Earth and Space
Earth’s Vital Statistics Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
Locating Places on the Earth <ul><li>Reference lines ( imaginary lines ) </li></ul><ul><li>Equator – line that equally  </...
Locating Places on the Earth <ul><li>Reference lines ( imaginary lines ) </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Meridian – line that equa...
How to tell direction? <ul><li>Example : Manila: 14 o  N; 120 o E </li></ul>Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrat...
Key Latitudes and Longitude Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
Earth’s Rotation <ul><li>Counterclockwise  </li></ul><ul><li>(East to West) </li></ul><ul><li>Results to day and  </li></u...
Standard Time Zone <ul><li>Divides the globe into 24 time zones </li></ul><ul><li>180 o  WEST and EAST of the prime meridi...
Standard Time Zone http://www.mapsofworld.com/time-zone-map/maps/world-time-zone.jpg
Standard Time Zone <ul><li>International date line  </li></ul><ul><li>Passing thorough this line </li></ul><ul><li>prompts...
Solar System <ul><li>is composed of one star (Sun), planets and their natural satellites (moons), and other heavenly objec...
Solar System  http://www.infoplease.com/spot/solar-system.html
Sun <ul><li>It is a star </li></ul><ul><li>The closest star  </li></ul><ul><li>from the earth or  </li></ul><ul><li>other ...
Energy of the sun <ul><li>Comes from the  fusion  of Hydrogen gas to helium </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs in the sun’s core </l...
Planets <ul><li>IAU (Aug. 24, 2006) criteria: </li></ul><ul><li>The object must be in orbit around the sun </li></ul><ul><...
Solar System  http://www.infoplease.com/spot/solar-system.html
Why was Pluto demoted? <ul><li>IAU (Aug. 24, 2006) criteria: </li></ul><ul><li>The object must be in orbit around the sun ...
Planetary Motions <ul><li>Rotation on its axis </li></ul><ul><li>Revolution around the sun </li></ul>
Revolution <ul><li>One complete revolution around the sun = 1 year </li></ul><ul><li>Follows a track = railway = orbit </l...
Earth’s Orbit <ul><li>Gravity pull of the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps the earth from  </li></ul><ul><li>straying away from...
Earth’s Orbit <ul><li>elliptical in shape </li></ul>Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 200...
Moons in the solar system http://www.spacetoday.org/SolSys/Moons/MoonsSolSys.html Planet No. of Moons Mercury 0 Venus 0 Ea...
Earth’s Moon <ul><li>Rotates on its axis </li></ul><ul><li>No light of its own </li></ul>Adams and Lambert. Earth Science:...
Eclipses <ul><li>When shadow of a heavenly body falls on another </li></ul><ul><li>Solar/Lunar eclipse </li></ul><ul><li>P...
Solar Eclipse Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
Solar Eclipse Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
Lunar Eclipse Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
Lunar Eclipse Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
Other heavenly objects <ul><li>Asteroids belt – found between Mars and Jupiter  </li></ul><ul><li>Comets </li></ul><ul><li...
Beyond solar system <ul><li>Solar system is part of the Milky way galaxy </li></ul><ul><li>Galaxy = billions of stars that...
Stars <ul><li>Huge ball of flaming gas </li></ul><ul><li>Has a life cycle </li></ul><ul><li>constellations </li></ul>http:...
References <ul><li>Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House </li></ul><u...
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Lecture 6

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  • Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
  • Lecture 6

    1. 1. Earth and Space
    2. 2. Earth’s Vital Statistics Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
    3. 3. Locating Places on the Earth <ul><li>Reference lines ( imaginary lines ) </li></ul><ul><li>Equator – line that equally </li></ul><ul><li>divides the earth into upper </li></ul><ul><li>and lower hemispheres </li></ul><ul><li>Latitude –horizontal line drawn </li></ul><ul><li>with respect to the equator </li></ul>Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
    4. 4. Locating Places on the Earth <ul><li>Reference lines ( imaginary lines ) </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Meridian – line that equally </li></ul><ul><li>divides the earth into left and right </li></ul><ul><li>hemispheres </li></ul><ul><li>Longitude –vertical line drawn </li></ul><ul><li>with respect to the prime meridian </li></ul>Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
    5. 5. How to tell direction? <ul><li>Example : Manila: 14 o N; 120 o E </li></ul>Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
    6. 6. Key Latitudes and Longitude Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
    7. 7. Earth’s Rotation <ul><li>Counterclockwise </li></ul><ul><li>(East to West) </li></ul><ul><li>Results to day and </li></ul><ul><li>night </li></ul><ul><li>One complete </li></ul><ul><li>rotation = 24 hours </li></ul>Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
    8. 8. Standard Time Zone <ul><li>Divides the globe into 24 time zones </li></ul><ul><li>180 o WEST and EAST of the prime meridian (0 o ) </li></ul><ul><li>Each time zone covers 15 o longitudes a </li></ul><ul><li>1 time zone = 1 hour </li></ul><ul><li>Important consideration : West or East </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>Manila: 120 o East </li></ul>
    9. 9. Standard Time Zone http://www.mapsofworld.com/time-zone-map/maps/world-time-zone.jpg
    10. 10. Standard Time Zone <ul><li>International date line </li></ul><ul><li>Passing thorough this line </li></ul><ul><li>prompts addition/subtraction </li></ul><ul><li>of 24 hours </li></ul><ul><li>exactly opposite of the prime </li></ul><ul><li>meridian (0 o longitude) </li></ul><ul><li>@ 180 o ) </li></ul>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/61/International_Date_Line.png
    11. 11. Solar System <ul><li>is composed of one star (Sun), planets and their natural satellites (moons), and other heavenly objects </li></ul><ul><li>they ALL revolve around the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Sun is the center of the solar system </li></ul>
    12. 12. Solar System http://www.infoplease.com/spot/solar-system.html
    13. 13. Sun <ul><li>It is a star </li></ul><ul><li>The closest star </li></ul><ul><li>from the earth or </li></ul><ul><li>other objects in the </li></ul><ul><li>solar system </li></ul>Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
    14. 14. Energy of the sun <ul><li>Comes from the fusion of Hydrogen gas to helium </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs in the sun’s core </li></ul>Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
    15. 15. Planets <ul><li>IAU (Aug. 24, 2006) criteria: </li></ul><ul><li>The object must be in orbit around the sun </li></ul><ul><li>It must be the only object that “use” its orbit </li></ul><ul><li>Spherical in shape due to gravity </li></ul>
    16. 16. Solar System http://www.infoplease.com/spot/solar-system.html
    17. 17. Why was Pluto demoted? <ul><li>IAU (Aug. 24, 2006) criteria: </li></ul><ul><li>The object must be in orbit around the sun </li></ul><ul><li>It must be the only object that use its orbit </li></ul><ul><li>Spherical in shape due to gravity </li></ul>
    18. 18. Planetary Motions <ul><li>Rotation on its axis </li></ul><ul><li>Revolution around the sun </li></ul>
    19. 19. Revolution <ul><li>One complete revolution around the sun = 1 year </li></ul><ul><li>Follows a track = railway = orbit </li></ul><ul><li>Each planet has their own orbit </li></ul>
    20. 20. Earth’s Orbit <ul><li>Gravity pull of the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps the earth from </li></ul><ul><li>straying away from its </li></ul><ul><li>Orbit. </li></ul><ul><li>gravity vs. inertia </li></ul>Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
    21. 21. Earth’s Orbit <ul><li>elliptical in shape </li></ul>Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
    22. 22. Moons in the solar system http://www.spacetoday.org/SolSys/Moons/MoonsSolSys.html Planet No. of Moons Mercury 0 Venus 0 Earth 1 Mars 2 Jupiter 62 Saturn 33 Uranus 27 Neptune 13
    23. 23. Earth’s Moon <ul><li>Rotates on its axis </li></ul><ul><li>No light of its own </li></ul>Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
    24. 24. Eclipses <ul><li>When shadow of a heavenly body falls on another </li></ul><ul><li>Solar/Lunar eclipse </li></ul><ul><li>Partial/Total Eclipse </li></ul>
    25. 25. Solar Eclipse Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
    26. 26. Solar Eclipse Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
    27. 27. Lunar Eclipse Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
    28. 28. Lunar Eclipse Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House
    29. 29. Other heavenly objects <ul><li>Asteroids belt – found between Mars and Jupiter </li></ul><ul><li>Comets </li></ul><ul><li>Meteoroids </li></ul><ul><li>Meteor </li></ul><ul><li>Meteorite </li></ul>
    30. 30. Beyond solar system <ul><li>Solar system is part of the Milky way galaxy </li></ul><ul><li>Galaxy = billions of stars that move around through space as one unit </li></ul>
    31. 31. Stars <ul><li>Huge ball of flaming gas </li></ul><ul><li>Has a life cycle </li></ul><ul><li>constellations </li></ul>http://www.tepapa.govt.nz/space/Images/star_constellations3.gif
    32. 32. References <ul><li>Adams and Lambert. Earth Science: An Illustrated Guide To Science, 2006. NY: Chelsea House </li></ul><ul><li>Rabago, Lilia M., et al. Dynamic Science. 2003. QC: vibal Publishing House </li></ul>

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