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Asynchronous geological exploration
operations at the HI-SEAS planetary surface
analog mission simulation in Hawai‘i
Brian...
Time  Delay  à  Need  
Autonomous  Crews
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   2	
  
Image	
  Credits:	
  NASA	
  
1.3	
  s	...
Global  ExploraIon  Roadmap
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   3	
  
•  “Demonstrate	
  autonomous	
  crew	
  operaGon	
  ...
Why  
HI-­‐SEAS?
To	
  miGgate	
  risk	
  on	
  long-­‐dura*on,	
  
high-­‐latency	
  missions	
  via:	
  
• High-­‐fidelit...
integrate  
people  +  systems  
in  
realisIc  scenarios.
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   5	
  
Image	
  Credit:	
  NA...
0	
   4	
   8	
   12	
   16	
   20	
   24	
   28	
   32	
   36	
   40	
   44	
   48	
   52	
   56	
  
Mission	
  4	
  
Mis...
•  Mauna	
  Loa	
  (2500	
  m)	
  
•  Disused	
  quarry	
  
•  Very	
  liale	
  vegetaGon	
  
•  Pāhoehoe	
  and	
  ‘a‘ā	
...
Crew  Training
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   8	
  
Ground	
  
defines	
  the	
  
task.	
  
Ground	
  
assigns	
  task	
  
to	
  crew.	
  
Crew	
  plans	
  
how	
  to	
  carry...
Geological  ExploraIon  
Tasks
• Team	
  oriented	
  
• Progressive	
  
• QuanGfiable	
  metrics	
  	
  
• Compare	
  with	...
Volume  of  
spaUer  cones  
feature
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   11	
  
•  Explore	
  vicinity	
  of	
  
habitat	
 ...
Density  of  
samples  from  
the  feature
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   12	
  
•  Sample	
  collecGon.	
  
•  Use	
 ...
Geologic  Cross  
SecIon
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   13	
  
•  Use	
  pit	
  craters	
  and	
  
road	
  cut	
  to	
...
Geologic  Mapping
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   14	
  
•  Find	
  relaGve	
  age	
  
sequence	
  of	
  units.	
  
•  ...
Tumuli  exploraIon
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   15	
  
•  Measure	
  size	
  and	
  
characterize	
  
morphology	
  ...
Lava  tube  
exploraIon
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   16	
  
•  Measure	
  and	
  idenGfy	
  
accessibility	
  of	
  ...
Emergency  SimulaIon
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   17	
  
•  IdenGfy	
  safe	
  skylight.	
  
•  Create	
  evacuaGon	...
Emergency  SimulaIon
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   18	
  
Improvise.  
Repair  Equipment.
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   19	
  
Crewmember	
  repairs	
  EVA	
  suit	
  backpack...
Crew-­‐led  Projects
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   20	
  
•  Develop	
  a	
  hypothesis	
  to	
  
test	
  and	
  plan...
Planned  vs.  Actual  EVA  Traverses
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   21	
  
Going  forward
• Lava	
  tube	
  geophysics	
  study	
  
during	
  12-­‐month	
  mission.	
  
• More	
  missions	
  during...
QuesIons??
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   23	
  
Brian Shiro
bshiro@hawaii.edu
The  
HI-­‐SEAS  
Habitat
NESF	
  2015	
   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG	
   24	
  
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Asynchronous geological exploration operations at the HI-SEAS planetary surface analog mission simulation in Hawai‘i

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Presented on July 23, 2015 at the NASA Exploration Science Forum in Moffett Field, California. Summarizes the geological field tasks assigned to HI-SEAS crews during simulated long-duration Mars missions on Mauna Loa, Hawaii.

Published in: Science
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Asynchronous geological exploration operations at the HI-SEAS planetary surface analog mission simulation in Hawai‘i

  1. 1. Asynchronous geological exploration operations at the HI-SEAS planetary surface analog mission simulation in Hawai‘i Brian Shiro1, Scott Rowland1, Jacob Bleacher2, Sarah Fagents1, and Kim Binsted1 1.  University  of  Hawai‘i  at  Mānoa 2.  NASA  Goddard  Spaceflight  Center
  2. 2. Time  Delay  à  Need   Autonomous  Crews NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   2   Image  Credits:  NASA   1.3  s   21  min   53  min   Moon   Mars   Europa  
  3. 3. Global  ExploraIon  Roadmap NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   3   •  “Demonstrate  autonomous  crew  operaGon  capability.”   •  “Explore  landing  sites  of  interest  for  extended  duraGons.”   •  “ConducGng  high  priority  science  benefiGng  from  human  presence.”   •  “Characterizing  human  health  and  performance.”   •  “Demonstrate  extended  crew  mobility  and  habitaGon  systems.”  
  4. 4. Why   HI-­‐SEAS? To  miGgate  risk  on  long-­‐dura*on,   high-­‐latency  missions  via:   • High-­‐fidelity  mission  profile  and   environment.   • Site  that  allows  both  crew   isolaGon  and  easy  access  year-­‐ round.   • Astronaut-­‐like  crews.   • Tracking  crew  cogniGve  and     team  performance  through   collaboraGve  field  tasks.   NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   4  
  5. 5. integrate   people  +  systems   in   realisIc  scenarios. NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   5   Image  Credit:  NASA   Use  analogs  to  discover  problems,  test  soluIons, design   in  the   context  of   use,
  6. 6. 0   4   8   12   16   20   24   28   32   36   40   44   48   52   56   Mission  4   Mission  3   Mission  2   Mission  1   HI-­‐SEAS  Missions NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   6   04-­‐08/13   03-­‐07/14   10/14  –  06/15   08/15  –     07/16   1st  Grant   Today   4  mo   4  mo   8  mo   12  mo   Habitat  Design   &  ConstrucGon   2nd  Grant   2013   2014   2015   2016  
  7. 7. •  Mauna  Loa  (2500  m)   •  Disused  quarry   •  Very  liale  vegetaGon   •  Pāhoehoe  and  ‘a‘ā   flows  from  mid  1800s   to  mid  1900s   •  Skylights,  lava  tubes,   lava  channels,  tumuli   NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   7   Site  Geologic  Overview Image  Credit:  USGS  
  8. 8. Crew  Training NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   8  
  9. 9. Ground   defines  the   task.   Ground   assigns  task   to  crew.   Crew  plans   how  to  carry   out  task.   Crew  makes   EVA   Request(s).   Ground   approves  of   EVA(s).   Crew  carries   out  the  task.   Crew  submits   report(s).   Ground   decides  on   next  task.   How  it     Works NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   9   40  minute   two-­‐way  delay   CAPCOM   In  Habitat   Crewmembers   on  EVA   Mission   Support  
  10. 10. Geological  ExploraIon   Tasks • Team  oriented   • Progressive   • QuanGfiable  metrics     • Compare  with  control   and  across  missions   • Given  every  2  weeks   • Specify  ‘What’  not   ‘How’   NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   10  
  11. 11. Volume  of   spaUer  cones   feature NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   11   •  Explore  vicinity  of   habitat  and  exercise   planning/GPS  skills.  
  12. 12. Density  of   samples  from   the  feature NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   12   •  Sample  collecGon.   •  Use  habitat’s  lab   equipment.   Image  Credit:  Kurt  Hollocher  
  13. 13. Geologic  Cross   SecIon NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   13   •  Use  pit  craters  and   road  cut  to  draw  cross   secGon.  
  14. 14. Geologic  Mapping NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   14   •  Find  relaGve  age   sequence  of  units.   •  Ground-­‐truth  imagery.  
  15. 15. Tumuli  exploraIon NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   15   •  Measure  size  and   characterize   morphology  of  tumuli   features.  
  16. 16. Lava  tube   exploraIon NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   16   •  Measure  and  idenGfy   accessibility  of  skylights   and  lava  tube  systems.   θ  
  17. 17. Emergency  SimulaIon NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   17   •  IdenGfy  safe  skylight.   •  Create  evacuaGon  plan.   •  Execute  evacuaGon.   Image  Credit:  NASA  
  18. 18. Emergency  SimulaIon NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   18  
  19. 19. Improvise.   Repair  Equipment. NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   19   Crewmember  repairs  EVA  suit  backpack.  
  20. 20. Crew-­‐led  Projects NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   20   •  Develop  a  hypothesis  to   test  and  plan  EVAs  to   collect  data.  
  21. 21. Planned  vs.  Actual  EVA  Traverses NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   21  
  22. 22. Going  forward • Lava  tube  geophysics  study   during  12-­‐month  mission.   • More  missions  during  3rd   NASA  grant  from   2016-­‐2019.   • ConGnue  to  study   autonomous  crew  EVA   operaGons  on  high-­‐latency,   long-­‐duraGon  missions.   NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   22   Do  YOU  want  to     collaborate  with  HI-­‐SEAS?     Let  us  know!  
  23. 23. QuesIons?? NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   23   Brian Shiro bshiro@hawaii.edu
  24. 24. The   HI-­‐SEAS   Habitat NESF  2015   HI-­‐SEAS.ORG   24  

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