Personality theories


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Personality theories

  1. 1. Neuroticism<br />Ashley Prietto<br />
  2. 2. Neuroticism:<br />Apersonality trait in which mood swings and breakdowns, negative emotions and certain situations can be devastating to a person. <br />The emotional impact is intensified and it is difficult to handle anything that is even slightly on the verge of being negative.<br />High scores on neuroticism tend to be very sensitive to certain emotions, such as anger, jealousy, anxiety, guilt and depression<br /> low scores in neuroticism means that the individual is more or less emotionally stable and has more self confidence<br />
  3. 3. Psychoanalytical approach:<br />Karen Horney<br />The self- effacing compliance solution includes the need for affection from others, searching for approval, trying to like and be liked by everyone around them.<br />Expansive, aggressive solution traits include a need for control, supremacy, and flawlessness.<br />Moving against people: relying on the people around you for love, support, and making life worth while. <br />
  4. 4. Trait Approach:<br />The Big 5 traits consist of neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness (Burger, 2009). <br />Extraversion is a very social and high strung trait.<br /> Openness consists of a very independent and free mindset. People with this trait tend to like variety and enjoy daydreaming of what could be, rather than fretting about what is. <br />Agreeableness :trusting and loving, rather than apprehensive and detestable. <br />Conscientiousness, being cautious of your surroundings and keeping track of events and situations occurring around you. <br />
  5. 5. Biological Approach:<br />Hans Eysenk:<br />Neuroticism<br /> Extroversion-introversion<br />Psychoticism<br />
  6. 6. Humanistic approach<br />. “The good life is a process, not a state of being. It is a direction, not a destination (Rogers, 1961).” <br />People who strive to make their life better are considered “fully functioning.” <br />People with low self esteem, or with neurotic traits tend to have a hard time being a fully functioning human being, simply because of the way they think <br />
  7. 7. Behavioral and social learning approach<br />John B. Watson:<br />Overt behavior: behaviors that are exposed through actions and are easily observed by the public.<br />Covert behavior, thinking, feeling, and physical sensations in which are not seen by the public, but are internal and private to the person (Carver, 2008).<br />
  8. 8. Cognitive Approach<br />Albert Ellis:<br />Irrational emotive therapy: changing the thought process from negative to positive <br />Building a new appreciation for the challenges in your life<br />
  9. 9. Conclusion:<br />. I feel that the cognitive approach makes the most sense when it comes to diagnosing and treating neuroticism as well as depression, because if you can learn to think differently, you can learn to deal with life in a much more mellow and enjoyable manner. <br />
  10. 10. References:<br />T. Ayott, B, Potter, G, Williams, H, & Steffens, D. (2009).The Moderating role of personality factors in the relationship between depression and neuropsychological functioning among older adults. .International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 24(9), 1010-1019: Retrieved from Academic Premier Database<br />Burger, J. (2008). Personality. Belmont, Ca: Wadsworth .<br />Fetterman, A, Robinson, M, Ode, S, & Gordon, K. (2010). Neuroticism as a risk factor for behavioral dysregulation: a mindfulness-medication perspective. Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, 29(3), 301-321: Retrieved from Academic Premier Database<br />Khanchandani, L, & Durham, T. (2009). Jealousy during dating amoung female college students. College Student Journal, 43(4), 1272-1278: Retrieved from Academic Premier Database<br />Larochelle, S, Diguer, L, Laverdiere, O, Gamache, P, & Greenman, P. (2010). Psychological dimensions of antisocial personality disorder as predictors of psychotherapy of non completion among sexual offenders . Menninger Clinic, : Retrieved from Academic Premier Database<br />Lönnqvist, J, Verkasalo, M, Mäkinen, S, & Henriksson, M. (2009). The Moderating role of personality factors in the relationship between depression and neuropsychological functioning among older adults. .International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 65(7), 781-790: Retrieved from Academic Premier Database<br />Mruk, C. (2008). The Psychology of self esteem: a potential common ground for humanistic positive psychology and positivistic positive psychology..humanistic Psycholist, 36(2), 143-158.<br />Smolowe, J. (2009, November 11). Good news on grieving. People, 72(22), 60-60<br />Parker, S, Dewberry, J, Lloyd, B, & Smith, J. (2009). Moving away, against, and toward god; karenhorney's neurotic trends and relationship to god. Journal of Psychology & Christianity, 28(1), 36-43.<br />Robbins, B. (2008). What is the Good life? positive psychology and the renaissance of humanistic psychology.. humanistic Psychology, 36(2), 96-112.<br />Taub, J. (1998). Eysenk's descriptive and biological theory of personality: a review of construct validity.International Journal of Neuroscience, 94(3/4), 145, 53<br />