Material created byIZASKUN IBAÑEZTeacher at Ander Deuna Ikastola
Climate encompasses the statistics of:TemperatureHumidityAtmospheric pressureWindPrecipitationin a given region over long ...
Is divided into different climatic regions.And each of those CLIMATES affects each region’s                               ...
That is…In the Basque Country we don’t have coconut trees or iguanasbecause our climate is not tropical!                  ...
( or NATURAL HABITAT TYPE)The sum of animalsand vegetationwhich developunder the sameclimaticcondictions.
TROPICAL    DRY CLIMATES                TEMPERATE CLIMATES   CONTINENTAL CLIMATES   POLAR CLIMATESCLIMATESTropical    Dry ...
Each of the climates determines a biome                 CLIMATE                       The BIOME we will find in a place wi...
BIOME CLASSIFICATIONDESERTSGRASSLANDSFORESTSTUNDRAAQUATIC ENVIRONMENTS
CLIMATE                 BIOMETROPICAL WET            TROPICAL FOREST                                          PHILIPPINES ...
CLIMATE            BIOMETROPICAL MONSOON   TROPICAL FOREST INDIA
CLIMATE                           BIOMETROPICAL WET & DRY                GRASSLAND (SAVANNA)                              ...
CLIMATE                        BIOMEDRY ARID HOT DESERT            DESERT (HOT DESERT)                      ARABIA        ...
CLIMATE                              BIOMEDRY ARID COLD DESERT                 DESERT (COLD DESERT)                       ...
CLIMATE             BIOMEDRY SEMI-ARID HOT   GRASSLAND                                             SAHEL (AFRICA)         ...
CLIMATE                           BIOMEDRY SEMI-ARID COLD                GRASSLAND (STEPPE)                     KAZAKHSTAN...
CLIMATE                   BIOMETEMPERATE MEDITERRANEAN   GRASSLAND (CHAPARRAL)
CLIMATE                             BIOMETEMPERATE HUMID SUBTROPICAL         DECIDUOUS FOREST or GRASSLAND                ...
CLIMATE             BIOMETEMPERATE OCEANIC   DECIDUOUS FOREST
CLIMATE                                   BIOMEHUMID CONTINENTAL                         DECIDUOUS FOREST or GRASSLAND    ...
CLIMATE            BIOMECOLD CONTINENTAL   GRASSLAND                               CANADA
CLIMATE                                  BIOMECONTINENTAL SUBARTIC (BOREAL or TAIGA)   TAIGA
CLIMATE        BIOMEPOLAR TUNDRA   TUNDRA
CLIMATE                     BIOMEPOLAR ICE CAP               ICE CAP                GREENLAND                             ...
THEN… IS “SAVANNA” A BIOME?SAVANNA is a type of GRASSLAND.Some consider GRASSLANDS as a MAJOR BIOME and its varieties as S...
TROPICAL FOREST
TROPICAL (WET)                           CLIMATETROPICAL (Monsoon)• It rains all the year.• There are no seasons.
LOCATION• NEAR THE EQUATOR• South America, western Africa & Southeast  Asia
SOIL• POOR• The rain takes all  the soil’s nutrients.  Low fertility for  agriculture
FAUNA          MOST SPECIES IN THE PLANETJaguars, pumas, monkeys, toucans, frogs,iguanas, butterflies, snakes, exotic birds…
VEGETATION• MOST SPECIES IN THE PLANET• Lianas, epiphytes, bromeliads,  mangroves, coconut tree…
SAVANNA
SAVANNA is a variety of GRASSLANDS
GRASSLAND VARIETIES: PRAIRIES, STEPPES, PAMPAS,          CHAPARRAL and SAVANNA                     PRAIRIES in North Ameri...
Tropical wet & dryOnly 2 seasons:       CLIMATE OF THE SAVANNAA rainy and hot oneA dry and warm one(the fire’s season)
LOCATION           North and south of the           Equator, between trop.           Forest and desert.
SOILOnly a thin layer ofhumus, which providesvegetation withnutrients.FERRUGINOUS (it hasiron – red colour)
FAUNABIG ANNIMALS
VEGETATION             Baobab Acacia              Grass Baobab
DESERT     HOT (main precipitation: rain)COLD (main precipitations: snow and fog)
CLIMATE                        DRY CLIMATE                        ARID                        HOT DESERTDRY CLIMATEARIDCOL...
LOCATIONNear the tropics
SOILHARD and DRY.   SANDY or ROCKY.   INFERTILE.
FAUNANocturnal and many underground animals(Insects, reptiles, arachnids, birds, mammals
VEGETATIONPrecipitation is too low to substain vegetation
DECIDUOUS FOREST (temperate forest)
CLIMATE    TEMPERATE/MODERATE (The mid latitudes) Oceanic and humid     subtropical.. (4 seasons. Temperatures are not ext...
LOCATIONEurope / Eastern USA , Australia, China / Japan
SOILRICH and good foragriculture
FAUNA
Eagles, squirrels, bears, elks, deers, coyotes
American buffalos, beavers, raccoons, skunks,birds, foxes, wolves
VEGETATIONBROAD LEAF TREES:Oak, Beech, Maple,Elm, Willow…
OAKBEECHMAPLE
TAIGA(Boreal forests)
CLIMATECOLD / CONTINENTAL (Boreal-Taiga)
LOCATIONNorth America, Eurasia
SOILPERMAFROST (with a light ice layer visible or underneath)PODZOL (with a layer of ash and reddish due to oxid and iron)
FAUNAElks, deers, beavers, woodpeckers, hawks, bears,lynx, foxes, wolves, bats…
VEGETATIONCold-tolerant evergreen conifers with needle-like leaves: PINE, FIR and SPRUCE
TUNDRA
CLIMATEPOLAR (Tundra)
LOCATIONNear the North Pole
SOILPERMAFROST
FAUNAMigratory birds, mammals (caribou, squirrels,artic foxes, wolves, polar bears)
VEGETATIONLichens (plantlike organisms made up of an alga and a fungus)
3. biomes
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3. biomes

  1. 1. Material created byIZASKUN IBAÑEZTeacher at Ander Deuna Ikastola
  2. 2. Climate encompasses the statistics of:TemperatureHumidityAtmospheric pressureWindPrecipitationin a given region over long periods, and is affectedbyLatitudeTerrainAltitudenearby water bodies and their currents.Weather is the mix of events that happens eachday in our atmosphere regarding temperature,humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind andprecipitation.
  3. 3. Is divided into different climatic regions.And each of those CLIMATES affects each region’s - FAUNA - VEGETATION - SOIL TYPE - Circumstances of human population
  4. 4. That is…In the Basque Country we don’t have coconut trees or iguanasbecause our climate is not tropical! The relationship between climate and fauna and vegetation is not a coincidence! However, we have oak trees, squirrels etc in our forests. And the leaves’ color is different In Autumn, unlike in the evergreen tropical trees.
  5. 5. ( or NATURAL HABITAT TYPE)The sum of animalsand vegetationwhich developunder the sameclimaticcondictions.
  6. 6. TROPICAL DRY CLIMATES TEMPERATE CLIMATES CONTINENTAL CLIMATES POLAR CLIMATESCLIMATESTropical Dry ARID HOT DESERT Temperate HUMID Continental Polar TUNDRAWET MEDITERRANEANTropical Dry ARID COLD DESERT Temperate HUMID COLD Continental Polar ICE CAPMONSOON SUBTROPICALTropical Dry semi-arid hot desert Temperate Continental SUBARTICWET & DRY OCEANIC (Boreal or Taiga) Dry semi-arid cold desert
  7. 7. Each of the climates determines a biome CLIMATE The BIOME we will find in a place with that climateFor example: Tropical WET TROPICAL FORESTIn a territory Tropical MONSOON TROPICAL FOREST Tropical WET & DRY GRASSLAND (SAVANNA)with a Dry ARID HOT DESERT DESERT (HOT DESERT)tropical wet Dry ARID COLD DESERT DESERT (COLD DESERT)climate, Dry SEMI-ARID HOT GRASSLANDwe will find Dry SEMI-ARID COLD Temperate MEDITERRANEAN GRASSLAND (STEPPE) GRASSLAND (CHAPARRAL)a tropical Temperate HUMID SUBTROPICAL DECIDUOUS FOREST or GRASSLANDforest Temperate OCEANIC DECIDUOUS FORESTbiome. HUMID Continental DECIDUOUS FOREST or GRASSLAND COLD Continental GRASSLND (STEPPE)And as Continental SUBARTIC TAIGAfollows: Polar TUNDRA TUNDRA Polar ICE CAP ICE CAP
  8. 8. BIOME CLASSIFICATIONDESERTSGRASSLANDSFORESTSTUNDRAAQUATIC ENVIRONMENTS
  9. 9. CLIMATE BIOMETROPICAL WET TROPICAL FOREST PHILIPPINES AMAZONAS AFRICA GHANA
  10. 10. CLIMATE BIOMETROPICAL MONSOON TROPICAL FOREST INDIA
  11. 11. CLIMATE BIOMETROPICAL WET & DRY GRASSLAND (SAVANNA) Australian Savanna African Savanna
  12. 12. CLIMATE BIOMEDRY ARID HOT DESERT DESERT (HOT DESERT) ARABIA CHIHUAHUA SAHARA KALAHARI
  13. 13. CLIMATE BIOMEDRY ARID COLD DESERT DESERT (COLD DESERT) ATACAMA GOBI GREAT BASIN IRANIAN DESERT
  14. 14. CLIMATE BIOMEDRY SEMI-ARID HOT GRASSLAND SAHEL (AFRICA) SAHEL The Sahel is a clear example of a semi-arid hot zone: a transition zone between a deser and a savanna
  15. 15. CLIMATE BIOMEDRY SEMI-ARID COLD GRASSLAND (STEPPE) KAZAKHSTAN RUSSIA MONGOLIA PATAGONIA
  16. 16. CLIMATE BIOMETEMPERATE MEDITERRANEAN GRASSLAND (CHAPARRAL)
  17. 17. CLIMATE BIOMETEMPERATE HUMID SUBTROPICAL DECIDUOUS FOREST or GRASSLAND ARGENTINA USAUSA ARGENTINA
  18. 18. CLIMATE BIOMETEMPERATE OCEANIC DECIDUOUS FOREST
  19. 19. CLIMATE BIOMEHUMID CONTINENTAL DECIDUOUS FOREST or GRASSLAND IOWA WISCONSIN Grassland in the driest part
  20. 20. CLIMATE BIOMECOLD CONTINENTAL GRASSLAND CANADA
  21. 21. CLIMATE BIOMECONTINENTAL SUBARTIC (BOREAL or TAIGA) TAIGA
  22. 22. CLIMATE BIOMEPOLAR TUNDRA TUNDRA
  23. 23. CLIMATE BIOMEPOLAR ICE CAP ICE CAP GREENLAND ICELAND PATAGONIA
  24. 24. THEN… IS “SAVANNA” A BIOME?SAVANNA is a type of GRASSLAND.Some consider GRASSLANDS as a MAJOR BIOME and its varieties as SUB-BIOMESand others consider each of the varieties a different BIOME.But WHY?Because each of the VARIETIES of GRASSLANDS occurs under DIFFERENT CLIMATICCONDITIONS and we said that Biomes where “The sum of animals and vegetationwhich develop under the same climatic conditions”. GRASSLANDSSAVANNA PRAIRIE CHAPARRAL STEPPE PAMPAAfrica USA Mediterranean Mid Asia ArgentinaAustralia areasIndiaTropical wet & dry - Continental - Temperate - Cold - Humid - Dry Mediterranean Continental subtropical semiarid - Dry Semiarid
  25. 25. TROPICAL FOREST
  26. 26. TROPICAL (WET) CLIMATETROPICAL (Monsoon)• It rains all the year.• There are no seasons.
  27. 27. LOCATION• NEAR THE EQUATOR• South America, western Africa & Southeast Asia
  28. 28. SOIL• POOR• The rain takes all the soil’s nutrients. Low fertility for agriculture
  29. 29. FAUNA MOST SPECIES IN THE PLANETJaguars, pumas, monkeys, toucans, frogs,iguanas, butterflies, snakes, exotic birds…
  30. 30. VEGETATION• MOST SPECIES IN THE PLANET• Lianas, epiphytes, bromeliads, mangroves, coconut tree…
  31. 31. SAVANNA
  32. 32. SAVANNA is a variety of GRASSLANDS
  33. 33. GRASSLAND VARIETIES: PRAIRIES, STEPPES, PAMPAS, CHAPARRAL and SAVANNA PRAIRIES in North America, PAMPA in Argentima and STEPPE in mid Asia. SAVANNA CHAPARRAL
  34. 34. Tropical wet & dryOnly 2 seasons: CLIMATE OF THE SAVANNAA rainy and hot oneA dry and warm one(the fire’s season)
  35. 35. LOCATION North and south of the Equator, between trop. Forest and desert.
  36. 36. SOILOnly a thin layer ofhumus, which providesvegetation withnutrients.FERRUGINOUS (it hasiron – red colour)
  37. 37. FAUNABIG ANNIMALS
  38. 38. VEGETATION Baobab Acacia Grass Baobab
  39. 39. DESERT HOT (main precipitation: rain)COLD (main precipitations: snow and fog)
  40. 40. CLIMATE DRY CLIMATE ARID HOT DESERTDRY CLIMATEARIDCOLD DESERT
  41. 41. LOCATIONNear the tropics
  42. 42. SOILHARD and DRY. SANDY or ROCKY. INFERTILE.
  43. 43. FAUNANocturnal and many underground animals(Insects, reptiles, arachnids, birds, mammals
  44. 44. VEGETATIONPrecipitation is too low to substain vegetation
  45. 45. DECIDUOUS FOREST (temperate forest)
  46. 46. CLIMATE TEMPERATE/MODERATE (The mid latitudes) Oceanic and humid subtropical.. (4 seasons. Temperatures are not extreme)
  47. 47. LOCATIONEurope / Eastern USA , Australia, China / Japan
  48. 48. SOILRICH and good foragriculture
  49. 49. FAUNA
  50. 50. Eagles, squirrels, bears, elks, deers, coyotes
  51. 51. American buffalos, beavers, raccoons, skunks,birds, foxes, wolves
  52. 52. VEGETATIONBROAD LEAF TREES:Oak, Beech, Maple,Elm, Willow…
  53. 53. OAKBEECHMAPLE
  54. 54. TAIGA(Boreal forests)
  55. 55. CLIMATECOLD / CONTINENTAL (Boreal-Taiga)
  56. 56. LOCATIONNorth America, Eurasia
  57. 57. SOILPERMAFROST (with a light ice layer visible or underneath)PODZOL (with a layer of ash and reddish due to oxid and iron)
  58. 58. FAUNAElks, deers, beavers, woodpeckers, hawks, bears,lynx, foxes, wolves, bats…
  59. 59. VEGETATIONCold-tolerant evergreen conifers with needle-like leaves: PINE, FIR and SPRUCE
  60. 60. TUNDRA
  61. 61. CLIMATEPOLAR (Tundra)
  62. 62. LOCATIONNear the North Pole
  63. 63. SOILPERMAFROST
  64. 64. FAUNAMigratory birds, mammals (caribou, squirrels,artic foxes, wolves, polar bears)
  65. 65. VEGETATIONLichens (plantlike organisms made up of an alga and a fungus)

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