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Dr. Antonio de Morga's Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas

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Dr. Antonio de Morga's Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas

  1. 1. RIZAL103 TEAM1 June8,2019
  2. 2. SUCESOS DE LAS ISLAS FILIPINAS - An account of Spanish observations about the Filipinos and the Philippines. The Book RIZAL103
  3. 3. Background information/ Important information about Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas RIZAL103 TEAM1 1. Antonio De Morga - Author of Sucesos de las islas Filipinas. 2. This is one of the first books ever to tackle Philippine history. 3. Book that describes the events inside and outside of the country from 1493 to 1603, including the history of the Philippines. 4. Consist of 8 Chapters. 5. Discuss the political, social and economical aspects of a colonizer and the colonized country. 6. The content of the book is based on documentary research, observation and personal experience of Morga. 7. Rizal is a secondary source of the book due to his Annotations.
  4. 4. Dr. Antonio de Morga Spanish lawyer and official in the Philippines during the 17th century. RIZAL103 TEAM1
  5. 5. RIZAL 103 Team 1 The Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain. What is Las Islas Filipinas?
  6. 6. EVENTS, HAPPENINGS, OCCURRENCE The Sucesos is the work of an honest observer, a versatile bureaucrat, who knew the workings of the administration from the inside. What is Sucesos? RIZAL 103 Team 1
  7. 7. Rizal’s Objectives 1 ? 2 RIZAL 103 Team 1
  8. 8. Rizal’s Objectives 1. To awaken the consciousness of the Filipinos regarding their glorious ways of the past 2. To correct what has been distorted about the Philippines due to Spanish conquest 3. To prove that Filipinos are civilized even before the coming of the Spaniards
  9. 9. Blumentritt’s Influence on Rizal Ferdinand Blumentritt has encouraged Rizal to write about the Philippines’ pre-colonial History.
  10. 10. THE EARLY FILIPINO PRIDE Rizal strove to establish that the Filipinos could be proud of their pre-conquest past. The First Objective ON RIZAL’s ANNOTATION
  11. 11. ON RIZAL’s ANNOTATION The Second Objective HISTORY AS A PROPAGANDA WEAPON Rizal aimed to use history as a propaganda weapon.
  12. 12. EARLY GOVERNMENT Our forefathers in the pre-colonial Philippines already possessed a working judicial and legislative system
  13. 13. HIGH LITERACY RATE The Spanish missionaries exploited the baybayin for their own ends, learning and using it to translate their goals
  14. 14. EARLY ARTILLERY Our ancestors were very proficient in the art of war. Aside from wielding swords and spears, they also knew how to make and fire guns and cannons.
  15. 15. SMOOTH FOREIGN RELATIONS The pre-colonial Filipinos had already established trading and diplomatic relations with countries as far away as the Middle East
  16. 16. SELF- SUFFICIENT In terms of food, our forefathers did not suffer from any lack thereof. Blessed with such a resource-rich country, they had enough for themselves and their families
  17. 17. ADVANCED CIVILIZATION Our ancestors possessed a complex working society and a culture replete with works of arts and literature
  18. 18. Important Points ● Sucesos De Las Islas Filipinas is the first book to tackle the Philippine history. ● The book discusses the political, social and economical aspects of a colonizer and the colonized country. ● The book that describes the events inside and outside of the country from 1493 to 1603, including the history of the Philippines. ● The pre-colonial Philippines already possessed a working judicial and legislative system ● Spanish missionaries put an end to the baybayin written system of the Philippines to translate their goals ● Our ancestors possessed a complex society and culture filled with arts and literature
  19. 19. RIZAL’s Annotations Morga’s Sucesos 1. Philippines was NOT DESERTED and was actually HABITABLE. 1. Philippines was DESERTED and INHABITABLE. 2. Spaniards, like any other nation, treat food to which they are not accustomed or is unknown to them with disgust. This fish that Morga mentions is bagoong (salted & fermented fish). 2. Beef and fish they know it best when it has started to rot and stink Rizal’s Annotations vs. De Morga’s Sucesos ...
  20. 20. Rizal’s 3 Propositions 1. The people of the Philippines have a culture on their own, before the coming of the Spaniards 2. Filipinos were decimated, demoralized, exploited, and ruined by the Spanish colonization 3. The present state of the Philippines was not necessarily superior to its past
  21. 21. Jose Rizal as Philippines’ National Hero ● Rizal gave us freedom by using goodness. ● Jose Rizal became the Philippines’ National Hero because he fought for freedom in a silent but powerful way. ● He expressed his love for the Philippines through his novels, essays and articles rather than through the use of force or aggression.
  22. 22. “To foretell the destiny of a nation, it is necessary to open the books that tell of her past.” - Rizal
  23. 23. Importance of Rizal’s Annotations to the present generation ● To awaken in the Filipinos the consciousness of our past ● To devote ourselves to studying the future ● To first lay bare the past, in order to better judge the present and to survey the road trodden during three centuries ● To prove Filipinos had a culture of their own, prior to colonization, that the Filipinos were NOT inferior to the white man ● To shatter the myth of the so-called “Indolence of the Filipinos” ● To reduce those Filipinos who denied their native tongue into rotten fish ● To seriously study Tagalog and produce a comprehensive Tagalog dictionary ● To embrace the generic term “Indio”, or in today’s case, Filipino, with all its negative connotations, and turn it into one of dignity and nobility
  24. 24. Sources: ONLINE: 1. https://filipiknow.net/life-in-pre-colonial-phil ippines/ 2. https://www.coursehero.com/file/p3ol5 23/o-RIZALS-ANNOTATION-OF-MOR GAS-SUCESOS-DE-LAS-ISLAS-FILI PINAS-Three-purposes-for/ 3. https://www.slideshare.net/abbieelaine kuhonta/sucesos-39902918 4. https://prezi.com/qawe8nczviaq/rizals- annotation-of-sucesos-de-las-islas-filip inas/ Team 1 RIZAL103

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