 14. Josef Stalin – Soviet Union http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v = IkCXtMHCUTc&feature = PlayList&p =3C8D236CF8BFAC04&playnext=1&playnext_from= PL&index =12 • Joseph Stalin stopped at nothing to create a model Communist state • Make it a truly socialist economy – stamping out all private enterprise especially private farming, ordered collectivization, and destruction of kulaks • Five-year plans (3) – transform into industrial power, by 1939 it was third largest • Police state – critics were arrested & shipped off to forced labor camp in Siberia • Tens of thousands public officials, bureaucrats, military officers were “enemies of the state” and executed • 8-13 million people die; millions more from famine caused by restructuring of Soviet society • Maintain complete control over citizens; no rights
  15. 15. Adolf Hitler – Nazi Germany http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =80lLU5-yji8 Adolf Hitler appealed to jobless soldiers who joined Nazi (Natl. Socialist German Workers’ Party) who had no ties to Communism and hated it • Nazism – based on nationalism; goal of uniting all German speaking people; Aryans superior to Jews, Slavs and non-whites; national expansion (beliefs laid out in Mein Kampf ) • Fuhrer (the leader) – desperate people turned to him during Great Depression • Dismantled Weimar Republic to establish Third Reich (1. Charlemagne; 2. Bismarck) which would be the “ thousand-year Reich”

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