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How to Become a Martian

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Presented on October 6, 2015 to the Hawaiian Astronomical Society in Honolulu, Hawaii. Summarizes key steps how to become an astronaut with a focus on Mars missions.

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How to Become a Martian

  1. 1. H O W T O B E C O M E A M A R T I A N B R I A N S H I R O O C T 2 0 1 5 # T H E M A R T I A N # J O U R N E Y T O M A R S
  2. 2. S O Y O U WA N T T O B E A M A R T I A N ? D O Y O U H A V E T H E R I G H T S T U F F ?
  3. 3. G E T I N S P I R E D S T E P 1
  4. 4. T O G O T O M A R S Y O U M U S T G O T O S PA C E , S O …
  5. 5. D E C I D E T O B E A N A S T R O N A U TS T E P 2
  6. 6. L E A R N F R O M A S T R O N A U T S Aldrin Armstrong Feustel Schmitt Ride Cagle Parazynski Hadfield AndersonChiao S T E P 3
  7. 7. Williams McClain Hammock Morgan Meir Hauge Mann Cassada Glover
  8. 8. … B U T A D J U S T Y O U R E X P E C TAT I O N S
  9. 9. … B U T A D J U S T Y O U R E X P E C TAT I O N S A V E R A G E S E L E C T I O N A G E I S 3 4 ( R A N G E 2 6 - 4 6 ) .
  10. 10. … B U T A D J U S T Y O U R E X P E C TAT I O N S Y O U H A V E A < 0 . 1 % C H A N C E O F B E I N G S E L E C T E D . A V E R A G E S E L E C T I O N A G E I S 3 4 ( R A N G E 2 6 - 4 6 ) .
  11. 11. … B U T A D J U S T Y O U R E X P E C TAT I O N S Y O U H A V E A < 0 . 1 % C H A N C E O F B E I N G S E L E C T E D . I T C O U L D TA K E M A N Y ( 1 0 + ) Y E A R S B E F O R E Y O U F LY. A V E R A G E S E L E C T I O N A G E I S 3 4 ( R A N G E 2 6 - 4 6 ) .
  12. 12. … B U T A D J U S T Y O U R E X P E C TAT I O N S Y O U H A V E A < 0 . 1 % C H A N C E O F B E I N G S E L E C T E D . I T C O U L D TA K E M A N Y ( 1 0 + ) Y E A R S B E F O R E Y O U F LY. A B O U T 2 5 % O F T R A I N E D A S T R O N A U T S N E V E R F LY. A V E R A G E S E L E C T I O N A G E I S 3 4 ( R A N G E 2 6 - 4 6 ) .
  13. 13. P R E PA R E Y O U R S E L F I T ’ S A L O N G J O U R N E Y
  14. 14. B E F I T A N D H E A LT H Y M E E T M I N I M U M M E D I C A L Q U A L I F I C A T I O N S S T E P 4
  15. 15. E A R N A D E G R E E S T E P 5 M U LT I P L E D E G R E E S & F I E L D S B E T T E R
  16. 16. G A I N E X P E R I E N C E S T E P 6 A T L E A S T 3 Y E A R S
  17. 17. updated 10:35 a.m. EDT, Thu October 1, 2009 Next Article in Living » They have just minutes to issue tsunami warning STORY HIGHLIGHTS Time is always crucial when you work as a tsunami warning scientist A warning can be issued anywhere from 5 to 15 minutes after a threat is identified At the Pacific warning center, workers live on site for two days to monitor data After the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, warning centers operate around the clock Brian Shiro has been a geophysicist at the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center for four years. (CNN) -- When an earthquake threatens to turn part of an ocean into fast-moving walls of water, tsunami warning scientists can do nothing for the first five minutes except wait for information. But within the next five minutes, they have to decide whether to issue a warning of danger. And you thought your job was high pressure. "If we see a set of circumstances and it fits into our criteria for [the] event, we just follow that criteria because we don't have much time to think. There isn't a lot of time for decision-making," said Paul Whitmore, director of the West Coast and Alaska Tsunami Warning Center. "Weighing back there [in your mind] also is the effect of your decision. If the effect of your decision is going to evacuate the entire West Coast waterfront, you don't want to take that lightly," he said. With Tuesday's tragic tsunami that engulfed villages in Samoa and American Samoa, the pace of events was so frenetic that the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center in Ewa Beach, Hawaii --which tracks earthquakes and tsunamis for countries throughout the Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean and /living HOME WORLD U.S. POLITICS CRIME ENTERTAINMENT HEALTH TECH TRAVEL LIVING MONEY SPORTS TIME.COM VIDEO IREPORT IMPAC By Breeanna Hare CNN 1 of 2 Weather Forecast International EditioHot Topics » Money & Main St. • Where the Jobs Are • CNN Student News • more topics »
  18. 18. P I L O T & S C U B A E X P E R I E N C E
  19. 19. I S O L AT E D & C O N F I N E D E N V I R O N M E N T S ( I C E ) E X P E R I E N C E
  20. 20. E X P E D I T I O N A RY E X P E R I E N C E
  21. 21. E X P E D I T I O N A RY E X P E R I E N C E
  22. 22. Y O U M U S T K N O W E A R T H T O K N O W M A R S .
  23. 23. L E A R N A B O U T M A R S S T E P 7
  24. 24. WAT E R O N M A R S
  25. 25. WAT E R O N M A R S
  26. 26. Y O U C O U L D E V E N T RY T O F I N D WA T E R O N “ M A R S ” Y O U R S E L F
  27. 27. M A R T I A N G E O G R A P H Y
  28. 28. M A R S I S FA R A WAY S O M A R T I A N C R E W S W I L L H A V E T O B E M O R E I N D E P E N D E N T
  29. 29. S T E P 8 F I X T H I N G S L E A R N H O W T O I M P R O V I S E A N D
  30. 30. T H E U LT I M A T E M A R T I A N
  31. 31. C O M M U N I C AT E L E A R N H O W T OS T E P 9
  32. 32. W O R K I N A T E A M L E A R N H O W T OS T E P 1 0
  33. 33. I T D O E S N ’ T H U R T T O D O S O M E A S T R O N A U T T R A I N I N G T O O .
  34. 34. S U R V I VA L T R A I N F O RS T E P 1 1
  35. 35. L A U N C H & R E - E N T RY T R A I N F O RS T E P 1 2
  36. 36. M I C R O G R AV I T Y T R A I N F O RS T E P 1 3
  37. 37. A N A L O G S T R A I N F O R S U R FA C E M I S S I O N S A TS T E P 1 4
  38. 38. integrate!! people!+!systems!! in! realis/c!scenarios. Use!analogs!to!discover!problems,!test!solu/ons, design- in!the! context!of! use,
  39. 39. Time%Delay%!%Need% Autonomous%Crews Image&Credits:&NASA& 1.3&s& 21&min& 53&min& Moon& Mars& Europa&
  40. 40. M D R S M A R S D E S E R T R E S E A R C H S TA T I O N
  41. 41. F M A R S F L A S H L I N E M A R S A R C T I C R E S E A R C H S TA T I O N
  42. 42. H I - S E A S H A WA I I S PA C E E X P L O R A T I O N A N A L O G A N D S I M U L A T I O N
  43. 43. H I - S E A S M I S S I O N S + M O R E M I S S I O N S A F T E R T H I S !
  44. 44. G E O L O G I C E X P L O R AT I O N AT H I - S E A S  Team  oriented   tasks    Progressive  with   quan5fiable   metrics      Compare  with   control  across   missions    Given  every  2   weeks    Specify  ‘What’   not  ‘How’
  45. 45. H I - S E A S E VA S
  46. 46. θ" L AVA T U B E M A P P I N G
  47. 47. T R AV E R S E P L A N N I N G
  48. 48. C R E W - L E D P R O J E C T S
  49. 49. F I N D A R I D E T O M A R S G E T S E L E C T E D A N DS T E P 1 5
  50. 50. H AV E Y O U C O M P L E T E D Y O U R M A R T I A N C H E C K L I S T ?  fitness    educa5on    experience    personality    training
  51. 51. I T ’ S A L O N G R O A D A H E A D B E T T E R G E T S TA R T E D
  52. 52. I T ’ S A L O N G R O A D A H E A D B E T T E R G E T S TA R T E D
  53. 53. B R I N G Y O U R S E N S E O F H U M O R
  54. 54. T H I S C O U L D B E Y O U I F Y O U F O L L O W T H E S E S T E P S
  55. 55. M AY B E Y O U A R E A L R E A D Y A M A R T I A N ? O R …
  56. 56. M AY B E Y O U A R E A L R E A D Y A M A R T I A N ? O R … organic compounds
  57. 57. M AY B E Y O U A R E A L R E A D Y A M A R T I A N ? O R … tardigrade organic compounds
  58. 58. M A H A L O ! @ B R I A N S H I R O B R I A N . S H I R O @ G M A I L . C O M

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