Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Unit 7 n 8

367 views

Published on

English

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Unit 7 n 8

  1. 1. Unit 7 & 8 • Grammar: conditionals. • Comparatives & superlatives. • Adjectives and adverbs. • Vocabulary on politics. May the force be with you, Young padawans… (and your books to study)
  2. 2. 1st conditional (probable) • If Alicia studies, she will pass the exam. PRESENT FUTURE Unless Alicia studies, she won’t pass the exam. As soon as Alicia starts to study, she will pass the exam. When they pay their taxes, they will receive a receipt.
  3. 3. 2nd conditional (improbable) • If I was/were rich, I wouldn’t live here. PAST SIMPLE CONDICIONAL (si yo fuera rico, no viviría aquí) If I were Delia, I would play more matches. If you had time, we would help Mr. Sereno. Unfortunately, I am afraid we are in a rush.
  4. 4. 2nd conditional (deseos) IF ONLY + PAST I WISH + PAST • If only they studied a bit more, they would pass the exam. (si estudiasen un poco más, pasarían el examen) • I wish I could stay longer with Leonor. (Ojalá / me encantaría poder estar más tiempo con Leonor)
  5. 5. 3rd conditional (imposible) If she hadn’t come, she would have never met that person. But now she is here. PAST PERFECT WOULD HAVE… If they had been less moody, the other people would have felt more relaxed. The train is gone. If Ana had taken that train, she would have arrived on time.
  6. 6. Compare: • If Pablo studies, he will pass the exam. He is very smart. (1st) • If Pablo studied, he would pass the exam. But I am afraid he won’t study. He is so lazy! (2nd) • If Pablo had studied, he would have passed the exam. But he didn’t, because he is lazy. (3rd) • I wish Pablo studied a bit more!
  7. 7. Some vocabulary on politics you should know… Currency Government Coalition Election Republic Monarchy Minister (P.M.) Head of state Society (to) vote (to) ban Borders Laws Policies Population Passport Ruler (to) Tax Lower (to) Raise Fund Salary
  8. 8. Adverbs vs. adjectives Passionate Honest Optimistic Responsibly Fortunately Moodily Anxiously Generously Succesfully Respectful Pessmistically Polite Which is an adjective and which is an adverb?
  9. 9. Adverbs vs. adjectives Passionate Honest Optimistic Responsibly Fortunately Moodily Anxiously Generously Succesfully Respectful Pessmistically Polite Which is an adjective and which is an adverb? ADJECTIVE polite: politely ADVERB
  10. 10. Adverbs vs. adjectives ADJECTIVE Passionate Honest Optimistic Polite ………………….. ………………….. ………………….. ………………….. ………………….. ………………….. Respectful ………………….. ADVERBS ………………….. ………………….. ………………….. ………………….. Responsibly Fortunately Moodily Anxiously Generously Succesfully ………………….. Pessimistically
  11. 11. Adverbs vs. adjectives ADJECTIVE Passionate Honest Optimistic Polite Responsible.. Fortunate….. Moody………. Anxious……… Generous….. successful….. Respectful….. Pesimistic…... ADVERBS Passionately…. Honestly………. Optimistically.. Politely……….... Responsibly Fortunately Moodily Anxiously Generously Succesfully Respectfully Pessimistically
  12. 12. Comparative One-syllable Adjectives COOL + (…) The coolEST Adjectives ending in Consonant + y MOOD(Y)+IER THE + MOOD(Y)+ IEST Long adjectives MORE + OPTIMISTIC THE MOST OPTIMISTIC Regular adverb Ending in -ly MORE + HONESTLY THE MOST + HONESTLY
  13. 13. COMPARATIVE + THAN José Antonio is taller than Javier. Try to behave more politely than before. LESS + ADJECTIVE Money is less important than health for most of the people. THE LEAST+ ADJECTIVE • Travelling is the least remarkable goal for me in my life.
  14. 14. • The person who does the interviw (successful) will get the job. • Those ride children are the (polite) kids I know. • That’s dangerous! You should drive (careful). • Villages are (noisy) than the city. • I can´t hear you. You need to speak (loud) • That isn’t very positive. Try to think (pessimistic)
  15. 15. • The person who does the interview more successfully will get the job. • Those rude children are the least polite kids I know. • That’s dangerous! You should drive more carefully. • Villages are less noisy than the city. • I can´t hear you. You need to speak (louder) • That isn’t very positive. Try to think less pessimistically)
  16. 16. Study, my friends… For your own sake. Ha ha ha…

×