Blueprint for a Better Region

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Blueprint for a Better Region

  1. 1. Blueprint for a Better Region Putting Development In The Right Places Coalition for Smarter Growth, Piedmont Environmental Council & Surface Transportation Policy Project – All Rights Reserved, October 2002
  2. 2. Proposed Outer Beltway
  3. 3. Developed Areas in 2000 Developed Land 19% Farm and Forest 74%
  4. 4. 2030, Under Current Trends 800,000 new acres of Land would be developed, much of it in rural areas.
  5. 5. School Home Store Recreation Work
  6. 6. Separation of Community Activities: Where’s the Center in Centreville? shopping office church homes homes homes
  7. 7. Separation of Uses Leads to More Driving Homes Homes Offices Dulles Corridor
  8. 8. Reston
  9. 9. Beacon Hill Burke Center Kingstowne
  10. 10. Tyson’s Galleria Mall
  11. 11. Merrifield Richmond Highway
  12. 12. A Land Use and Jobs/Housing Problem More than a Transportation Problem
  13. 13. Greenbelt
  14. 14. Greenbelt
  15. 15. SOLUTIONS: Network of Livable Communities (1996) • Urban revitalization and transit-oriented development with pricing cuts traffic: – – – – 15% reduction in daily vehicle trips 11.5% reduction in vehicle miles traveled 22% reduction in vehicle hours of travel 13% increase in average daily highway speed
  16. 16. Metro, MARC & VRE: 114 Stations More In Planning
  17. 17. Reality Check 2005
  18. 18. “Reality Check” Event 2005 Allocating 2 Million People/1.6 Million Jobs by 2030 300 People Participated Common Principles Emerge     Preserve and Protect open space Focus development near transit stations Maintain jobs-housing balance Concentrate development along transportation corridors
  19. 19. Common Principles Emerge  Concentrate development around existing town centers  Create mixed use nodes  Develop east side of region  Offer more housing choices • • • • George Vradenburg (philanthropist) Andrea McGimsey (civic activist and now Loudoun Supervisor Mayor Williams (former DC Mayor) Kim Hosen (Prince William Conservation Alliance)
  20. 20. Gallery Place
  21. 21. ¼ mile Metro Station Gallery Place 1993: Vacant Lots w/Surface Parking
  22. 22. First Came The MCI Center MCI
  23. 23. Projects Include 1824 Tariff Building: Abandoned For Years, Now a Luxury Hotel MCI
  24. 24. Washington, DC Gallery Place Development Lincoln Memorial US Capitol 1300 acres
  25. 25. DC Revitalization Beyond Downtown U Street The Ellington, U Street, Washington, D.C.
  26. 26. Tenleytown - Upper Wisconsin Avenue
  27. 27. Columbia Heights
  28. 28. 14th and U
  29. 29. Arlington County, Virginia • Use Metrorail as catalyst for redevelopment of commercial spine of Arlington • Concentrate density and promote mixed use at five stations; scale development down to neighborhoods • Preserve and reinvest in adjacent residential neighborhoods
  30. 30. 5 Metro Stations Rosslyn Courthouse Clarendon Va Square Undisturbed Ballston Undisturbed Undisturbed Undisturbed
  31. 31. ROSSLYN THEN
  32. 32. ROSSLYN NOW
  33. 33. Ballston
  34. 34. 3 blocks from Ballston Metro
  35. 35. Clarendon 1980’s
  36. 36. Clarendon 2000’s
  37. 37. Clarendon Future
  38. 38. Clarendon Future (oblique view)
  39. 39. Clarendon
  40. 40. Redevelopment Results R-B CORRIDOR 1970 R-B CORRIDOR TODAY 22,000 jobs 94,000 jobs 5.5 million sf office 23.5 million sf office 7,000 housing units 24,500 housing units More Downtown office space than Dallas, Denver, Pittsburgh
  41. 41. ECONOMIC/FISCAL RESULTS • Two TOD Corridors = 11% of land area and 50% of property taxes •Lowest Property Tax Rate in DC Region with High Level of Services •TOD corridor revenues fund parks, libraries, schools, streets, recreation centers, and other services in ALL Arlington neighborhoods
  42. 42. Creating Environments Rich In Travel Choices
  43. 43. New Transit Options
  44. 44. Car Ownership 120 100 80 Series 1 Series 2 Series 3 60 40 20 0 Category 1Category 2 Category 3 Category 4
  45. 45. Transit usage
  46. 46. Walk/Bike vs. Drive to Metro R-B Corridor vs. EFC to Vienna 5 R-B Corridor Stations – 45,733 Weekday Boardings 12.9% 1.0% 4 Suburban Stations – 34,451 Weekday Boardings 2.0% 12.0% 14.6% Walk 1.7% 3.6% Walk Metrobus Metrobus 7.5% Other Bus/Vanpool 9.3% Auto (incl. Dropoff) Auto (incl. drop-off) 4.8% Other Other No Response 73.0% Other Bus/Vanpool 57.6% No Response/Unknown
  47. 47. Shady Grove
  48. 48. King Farm
  49. 49. Twinbrook
  50. 50. Fairfax County Begins Adopting Transit-Oriented Development Vienna Vienna Metro - 1988
  51. 51. Vienna Metro (2003) and ‘MetroWest” site
  52. 52. MetroWest Plan at Vienna Metro
  53. 53. Tysons Corner
  54. 54. Tysons Corner today
  55. 55. We Should Worry About This Future for Tyson’s Corner
  56. 56. Tyson’s Corner Today: The Elements are there. . . Retail Condos Office Single Family Homes
  57. 57. What Tyson’s could be: A Mixed-Use, Walkable Community
  58. 58. Corridor Revitalization and Vacant and Underutilized Land Survey of 7 Nodes of Commercial Land and Parking Lots on Route 1 in Fairfax County 624 Acres (2 more nodes to the south) Sarah Cairney August 2005
  59. 59. Route 1 -- Beacon Hill Burke Center Kingstowne
  60. 60. Growth Where it is Needed… Where There is Space. King’s Crossing
  61. 61. Columbia Pike Community Urban Design Charette
  62. 62. Extensive Public Input
  63. 63. Hands on Design
  64. 64. Example of One Table’s Plan
  65. 65. Sharing Ideas from one Group
  66. 66. Designing in public – Planners’ Open Studio as they Craft the Plan
  67. 67. Designing in public
  68. 68. … and commercial strips like this… Reinventing the Commercial Images Created by Urban Advantage
  69. 69. Transforming suburban strips into mixed use, walkable, transit-oriented
  70. 70. Great Places Begin with Great Streets
  71. 71. Streets Ample sidewalks for cafes
  72. 72. Public Spacesthe Ballston Metro station Village green at • • • Good public space offers benches for sitting Combines hardscape and green Closely connects to retail, offices, tran sit
  73. 73. Fairfax - Route 1
  74. 74. For Their Future
  75. 75. And Our Own! Reston
  76. 76. For More Information Capitol Heights Metro Stewart Schwartz, Executive Director Coalition for Smarter Growth Tel. 202-244-4408 www.smartergrowth.net Email: stewart@smartergrowth.net U Street Metro

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