Transition 9 10


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Transition 9 10

  2. 2. UNIT OUTLINE • Year 10 psychology runs for one semester • There will be 4 periods a week • It is a requirement that all course work be completed in order to achieve an ‘S’- satisfactory completion • There will also be several graded assessment tasks throughout the semester
  4. 4. Psychology past and present • History of psychology • Areas of psychology • Methods of research
  5. 5. Mix and Match- match the psychologist to their famous area of study • Psychoanalysis • Behaviourism • Humanism • Cognitivism • Albert Bandura • Abraham Maslow • B.F Skinner • Sigmund Freud
  6. 6. Adolescent Behaviour • Hikikomori • Brain development
  7. 7. Shutting Themselves In By MAGGIE JONES Published: January 15, 2006 • One morning when he was 15, Takeshi shut the door to his bedroom, and for the next four years he did not come out. He didn't go to school. He didn't have a job. He didn't have friends. Month after month, he spent 23 hours a day in a room no bigger than a king-size mattress, where he ate dumplings, rice and other leftovers that his mother had cooked, watched TV game shows and listened to Radiohead and Nirvana. "Anything," he said, "that was dark and sounded desperate."
  8. 8. Human Relationships • Body Language • Facial Expressions • Can you spot a liar?
  9. 9. Signs of Deception Body Language of Lies: • • Physical expression will be limited and stiff, with few arm and hand movements. Hand, arm and leg movement are toward their own body the liar takes up less space. • • A person who is lying to you will avoid making eye contact. • • Hands touching their face, throat & mouth. Touching or scratching the nose or behind their ear. Not likely to touch his chest/heart with an open hand. Emotional Gestures & Contradiction • • Timing and duration of emotional gestures and emotions are off a normal pace. The display of emotion is delayed, stays longer it would naturally, then stops suddenly. • • Timing is off between emotions gestures/expressions and words. Example: Someone says "I love it!" when receiving a gift, and then smile after making that statement, rather then at the same time the statement is made. • • Gestures/expressions don’t match the verbal statement, such as frowning when saying “I love you.” • • Expressions are limited to mouth movements when someone is faking emotions (like happy, surprised, sad, awe, )instead of the whole face. For example; when someone smiles naturally their whole face is involved: jaw/cheek movement, eyes and forehead push down, etc. Interactions and Reactions • • A guilty person gets defensive. An innocent person will often go on the offensive. • • A liar is uncomfortable facing his questioner/accuser and may turn his head or body away. • • A liar might unconsciously place objects (book, coffee cup, etc.) between themselves and you.
  10. 10. In Your Dreams • Why do we sleep? • What are dreams? • Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of dreaming
  11. 11. Interpreting dream symbology • angels - goodness and purity. An angel may be your guide, leading or guiding you to the correct path of your life. blood - vitality and our life force. If you dream of bleeding profusely, you may feel like someone or something is "bleeding you dry." Violent, bloody dreams may be an indication of an emotional upheaval. Menstrual blood may mean fertility and "having blood on one's hands" may be a sign of guilt. drowning - if water symbolizes the emotions then drowning symbolizes the fear of being overcome by or drowning in these emotions (sometimes it's just that simple). naked - being naked in dreams is suggestive of being vulnerable or a fear of you or your actions being exposed to others. It may also be symbolic of freedom and feeling uninhibited. The real question here is -- how being naked made you feel -- guilty or confident. school - being in school or in a classroom indicates the dreamer is going through a learning experience in life; it may also signify a spiritual lesson is being learned; it may also be bringing the dreamer back to a childhood memory that needs to be addressed. student - represents learning or a lesson that needs to be learned stairs - a rise or fall (which way are you going) in finances, social stature or the state of consciousness -- are you walking downstairs to the basement (subconscious) or up to the attic (knowledge and spirituality)? teacher - symbolizes a part of you that teaches others or yourself or it may refer to a "higher self", spirit or guide
  12. 12. Mind Matters • Psychological assessment • Intelligence testing • Personality testing
  13. 13. Rorschach Ink Blot test • Popular responses- bat, butterfly, moth. • When seeing card I, subjects often inquire on how they should proceed, and questions on what they are allowed to do with the card (e.g. turning it) are not very significant. Being the first card, it can provide clues about how subjects tackle a new and stressful task. It is not, however, a card that is usually difficult for the subject to handle, having readily available popular responses. • Personality-Test.pdf
  14. 14. Intelligence Test Questions • Rearrange the following letters to make a word and choose the category in which it fits. RAPETEKA A. city, B. fruit, C. bird, D. vegetable • Which number should come next in this series? 25,24,22,19,15 A. 4, B. 5, C. 10, D. 14 • Which word does not belong? apple, marmalade, orange, cherry, grape • The day before the day before yesterday is three days after Saturday. What day is it today? A. Monday, B. Tuesday, C. Wednesday, D. Thursday, E. Friday
  15. 15. Body Image • The media and body image • Positive and negative self esteem
  16. 16. Ideals of Beauty The idea of the perfect human body is a result of culture: religious functions, economy, advertisement and other factors. The definition of beauty is not an immanent and objective quality of things, since every age, place and social class formed its own ideal of it, ideal beauty is corresponding with the aesthetic feeling of people of a respecting period. • Ideal of beauty- 1480’s
  17. 17. The Pursuit of Happiness • Positive psychology • Happiness and humour
  18. 18. Happiness • test.html
  19. 19. Winning Attitudes: performance psychology • Goal setting • Motivation • Visualisation
  20. 20. Personal Goal Setting Goal Setting: The Growth Contract What are your current academic and career plans/goals? Areas of personal growth: • ¨ • ¨ • ¨ Areas of academic growth: • ¨ • ¨ • ¨ Specific goals for the next 11 months: • ¨ • ¨ • ¨ Major life events/goals/issues in the next 12 months: Area(s) where you may need some help from a friend/family member/etc. • ¨ • ¨ Signature:
  21. 21. Forensic Psychology • Organised and Disorganised crime • Role of the forensic psychologist • Profiling
  22. 22. What does a forensic psychologist do? • Forensic Psychologists can play a number of key roles in a criminal investigation. Immediately following a crime a forensic psychologist may be asked to act as a criminal profiler. Most of us have an idea of what profiling is. It has over the years become the love child of numerous television programs, movies, and crime novels. Criminal profiling involves the psychologist (though all profilers are not psychologists) using his understanding of human behaviour, motivation, and pathology so that he/she can create a psychological profile of the offender. The profiles can be surprisingly accurate. From observations of the crime scene one can infer the behavioural characteristics of the individual who created it. To a profiler everyone is a slave to their psychological makeup. In turn, profilers use their knowledge of whom the typical offender is that bears these characteristics and then predicts not only how the investigators can expect the offender to behave in the future, but also what their physical appearance will likely be. •
  23. 23. Psychopaths • Serial killers • Mass murderers • Cases studies
  24. 24. Sociopaths & Psychopaths Characteristics • Psychosis is rarely noted among serial killers. The predominant psychiatric diagnosis noted in the group tends toward the psychopathic, meaning they suffer from traits within a specific cluster of dysfunctional personality characteristics, those most commonly associated with Antisocial Personality Disorder or Dissocial personality disorder.[8][9] Psychopaths lack empathy and guilt, are egocentric and impulsive, and do not conform to social, moral and legal norms. Instead, psychopaths often follow a distinct set of rules which they have created for themselves. They may appear to be normal and often quite charming, a state of adaptation that psychiatrist Hervey Cleckley named the "mask of sanity".[10] • The Macdonald triad—animal cruelty, obsession with fire setting, and persistent bedwetting past the age of five—is often exhibited by serial killers during their childhood.
  25. 25. Beautiful Minds • Birth of the brain • Anatomy of the brain • Tricks of the brain
  26. 26. Brain Function and Structure • ch?v=HVGlfcP3ATI