RIZAL’S EDUCATION Studies in Manila Studies in Europe
Early Education in Calamba and Biñan At the age of 3, Rizal learned the alphabet from his mother. At the age of 5, while learning to read and write, Rizal already showed inclinations to be an artist. He astounded his family and relatives by his pencil drawings and sketches and by his moldings of clay. At the age of 8, Rizal wrote a Tagalog poem, "Sa Aking Mga Kabata," the theme of which revolves on the love of one’s language.
“Sa Aking Mga Kabata”Kapagka ang bayay sadyang umiibig Ang wikang Tagalog tulad din sa LatinSa kanyang salitang kaloob ng langit, Sa Ingles, Kastila at salitang anghel,Sanglang kalayaan nasa ring masapit Sapagkat ang Poong maalam tuminginKatulad ng ibong nasa himpapawid. Ang siyang naggawad, nagbigay sa atin.Pagkat ang salitay isang kahatulan Ang salita natiy huwad din sa ibaSa bayan, sa nayot mga kaharian, Na may alfabeto at sariling letra,At ang isang taoy katulad, kabagay Na kaya nawalay dinatnan ng sigwaNg alin mang likha noong kalayaan. Ang lunday sa lawa noong dakong una.Ang hindi magmahal sa kanyang salitaMahigit sa hayop at malansang isda,Kaya ang marapat pagyamaning kusaNa tulad sa inang tunay na nagpala.
Early Education in Calamba and Biñan Rizal’s parents employed private tutors to give him lessons at home. The first was Maestro Celestino and the second, Maestro Lucas Padua. Later, an old man named Leon Monroy, a former classmate of Rizal’s father became his tutor. This teacher lived at the Rizal home and instructed Rizal in Spanish and Latin. Unfortunately, he did not live long. He died five months later. After Monroy’s death, Rizal’s parents decided to send their gifted son to a private school in Biñan.
First Day in Biñan School Paciano enrolled Rizal to the school of Maestro Justiniano Aquino Cruz. Rizal met the bully, Pedro. Rizal, who was angry at this bully for making fun of him during his conversation with the teacher, challenged Pedro to a fight. Rizal having learned the art of wrestling from his athletic Tio Manuel, defeated the bigger boy. After class, a classmate named Andres Salandanan challenged him to an arm-wrestling match. Rizal having the weaker arm, lost and nearly cracked his head on the sidewalk.
Best Student in School In academic studies, Rizal beat all Binan boys. He surpassed them all in Spanish, Latin, and other subjects. They were all jealous of his intellectual superiority that they wickedly squealed to the teacher whenever Rizal had a fight outside the school, and even told lies to discredit him before the teacher’s eyes. Consequently the teacher had to punish Rizal. He received many whippings and strokes from the ferule. Rare was the day when he was not stretched on the bench for a whipping or punished with five or six blows on the open palm.
Education in Manila Ateneo Municipal de Manila Bachelor of Arts degree in 1877 at the age of 16 Graduated as one of the nine students declared sobresaliente Continued his education to obtain a degree in land surveying and assessor
Ateneo Municipal de Manila Rizal was a member of the academy of Spanish Literature and the Academy of Natural Sciences. Wrote his first poem Mi Primera Inspiracion (My First Inspiration) which was dedicated to his mother on her birthday. He also wrote Through Education Our Motherland Receives Light and The Intimate Alliance Between Religion and Good Education which showed the importance of religion in education.
“Mi Primera Inspiracion”Why falls so rich a spray Why seems to me more endearing,of fragrance from the bowers more fair than on other days,of the balmy flowers the dawns enchanting faceupon this festive day? among red clouds appearing?Why from woods and vales The reason, dear mother, isdo we hear sweet measures ringing they feast your day of bloom:that seem to be the singing the rose with its perfume,of a choir of nightingales? the bird with its harmonies. And the spring that rings with laughterWhy in the grass below upon this joyful daydo birds start at the winds noises, with its murmur seems to say:unleashing their honeyed voices "Live happily ever after!“as they hop from bough to bough? And from that spring in the groveWhy should the spring that glows now turn to hear the first noteits crystalline murmur be tuning that from my lute I emoteto the zephyrs mellow crooning to the impulse of my love!as among the flowers it flows?
Education in Manila University of Santo Tomas Studied Philosophy and Letters during his first year Shifted to Medicine specializing in Ophthalmology when he found out that his mother was going blind
University of Santo TomasRizal was unhappy at this Dominican Institution of higherlearning because:(1) the Dominican professors were hostile to him(2) the Filipino students were racially discriminated againstby the Spaniards(3) the method of instruction was obsolete and repressiveAfter finishing the fourth year of his medical course, Rizaldecided to study in Spain . He could no longer endure therampant bigotry, discrimination, and the hostility in theUniversity of Santo Tomas.
Education in Europe Traveled alone to Europe Madrid in May 1882 Continued his studies in Medicine at the Universidad Central de Madrid Degree of Licentiate in Medicine in 1884 Degree of Philosophy and Letters in 1885
Spain as a realization It was a venue for realizing Rizal’s dreams. He finished his studies in Madrid and this to him was the realization of the bigger part of his ambition. His vision broadened to the point of awakening in him an understanding of human nature, sparking in him the realization that his people needed him. It must have been this sentiment that prompted him to pursue, during the re-organizational meeting of the Circulo- Hispano-Filipino, to be one of its activities, the publication of a book to which all the members would contribute papers on the various aspects and conditions of Philippines life.
Spain as a realization The proposal for the book was unanimously approved. But afterwards, difficulties and objections were raised, and a number of gentlemen stood up and refused to discuss the matter any further in 1884. Rizal decided not to press the issue any longer. Although the book was never written, the next year, Pedro Paterno published his Ninay, a novel sub-titled Costumbres filipinas (Philippines Customs), thus partly fulfilling the original purpose of Rizal’s plan.
Noli Me Tangere The idea of writing a novel grew on him, and later he decided to write and worked hard for Noli Me Tangere He never told anyone about it until it was finished, though some of his companions knew what he was doing He wrote half of the novel in Madrid, a quarter of it in Paris and the rest in Germany
Education in Europe University of Paris (France) University of Heidelberg (Germany) Earned a second doctorate Inducted as a member of the Berlin Ethnological Society and the Berlin Anthropological Society under the patronage of the famous pathologist Rudolf Virchow
University of Heidelberg 25-year-old Rizal completed in 1887 his eye specialization under the renowned Prof. Otto Becker in Heidelberg Left Heidelberg a poem, “A las flores del Heidelberg”; both an evocation and a prayer for the welfare of his native land and the unification of common values between East and West
A las flores del HeidelbergGo to my country, go foreign flowers, That when the rising sun the height Carry, carry, flowers of Rhine,Planted by the traveler on his way, Of Koenigsthul in early morn first spies, Love to every love of mine,And there beneath that sky of blue And with its tepid light Peace to my country and her fertile loam,That over my beloved towers, Is pouring life in valley, wood, and Virtue to her women, courage to her men,Speak for this traveler to say grove, Salute those darling ones again,What faith in his homeland he He greets the sun as it begins to rise, Who formed the sacred circle of our home.breathes to you. Which in his native land is blazing straight above. And when you reach that shore,Go and say.... Say that when the dawn Each kiss I press upon you now,First brew your calyx open there And tell them of that day he staid Deposit on the pinions of the wind,Beside the River Necker chill, And plucked you from the border of the And those I love and honor and adoreYou saw him standing by you, very path, Will feel my kisses carried to their brow.still, Amid the ruins of the feudal castle,Reflecting on the primrose flush you By the River Neckar, and in the sylvan Ah, flowers, you may fare through,wear. shade. Conserving still, perhaps, your native hue; Yet, far from Fatherland, heroic loamSay that when the morning light Tell them what he told you To which you owe your life,Her toll of perfume from you wrung, As tenderly he took The perfume will be gone from you;While playfully she whispered, "How I Your pliant leaves and pressed them in For aroma is your soul; it cannot roamlove you!“ a book, Beyond the skies which saw it born, norHe too murmured here above you Where now its well-worn pages close eer forget.Tender love songs in his native enfold you.tongue.
Rizal’s Life in Europe Jose Rizal lived in Europe for 10 years. He could converse in more than 10 different tongues. Excelled at martial arts, fencing, sculpture, painting, teaching, anthropology, and journalism, among other things. During his European sojourn, he also began to write novels. Rizal finished his first book, Noli Me Tangere, while living in Wilhemsfeld with the Reverend Karl Ullmer.