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VOLLEYBALL
1
HISTORY
•Volleyball was invented in 1895 by William J. Morgan, who was
physical education director of the YMCA (Young Men Cristian
Association) in Holyoke, Massachusetts.
•He developed the game to provide an indoor game for the winter
months in which relatively large groups of men could participate in a
small gym. The principal features of tennis were employed, but the net
was raised and the players struck a basketball with their hands in stead
of racquets.
2
Dates to remember:
- 1895 invention of volleyball
- 1920 arrives to Spain
- 1947 creation of International Federatinon
- 1960 creation of Spannish Federation (RFEVB)
- 1964 becomes an Olimpic sport in Japan
- 1992 Spain participates for the first time in the Olimpic games
(Barcelona ´92)
3
GAME CHARACTERISTICS
• Volleyball is a sport played by two teams on a
playing court divided by a net.
• The object of the game is to send the ball over the net in
order to ground it on the opponents court.
• Volleyball players hit a ball over a net using any part of
their bodies.
• You score a point when the opponent team can not
return the volleyball over the net or prevent it from
touching the court surface.
4
GAME CHARACTERISTICS
•The ball is put in play with a service: Hit by the server
over the opponents’ playing court.
•The rally continues until the ball is grounded on the
playing court of the opponent, goes “out”, or a team fails to
return it properly.
•You don' t need to have the posession of the ball to score.
•The team has three hits for returning the ball
5
GAME CHARACTERISTICS
•Each rally wins a point.
•When the receiving teams wins a rally, it gains a
point and the right to serve, and its players rotate
one position clockwise
6
The playing
area:
7
The ball
•An inflated leather ball 65-67cm in circumference and weighing between
260 and 280 grams (9-10 ounces) is used.
•It is some what smaller than a basketball and resembles a soccer ball or
water polo ball size.
8
The players:
• Team is composed of a maximum of 12 players
• Each team has the option to register among the their 12 players, one (1)
specialized defensive player “libero”
• There are six positions in the court. Three in the front line and three in
the back line. Players must keep their positions before the other team
serves. After the server hits the ball, players can move freely.
9
The players:
• Starting at the serving position and going counterclockwise the positions
are numbered 1-6. Number one is the server (right back when facing the
net) and number two is the front line player on the right.
• –Those in the playing court assume the position as Right Back, Right
Front, Middle Front, Left Front, Left Back, Middle Back.
10
The players:
Back-row Players (Left, Right,
Middle)
• Play in the backcourt behind the
attack
line.
• -They are responsible for passing
the ball towards teammates who
then “set” the ball to the spikers.
• -Back-row players also “dig” the
11
Front-line Players (Left, Right,
Middle)
• -Positioned in the frontcourt between
the attack line and the net.
• -These players mostly hit “spikes” into
the opposite court and jump to
“block” shots hit by the opposing side.
The players:
12
Everytime your team gains the
posession of the ball, your whole
team must rotate one position
clockwise. So the player that was
in position number 2 goes to
position number 1 and serves.
Player that was on number one
moves to number 6 and so on.
Each player must be within the
court and in their position at the
time the ball is served. If one
player is out of his position, the
team commits a fault and they
lose a rally.
One player serves continuously until his or her team commits a “fault”, after
which the opposite team “rotates” and serves the ball.
Structure of the play:
•The Toss
•–Before the match, the first referee carries out a toss. The winner of the
toss chooses:
••EITHER the right to serve or to receive the service
••OR the side of the court.
••The loser takes the remaining choice.
•Warm-up Session
•–Prior to the match, if the teams have previously had a playing court at
their disposal, they are entitled to a 6-minute warm-up period together at
the net; if not, they may have 10 minutes
13
How to score and win?
• Succesfully grounding the ball on the opponents court.
• Opponent´s team commits a fault
• To win a set - A set (except the deciding, 5th set) is won by the team
which first scores 25 points with a minimum lead of two points.
• To win a match
–The match is won by the team that wins three sets.
–In the case of a 2-2 tie, the deciding set (the 5th) is played to 15 points
with a minimum lead of 2 points.
14
Basic Rules
It´s allowed..
- When the ball hits any part of your body, including the leg or the foot
- Hit the ball out of the boundaries before it touches the ground within
your half playable area.
- A ball that is served and hits the net and goes over is a playable ball.
- A fourth hit is illegal. However, a block does not constitute a hit, so in
that situation a team can block a shot and then hit it three more times.
15
Basic Rules
It isn´t allowed.. (FAULTS)
• FOUR HITS: A team contacts the volleyball 4 times before returning it
• CATCH: The volleyball is caught or thrown. It doesn’t rebound from the
contact.
• DOUBLE CONTACT: A player contacts the volleyball twice (2 separate
attempts) in succession or the ball contacts various parts of a player’s
body in succession.
• Players are out of position at service.
• A player touches the net.
• A player attacks the ball above the opponent court or steps in an
opponent’s court.
16
SKILLS:
THE FOREARM PASS (or Dig):
•Use it to receive a serve or a low hit ball.
•Place your body low, extend your forearms and pass it up to the “setter.”
•Position is fundamental: Your feet must be shoulder width apart. You must wait for the
ball leaning forwards on your toes with a semi-flexion of your knees to react quickly.
•Join your hands together, making a fist with one hand and wrapping in it the palm of
your other hand. Let the ball hit you in the middle part of your forearms
simultaneously.
1710
Press the wrists and hands down to
fully extend the arms
Bend your knees before the ball gets to
you so that you can absorb the serve
and keep the ball in your court.
SKILLS:
THE SET:
•The set is an overhead pass . With it, the setter passes the ball with a high arch to
front-line players for them to spike.
•The proper technique for setting is to raise your hands about 15 cms above your head
with your thumbs on the bottom. Your thumbs and index fingers must form a triangle,
and also, your hands must form the shape of the ball. Go to the ball and get under it,
facing the direction to which you want to pass it. Bend your elbows and your knees.
•You must hit the ball with both hands together and simultaneously. Don’t let the ball
touch your palm. This is called a push, and is a violation. If you hold the ball or you
strike it unevenly, you’ll be in violation.
1810
All the following parts of your body
must extend with the ball when you
are doing a set: first your legs,
afterwards your upper body and arms,
and finally your wrists and fingers.
SKILLS:
THE SPIKE (or Smash):
•The spike is a powerful overhand smash into the opposite court.
•The spiker steps toward the net, jumps high in the air, and swings his or her arm
powerfully toward the ball to smash it.
•The spiker must be careful not to touch the net. Front row players can attack the ball
from anywhere on the court. Back row players can only attack from behind the three
meter line.
1910
SKILLS:
THE SPIKE (or Smash):
•Approach to the net and in the last step, place both feet almost at the same time on the
floor. Your feet must be shoulder-width apart.
•Swing both arms back to help you with the jump. Jump with both feet, as you aim to
the ball with your left hand (if you are righthanded).
•In the air, bring your right hand to your ear, and your elbow back. Bring your left arm
down and hit the ball with your right palm.
•Your arm must be extended. You must hit the ball in front of your head, not above it,
so it goes straight to the floor.
2010
SKILLS:
THE SERVE (OVERHEAD):
•Posture: left foot pulled back (for a right handed server; right foot for a lefty);
Aim for a target; while holding the ball with both hands at chest level.
•Step with the left foot in the direction of the intended target.
•Toss in one fluid motion and keeping your eyes on the ball; then cock the hitting arm
back with elbow high and thumb down (in an archery position).
•Contact the ball high with the palm shaped around the ball (middle of palm to middle
to ball), following through the swing toward the intended target
2110
SKILLS:
THE SERVE (underhand):
•Stand outside the court, anywhere along and behind the end line.
•If you are righthanded, hold the ball with your left hand. Place your left foot in front of
you but behind the line. Place the ball in front of your body, in line with your right foot
and arm. Move your right arm back, keeping it straight. Move your arm forwards to hit
the ball, and keep it extended. If you bend it, the ball will not reach the net.
•Hit the ball with the palm of your hand. If you do not hit the ball with a flat surface, its
trajectory is unpredictible.
•Keep your hand tense. It is not important if you close or you open your fingers, but you
must hold them tense, so you don´t hurt yourself when hitting the ball. After hitting the
ball, follow it through with your body and step into the court.
2210
videos
23
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XumLmNQiRjk
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j7i1G4rGvM0
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o0nCrqcRGtU
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DdMQns95WD
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=d6FYi2TVm1I

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Volleyball

  • 2. HISTORY •Volleyball was invented in 1895 by William J. Morgan, who was physical education director of the YMCA (Young Men Cristian Association) in Holyoke, Massachusetts. •He developed the game to provide an indoor game for the winter months in which relatively large groups of men could participate in a small gym. The principal features of tennis were employed, but the net was raised and the players struck a basketball with their hands in stead of racquets. 2
  • 3. Dates to remember: - 1895 invention of volleyball - 1920 arrives to Spain - 1947 creation of International Federatinon - 1960 creation of Spannish Federation (RFEVB) - 1964 becomes an Olimpic sport in Japan - 1992 Spain participates for the first time in the Olimpic games (Barcelona ´92) 3
  • 4. GAME CHARACTERISTICS • Volleyball is a sport played by two teams on a playing court divided by a net. • The object of the game is to send the ball over the net in order to ground it on the opponents court. • Volleyball players hit a ball over a net using any part of their bodies. • You score a point when the opponent team can not return the volleyball over the net or prevent it from touching the court surface. 4
  • 5. GAME CHARACTERISTICS •The ball is put in play with a service: Hit by the server over the opponents’ playing court. •The rally continues until the ball is grounded on the playing court of the opponent, goes “out”, or a team fails to return it properly. •You don' t need to have the posession of the ball to score. •The team has three hits for returning the ball 5
  • 6. GAME CHARACTERISTICS •Each rally wins a point. •When the receiving teams wins a rally, it gains a point and the right to serve, and its players rotate one position clockwise 6
  • 8. The ball •An inflated leather ball 65-67cm in circumference and weighing between 260 and 280 grams (9-10 ounces) is used. •It is some what smaller than a basketball and resembles a soccer ball or water polo ball size. 8
  • 9. The players: • Team is composed of a maximum of 12 players • Each team has the option to register among the their 12 players, one (1) specialized defensive player “libero” • There are six positions in the court. Three in the front line and three in the back line. Players must keep their positions before the other team serves. After the server hits the ball, players can move freely. 9
  • 10. The players: • Starting at the serving position and going counterclockwise the positions are numbered 1-6. Number one is the server (right back when facing the net) and number two is the front line player on the right. • –Those in the playing court assume the position as Right Back, Right Front, Middle Front, Left Front, Left Back, Middle Back. 10
  • 11. The players: Back-row Players (Left, Right, Middle) • Play in the backcourt behind the attack line. • -They are responsible for passing the ball towards teammates who then “set” the ball to the spikers. • -Back-row players also “dig” the 11 Front-line Players (Left, Right, Middle) • -Positioned in the frontcourt between the attack line and the net. • -These players mostly hit “spikes” into the opposite court and jump to “block” shots hit by the opposing side.
  • 12. The players: 12 Everytime your team gains the posession of the ball, your whole team must rotate one position clockwise. So the player that was in position number 2 goes to position number 1 and serves. Player that was on number one moves to number 6 and so on. Each player must be within the court and in their position at the time the ball is served. If one player is out of his position, the team commits a fault and they lose a rally. One player serves continuously until his or her team commits a “fault”, after which the opposite team “rotates” and serves the ball.
  • 13. Structure of the play: •The Toss •–Before the match, the first referee carries out a toss. The winner of the toss chooses: ••EITHER the right to serve or to receive the service ••OR the side of the court. ••The loser takes the remaining choice. •Warm-up Session •–Prior to the match, if the teams have previously had a playing court at their disposal, they are entitled to a 6-minute warm-up period together at the net; if not, they may have 10 minutes 13
  • 14. How to score and win? • Succesfully grounding the ball on the opponents court. • Opponent´s team commits a fault • To win a set - A set (except the deciding, 5th set) is won by the team which first scores 25 points with a minimum lead of two points. • To win a match –The match is won by the team that wins three sets. –In the case of a 2-2 tie, the deciding set (the 5th) is played to 15 points with a minimum lead of 2 points. 14
  • 15. Basic Rules It´s allowed.. - When the ball hits any part of your body, including the leg or the foot - Hit the ball out of the boundaries before it touches the ground within your half playable area. - A ball that is served and hits the net and goes over is a playable ball. - A fourth hit is illegal. However, a block does not constitute a hit, so in that situation a team can block a shot and then hit it three more times. 15
  • 16. Basic Rules It isn´t allowed.. (FAULTS) • FOUR HITS: A team contacts the volleyball 4 times before returning it • CATCH: The volleyball is caught or thrown. It doesn’t rebound from the contact. • DOUBLE CONTACT: A player contacts the volleyball twice (2 separate attempts) in succession or the ball contacts various parts of a player’s body in succession. • Players are out of position at service. • A player touches the net. • A player attacks the ball above the opponent court or steps in an opponent’s court. 16
  • 17. SKILLS: THE FOREARM PASS (or Dig): •Use it to receive a serve or a low hit ball. •Place your body low, extend your forearms and pass it up to the “setter.” •Position is fundamental: Your feet must be shoulder width apart. You must wait for the ball leaning forwards on your toes with a semi-flexion of your knees to react quickly. •Join your hands together, making a fist with one hand and wrapping in it the palm of your other hand. Let the ball hit you in the middle part of your forearms simultaneously. 1710 Press the wrists and hands down to fully extend the arms Bend your knees before the ball gets to you so that you can absorb the serve and keep the ball in your court.
  • 18. SKILLS: THE SET: •The set is an overhead pass . With it, the setter passes the ball with a high arch to front-line players for them to spike. •The proper technique for setting is to raise your hands about 15 cms above your head with your thumbs on the bottom. Your thumbs and index fingers must form a triangle, and also, your hands must form the shape of the ball. Go to the ball and get under it, facing the direction to which you want to pass it. Bend your elbows and your knees. •You must hit the ball with both hands together and simultaneously. Don’t let the ball touch your palm. This is called a push, and is a violation. If you hold the ball or you strike it unevenly, you’ll be in violation. 1810 All the following parts of your body must extend with the ball when you are doing a set: first your legs, afterwards your upper body and arms, and finally your wrists and fingers.
  • 19. SKILLS: THE SPIKE (or Smash): •The spike is a powerful overhand smash into the opposite court. •The spiker steps toward the net, jumps high in the air, and swings his or her arm powerfully toward the ball to smash it. •The spiker must be careful not to touch the net. Front row players can attack the ball from anywhere on the court. Back row players can only attack from behind the three meter line. 1910
  • 20. SKILLS: THE SPIKE (or Smash): •Approach to the net and in the last step, place both feet almost at the same time on the floor. Your feet must be shoulder-width apart. •Swing both arms back to help you with the jump. Jump with both feet, as you aim to the ball with your left hand (if you are righthanded). •In the air, bring your right hand to your ear, and your elbow back. Bring your left arm down and hit the ball with your right palm. •Your arm must be extended. You must hit the ball in front of your head, not above it, so it goes straight to the floor. 2010
  • 21. SKILLS: THE SERVE (OVERHEAD): •Posture: left foot pulled back (for a right handed server; right foot for a lefty); Aim for a target; while holding the ball with both hands at chest level. •Step with the left foot in the direction of the intended target. •Toss in one fluid motion and keeping your eyes on the ball; then cock the hitting arm back with elbow high and thumb down (in an archery position). •Contact the ball high with the palm shaped around the ball (middle of palm to middle to ball), following through the swing toward the intended target 2110
  • 22. SKILLS: THE SERVE (underhand): •Stand outside the court, anywhere along and behind the end line. •If you are righthanded, hold the ball with your left hand. Place your left foot in front of you but behind the line. Place the ball in front of your body, in line with your right foot and arm. Move your right arm back, keeping it straight. Move your arm forwards to hit the ball, and keep it extended. If you bend it, the ball will not reach the net. •Hit the ball with the palm of your hand. If you do not hit the ball with a flat surface, its trajectory is unpredictible. •Keep your hand tense. It is not important if you close or you open your fingers, but you must hold them tense, so you don´t hurt yourself when hitting the ball. After hitting the ball, follow it through with your body and step into the court. 2210
  • 23. videos 23 • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XumLmNQiRjk • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j7i1G4rGvM0 • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o0nCrqcRGtU • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DdMQns95WD • https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=d6FYi2TVm1I