Self Harm Proposal Presentation

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A Powerpoint presentation describing the research and findings of adolescent self-harm

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Self Harm Proposal Presentation

  1. 1. in Teenagers Depression & Self-Harm
  2. 2. The big question: <ul><li>What is the relationship between </li></ul><ul><li>depression and self-mutilation </li></ul><ul><li>in high school students? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Variables anyone? <ul><li>Independent Variable: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The presence or absence of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>depression in participants </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dependent Variable: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The level of self-mutilative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>behavior in participants </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Self-harm…what is it? <ul><li>A coping strategy for individuals who cannot find effective means of coping with personal issues. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often takes the form of cutting one’s skin, but can include any great number of methods </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The research <ul><li>Currently very little research </li></ul><ul><li>Even fewer studies with adolescent samples </li></ul><ul><li>Often misunderstood as suicidal behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Most studies don’t focus on depression </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of clarity in categorization and classification </li></ul>
  6. 6. Prominent Research <ul><li>Nock & Prinstein (2004) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adolescent sample </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used the Functional Assessment of Self-Mutilation (FASM) to assess purpose of self-harm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessed apart from suicidal intent populations </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Prominent Research <ul><li>Linehan, Comtois, Brown, Heard & Wagner (2006) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed the Suicide Attempt Self-Injury Interview (SASII) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SASII designed to assess factors involved in nonfatal suicide attempts and intentional self-injury </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can help differentiate between suicidal and nonsuicidal intent in self-harming </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Prominent Research <ul><li>Meuhlenkamp (2006) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides empirically supported treatment and general therapy guidelines for non-suicidal self-injury. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exhaustive literature review pointing out confusion among researchers regarding nature of self-harm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Suggests calling behavior “Non-Suicidal Self-Injury” (NSSI) to clarify </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Offers valid treatment and therapy options for self-harming individuals </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Prominent Research <ul><li>Matsumoto, Azekawa, Yamaguchi, Asami & Iseki (2004) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilizes Beck Depression Inventory-2 (BDI-2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Addresses self-harm as a habitual behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seeks to clarify relationship between past abuse and dissociative behavior in correlation with self-harm </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Prominent Research <ul><li>Matsumoto, Yamaguchi, Chiba, Asami, Iseki & Hirayasu (2005) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examines patterns of self-harm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Studies differences between self-cutting versus self-burning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilizes Beck Depression Inventory-2 (BDI-2) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Problems <ul><li>Most research did not differentiate between suicidal and non-suicidal behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Much information for my study had to be gleaned from unreliable research </li></ul>
  12. 12. Why this topic? <ul><li>Wanted to understand it for myself </li></ul><ul><li>Fear it as a future counselor </li></ul><ul><li>Misunderstood behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively unexplored territory </li></ul><ul><li>Appears often in pop culture </li></ul><ul><li>And it makes me wonder…. </li></ul>
  13. 13. … why do so many teens identify with pain?

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