Biodiversity in India


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As a part of my Forestry Studies, The actual presentation which i made and used in my Presentation session on the class

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Biodiversity in India

  1. 1. BIODIVERSITY IN INDIA Anand Charvin.G
  2. 2. • India is situated north of the equator between 66°E to 98°E and 8°N to 36°N. It is bordered by Nepal, China and Bhutan in the north; Bangladesh and Myanmar in the east; the Bay of Bengal in the south east; the Indian Ocean in the south; the Arabian Sea in the west; and Pakistan in the north-west.
  3. 3. • India, known for its rich heritage of biological diversity, has so far documented over 91,200 species of animals and 45,500 species of plants in its ten bio-geographic regions. It is recognized as one of the eight Vavilovian centres of origin and diversity of crop plants, having more than 300 wild ancestors and close relatives of cultivated plants, which are still evolving under natural conditions.
  4. 4. • India ranks among the top ten species-rich nations and shows high endemism. India has two biodiversity hot spots. • Eastern Himalayas • Western Ghats
  5. 5. INDIA IS SHARING 12.53 % OF WORLD’S TOTAL BIODIVERSITY • Ratufa indica •
  6. 6. • In terms of species richness, India ranks seventh in mammals, • Ninth in birds. In terms of endemism of vertebrate groups, India’s position is tenth in birds with 69 species, • Fifth in reptiles with 156 species and seventh in amphibians with 110 species. • India’s share of crops is 44% as compared to the world average of 11%. India also has 23.39% of its geographical area under forest and tree cover.
  7. 7. LEGISLATIONS RELEVANT TO BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION Relevant key legislation Key features Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 Deals with protection of wildlife and habitats and provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants and related matters, with a view to ensuring the ecological and environmental security of the country. Indian Forest Act, 1927 Designed for forest management and protection, the transit of forest- and the duty liveable on timber and other forest produce. Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 Designed for the conservation of forests and related matters Biological Diversity Act, 2002 Provides for conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of its components, and fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the use of biological resources, knowledge and related matters Biological Diversity Rules, 2004 Deals with operationalizing the Biological Diversity Act.
  8. 8. THE NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY ACTION PLAN • Strengthening and integrating in-situ, on farm and ex-situ conservation • Augmentation of natural resource base and it sustainable utilization • Regulating introductions and managing invasive alien species • Assessment of vulnerability and adaptation to climate change and desertification • Integration of biodiversity concerns in economic and social development • Impact of pollution • Developing and integrating biodiversity databases • Strengthening implementation of policy, legislative and administrative measures for biodiversity conservation and management • Developing national capacities for biodiversity conservation and appropriate use of new technologies • Use of economic instruments/valuation in biodiversity related decision- making processes • International cooperation
  9. 9. TREATS TO BIODIVERSITY • • • • • • •
  10. 10. REFERENCES • Rajesh Gopal : Fundamentals of wildlife management: • Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, India's fourth national report to the convention on biological diversity :
  11. 11. THANK YOU