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Grammar book Semester 2


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Grammar book Semester 2

  1. 1. By: Amalia Burleson 2nd period- Linares
  2. 2.  Que vs. Cual  Verbs like Gustar DOCTOR PED  Reflexive Estar- HELPING  Formulas Gustar  Tu command (DOP) Transitions  Modal Verbs Triggors Imperfect Acabar De Hace Expressions
  3. 3.  Que is used in when asking for definition Cual is used when not seeking a definition
  4. 4.  D : Descriptions O: Origin C: Characteristics T: Time O: Occupation R: Relationships P: Possession E: Events D: Dates
  5. 5.  H: Health E: Emotion L: Location P: Present Condition ING  Ar: ando  Er/ir: endo/yendo  Used with ings
  6. 6.  Used to explain the like of something: i.e:  Me gusta/ I like  Te gusta/ you like *Putting a verb in the inifinitive form Me gusta bailar--- I like to dance.
  7. 7.  Tambien Ahora Primero Despues Per-eso Asi-que Pero y entonces
  8. 8.  For ar: Aba Abas Aba Abamos Abais Aban For er/ir ia Ias Ia Iamos Iais ian
  9. 9.  Todos los dias Amenudo A veces Siempre Cada dia Los lunes Generalmente Mientras De vez en cuando Muchas veces Frecuentements 1.Ongoing action 2. Repeated Action 3. No definite beginning/ending 4. Time/date/age/feelings/descriptions 5. Interrupted activity
  10. 10.  To have just finished i.e.  Acabo de comer  I have just ate
  11. 11. 4 Formulas:1) Hace + time+ que+ conjugated verb2) Hay+que+infinitive3) Se probibe + infinitive4) Se permite+ infinitive
  12. 12.  Past tens “snap shot” in time Beginning/ ending Completed action AR: E Aste O Amos Aron IR/ER I Iste Io Imos ieron
  13. 13.  Faltar: To lack Fascinar: To fascinate Encantar: To Enchant Importar: To be Important Interesar: To be Interesting Doler: To hurt somewhere
  14. 14.  Simply drops the S  Informal command– NOT MEANT TO BE SAID TO SOMEONE OLDER  COMES DOP + IOP  Comes Come can attach to an affirmative commandDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS-Me -Los/las-Te -Nos-Lo/la -Os
  15. 15. TOCAR JUGAR COMENZAR Toqué Jugué ComencéTocaste Jugaste Comenzaste Jugó Comenzó Tocó Jugamos ComenzamosTocamos Jugaron ComenzaronTocaron
  16. 16.  IR+A+INFINITIVE…. (going to do something) PODER+INFINITIVE…(are able to do something) QUERER+INIFINITIVE…(want to do something) DEBER+INFINITIVE…(to have to do something) TENER QUE+INFINITIVE…(to have to do something) SOLER+INFINITIVE…(to be accustomed to)
  17. 17. Most adverbs are formed by adding “-mente” to the feminine singular form of the adjective-If it ends in –e or a consonant, it stays the same.-When 2 Adverbs modify the same verb, only the 2nd adverb uses “- mente”• Mucho • Tan• Muy • Demasedo• Mal • Peor• Bastante • Nunca• Bien • Siempre• Ya
  18. 18.  Continuous Action  Estar + (ando/iendo/yendo)  EXAMPLE:  Estoy hablando
  19. 19.  -Estar (aba) + (ando-iendo-yendo)  EXAMPLE:  Estaba hablando
  20. 20.  “Will”  Infinitive + -e/as/a/emos/eis/an  DO NOT CONJUGATE VERB
  21. 21.  Decir- Dir Hacer- Har  E Pener-Pondr  As Salir-Saldr  A Tener-Tendr  Emos Poder-Podr  Eis Querer-queir  An Saber-sabr
  22. 22.  Used when trying to say that something has the most or least of something  Mas + adjective (the most)  Menos +Adjective (The least)
  23. 23.  Andar : Anduv Estar: Estuv Poder: Pud Poner: Pus E Querer: Quis Iste Saber: Sup O Tener: Tuv Imos Vener: Vin Isteis ieron Decir: Dij Traer: Traj Conducir: Conduj DROP THE I Producir: Produj Traducir: Traduj
  24. 24. Snakey Verbs Only changes in 3rd person i>y: oir e>y: leer, creer Snake Verbs Only changes in 3rd person e>i: pedir, preferir, competir, repetir, servir, sentir, venir o>u: dormir and morir