2011 APA Positioning Planning Depts - Washington DC


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One of three presentations made at the National Planning Conference in Boston in 2011 on Positioning Planning Departments in difficult times. This is the presentation made by Harriett Tregoning from Washington D.C.

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  • Regional population estimate (Census, 2009); DC population estimate (Census, 2010) Jobs estimate for September 2010, from Industry Employment Statistics prepared by DC DOES in cooperation with US Dept Labor, BLS Mean Household Income (American Community Survey); DC’s Median Household Income is $56,519 College data (American Community Survey) Internet access data (National Telecommunications and Information Administration, Internet Use Survey, 2009) Re-centering of the District in the region - futurists projections 30 years ago Highly centralized business district - 3 rd largest office market in the country – vacancy rates under 3%
  • In 2010 OP initiated a citywide Land Use Study for the District’s proposed 37+ mile streetcar system. Phase 1 findings on the benefits of the streetcar system for residents, employees, and visitors & document proposed corridors’ impacts and geographic distribution. Later phases: corridor planning at the level of small area planning, 3 to 4 blocks on either side of the corridors. FINANCING DDOT currently has $76.9M in FY11 budget authority Mayor’s FY12 capital budget includes an additional $99.3M over six years (FY12-17) = TOTAL: $176.2M in District Govt funding Exploring federal funding opportunities and private sector funding from affected businesses & property owners who would benefit from the expansion of the system
  • Corridors with opportunities for walkable network improvements)
  • Sample of survey findings Why do you frequent this part of the city? Several people “lived and worked nearby”, but we are still tallying this How often to do you come to this part of the city? What zip code do you live in? we are mapping this How do you typically get to this part of the city (circle all that apply) ? What physical enhancements would improve your time spent in this part of the city (please rank the top 4, 1 is the most needed enhancement) ? (we are tallying this, but we heard a lot about “streetscape”, “open space improvements” and “building facades”) Why would your top ranked physical enhancement be an improvement (please circle one) ? What do you like most about this part of the city (please circle one) ? What uses are most needed in this part of the city (please rank the top 4, 1 is the most needed use) ? “ Restaurants” and “Retail “ were most common (we are tallying this) What would most encourage you to live in this part of the city if you had the option (please circle one) ? How much do you typically spend on food and beverage per week in this part of the city (please circle one) ? What food and beverage establishments do you use in this area of the city (check all that apply) ? –”Office Cafeteria” and “Bring from home” were most common
  • The District saw major increases in housing values over the last decade. While the city’s population continues to grow and investments made to make neighborhoods more attractive, the District is working to ensure affordable housing remains available for residents of all income levels. OP analyzed the District’s neighborhoods across multiple socio-economic factors Almost all market rate housing development was in stable and transitioning neighborhoods Almost all traditional subsidized low-income housing development was in emerging & distressed neighborhoods. This pattern is counter to the District’s Comprehensive Plan framework document A Vision for Growing an Inclusive City When market rate developers start building again, IZ should generate an average of 170 units per year targeted to households earning between $39,000 to $82,000 (depending on family size). While IZ will represent only 10% - 25% of the total supply of affordable units created every year by the District, IZ units will tend to be in high cost neighborhoods where there is little opportunity to build affordable units and the units will be affordable for the life of the project. That is one of the major lessons of Columbia Heights. If we are successful with our neighborhood revitalization strategies, preserving a mixed income neighborhood will require planning for long term affordability.
  • Federal facilities consume more than 2,780 acres of land ( or 4,300 square meters) Federal government doesn’t have resources to maintain or improve many of these facilities Majority of large developable sites in the District are underutilized or vacant land, much of it previously owned by the federal government. Major investment in infrastructure is needed to prepare the site to accommodate development. Examples: -Poplar Point – greenfield – new transportation and utility infrastructure needed -Saint Elizabeths – historic buildings, environmental hazards, new roads/utilities, etc. -McMillan – historic structures, new transportation and utility infrastructure needed -Walter Reed -historic buildings, environmental hazards, new roads/utilities, etc. Southwest Waterfront 23-acre public/private redevelopment 2 million square feet of development, including a mix of residential, retail, hotel, office, and cultural uses  30 percent of the housing units will be affordable Development goal of LEED-Silver rating 3,000 construction jobs and 1,500 new permanent jobs Generating an estimated $40 million in annual tax revenues for the District. Next steps : refinement of the Small Area Plan; infrastructure assessment and continued community outreach.
  • Background and Goals St. Elizabeths – established in 1852 as the 1 st federal mental health facility (insane asylum) Overtime, the campus employed many District residents and came to be a hub for the surrounding neighborhoods Because of this rich history, the campus was declared a National Historic Landmark and a local historic district It is a total of 300 acres divided into two campuses: West, now owned by the federal government, East (170 acres) now owned by the District. Planning Goals The decision to reuse the West Campus for the DHS Headquarters was a turning point for our efforts on the East Campus. Since the full DHS program (4.5 million square feet) would not fit on the West Campus The District this an opportunity to address a major concern from the planning process: Would the 14,000 DHS employees on the West Campus come out from the behind the historic wall if they had all of amenities and services they needed on site? Our solution was to work with GSA and DHS to reduce the amenities on the West Campus and some DHS office space to the East Campus. This would be the spark to develop on the East Campus with the amenities, services, residences, office space and other uses that would benefit both the community and DHS employees. Still there remains a huge challenge - How do you take a $3.6 billion investment that brings 14,000 employees and 2,000 daily visitors and positively support and revitalize neighborhoods with 22% unemployment and where 47% of children live in poverty? There have been many efforts over the past decade to plan for both campuses – The District’s effort goes back to 2000 The real game changer was when the federal government determined that the West Campus would be used for the new headquarters of the Dept. of Homeland Security With the consolidation of DHS, 22 agencies would be moving from 40 locations in the region to 8 with the headquarters at St. Elizabeths. Since 2006, DHS and the General Services Administration have lead an extensive master planning and EIS process to adaptively reuse the West Campus historic structure and build new office space.
  • Our approach is three-fold: Principled Redevelopment Planning – When the DHS opportunity became clear we re-started planning efforts for the East Campus. After intense period of community planning, we brought a small area to the Council for approval in 2008. There are unique challenges with developing the site that I’ll get into a bit more. Innovative Economic Development Strategy – We have to understand our existing strengths and emerging opportunities to take advantage of the DHS presence . Linking to Planned Development and Investment – Saint Elizabeths is not developing in isolation. Over a billion dollars in development, infrastructure project, and other government investments is happening the neighborhoods around St. E’s. How do we link it together to create strong neighborhoods and opportunities for existing residents?
  • East Campus Redevelopment Planning and Transportation Planning 170 acres 19 historic structures Includes 2 distinct campuses CT Campus with 9 buildings amenities (e.g., 20,000 SF kitchen) Maple Campus with 7 buildings Significant infrastructure investment needed Upgraded and new roads for internal transportation Modern utilities, including generation capacity Proposed uses: 4M sf .750M sf FEMA HQ 1M sf residential 1.2M sf office .175M sf retail 1.3 M Institutional Vision – Open the campus, new neighborhoods, leverage consolidation, promote a range of economic opportunities, create linkages to community Mayor’s Agenda Business development Workforce development Education Leverage interagency coordination and partnerships Core Components and Deliverables: Spring 2011 - Launching Master Plan for the phase 1 development and a environmental assessment for the East Campus Roads. Summer/Fall 2011 – Obtain approvals from Historic Preservation Review Board for master plan Fall 2011 – Initiate zoning process Key Issues Getting DHS employees out from behind the wall – retail, amenities $140M Infrastructure need to support East Campus development and FEMA occupancy Phase 1 development orientation to be determined in Master Plan Real Estate strategy informed to core sectors and innovation cluster study results Weak market for office without DHS contracting proximity preference or other incentives Anchoring Future Tech Growth – St Es Innovation Hub The top 15 DC-based contractors are: IBM, SAIC, Computer Sciences Corp., Booz Allen, STG International, Coastal International Security, General Dynamics, Dell, BAE Systems, Lockheed Martin, STS Technologies, NetStar-1, and Computer Associates. These contractors are large firms that specialize in computer systems integration and solutions. Firms in the District specialize in high-tech products and services such as consulting services, custom computer programming services, engineering services, architectural services and computer systems design services. Between 2005 and 2010 the District captured the largest share of high-tech procurement (42.6%, $7 billion) in the region, followed by Arlington County (25.3%) and Fairfax County (19.7%). The top District-based contractors are large firms that specialize in computer systems integration and solutions. The District is an important location for minority-owned businesses that contract with DHS. From 2005 to 2010, minority-owned businesses earned more than $11 billion in contracts (14% of total DHS procurement). District-based minority-owned businesses received $2 billion of this total.
  • GSA sought to create a federal office enclave from 1962 – 1992, but without success GSA created a new Master Plan for SEFC in 1992, allowing for some retail and public river access on top of federal office space US Department of Transportation decided to relocate to the area – 1.5 million sq ft office complex finished in 2007 GSA completed $30 million of environmental remediation, including upgrading of seawall Near Southeast Neighborhood and Waterfront Workshop – May 2000 - Co-sponsored by GSA and OP, facilitated by The Congress for New Urbanism - Over 200 stakeholders participated in a visioning for the entire Near Southeast area, including SEFC - Strategies resulting from the joint effort included: 1. Create a broad range of housing types 2. Create a mixed-use neighborhood at the SEFC site with parks, offices, shops, restaurants, housing, and walkable streets 3. Utilize existing floodplain as park/promenade space 4. Preserve historic buildings 5. Extend L’Enfant street grid into SEFC 6. Transform M St and New Jersey Ave into pedestrian-friendly boulevards GSA agreed that the idea of developing the SEFC as a federal compound was obsolete GSA and OP agreed to partner on planning a special zoning district to allow for mixed-use redevelopment SEFC Public-Private Development Act of 2000 - Sponsored by Congresswoman Norton, passed by US Congress - Authorized GSA to . . . 1 . Dispose of SEFC site 2. Partner with the private sector in the redevelopment 3. Introduce non-governmental uses such as residential and retail After Act was passed, GSA and the District Government signed a Memorandum of Understanding to implement the new vision for the site. MOU called for both parties to collaborate to: - Ensure consistency with the AWI Framework and NCPC Legacy Plan - Establish development and competitive disposition strategy, while allowing flexibility for GSA and private developers to respond to changes in the market over a long development timeline. - Investigate District responsibility for using tax-exempt debt to finance infrastructure development - Provide an illustrative plan for development - Prepare a public realm infrastructure program - Establish terms and conditions of any land disposition or ground lease
  • Zoning was an important tool in moving the process along Zoning was negotiated while the RFP was being developed so that by the time the RFP was issued, OP and GSA had reached an agreement and then together submitted the final zoning. CR along M Street - high density mixed use R-5-E in the center of the site - high density residential R-5-D - moderate density residential as a transition W-0 along the waterfront - open space and low density waterfront oriented recreational, retail and cultural uses SEFC Zoning & Design Overlay to get the development outcomes we wanted Overall goals and objectives Pedestrian oriented streetscape Appropriate, flexible building heights that step down: 130 feet at intersection of New Jersey Ave. and M St., down to 40’ – for open space and low density waterfront oriented recreational, retail and cultural uses Retail along major streets and adjacent to the park; Combined lot development within the Mixed Use and Waterfront Districts; Zoning Commission approval of all buildings fronting onto M Street or the waterfront park Review standards and guidelines Height, bulk, siting, vistas, limited parking, env design, façade articulation, complementary landscaping, etc
  • Large scale catalytic economic development projects—other land being transferred from federal to local
  • 2011 APA Positioning Planning Depts - Washington DC

    1. 1. Positioning Big City Planning Departments 2011 APA National Planning Conference April 10, 2011 Harriet Tregoning DC Office of Planning
    2. 2. Washington, D.C. at a Glance Regional Population: 5,476,241 DC Population: 601,723 718,000 jobs 68 square miles ( only 43% is taxable ) 20% of the city is parks and open space Mean Household Income: $90,580 47% have college or post-graduate experience 81% have access to internet 3 rd largest office market in the country 2 nd largest rail transit system 5 th largest bus network in the United States
    3. 3. Streetcar Study <ul><li>Accommodate more than 147,000 daily trips by 2030 </li></ul><ul><li>Connects more people to jobs, services and amenities </li></ul><ul><li>Unlocks development opportunity where it is lagging </li></ul><ul><li>Expands value of established development and transit resources </li></ul><ul><li>Complements existing and emerging transportation choices – Metro, bikeshare, carsharing, walking etc. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Streetcar connects more neighborhoods to jobs <ul><li>Criteria based on: </li></ul><ul><li>Population density </li></ul><ul><li>Current transit access to jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Walkable proximity to Streetcar </li></ul>
    5. 5. Streetcar creates new walkable “main streets” and districts Every 1,000 new households can support one new block of retail Opportunities for walkable network improvements 8 th Street, NW < 0.5 Block Retail Development Potential 0.5 to 1 Block Retail Development Potential 1 to 1.5 Blocks Retail Development Potential 1.5 to 2 Blocks Retail Development Potential 2 to 4 Blocks Retail Development Potential
    6. 6. Maryland Avenue SW Plan 4/6/11 Draft User Survey Results <ul><li>OP launched an 11-question survey from 3/22 to 4/6 to obtain feedback from users around the study area. </li></ul><ul><li>OP organized 4 site visits to L’Enfant Plaza Metro + VRE Station to survey users. </li></ul><ul><li>OP received over 450 responses. A sample of findings follow. </li></ul>Survey flyer
    7. 7. Maryland Avenue SW Plan 4/6/11 Draft User Survey Results What do you like most about this part of the city? Proximity to Mall and Waterfront 39.4% Variety of transit options 32.6% I do not like this part of the city 13.2% Easy to get to by car 10.6% It is quiet 4.2% What would most encourage you to live in this part of the city? If there were neighborhood amenities 25.1% I would not live here 23% Proximity to work 21.8% If there were affordable housing 19.2% Proximity to Mall and Waterfront 7.6% If public spaces were improved 1.9% Variety of transit options 1.4% Why do you frequent this part of the city: I work nearby 88.5% I live nearby 8% I am visiting 3.5% How do you typically get to this part of the city (select all that apply)? Metro 71.4% SOV 24.2% Walk 17% Metrobus 10.9% Bike 9% VRE 7.2% HOV 7% Commuter Bus 6.1% Circulator 5.5% Amtrak/MARC 2%
    8. 8. Inclusionary Zoning <ul><li>Applies to new construction of 10 units or more </li></ul><ul><li>Requires between 8% and 12.5% of units to be affordable </li></ul><ul><li>Units targeted to households earning less than 50% and 80% of AMI </li></ul><ul><li>20% Bonus Density with height and lot occupancy adjustments in some zones </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum Development Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Relief through Board of Zoning Adjustment special exceptions and variances </li></ul>
    9. 9. Leveraging Under-Used Federal Lands <ul><li>Federal facilities consume more than 2,780 acres of land </li></ul><ul><li>Federal and local government facilities: more than 10 % of the District’s land mass; all tax exempt </li></ul><ul><li>In strategically located places, particularly along our waterfront (SW Waterfront, Poplar Point, Hill East) </li></ul>
    10. 10. Saint Elizabeths
    11. 11. Principled Redevelopment Planning Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy Linkages to Planned Development and Investment Saint Elizabeths Approach
    12. 12. Leveraging the DHS Consolidation: A Vision for St Es and Beyond East Campus Redevelopment Planning East Campus Redevelopment Planning Transportation & Infrastructure Planning
    13. 13. From Federal Enclave . . . Southeast Federal Center
    14. 14. SE Federal Center Zoning <ul><li>Along M Street - high density mixed use </li></ul><ul><li>High density residential in the center of the site </li></ul><ul><li>Moderate density residential as a transition </li></ul><ul><li>Open space and low density waterfront oriented recreational, retail and cultural uses along the Waterfront </li></ul>DOT PUD ZC Case # 03-05 CR 6.0 / 110’ R-5-E 6.0 / 110’ R-5-D 3.5 / 90’ W-0 0.5 / 40’ Canal Blocks Park Arthur Capper / Carrollsburg Capitol Gateway Overlay District Washington Navy Yard Fed. - Unzoned Anacostia River WASA Metro – Navy Yard SEFC SITE M Street SE CR 6.0 / 110’ CR 6.5 / 130’ W-0 Buildable Area Florida Rock PUD CG/C3C 8.0 / 110-130’ CG/CR 7.0 / 130’ CG/W-2 5.0 / 70’
    15. 15. Capitol Riverfront Neighborhood <ul><li>$287 million in development under construction </li></ul><ul><li>2,500 residents, the 200-room Marriott hotel (1125 additional hotel rooms planned, Diamond Teague Park and Piers, and the 41,000-seat Nationals Park </li></ul><ul><li>Daytime employment population is 35,000 people in 6.5 million SF of office including the U.S. Navy Yard and U.S. Department of Transportation </li></ul>
    16. 16. St. Elizabeths East Campus Poplar Point Walter Reed McMillan Hill East
    17. 17. Results: A Growing City <ul><li>2010 Census: 601,723 </li></ul><ul><li>Largest increase since WWII </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daytime population: 1million (largest percentage increase in daytime population in the U.S.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population increase due in part to walkability, more transportation choices </li></ul>
    18. 18. For more information <ul><li>Harriet Tregoning </li></ul><ul><li>Director </li></ul><ul><li>District of Columbia Office of Planning </li></ul><ul><li>1100 4 th Street, SW, Suite E650 </li></ul><ul><li>Washington DC 20024 </li></ul><ul><li>202-442-7600 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.planning.dc.gov </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>