In Situ Resource Exploration by    Humans in Planetary Analog           EnvironmentsBrian ShiroUH/NOAA/A4H13 November 2012...
How can we learn to work onplanetary surfaces to answerrelevant geophysical questionsand prospect for resources?          ...
FMARS and MDRS FMARS = Flashline  Mars Arctic  Research Station MDRS = Mars Desert  Research Station Based on the Mars ...
FMARS Devon Island Founded 2000 Polar desert Located on rim of 39Ma  Haughton Crater 12th crew: 6 people Crew Geophy...
Mars on Earth                     Haughton CraterWhich one is Mars?
Seismic Station Study interior  structure, origin, &  evolution of planets Questions: crustal  thickness, mantle  proper...
FMARS Seismic EVAs Summarycrew use of time, biometric monitoring, operations efficiency
EVA simulation
Install seismometer
wireless communications
Seismic Results
Electromagnetic Survey Time domain  electromagnetic  method (TDEM) Purpose: look for  groundwater,  characterize  subsur...
FMARS TDEM EVAs Summarycrew use of time, biometric monitoring, operations efficiency
crew coordination
surveying
Lay out cable
equipment configuration
TDEM Results Constrain  subsurface  resistivity to  1,000-10,000 Ω-m. Constrain upper  bound of depth to  conductor. As...
MDRS Hanksville, Utah Founded 2002 Desert with  Jurassic/Cretaceous  sedimentary features 89th crew, 6 people Crew Co...
NDX-1 Kneepads             with             Pablo             Deleon
Ground Penetrating Radar           CRUX instrument =            miniaturized GPR            developed by NASA JPL        ...
Study Area
Miyamoto Crater, Mars           Similar to the            feature at MDRS           Inverted river            channel in...
Active Seismic Survey Seismic refraction, reflection, surface wave  methods Purpose: Determine shallow subsurface  struc...
MDRS Seismic EVAs Summarycrew use of time, biometric monitoring, operations efficiency
Survey the Profile
Collect Data  Cover to see computer screenHammer strike as source
Move equipment to next site
Field repair of broken geophone                    Fix Broken Geophone
Seismic Data
GPR - Seismic Comparison GPR data collected again using CRUX by Crew 92 in  March 2010. Same profile as seismic experime...
Desert RATSPavilion Lake   Other Analog SitesDry ValleysSvalbardMoses LakeNEEMOHawaii, etc.
Mauna Kea2008, 2010, 2012
HI-SEAS  Mauna LoaA crew of six will spend 120 days living and working here in 2013.                  http://manoa.hawaii....
The fate of NEEMO
Hawaii Advantages Year-round access, excellent  infrastructure (airports, ports, roads,  Universal Space Network) Varity...
Mahalo!Brian Shiro     University of Hawaii     bshiro@hawaii.edu     NOAA     brian.shiro@noaa.gov     Astronauts4Hire   ...
Related Presentations   Shiro, B. and C. Stoker (2010), “Iterative Science    Strategy on Analog Geophysical EVAs,” NASA ...
In Situ Resource Utilization by Humans in Planetary Analog Environments
In Situ Resource Utilization by Humans in Planetary Analog Environments
In Situ Resource Utilization by Humans in Planetary Analog Environments
In Situ Resource Utilization by Humans in Planetary Analog Environments
In Situ Resource Utilization by Humans in Planetary Analog Environments
In Situ Resource Utilization by Humans in Planetary Analog Environments
In Situ Resource Utilization by Humans in Planetary Analog Environments
In Situ Resource Utilization by Humans in Planetary Analog Environments
In Situ Resource Utilization by Humans in Planetary Analog Environments
In Situ Resource Utilization by Humans in Planetary Analog Environments
In Situ Resource Utilization by Humans in Planetary Analog Environments
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In Situ Resource Utilization by Humans in Planetary Analog Environments

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Presented on November 13, 2012 at the 2012 PISCES Conference in Waikoloa, Hawaii. Summarizes the research projects I carried out on two analog Mars missions in 2009 and 2010 and looks forward to new analog research in Hawaii.

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In Situ Resource Utilization by Humans in Planetary Analog Environments

  1. 1. In Situ Resource Exploration by Humans in Planetary Analog EnvironmentsBrian ShiroUH/NOAA/A4H13 November 2012PISCES Forum
  2. 2. How can we learn to work onplanetary surfaces to answerrelevant geophysical questionsand prospect for resources? Outline  FMARS  Mission Overview  Seismic Project  Electromagnetic Project  MDRS  Mission Overview  Active Seismic + GPR Project  HI-SEAS, NEEMO, etc.  How Hawaii fits in.
  3. 3. FMARS and MDRS FMARS = Flashline Mars Arctic Research Station MDRS = Mars Desert Research Station Based on the Mars Direct architecture The Mars Society
  4. 4. FMARS Devon Island Founded 2000 Polar desert Located on rim of 39Ma Haughton Crater 12th crew: 6 people Crew Geophysicist Jun 27 - Aug 1, 2009 (26 days on Devon Island)
  5. 5. Mars on Earth Haughton CraterWhich one is Mars?
  6. 6. Seismic Station Study interior structure, origin, & evolution of planets Questions: crustal thickness, mantle properties, core radius, seismicity, seismic hazard
  7. 7. FMARS Seismic EVAs Summarycrew use of time, biometric monitoring, operations efficiency
  8. 8. EVA simulation
  9. 9. Install seismometer
  10. 10. wireless communications
  11. 11. Seismic Results
  12. 12. Electromagnetic Survey Time domain electromagnetic method (TDEM) Purpose: look for groundwater, characterize subsurface resistivity
  13. 13. FMARS TDEM EVAs Summarycrew use of time, biometric monitoring, operations efficiency
  14. 14. crew coordination
  15. 15. surveying
  16. 16. Lay out cable
  17. 17. equipment configuration
  18. 18. TDEM Results Constrain subsurface resistivity to 1,000-10,000 Ω-m. Constrain upper bound of depth to conductor. Assuming a 100 Ω- m body, groundwater would be at least 300 m deep.
  19. 19. MDRS Hanksville, Utah Founded 2002 Desert with Jurassic/Cretaceous sedimentary features 89th crew, 6 people Crew Commander Jan 23 – Feb 6, 2010
  20. 20. NDX-1 Kneepads with Pablo Deleon
  21. 21. Ground Penetrating Radar  CRUX instrument = miniaturized GPR developed by NASA JPL  Data collected by Stoker et al. (NASA Ames) on Crew 85 in Nov 2009  Found a strong reflector, a possible buried paleochannel
  22. 22. Study Area
  23. 23. Miyamoto Crater, Mars  Similar to the feature at MDRS  Inverted river channel intersects with crate rim  Former MSL landing site candidate
  24. 24. Active Seismic Survey Seismic refraction, reflection, surface wave methods Purpose: Determine shallow subsurface structure, Look for water & life habitats Land streamer with 12 geophones
  25. 25. MDRS Seismic EVAs Summarycrew use of time, biometric monitoring, operations efficiency
  26. 26. Survey the Profile
  27. 27. Collect Data Cover to see computer screenHammer strike as source
  28. 28. Move equipment to next site
  29. 29. Field repair of broken geophone Fix Broken Geophone
  30. 30. Seismic Data
  31. 31. GPR - Seismic Comparison GPR data collected again using CRUX by Crew 92 in March 2010. Same profile as seismic experiment.
  32. 32. Desert RATSPavilion Lake Other Analog SitesDry ValleysSvalbardMoses LakeNEEMOHawaii, etc.
  33. 33. Mauna Kea2008, 2010, 2012
  34. 34. HI-SEAS Mauna LoaA crew of six will spend 120 days living and working here in 2013. http://manoa.hawaii.edu/hi-seas/
  35. 35. The fate of NEEMO
  36. 36. Hawaii Advantages Year-round access, excellent infrastructure (airports, ports, roads, Universal Space Network) Varity of environments/analogs Central Pacific location, international Superb State of Hawaii support (Office of Aerospace Development) World renown astronomy and planetary scientists at the University of Hawaii. Strong ties to NASA (Space Act, PISCES) Strong NOAA presence (for NEEMO?)
  37. 37. Mahalo!Brian Shiro University of Hawaii bshiro@hawaii.edu NOAA brian.shiro@noaa.gov Astronauts4Hire brian.shiro@astronauts4hire.org
  38. 38. Related Presentations Shiro, B. and C. Stoker (2010), “Iterative Science Strategy on Analog Geophysical EVAs,” NASA Lunar Science Forum 2010. Ferrone, K., S. Cusack, C. Garvin, V.W. Kramer, J. Palaia, and B. Shiro (2010), “Flashline Mars Arctic Research Station 2009 Crew Perspectives,” AIAA SpaceOps 2010 Conf., 65-ME-18. Shiro, B. and K. Ferrone (2010), “In Situ Geophysical Exploration by Humans in Mars Analog AGU 2009 Environments,” Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf., 2052. Shiro, B., J. Palaia, and K. Ferrone (2009), “Use LPSC 2010 of Web 2.0 Technologies for Public Outreach on a Simulated Mars Mission,” Eos Trans. AGU, 90(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., ED11A-0565. Banerdt, B. and B. Shiro (2007), “The Seismic Exploration of Mars: History, Prospects and Barriers,” Seismological Research Letters, 78(2), 276.

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