<ul><li>Do you have a computer? </li></ul><ul><li>What type of computer is it? Desktop or laptop? </li></ul><ul><li>How many hours a day do you use your computer? </li></ul><ul><li>Which room do you use your computer in? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you use an anti-virus program? </li></ul><ul><li>Which software do you use most often? </li></ul><ul><li>Which internet sites do you most look at? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you use your computer more for work, study, or </li></ul><ul><li>leisure? </li></ul>
Faulty laptop battery Virus infection cracked monitor Broken laptop screen Trojan on your PC Spyware infection Dirty mouse trackball System freeze Program needs a patch Keyboard loses a key Fan causes overheating Hardware Software
We normally use the Simple Past Tense to talk about events, actions or situations which occurred in the past and are now finished. Sam phoned a moment ago. I saw a movie yesterday. I didn't see a play yesterday. Last year, I travelled to Japan. Last year, I didn't travel to Korea. Did you have dinner last night? She washed her car. He didn't wash his car.
a series of completed actions in the past I finished work, walked to the harbour, and found a nice place to relax.
He arrived from the airport at 8:00, checked into the hotel at 9:00, and met the others at 10:00. 8:00 9:00 10:00
a duration which starts and stops in the past I lived in Brazil for two years. Shauna studied Japanese for five years. They sat at the café all day. They did not stay at the party the entire time. We talked on the phone for thirty minutes. A: How long did you wait for them? B: We waited for one hour.
to describe a habit which stopped in the past I studied French when I was a child. He played the violin. He didn't play the piano. Did you play a musical instrument when you were a kid? She worked at the movie theatre after school. They never went to school, they always skipped class.
describe past facts or generalizations which are no longer true She was shy as a child, but now she is very outgoing. He didn't like pizza before. Did you live in Texas when you were a kid? People paid much more to make phone calls in the past.
ADVERB PLACEMENT the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc. Examples: You just called Debbie. Did you just call Debbie?
The association of the Past Tense with adverbials that tell us when something happened is very important. Adverbials used with the past tense must refer to past Some adverbs like yesterday, last summer and combinations with ago are used only with past tenses: I saw Jane yesterday/last summer . Ago , meaning 'back from now', can combine with a variety of expressions to refer to the past: e.g. two years ago; six months ago; ten minutes ago; a long time ago: I met Robert many years ago . When often points to a definite contrast with the present: I played football every day when I was a boy.
<ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I often saw her in Rome. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Did you ever meet Sonia? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I never met Sonia. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>We left at 4 o'clock/on Tuesday. We had our holiday in July. as + adverb + as: I saw him as recently as last week.
PAST SIMPLE When do we use the past simple? Actions finished at a definite stated time in the past. How do we form the past simple of regular verbs? VERB + ED Play ed Visit ed Watch ed I played volleyball yesterday. PAST SIMPLE – REGULAR VERBS – AFFIRMATIVE
PAST SIMPLE – REGULAR VERBS – INTERROGATIVE Did + Subject + Main verb (without -ed) Did you play volleyball yesterday? PAST SIMPLE
PAST SIMPLE – REGULAR VERBS – NEGATIVE Subject + Did not / didn’t + Main verb (without -ed) I did not (didn’t) play volleyball yesterday. PAST SIMPLE
PAST SIMPLE – IRREGULAR VERBS Do not add -ed in the past simple affirmative. Did they go to France last year? They didn’t see the accident. see – saw break – broke go – went buy – bought BUT they form the interrogative and negative with did , just like regular verbs. PAST SIMPLE
Rules: Verbs Simple Past Examples E Add - D live - live d date - date d Consonant + y Change y to i, then add -ED try - tri ed cry - cri ed One vowel + one consonant (but NOT w or y) Double the consonant, then add -ED tap - tap ped commit - commit ted [anything else) Add –ED boil - boil ed fill - fill ed hand - hand ed
List of Regular verbs Verb Past Verb Past Work Work ed Enjoy Enjoy ed Watch Watch ed Talk Talk ed Stay Stay ed End End ed Brush Brush ed Finish Finish ed Live Live d Wash Wash ed Start Start ed Clean Clean ed Dance Dance d Study Stud ied Rain Rain ed Worry Worr ied Stop Stop ped Plan Plan ned
List of irregular verbs Infinitive Past simple Past participle Translation To be was/were been ser/estar To begin began begun começar To break broke broken quebrar To bring brought brought trazer …