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For Eunice :)

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  1. 1. Biomes<br />A Project in Science<br />
  2. 2. Table of Contents<br />Biomes<br />Different kinds of Biomes<br />Characteristics<br />Examples<br />My Biomes<br />Definition<br />Characteristics<br />Location of Biomes<br />Philippines<br />Asia<br />Europe<br />North America<br />South America<br />Africa<br />Australia<br />Antarctica<br />
  3. 3. Biomes<br /> A biome is a large ecosystem where plants, animals, insects, and people live in a certain type of climate<br />
  4. 4. Kinds of Biomes<br />Terrestrial<br />Rainforests (Temperate or Tropical)<br />Tundra<br />Taiga<br />Desert<br />Temperate Deciduous<br />Grassland<br />Aquatic<br />Marine<br />Oceans<br />Coral Reefs<br />Estuaries<br />Freshwater<br />Rivers and Streams<br />Ponds and lakes<br />Wetlands<br />
  5. 5. Biome Characteristic: Rainforests<br />2 types: Topical and Temperate<br />Most trees flare at the base<br />Vegetation is dense (tall and green)<br />Rich in diversity (especially in tropical rainforests)<br />Precipitation and Climate <br />Lush and wet<br />Rainfall is regular throughout the year (80-400 inches of rainfall per year for tropical)<br />Tropical rainforests are warm and moist; while temperate rainforests are cool. <br />
  6. 6. Biome Characteristic: Tundra<br />Arctic tundra is located at the poles<br />Animals are adapted to handle cold winters and to breed and raise young quickly in the very short and cool summers.<br />The soil is often frozen. Permafrost, or permanent ice, usually exists within a meter of the surface.<br />Precipitation and Climate <br /> The average annual temperature is only <br />10 to 20F (-12C to -6C)<br />Water is unavailable during most of <br />the year. <br />Annual precipitation is very low, usually <br />less than 10 inches (25 centimeters).<br />
  7. 7. Biome Characteristic: Taiga<br />The largest biome in the world. <br />Winters are cold. Summers are warm. Lots of conifers grow here. <br />Prone to wildfires. Many trees have adapted to this by growing thick bark<br />Precipitation and Climate <br /> The average temperature is below freezing for six months of the year.<br />Total yearly precipitation in the taiga is 12 - 33 inches (30 - 85 centimeters). <br />Although the cold winters have some snowfall, most of the precipitation comes during the warm, humid summer months.  <br />
  8. 8. Biome Characteristic: Desert<br />land of extremes: extreme heat and extreme dryness but sudden flash floods and cold nights. <br />have so few trees and other vegetation<br />Precipitation and Climate <br /> Deserts are usually very, very dry. <br />Even the wettest deserts get less than ten inches of precipitation a year<br />there may be only a few periods of rains per year with a lot of time between rains<br />
  9. 9. Biome Characteristic: Temperate Deciduous<br />Has four seasons of winter, spring, summer, and fall.<br />Animals and plants have special adaptations to cope with yearly/seasonal changes. <br />The word "deciduous" means exactly what the leaves on these trees do: change color in autumn, fall off in the winter, and grow back again in the spring.<br />Precipitation and Climate <br />Gets the second-most amount of rainfall per year<br />Average temperature of the forest is about 50 degrees Fahrenheit.<br />
  10. 10. Biome Characteristic: Grasslands<br />Big open spaces<br />There are not many bushes in the grassland. Trees are found only by rivers and streams. The grassland seems like an endless ocean of grass<br />Grassland soil tends to be deep and fertile.<br />Found on every continent except Antarctica<br />Precipitation and Climate <br /> Grasslands receive about 10 to 30 inches of rain per year<br />If they received more rain, the grasslands would become a forest. If they received less, they would become a desert.<br />
  11. 11. Biome Characteristic: Marine<br />Marine regions cover about three-fourths of the Earth's surface and include oceans, coral reefs, and estuaries.<br />Marine algae supply much of the world's oxygen supply and take in a huge amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide.<br />The evaporation of the seawater provides rainwater for the land.<br />
  12. 12. Biome Characteristic: Freshwater<br />Freshwater is defined as having a low salt concentration — usually less than 1%. <br />Plants and animals in freshwater regions are adjusted to the low salt content and would not be able to survive in areas of high salt concentration<br />You'll find a wide variety of animal life in or around fresh water ecosystems...aquatic birds... amphibians..mammals and of course, a wide variety of fish.  And the water cycle is very important to fresh water ecosystems<br />
  13. 13. Kinds of Biomes<br />
  14. 14. Kinds of Biomes<br />Marine<br />Oceans<br />Coral Reefs<br />Estuaries<br />.<br />Freshwater<br />Rivers and streams<br />Lake and ponds<br />Wetlands<br />.<br />
  15. 15. My Biomes<br />Terrestrial<br />My Terrestrial Biome is Rainforest<br />.<br />Aquatic<br />My Aquatic Biome is Marine Coral reef<br />.<br />
  16. 16. My Biomes<br />Terrestrial<br />My Terrestrial Biome is Tropical Rainforest. A Tropical Biome has wet and dry climate. It is rich in biodiversity <br />The rainforests are home to more worldwide species than all other biomes added together. About 80 percent of the world's known biodiversity could be found in forests. <br />Aquatic<br />My Aquatic Biome is Marine Coral reef. Marine ecosystems are very important for the overall health of both marine and terrestrial environments. <br />In addition, other marine ecosystems such as coral reefs, provide food and shelter to the highest levels of marine diversity in the world.<br />
  17. 17. My Biomes<br />Aquatic<br />Coral reefs are underwater structures made from calcium carbonate secreted by corals. Corals are colonies of tiny living animals found in marine waters that contain few nutrients. <br />Most coral reefs are built from stony corals, which in turn consist of polyps that cluster in groups. But unlike sea anemones, coral polyps secrete hard carbonate exoskeletons which support and protect their bodies. Reefs grow best in warm, shallow, clear, sunny and agitated waters.<br />Terrestrial<br />The leafy tops of tall trees - extending from 50 to 85 metres above the forest floor - forms an understory. Organic matter that falls to the forest floor quickly decomposes, and the nutrients.<br />Rainforests are partly characterized by high rainfall. This often results in poor soils due to leaching of soluble nutrients. <br />
  18. 18. Location: Philippines<br />Tropical Rainforest in Bohol<br />
  19. 19. Location: Asia<br />Gobi Desert between China and Mongolia<br />
  20. 20. Location: Europe<br />Taiga in Central Germany<br />
  21. 21. Location: North America<br />Deciduous forest in Texas Hill<br />
  22. 22. Location: South America<br />Grassland in Buenos Aires, Argentina<br />
  23. 23. Location: Africa<br />Grassland: DoldersummerVeld in Africa<br />
  24. 24. Location: Australia<br />Coral reef in Great Barrier Reef in North Australia<br />
  25. 25. Location: Antarctica<br />Tundra in Antarctic Peninsula<br />
  26. 26. Submitted by:<br />Eunice Nicole dR. Valencia<br />Year II-Genesis<br />To: Mr. Punzalan<br />On: August 22, 2011<br />