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Types of ecosystem


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Types of ecosystem

  1. 1. Types of ecosystemPresented by, Priyanka Chowksey DAIMSR
  2. 2. Contents• Ecosystem• Major four types• Grassland Ecosystem• Aquatic Ecosystem• Forest Ecosystem• Desert Ecosystem
  3. 3. Ecosystem• An ecosystem is a biological environment consisting of all the living organisms or Biotic component, in a particular area, and the nonliving, or Abiotic component such as air, soil, water and sunlight with which the organisms interact
  5. 5. Biotic Abiotic• Sunlight • Primary producer• Tempreture • Hervivorus• Precipitatio • Carniorous• Water or Moisture • Omnivorus• Soil or Chemical content • Detritivorous
  6. 6. Types of Ecosystem Natural Artificial GrassForest Aquatic Desert land Terres Micro -trial -bial Aquatic
  7. 7. Forest Ecosystem• High rainfall•Large number of organism and flora• Highly diverse population• Stability of ecosystem is very sensitive
  8. 8. Types of Forest• Tropical evergreen forest• Tropical deciduous forest• Temperate evergreen forest• Temperate deciduous forest• Taiga
  9. 9. Features of Forest Ecosystem• Forest canopy• Forest floor• Forest soil
  10. 10. Funtion of forest ecosystem• Watershed Protection• Atmospheric regulation• Soil Erosion Control• Wind Erosion Control
  11. 11. Desert Ecosystem• High temperature, intensesunlight and low water• Flora and fauna are verypoorly developed and scarce• Organisms are xeric adaptive• Scarely populated
  12. 12. Types of desert• Sand desert• Stony desert• Rock desert• Plateau desert• Mountain desert• Cold desert
  13. 13. Sand desert
  14. 14. Rock desert
  15. 15. Stony desert
  16. 16. Plateau desert
  17. 17. Mountain desert
  18. 18. Cold desert
  19. 19. Features of desert ecosystem• Rainfall• Temperature• Soil• light• Plants and animals are adapted to live in extremities
  20. 20. Funtion of desert ecosystem• Solar energy resource• Mineral resource
  21. 21. Grassland Ecosystem• Marginal rainfall• Vegetation is dominated by grasses• Unimproved wild-plant communities• Densely populated
  22. 22. Types of Grassland Ecosystem• Tropical grassland• Temperate grassland• Others
  23. 23. Features of grassland ecosystem• Temperature• Precipitation• Humidity• Topography• Unadaptive plants and animals
  24. 24. Funtion of grassland ecosystem• Grassland provide food• Grasslands Are Breeding Areas• Human habitat
  25. 25. Aquatic Ecosystem• Low temperature and sunlight• Soil and vegitation is submerged• Flora and fauna had adapted• Densely populated.
  26. 26. Types of Aquatic ecosystem• Ocean• Lotic• Lentic• Wetland
  27. 27. Features of aquatic ecosystem• Light and temperature• Current• Chemistry• Competitive organism
  28. 28. Funtion of Aquatic Ecosystem• Recycles nutrients• Purify water• Resposible for proper rainfall• Attenuate floods• Recharge ground water