• Year 10 psychology runs for one semester
• There will be 4 periods a week
• It is a requirement that all course work be
completed in order to achieve an ‘S’- satisfactory
• There will also be several graded assessment
tasks throughout the semester
Psychology past and present
• History of psychology
• Areas of psychology
• Methods of research
Mix and Match- match the psychologist
to their famous area of study
• Albert Bandura
• Abraham Maslow
• B.F Skinner
• Sigmund Freud
• Brain development
Shutting Themselves In
By MAGGIE JONES
Published: January 15, 2006
• One morning when he was 15, Takeshi shut the door
to his bedroom, and for the next four years he did
not come out. He didn't go to school. He didn't have
a job. He didn't have friends. Month after month, he
spent 23 hours a day in a room no bigger than a
king-size mattress, where he ate dumplings, rice and
other leftovers that his mother had cooked, watched
TV game shows and listened to Radiohead and
Nirvana. "Anything," he said, "that was dark and
• Body Language
• Facial Expressions
• Can you spot a liar?
Signs of Deception
Body Language of Lies:
• • Physical expression will be limited and stiff, with few arm and hand movements. Hand, arm and leg
movement are toward their own body the liar takes up less space.
• • A person who is lying to you will avoid making eye contact.
• • Hands touching their face, throat & mouth. Touching or scratching the nose or behind their ear. Not
likely to touch his chest/heart with an open hand.
Emotional Gestures & Contradiction
• • Timing and duration of emotional gestures and emotions are off a normal pace. The display of emotion
is delayed, stays longer it would naturally, then stops suddenly.
• • Timing is off between emotions gestures/expressions and words. Example: Someone says "I love it!"
when receiving a gift, and then smile after making that statement, rather then at the same time the
statement is made.
• • Gestures/expressions don’t match the verbal statement, such as frowning when saying “I love you.”
• • Expressions are limited to mouth movements when someone is faking emotions (like happy, surprised,
sad, awe, )instead of the whole face. For example; when someone smiles naturally their whole face is
involved: jaw/cheek movement, eyes and forehead push down, etc.
Interactions and Reactions
• • A guilty person gets defensive. An innocent person will often go on the offensive.
• • A liar is uncomfortable facing his questioner/accuser and may turn his head or body away.
• • A liar might unconsciously place objects (book, coffee cup, etc.) between themselves and you.
In Your Dreams
• Why do we sleep?
• What are dreams?
• Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of dreaming
Interpreting dream symbology
• angels - goodness and purity. An angel may be your guide, leading or guiding
you to the correct path of your life.
blood - vitality and our life force. If you dream of bleeding profusely, you may
feel like someone or something is "bleeding you dry." Violent, bloody dreams
may be an indication of an emotional upheaval. Menstrual blood may mean
fertility and "having blood on one's hands" may be a sign of guilt.
drowning - if water symbolizes the emotions then drowning symbolizes the
fear of being overcome by or drowning in these emotions (sometimes it's just
naked - being naked in dreams is suggestive of being vulnerable or a fear of
you or your actions being exposed to others. It may also be symbolic of
freedom and feeling uninhibited. The real question here is -- how being
naked made you feel -- guilty or confident.
school - being in school or in a classroom indicates the dreamer is going
through a learning experience in life; it may also signify a spiritual lesson is
being learned; it may also be bringing the dreamer back to a childhood
memory that needs to be addressed.
student - represents learning or a lesson that needs to be learned
stairs - a rise or fall (which way are you going) in finances, social stature or
the state of consciousness -- are you walking downstairs to the basement
(subconscious) or up to the attic (knowledge and spirituality)?
teacher - symbolizes a part of you that teaches others or yourself or it may
refer to a "higher self", spirit or guide
Rorschach Ink Blot test
• Popular responses- bat, butterfly, moth.
• When seeing card I, subjects often inquire on how they should proceed,
and questions on what they are allowed to do with the card (e.g. turning it)
are not very significant. Being the first card, it can provide clues about how
subjects tackle a new and stressful task. It is not, however, a card that is
usually difficult for the subject to handle, having readily available popular
Intelligence Test Questions
• Rearrange the following letters to make a word and choose the category in
which it fits.
A. city, B. fruit, C. bird, D. vegetable
• Which number should come next in this series?
A. 4, B. 5, C. 10, D. 14
• Which word does not belong?
apple, marmalade, orange, cherry, grape
• The day before the day before yesterday is three days after Saturday. What
day is it today?
A. Monday, B. Tuesday, C. Wednesday, D. Thursday, E. Friday
• The media and body image
• Positive and negative self esteem
Ideals of Beauty
The idea of the perfect human
body is a result of culture:
religious functions, economy,
advertisement and other factors.
The definition of beauty is not an
immanent and objective quality
of things, since every age, place
and social class formed its own
ideal of it, ideal beauty is
corresponding with the aesthetic
feeling of people of a respecting
• Ideal of beauty- 1480’s
The Pursuit of Happiness
• Positive psychology
• Happiness and humour
Personal Goal Setting
The Growth Contract
What are your current academic and career plans/goals?
Areas of personal growth:
Areas of academic growth:
Specific goals for the next 11 months:
Major life events/goals/issues in the next 12 months:
Area(s) where you may need some help from a friend/family member/etc.
• Organised and Disorganised crime
• Role of the forensic psychologist
What does a forensic psychologist do?
• Forensic Psychologists can play a number of key roles in a criminal
investigation. Immediately following a crime a forensic psychologist
may be asked to act as a criminal profiler. Most of us have an idea
of what profiling is. It has over the years become the love child of
numerous television programs, movies, and crime novels. Criminal
profiling involves the psychologist (though all profilers are not
psychologists) using his understanding of human behaviour,
motivation, and pathology so that he/she can create a psychological
profile of the offender. The profiles can be surprisingly
accurate. From observations of the crime scene one can infer the
behavioural characteristics of the individual who created it. To a
profiler everyone is a slave to their psychological makeup. In turn,
profilers use their knowledge of whom the typical offender is that
bears these characteristics and then predicts not only how the
investigators can expect the offender to behave in the future, but
also what their physical appearance will likely be.
• Serial killers
• Mass murderers
• Cases studies
Sociopaths & Psychopaths
• Psychosis is rarely noted among serial killers. The predominant
psychiatric diagnosis noted in the group tends toward the
psychopathic, meaning they suffer from traits within a specific
cluster of dysfunctional personality characteristics, those most
commonly associated with Antisocial Personality Disorder or
Dissocial personality disorder. Psychopaths lack empathy and
guilt, are egocentric and impulsive, and do not conform to social,
moral and legal norms. Instead, psychopaths often follow a distinct
set of rules which they have created for themselves. They may
appear to be normal and often quite charming, a state of adaptation
that psychiatrist Hervey Cleckley named the "mask of sanity".
• The Macdonald triad—animal cruelty, obsession with fire setting,
and persistent bedwetting past the age of five—is often exhibited by
serial killers during their childhood.
• Birth of the brain
• Anatomy of the brain
• Tricks of the brain
Brain Function and Structure