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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Darfur is located in the western region of Sudan, adjacent to Chad and Central Africa. In early 2004,
the Sudanese government and state sponsored militia carried out the Darfur genocide. The targets of
the genocide were black African tribes. The genocide in Darfur has claimed approximately 300,000
lives and displaced over 3 million people. In response to these mass atrocities the international
community took action, but many were dissatisfied with what seemed to be a lack of effort. Of the
groups taking action, those in the forefront were the United Nations (UN), African Union (AU), and
the United States (U.S). One of the first international actions taken in response to Darfur was by
U.N representative Mukesh Kapila. Unhappy with the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The war in Darfur materialized at the wrong time for the United States, Norway, and Britain, two of
which are permanent members of the U.N. Security Council. At the time, they were focused on
ensuring the success of the Naivasha negotiations in Sudan. The Naivasha agreement, also known as
the Comprehensive Peace Agreement was an permanent ceasefire agreement between the
Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/ Sudan People's Liberation
Army to end the Second Sudanese Civil War. This was long time coming because the conflict had
started all the way back in 1983. The Security Council used the 'Brahimi principal,' which states
"regional organizations take primary responsibility for the problems in their backyard" to push
responsibility on to the A.U. The Brahimi principle The Security Council was glad to give someone
else the responsibility of Darfur so they could focus on others tasks at hand. Sudanese President al–
Bashir agreed to allow the A.U. to deploy a mission (AMIS) to monitor a ceasefire agreement signed
on 8 April 2004, a mission endorsed by United Nations Security Counci Resolution 1556. The A.U.
initially deployed 150 troops in August 2004 but had increased that number to 7,700 troops by April
2005. African leaders resisted efforts to widen the intervention to non–African countries. These
voices included South African President Thabo Mbeki, who stated "we have not asked for anybody
outside of the African
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
The Darfur Genocide
The Darfur Genocide is considered one of the most gruesome and gory genocides to take place in
recent years. Darfur is a western civilization roughly the size of Spain located in the country of
Sudan which is situated in Africa. Sudan has had a rough history over the past fifty years. In fact
violence has become more of a norm in the area. Sudan has had internal problems for many years.
The country negatively affected itself from within. No outer force caused the issues at hand. Sudan
experiences their first civil war in 1956. The issue came from economic, political, and social
domination of largely non–Muslim and non–Arab southern Sudanese. The war lasted for about
sixteen years and finally concluded in 1972. Unfortunately the violence ... Show more content on
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The family dispersed and Hari was able to escape. It's amazing that in such difficult times of loss,
distress, and fear, he is willing to bring journalists to an area of Darfur considered one of the most
unorganized and brutal areas there is. Aside from the brutality, the area was consistently altering
with alliances switching, government deals with rebels falling apart as quickly as they came
together, and so much more. The area was as much of a mess as possible and Hari knew exactly the
risk he was taking by going there. Often, Hari was able to use his multilingual ability to help
endangered journalists escape trouble usually by the narrowest of margins. For example, when Hari
was working for British news filmmaker Philip Cox, The two are captured and held at gunpoint by
multiple men loading their rifles, pointing them at the Hari and Cox and ready to unload on
command. Quickly thinking, Cox used his phone to call the top rebel commander whose forces had
detained them. Cox was actually trying to reach the man for a couple weeks unsuccessfully. The
man actually answered Cox's call and remembered him. Of the many run–ins they had, one which
stands out is when Hari, one of the American journalist, and their
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Darfur Genocide Research Paper
The Darfur Genocide started on February 26, 2003. This genocide is still continuing till this day.
Darfur Genocide is the mass slaughter of Darfuri men, women, and children in Sudan. This is
happening because of the oppression of Darfur's non–Arab population.. The people started to revolt
and wanted the government to stop the oppressing of the non–Arab population. The government did
not listen and got violent with the people. When the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice
and Equality Movement (JEM) started to attack the government, the government responded with
there own attack. The Sudanese government decided to use the Janjaweed a Sudanese military group
to attack the non–Arab population. Now because of the Janjaweed millions of people
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Darfur Conflict
I. Introduction Almost five years have passed since Darfur, the western region of Sudan, erupted in
bloody conflict. The crisis in Darfur is not an accidental disaster, or a human catastrophe that
humanitarian intervention can reverse or solve. The conflict is as not simple as presented in the
media, which casts the conflict in terms of Arabs versus black Africans. The reality is far more
muddled. It is a human tragedy, brewing for decades, that finally erupted into a vicious cycle of
violence in 2003.[1] The Darfur conflict is not only a problem for the Sudanese, but is also a
regional problem. The conflict is threatening the stability in other regions of Sudan, and in
neighboring countries like Chad, and the Central African Republic. Looking at its nature, magnitude
and internal dynamics that fuel it, one can see that, unless it is addressed soon, the conflict has the
potential to plague the whole region with a continuous cycle of violence and lawlessness. ... Show
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As a result, regional and international actors have carried out several peace initiatives to end the
violence. The peace efforts that constitute the Darfur peace process include the N'Djamena peace
negotiations of September 2003 and April 2004,[2] The Addis Ababa peace negotiations of May
2004,[3] the Abuja peace negotiations of August 2004–May 2006,[4] and the Sirte peace
negotiations of October 2007.[5] These peace initiatives have not made substantial progress towards
sustainable peace. Since the peace efforts began in 2003, every peace effort has been followed by
increased violence, and ultimately, the peace process has failed. Therefore, the key research question
that this paper sets out to answer is: Why did the Darfur Peace Process
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Darfur Rebellion Essay
In spring 2003, the Sudanese government promised land to Arab tribes who agreed to control the
Darfur Liberation Front (DLF) rebellion. This was the foundation of the genocide. In April of 2003,
rebels from the DLF attacked the Sudanese air force base in Al–Fashir. The DLF divided into two
units: the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) and the Justice and Equality Movement
(JEM). In July 2003, militias were formed by nomadic Arab tribes. They were named the Janjaweed,
which means "devil on horseback" in Arab. The Janjaweed and the Sudanese government wreak
havoc throughout Darfur by kidnapping Darfuris, burning and looting villages, and raping and
killing their victims. In early 2004, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) makes formal refugee camps
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Even though these groups agreed to the ceasefire, there was still violence going on in Darfur. In
August 2004, 7,000 Rwandan and Nigerien peacekeeping troops are sent by the African Union
Mission in Sudan (AMIS) to work in Darfur. Around 2 million civilians were displaced in Darfur
and Chad by the end of 2004, around 100,000 were dead. On September 9, 2004, the conflict in
Darfur was declared a Genocide. Some of the other countries involved blame the Sudanese
government because they have done nothing to help the citizens of Darfur, but the UN doesn't agree.
On January 9, 2005, the Sudanese government and the SPLM/A sign the Comprehensive Peace
Agreement and the Second Sudanese Civil War ends. In March 2005, the people who violated the
ceasefire in Darfur have sanctions authorized against them by the UN Security Council. There were
also people accused of war crimes. These people are referred to the International Criminal Court
(ICC). In June, a formal investigation is begun, but the Sudanese government chose not to
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Darfur Genocide Essay
Global Essay by Matthew Bennici 11R2
The Darfur Genocide is the current mass slaughter and rape of civilians from South Sudan killing
women and children in Sudan. The Genocide began in 2003 but the outbreak around the world in
early 2004 and still continues today which is known as the first genocide in the 21 Century. There
have been many responses toward the genocide such as United Nations and China but the conflict
continues to be unresolved. This had caught attention from many countries around the world,
including our country, the united Nation and China had different perspectives referring to Sudan
conflict, however their initiatives had worsen the situation.
As a response to the crisis in Darfur in 30th July 2004, the United Nations and the Security Council
assigned ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
China has been working on the Sudanese Government and other parties through exchanging visits,
sending a special envoy, making phone conversation, and conducting coordination in various places
including the UN. Under China's presidency, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted
Resolution 1769, paving the way for an AU–UN hybrid peacekeeping force entering Darfur. The
Chinese Government has also sent a special envoy to Sudan and continued with its efforts. Besides,
China is the first country to commit to and take part in the peace–keeping mission in the Darfur
region. At present, the advance team of 140 military engineers has entered the Darfur region and the
rest is to phase in shortly. China appreciates and supports the efforts made by the AU , UN envoys
on Darfur, and will donate fifty thousand dollars to the UN Trust Fund, which finances the envoys'
mediating work. China traded weapons to South Sudan in order to receive the precious oil. China is
respecting their policy which is non–interference in their country which results them in not prevent/
resolving the crisis in South
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Compare and Contrast Between Rwanda and Darfur Genocide,...
The analysis of the genocides that took place both in Rwanda and Sudan's Darfur region exhibit
some similarities as well as differences. The character of violence was similar in both cases, but in
Rwanda the violence was more intense, participatory, and extraordinary. The violence in these two
places took place in an environment that had experienced civil wars. It was a period of political
transition which was further aggravated by ethnic nationalism and a conflict of ethnic populations
that were living in close proximity. However, in the Rwandan genocide, the state is more
centralized, compact, and effective. This is what explains the intensity and variation. The
international response to these genocides through observers emphasized on ... Show more content on
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In Rwanda, the IC was not concerned with stopping the genocide just like in Darfur. This makes the
two cases similar. These comparative claims are accurate although the claims need some close
scrutiny. For instance, the comparisons do not provide the degree of similarity and differences in the
two instances. Form the international perspective, we are not able to tell in what way the response in
Rwanda is different or similar to what took place in Darfur (Straus).
Why the US and the UN what are the similarities and differences of how they acted in each
situation.
The UN and the US government are accredited for deploring conflict situations as well as
contributing humanitarian aid, and this is what these two organizations did in Rwanda and Darfur.
However, the UN did not do anything to punish or prevent the genocides that took place in these two
countries. The US government promised to support the peace talk's agreement in Darfur and hold
the perpetrators accountable for their acts. It never kept that promise since nothing has been done.
So far, the UN's Security Council has also failed in its peace keeping mission effeorts, and is instead
pressuring Sudan with words only. No solid steps have been made to bring the wrong doers into
justice (Shapiro).
In Rwanda, in 1994, the United Nations ignored the call to act fast, and only stepped up after
hundred days, after close to 800,000 people had lost their lives.
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
The Darfur War: Genocide
Chris: There is strong worldwide consensus that the Darfur killings has been one of the most tragic
human rights violations of the decade, but its status as a genocide has been debated. Many
worldwide authorities have acknowledged the killings as genocide, the first of the twenty–first
century. In a unanimous vote, the United States Congress declared the Darfur war as state–
sponsored genocide. Some have suggested that the heinous Darfur killings are even worse than
genocide. The United Nations and a number of other international organizations, however, have
refrained from calling the killings a genocide, saying that they are unsure of the "genocidal intent"
of the perpetrators. To determine whether the Darfur War is truly genocide, we return ... Show more
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In this case, the government needed little identification and preparation because the geography had
already identified the victims. Extermination, the crux of every genocide, occurs in Darfur with
government raiding in the air and government–supported Janjaweed attacking on the ground. These
attacks aimed at exterminating African villages have killed an estimated 400,000 people and
displaced millions. The final stage of genocide is denial from the perpetrators of their criminal
actions. In Darfur, the Sudanese government categorically denies that they have anything to do with
the genocide, and even claims that they have no connection with the Janjaweed. These denials,
which are clearly false, are the strongest indicators of why Darfur is such a major human rights
violation: the perpetrators have no accountability. The Darfur killings present a complex situation
caused by many factors, and thus, it often defies categorization. However, the Darfur war follows
the general pattern of the eight stages of genocide and thus we believe it is genocide. This raises an
important issue: what is the significance of calling a human rights violation a
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Darfur Issues
Being ransacked, raped, and pillaged, and most of all, murdered and driven out of your homes, all
by your government? These were the horrors about 100 native tribes faced in a region of Sudan
named Darfur in 2003. The government of Sudan took up arms against these villages for a number
of reasons, here including the ongoing fight between the native farmers and nomads, the Sudanese
government being corrupt, and the struggle between the villagers/farmers and their government.
All beginning in the late 1980's, General Omar Bashir took over Sudan using a military Coup,
therefore allowing the National Islamic Front to worsen the problems. Weapons started to flow into
Darfur because of these conflicts, and little by little the native farmers started
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Facts About Darfur
Darfur is a region in western Sudan with diverse ethnic groups (11 Facts About Darfur). Here is a
map of Darfur, http://www.worldatlas.com/img/areamap/0e09591d0cca13e9d33e4250f1a94702.gif.
Darfur has a harsh weather environment with temperatures usually over 100 degrees (Geography).
Darfur is a poor and undeveloped state. It is known for its genocide because of the mass slaughter
and rape of men, women, and children. The genocide is racially based, and executed through The
Janjaweed (11 Facts About Darfur). The Janjaweed are armed Arab militias supported through the
government, and are to attack non–Arabs (The Basic Facts about Darfur). The killings began in
February of 2003, and still happen today (The Basic Facts about Darfur). The Janjaweed ... Show
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"Culture Guide: Wedding Tradition in Sudan." News and Entertainment– Latest Updates in Nigeria |
Pulse.ng. N.p., 19 Aug. 2016. Web. 26 Feb. 2017. "The Basic Facts about Darfur." The Basic Facts
about Darfur. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2017.
Borresen, Kelsey. "5 Good Reasons To Get Married While You're Young, According To Research."
The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 14 Nov. 2013. Web. 26 Feb. 2017.
"Cultural Relativism." AllAboutPhilosophy.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2017.
"11 Facts About Darfur." DoSomething.org | Volunteer for Social Change. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb.
2017.
"Ethnocentrism." AllAboutPhilosophy.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2017.
"Geography." Darfur Genocide. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2017.
"Significant Increase in Child Marriages in Darfur." Radio Dabanga. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb.
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Genocide In Darfur
Concerning the ethnic minorities of Burma, I believe that we are in a period where carefully
analyzed humanitarian input can have a successful impact. Unlike the genocide in Darfur, we're
aware of a developing situation where large–scale genocide has not taken place yet. History further
lends a hand in paralleling the cordoning in society of minorities such as the Rohingya with that of
the black African minorities in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan. Lessons gained in the events in Sudan
should be considered in defending the minorities of Burma who are facing human rights violation.
The first step is "early engagement" and awareness. Advocacy before a potential genocide of
Burmese minorities will focus international attention on the Burmese government. ... Show more
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The Sudanese government refused to allow NGOs into the Nuba Mountains, where genocide by
attrition was taking place. However, "a London–based human rights group, African Rights, played
an instrumental part in both reaching out to the Nuba as well as bringing their plight to the attention
of the international community." African Rights was able to gain access to the Nuba Mountains and
provide valuable communication logistics to the Nuba, which provided a window to the
international community of the human rights violations carried out by the Sudanese government.
Similarly, Burmese minorities such as the Rohingyas have been separated from the larger Burmese
society. They have very little rights and sustenance. A scenario eerily familiar to that of the Nuba
people. We need to insert humanitarians within these cordoned communities to document human
rights violations. The international community will have a more difficult time ignoring tangible
documentation. Moving this groups work beyond university campuses and onto the ground in
Burma is critical to preventing this potential
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Darfur
Darfur is an area in Sudan that is around the same size as France. It is home to roughly six million
people, mostly of which are muslim nomads and farmers. Despite having the same religious beliefs,
the nomads and farmers have a constant struggle. Around 1989, General Omar Bashir used military
coup to gain domination of Sudan. His power enraged local conflicts, causing the struggle between
the nomads and the farmers to become more violent. In 2003, two Darfuri Rebel Movements rose to
power; the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice Equality Movements (JEM). Both Rebel
groups criticized the government's lack of protection of the farmers from nomad attacks. They
revolted to bring about change in the region. The government counteracted ... Show more content on
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The Janjaweed has been regularly murdering African farmers and other innocent civilians. Four–
hundred thousand people have died and two–million five–hundred thousand people have been
uprooted from their homes. Every month, five thousand lives are taken. Despite the constant
growing number of deaths in the country, the Sudanese government denies having any ties to the
Janjaweed. The government pays no attention to the acts of the Janjaweed. In fact, they seem to
condone the violations of human rights that the militia is performing and resist attending to the
needs of the people. Although the Sudanese government seemed uninterested of the suffering of
their people, the distress caught the eye of the International Criminal Court(ICC). In 2005, they
launched investigations in an effort to reestablish human rights in Darfur. Despite their efforts, the
Sudanese government dismissed the the ICC's investigations.On March 4, 2009 the ICC accused the
Sudanese President Omar al Bashir of operating a campaign of mass killing, rape, and pillage
against civilians in Darfur. He was the first sitting president to be charged with these violations,
causing the ICC to send out an arrest warrant for him. Not only is there an arrest warrant for Bashir,
but also for the former Sudanese Minister of State, Ahmad Harun, and Janjaweed militia leader, Ali
Kushayb. None of the three suspects have been arrested
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Tears Of Darfur
Tragedy happens every day and when it affects a large number of people, it makes headlines.
However, the world lets some of these tragedies go unnoticed. The mass slaughtering of humans
should never be overlooked or underestimated. The region of Darfur, located in Sudan, has been
dealing with such horrors as it undergoes a genocide that began in 2003. Every day, the people of
Darfur undergo conditions that most people would deem unbelievably difficult. Unfortunately, this
terrible incident does not receive the attention it deserves and is often ignored by many countries of
the world. In attempts to inform the people of the world, photographs and videos have been taken,
poems have been written, and music has been made, just beginning to relay ... Show more content
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Video. The documentary "On Our Watch" has claimed the top spot in being the best way to inform
others about the horrible genocide Darfur has been struggling with. Not only is all the information
specific, there is real–time footage of the conflict, the survivors, and the damage left. There is no
misunderstandings that could come from this video as translators are provided, ensuring that English
is present throughout the video. The only possible disadvantage could be the length of the video, or
any video. However, instead of spending ten minutes watching a compilation of cats knocking
things down, the average person could watch this video and see what the world has often ignored.
To be informed about a crisis is more useful than being knowledgeable in a feline's preferred
tyrannical idea of fun. There is no better way to gain knowledge than to discover first hand how the
people of a crisis live. Once people become more aware, they could even look at such events and
say that the genocide in Darfur is no way to live! This video could be the key to a more globally
aware
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Darfur Research Paper
Background Sudan can be characterized as a country in which the center neglects and exploits its
peripheries in the South, the East and the West. Darfur, the Western region of Sudan, has suffered
from social inequality, environmental crisis, identity–based conflict, competition over resources, and
weak and corrupt governance. The vast majority of Darfuris are Muslim and represent a multitude of
ethnic and linguistic groups which share similar physical and cultural characteristics. Pastoral
nomads and sedentary farmers have a conflictual relationship primarily due to environmental stress
and land rights. Since 2003, Darfur been plagued by violent conflict, internally displaced people,
refugees and genocide. The United Nations has described the ... Show more content on
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When it seemed the African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) was unable to cope with the massive
logistical, personnel, and security challenges, the United Nations brought resources and expertise to
bear. By 2011 it appeared that some semblance of calm had returned to the Darfur region, despite
the lack of a workable peace agreement agreed to by most of the rebel factions. UNAMID is also
unique in that its core mission is the protection of civilians, a goal in which it seems to have failed.
The concept of civilian protection factors in strongly at every level, from the drafting of resolutions,
to the deployment in the field. In operational terms UNAMID interpreted the three tiers of
Protection of Civilians – protection through the political process, protection from physical violence
(prevention/ response) and protection through a protective environment (facilitation of humanitarian
aid and legal protection) – as meaning protection from imminent threat, preventive measures and the
strengthening of host state
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Darfur Is Dying
The game I have chosen to analyze named Darfur is Dying. It is a flash–based browser game about
the crisis in Darfur, western Sudan. The game begins with the selection of avatar to forage for water.
The gender and age of the selected character will mainly determine the success or failure. The main
purpose of the game is to enable players to learn about the crisis in Darfur and get involve with
stopping the crisis. Therefore, we can conclude that Darfur is Dying is a serious game. According to
Beuer and Bente (2010), a serious game is a game which its primary goal is education, rather than
entertainment. By analyzing this serious game, I would like to answer the question: How can Darfur
is Dying enhance players' political engagement? Neys and Janz (2010) conducted a research about
how ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Furthermore, participants also reported high levels of engagement through gaming, which lead to
active discussions after–play. They wanted to know the location of Darfur, what was happening, and
most importantly, why genocide was taking place in Darfur. Thus, relating to engagement function,
Neys and Janz (2010) reported that Darfur is Dying motivated people to get involved in political
crisis addressed because action items are embedded within the game such as contacting people via
emails which invite them to play and be informed about Darfur, sending messages to the U.S
government or petitioning U.S Congress. Accordingly, Ruiz (2006, cited in Neys & Janz, 2010) also
revealed that her game predominantly aimed at inspiring people to take action to prevent the killing
and suffering in Sudan. In conclusion, Darfur is Dying is a serious game which involves the players
in political engagement. Not only has it raised public awareness of the killing Darfur, but also
empowered game audiences to take action to stop the political
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Conflict In Sudan Research Paper
In conclusion, Sudan should use is power of Africa's largest country to create peaceful movements
and to provide multiculturalism. The principal cause of those conflicts are about money and power.
If they tough more about the way of living, they would have a better lifestyle. Also, they don't have
any social system to help them.
Giving money and donation will not resolve genocides. Those people need to stand up and we have
to help these civilizations with the strength of our words.
Finally, the power of globalization could change everything. With social networks that we have
today, it's impossible to think that some country still have that kind of important country. We all
know that, at the end, someone will have to live with the consequences. ... Show more content on
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President George W. Bush after he signed the May agreement.
On 5 May 2006, the Sudanese government signed the Darfur Peace Agreement[47] along with the
faction of the SLA led by Minni Minnawi. However, the agreement was rejected by the smaller
Justice and Equality Movement and a rival faction of the SLA led by Abdul Wahid al Nur.The
accord was orchestrated by chief negotiator Salim Ahmed Salim(working with the African Union),
U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Robert B. Zoellick, AU representatives and other foreign officials
operating in Abuja, Nigeria.
The 115–page agreement included agreements on national and state power–sharing, demilitarization
of the Janjaweed and other militias, an integration of SLM/A and JEM troops into the Sudanese
Armed Forces and police, a system of federal wealth–sharing for the promotion of Darfurian
economic interests, a referendum on the future status of Darfur and measures to promote the flow of
humanitarian aid.
Representatives of the African Union, Nigeria, Libya, the USA, the UK, the UN, the EU, the Arab
League, Egypt, Canada, Norway and the Netherlands served as
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Genocide In Darfur
Beginning on October 30th, 2014, over 221 women were raped under the command of the Sudanese
government in a 36–hour period. The Human Rights Watch reported 27 first hand accounts of the
event, including confessions made by two Sudanese soldiers, who admitted that the government was
paying them to commit rape (Dias, Rayman). Events like this one have now become common in
Darfur and surrounding regions as government–backed Janjaweed mercenaries systematically
degrade, rape, and murder "non–Arabs". The ongoing genocide in Darfur, Sudan, and the
surrounding regions has evolved from the complex combination of environmental, social, and ethnic
factors, and has been allowed by modern civilizations through economic benefits and flaws in
political ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The UN currently has no ability to send troops to a region that has an active government denying
access (Petrou, Savage), which makes international help impossible in situation like Darfur.
Countries with monetary links to regions experiencing genocides are also currently able to veto
sanctions against regions (Dias, Rayman), and even when a sanction is passed, the UN has no power
to enforce it. The International Criminal Court, like the UN, has no military power with which to
force criminals into trial (Sikainga), making in ineffective against ongoing events. For genocides to
be truly stopped, the US would likely need to create a new peacemaking military division
(O'Hanlon), and funds would need to be raised for the funding of native troops and rebels (Amnesty
International). The global environment will also need to be regulated and supported, to avoid
shortages in resources that cause conflicts, particularly in non–industrial regions like
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Darfur Celebrities
Since the creation of old media sources, like T.V. and radio, countries across the globe have used
technology to document important events. However, the continuous portrayal of negative conflicts
broadcasted by news stations often cause people to change the channel. Traditional forms of media
cause this lack of empathy because of the absence of strong leadership and motivational
involvement. In contrast, new media is designed to be interactive, impelling users to be involved.
Celebrities can use their influence on social media to connect their followers to conflicts they
believe need the world's support. As a result, users feel they should support their favorite actors and
athletes by spreading the word through posts, hashtags, and videos. ... Show more content on
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If there is a strong leader, new media can gather groups together to protest conflicts, raise money,
and hold meetings with governments. It can connect people internationally, giving humanity the
ability to communicate to others about the importance of a particular conflict. The more people
helping to bring peace and prevent future crises, the easier it will be to end the conflict. '[R]eal
leverage for human rights and peace will come when the people who benefit from war will pay a
price for the damage they caused' (Trussel 1). Youtube videos can be used to leverage peace because
they raise awareness. They can be shared instantly, not only on Youtube itself, but on other social
media sites, therefore expanding the window of viewers. They show firsthand evidence of conflicts.
Facebook is the perfect medium to form humanitarian groups, protest, and connect the world to
crises. It can be a tool for peacebuilding by using hashtags like 'Team Darfur' to gather individuals
to discussions pertaining to the Darfur Crisis. Creating pages to raise money for a crisis or to discuss
ways to bring humanitarian groups into areas of conflict is another method that can be used. Clearly,
no matter what the conflict is, new media can be used by everyone to raise awareness about crises
and to influence the world to help build peace and prevent future
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Injustice In Darfur
Darfur is a region as big as France and home to about six million Muslims and Nomadic Arabs.
Sudan is one of the most economic challenged countries in the world with income gaps that range
for elite to pre development. The Genocide that is occurring in Darfur is sobering, the most
conservative estimate reads 200,000 dead, 2 million forced to evacuate, to many rapes to be
counted. The world has done nothing to prevent this Genocide and the UN has failed. The world had
promised "never again" and the international community has failed to act. The raids are savage and
beyond description which include barbaric tactics. China is Sudan's premier source of off shore oil
production and the United States is not. China is also the major resource supplier ... Show more
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As the Genocide continued, president Clinton still has not aid in anyway to support the end of the
Genocide. In the wake of Rwanda, Darfur was the worlds second chance to make things better, to
stop another Genocide. The Ethnic cleansing that was occurring in Darfur was killing at a rate of
6,000 people a month and by 2004 1 million people were evacuated. On August 2004, Colon Powell
stands up to the UN and blames the Janjaweed and Sudan for the Darfur Genocide. Without
meaningful progress by the UN the killing spread to neighboring countries like Chad, the Janjaweed
have been embolden by their improved weapons and a little resistance. This invasion was in 2006
the Genocide started in 2003, this outraged many of the public. The responsibility to protect was in
the power of the civilians who brought light to this Genocide. This showed that the people were fed
up and wanted change, to do that they needed to bring light on the situation to show that people
care. It had taken 4 years but Sudan finally accepted to allow troop in their borders to protect
civilians. Unfortunately, the damage has already been done and the aid came to
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Janjaweed: Genocide In Sudan
The Janjaweed are being controlled by the Sudanese government to rape, murder, and
destroy.Additionally, the president of Sudan, Omar al–Bashir and the allied militias began
systematically killing, raping, and torturing innocent civilians living in the region of Darfur (Pbs).
Khartoum (Sudan's Capital) switched from a military strategy of direct confrontation to a policy of
systematically destroying the African tribal groups located in this area and anyone that got in their
way. No one knew that this would prompt the genocide. The Janjaweed is a militia force of around
20,00 men on mostly horse and camel. From the beginning, the Janjaweed planned to form villages
and hurt innocent people to get on the top and do whatever they please (Sudan ... Show more
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Nevertheless, the Sudanese government has done everything to keep humanitarian organizations
from holding them back in any way. They are restricting access, leaving the most vulnerable,
civilians cut off from the outside aid and assistance, making the situation significantly worse
everyday and every hour (Stanton). "There are many organizations to help the people being affected.
Actions are being taken to raise money and somehow try and help this cause" (Pbs). Lastly,
negotiations in Abuja and Nigeria have done nothing to rein in the Janjaweed militia and the
government (Darfur Women Action). Trying to prevent a catastrophe like this is almost
insurmountable. Hence, why they are so hard to stop and take down. Every country is out for these
perpetrators and will not stop till they are taken down, and put to
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Technology In Darfur
There is a trend at Carmel High School that many, including Sean Bradford, may have noticed.
There has been an increasing integration of technology and online services in and outside the
classroom. "Today we used the laptops, and our phones in a project, 'conflicts in different worlds:
Darfur (a country)' ", says Sean a sophomore at CHS, "we had to use Google Slides to make a
slideshow to explain what's happening in Darfur."
Sean says that there are many advantages to using technology at school. "encyclopedias are less
efficient than phones with google and wikipedia, and all the databases, that instantly get knowledge
in the palm of my hand" Sean also states that phones can be a replacement for computer labs, which
are in high demand, and are not always available.
Sean is ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The district is looking into a "LMS" (learning management system) to roll out sometime soon. Mr.
Ringenberg a tech coordinator says, "The two primary systems that we're looking at, would, in a
sense, replace the current 'myccs', platform that we have today. It would hopefully be kind of a 'one–
stop–shop' for students and parents, to upload projects, to see grades, to check calendars and lunch
schedules, and so forth.". Ringenberg says that although it is still the investigation phase, he thinks
that an LMS system could be implemented as early as fall of 2016.
With all of the new technology and services being implemented, it may seem that they will be
replacing the traditional methods of education. However, this is not the case, both Hallett and
Ringenberg agree that a combination of traditional methods and the new ones, are necessary to
create an optimal learning environment."The terminology is blended learning", says Ringenberg,
"what we're trying to teach teachers to do, is to incorporate different ways of improving the learning
process using LMS, so it's not simply to replace pen and paper, but to be able to do more with
technology than we could do
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The Darfur Genocide
The " Darfur Genocide" started back in two–thousand–three when two groups: the Justice and
Equality Movement (JEM), and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), rebelled against the Sudan
government after years of " inequitable treatment and economic marginalization"– jww.org. But
despite all their efforts the Sudan government was just too strong for them and were able to not only
cut off their efforts but cut them off completely. The government was able to attack the Fur and
Zaghawa; the JEM and SLA were mainly located here, in a manner considered very non ethical. The
people that the government actually sent out to attack the rebellion were known as the Janjaweed or
" evil men on horseback". These men would pillage the villages killing anyone no
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Persuasive Speech: You Can Stop the Genocide in Darfur Essay
Specific Purpose Statement: To persuade my audience to get involved and to help stop the genocide
in Darfur Introduction I stand before you a white male, who has not experienced much of this world;
I am but fifteen years old. I have little knowledge of our societies and how we work yet it is obvious
how the political powers think and how they operate the world. We should not be thinking with only
greed in our minds, we should not be thinking only of benefits to ourselves, we should think of our
fellow brothers and sisters. We are all the same, yet we think of others as different to us. We are no
different. Some are better off then others, some are rich, some are poor, some are sick, and some are
healthy, yet we are all same ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
I sponsor children in Darfur, but how do I know that the money reaches the children's community
and not the bank accounts of the countries corrupt leaders, the simple answer is, I don't know, but I
feel there is nothing else I can do, except protest and push people into helping our African brothers
and sisters so that the world's greatest powers will end this genocide, for if they don't act, nothing
will get done. Darfur. Many don't talk about it anymore, its too depressing, that doesn't affect its
momentum. The killings in Darfur are still occurring on a daily basis. Over 400,000 people have
been killed in the conflicts at three times the rate of the holocaust. Millions have been displaced and
have been forced to start their lives again. But these are just statistics, but these are all I have.
Statistics don't usually whip people up into frenzy, they just say, " that's horrible, how could anyone
do that?" then they continue eating their dinner and the subject quickly changes. I am asking for you
to be the shining light to guide Darfur out of the darkness. Protest, protest, protest. Force the world's
greatest powers to unify and stop the massacres. The western world felt ashamed after Rwanda, "
Why didn't we act?" we asked ourselves. Its simple, what would we get out of it? What would we
get out of
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Genocide In Darfur Essay
As of March of 2008, a total of 300,000 people have died in Darfur, Sudan due to genocide. That is
equivalent to the entire population of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The Genocide started back in
February of 2003 in Darfur, Sudan. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights defines the liberties
set for everyone in the World. Established in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
displays the rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled to. The situation in Darfur, Sudan
is known as Genocide, Genocide is defined as a systematic extermination or attempt at
exterminating a national, political, racial or cultural group. The Darfur Genocide has violated Article
#3, Article #5 and Article #9 of the Universal Declaration of Human ... Show more content on
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Next, the Sudanese government violates article #3 by supplying the Janjaweed military regime with
military power and covering up military crimes. The government of Sudan has interfered with
anyone who has tried to stop the Janjaweed regime. Along with this they have covered up or attempt
to cover up the military investigation against the Janjaweed government. Since these acts of
violence have been allowed to go on a total of 400,000 Darfurian innocent civilians have been
killed, ("Facts on Darfur" NP).The United Nations along with the ICC are acting out against this, on
March 4, 2009 had a warrant for the arrest of Sudan leader Omar al–Bashir. Finally, the Darfur has
violated the right to life of article #3 of the Universal Declaration of Human rights. The people of
Darfur of unarmed and are up agianst a government backed military regime. This has caused much
unrest for the people, and lives are being infringed upon. People are being slaughtered daily by a
ruthless regime, without ever having a chance to live life. Article #5 has been violated by the
Genocide in Darfur. Article #5 says no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or
degrading treatment or punishment. First, article #5 is being violated by the torture that is going in
Darfur. The Janjaweed military regime has targeted women, children and even men. The
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The Genocide Still Going on in Darfur, Sudan Essay examples
Not everybody believes in genocides, other may have a different opinion or thoughts. Sometimes
people don't realize its genocide because they believe in what they are doing and they think there is
no harm done because it's not affecting them. To be taken away from your family, to go live
somewhere else or to be killed can have a huge impact on your life. Genocides play a huge role in
the world; it has and will affect many people. In Darfur there is a genocide going on, it has been
going on for a few decades now. Genocide is the mass killing of a race. The people of Darfur and
the Government of Sudan didn't really get along. The Government wanted to do oil exploration
where the citizens lived. There was and still is a lot of tension between ... Show more content on
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The citizens were raising their families and animals. To me if more then one million people of the
same race are killed I think it would be genocide. I also believe that it was more than just genocide,
because it was the mass slaughtering and rape. The government didn't need to hurt the citizens of
Darfur by doing that. Now the citizens will not cooperate with the government, they will stand alone
fighting for what they believe in. The citizens of Darfur were doing nothing wrong, they were
minding their own business. The government begs to differ. The government wanted to use the land
for oil exploration. They didn't ask the Darfuri people to use their land, they just took over. Men,
women and children were slaughtered and raped because they didn't give up the land. The
government "undertake to prevent and punish" (Raphael Lemkin pg1) which is the people of Darfur
was a where of what was going on. They didn't move their stuff they just stayed and fought in what
they believed in. I believe many people would have just grabbed their valuables and taken their
family and went somewhere else, but they didn't want to do that because their neighbors were not
leaving. In the Darfur Genocide over four million people were displaced and over two million
people were killed. It may not seem like a lot of people were killed but if you think about how many
people of the same race were killed then it might change your mind. People who live in
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
The Crisis in Darfur, Sudan Essay
The Crisis in Darfur, Sudan
Genocide, the attempt to destroy a people because of their presumed race or ethnicity, remains alive
and well. The definition of genocide as given in the Webster's Dictionary is 'The deliberate and
systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group.' This definition depicts the
situation in 1994 of Rwanda, a small and poor central African country.
What makes this crisis particularly shocking is the structural character of the violence: villages have
been torched, and civilians have been deliberately targeted by bombing, summary executions,
massacres and systematic rape as part of a strategy of fear instigated by the Sudanese military and
the so–called Janjaweed, armed and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
The front lines between Sudanese government and rebel forces, humanitarian presence has brought
stability and tranquility as long as it has coincided with the disengagement of the warring parties. In
Jebel Marra, for instance, the deployment of aid agencies was connected to guarantees from rebel
forces to stay away from IDP locations and access roads, to avoid potential counter–attacks from
government troops (ironically, but unintentionally, also serving the interests of government forces).
To understand what is happening here let?s go back to the history of Hutu and Tutsi in Rawanda and
how the dominant group wants to control the minority groups. In the early 1900?s, the Tutsi were
placed in positions of power by Belgium, because they looked ?whiter?. Governed by Belgium?s
racist way of thought, ethnic identity cards were introduced. The Catholic Church supported the
Tutsi and the new social order and educated the Tutsi and imposed their religion on them. Though
the population of Rwanda was ninety percent Hutu, they were denied land ownership, education,
and positions of power. In the 1950?s, the end of the colonial period, the Hutu overthrew the Tutsi
government. The Hutu maintained the practices of ethnic division, and the Tutsi were forcibly
removed from positions of power. Many Tutsi fled from Rwanda and were not allowed to return.
Many Tutsi that stayed in Rwanda were killed. Supported by Uganda, the Tutsi
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Genocide in Darfur Essay
In recent times, the media has highlighted the genocide that has been occurring in Darfur, Sudan.
Darfur, Sudan is a country roughly the size of the state of Texas (Darfur Scores, n.d.). Genocide is
the systematic killing of an entire ethnic group of people from a national, ethnic, or religious group,
or an attempt to do away with them all (Darfur Scores, n.d.). Beginning around 2003, according to
Darfur Scores (n.d.), "the Sudanese government in Khartoum and the government–sponsored
Janjaweed militia have used rape, displacement, organized starvation, threats against aid workers
and mass murder. Violence, disease, and displacement continue to kill thousands of innocent
Darfurians every month." Genocide, begins when the target group of ... Show more content on
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Genocide occurs in several nations and causes millions of lives to be lost. The slaughter of innocent
men, women, and children continue daily, and will happen until the world and its people grow tired
of the unnecessary loss of life and work to aid those in need. Darfurians are a prime example of
what can happen when ones lives are not valued because of the difference in beliefs. The Genocide
in Sudan has gone through a serious phase, some of which overlaps, and continues to destroy the
civilians identified with the Fur, Zaghawa, Mass alit and other "African' tribes living in the Western
Region. In researching, articles indicate Human Rights have described the traditional livelihoods of
black Africans in Darfur as a huge crop. Most of these black African tribal populations grow their
crop by farming millet and other grains, fruits, gum trees, raising herds of castle, camels, horses,
donkeys, and other smaller animals. Unfortunately, the majority of Sudanese, African and
Darfurians claim their living from the land they have to inherit over the generations, which they
have to cultivate. The Africans that control the village has to report to the tribal leaders and the
regional Sheikhs. Settling a dispute, land tights and the claims carried out through the people. This
has to be oral arrangements and agreements, from a point of view, these people have the right to
work the land and trade
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
The Darfur Genocide
The United Nations has described it as "the world's worst humanitarian crisis". As of 2003, the
Darfur genocide is being carried out by the Sudanese armed forces and funded Arab militias known
as the Janjaweed. These militias are historic rivals of the rebel groups known as the Sudanese
Liberation Movement (SLM), and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM). Darfur is a region in
western Sudan on the border of Chad, Libya, and the Central African Republic. Darfur is estimated
to have about 6 million people living there. The conflict started in 2003 and has continued through
today. The Janjaweed were accused of oppressing Darfur's non–Arab population. The Janjaweed are
destroying Darfurians by burning villages, polluting water, murdering, raping ... Show more content
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About 2.3 million Darfurians have fled their homes and communities and now reside in displaced
person camps in Darfur. It has started spilling over into neighboring countries such as Chad and the
Central African Republic. There are still over 200,000 more Darfurians living in refugee camps in
Chad. Immediately after the Janjaweed entered the conflict, the rape of women and young girls,
often by multiple militiamen and often throughout entire nights, began to be reported at a staggering
rate. Children as young as 2 years old were reported victims, while mothers were assaulted in front
of their children.Young women were attacked so violently that they were unable to walk following
the attack. ".. These refugees and IDPs are almost entirely dependent on the United Nations and
other humanitarian organizations for their basic needs – food, water, shelter, and health care."(The
Genocide in Darfur). The Darfurians that are still living in their country are feeling as though they
are under a constant threat or being tortured, raped and murdered. In October 2004, 7,400 troops and
personnel were sent by the U.N peacekeeping forces to Darfur. In the summer of 2007, outbreaks of
violence between some of the Arab tribes that worked together as part of the Janjaweed began to
occur more frequently. The United Nations recently reported
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Violence In Darfur
Coming from the greek word ¨genos¨ meaning race or tribe and the latin word ¨cide¨ meaning to kill
we have defined the most grave crime against humanity, genocide. This is the mass extermination of
a people, an attempt to remove a group from the earth entirely. Article two of the UN genocide
convention defines it as ¨any of the following acts committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or
in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such: Killing members of the group, Causing
serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group, Deliberately inflicting on the group
conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part, Imposing
measures intended to prevent births within the group, Forcibly ... Show more content on
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He has yet to be turned over. Major protests in Sudan have broken out with increased violence, and
the government has forcefully expelled aid agencies. The government signed a ceasefire with Justice
and Equality Movement in february of 2010 with an agreement to pursue peace. However these
peace talks have been interrupted with claims that the Sudanese army is continuing to launch raids
and air strike on Darfur
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Darfur Genocide Research Paper
Jake Mefford
Ms. Davies
English 10 Block 1
April 2, 2018
The Darfur Genocide
The ongoing genocide in Darfur is in desperate need of help. As the first genocide of the 20th
century it impacts us directly. The men, women and children of Darfur are being exposed to death,
rape and even water contamination.The Janjaweed is the root of the destruction in Darfur has
motivated economic power, political power and a plain simple rivalry over the non– Muslim and the
non–Arab. The Janjaweed translates to devils on horseback they got there name for a reason they
ride around horseback armed with assault rifles and intentions of destruction. Darfur is located in
Sudan's western top corner and it has 9.241 million people living there which ... Show more content
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We have watched 45 genocides take place and 70 million people die over the course of these
genocides and have not done much to end it. Genocides continue because, there goverment again is
not keeping the "laws" in place enough. So if nothing is done sooner rather than later, more attacks
like the chemical attack and the holocaust and the Darfur genocide will keep happening but worse
over the years because, we are evolving in our technology and our weapons. Now what can we do to
fix it all together? That is the ongoing question but it does need fast action before millions
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Darfur Conflict Essay
March 23rd, 2013 The Darfur Conflict The government of Sudan, a country in Northeast Africa, is
committing a horrendous crime against humanity. Genocide is raging on in Western Sudan against
poor, helpless, innocent people. It is actually the ten year "anniversary" since the beginning of the
Darfur conflict and the genocide still continues on. There are over 1.4 million people who still do
not have homes to come back to, and the numbers stack higher every day. Bombings have not
stopped, as there was one as recent as February 2013. The Darfur conflict in the beginning was just
a brewing disaster and it eventually led to the horrendous genocides in the early 2000s due to early
settlement disputes, climate change, and radical Islamic ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
From 1972 onwards, the government "usually ran Darfur through officials brought in from other
parts of Sudan, mainly from Khartoum" (Darfur: Origins). What Britain did basically doomed Non–
Arab Darfur to "a future as an underdeveloped colony of Sudan's Arab–speaking Nile Valley
heartland" (Darfur: Origins). Furthermore, another source of the problem began with the gradual
change of the climate in Darfur. Desertification, a process by which land becomes increasingly dry
until almost no vegetation grows on it, becomes a major problem for the Darfur people. Land for
farming becomes scarce. Living on desert is unsuitable for humans for obvious reasons: lack of food
and, more importantly, lack of water. There is not much suitable farm land, therefore "the lack of
fertile land caused the populations to compete with one another for land on which they could
survive" (Xavier 18). Before desertification became a huge problem for the Sudanese people, they
lived in peace. Honestly, "the hostility between Darfur's Arabs and Africans are relatively new"
(Xavier 20). This shows how the competition for survival helped fuel the terrible genocide in Darfur.
In addition, political aspects have played a role in the roots of the Darfur conflict. The leader,
General Omar Hassan Ahmad al– Bashir (who came to power in 1989), is a major source of the
problem. Al–
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Cultural And Political Causes Of The Darfur Genocide In Sudan
INTRODUCTION
Genocide is defined as the deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial, political, or cultural
group. "The 'Darfur Genocide' refers to the current mass slaughter and rape of men, women, and
children in Western Sudan" (Mitchell Hamline School of Law). Not only are these atrocities
happening, but the Darfurians are being force from their land and into refugee camps, mainly in the
country Chad, but also other countries like Ethiopia or Kenya. Darfur genocide causes can be found
both culturally and politically. The cultural and political causes come from the same source of that
being an underdeveloped country with no effective government protecting the rights of the
Darfurians. Darfurians were violently pushed around, physically and mentally, with the western
world not stepping in to assist. Although eventually, both Britain and the United Nations came to the
same conclusion that the atrocities occurring in Darfur were genocide and "one of the world's worst
humanitarian crises" (Thomson Reuters). Genocide occurred in Sudan in the Darfur region starting
in 2003 and continues today. The long–standing divide between Arab herding tribes and the African
farming tribes and the political opportunism arising from the environmental calamity led to the
genocide in Sudan.
CAUSES
a. Political Cause. Politically, Darfur genocide is rooted in the government's role of funding,
"Janjaweed or devils on horseback," who destroyed the Darfurians by "burning villages, looting
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Essay about Darfur's Turning Point or Not
Evil can come in many different forms. Desmond Tutu claims this to be as he once said, "When
people think of the sort of things that happen when genocide happens, it's again not people who are
intrinsically evil." This quote by Desmond Tutu is a definition of evil because not everybody was
born being evil it depends on a persons real nature. When many people think of evil they think of
the people that they do not like or do not care for. Without people being evil are world would not be
as it is today because we have overcame many of those challenges that it has brought to us. Even
though the Holocaust was horrible, people may debate that the Darfur Genocide was worse.
Many people do not know where Darfur is. Could it be in Europe? Maybe ... Show more content on
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The Janyaweed that took over were armed militia supported by the Sudanese government to carry
out the genocide(2). The Janyaweed entered many villages on horses and destroyed many houses
and buildings(2). They shoot many men, gang raped the woman and children, and shoot everybody
that tried to escape from them(2). The Janyaweed ensured mass destruction and burned building
down, and poisoned water wells to kill off some of people. While this genocide has been going on it
has forced thousands of people mostly farmers and villagers from Non– Arab groups to flee their
homes(2). The people that managed to escape they have to take a long journey to displaced person
camps. The people that have been fueling the genocide with armed weapons has been the Chinese
and Russians that have broke many human right violations. The government is not agreeing to the
Arms Trade Treaty so until they agree they will continue to bring in weapons and millions of people
will suffer the consequences(3). This will later affect the countries of China and Russia because they
are bringing weapons in. Even though the government will not help with anything there has been
people that have escaped.
Although, the government has done little many people have escaped. The government has not done
much the government expelled 13 international agencies from Sudan and
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Genocide In Darfur
Imagine living in a nation where constant violence from civil disputes and the influence of a horrific
genocide takes place daily and the government is too corrupt to stop it. This is currently occurring in
Sudan, where millions of refugees are fleeing the country in hope for a better life in refugee camps
in neighboring countries or even being resettled in a more peaceful community. This process for
finding safety and later resettling can be connected back to the book Outcasts United where refugees
of war assimilated countries resettle into the US in hope for starting a new life. Since Sudan's civil
conflict has specifically targeted the people living in the Darfur region, this kind of persecution can
negatively affect the community of the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Since 2003, the black African farmers of western Sudan's Darfur region have been victims of
genocide. The genociders are Sudan's Arab–dominated government and nomadic Arab militia
groups known as the Janjaweed. Darfur's residents have suffered from discrimination, lack of
resources, education, health services, etc. There is a large gap between the resources that the
government has invested in Darfur and those invested in riverine Sudan. A fact that clearly
illustrates the lack of safety towards the Muslims in the Darfur region is, "Thousands of villages
were destroyed, pillaged, burned to the ground, and residents dislocated and killed amongst the
violence. Only the villages of African tribes were bombed and attacked; nearby Arab villages were
left unharmed, " (Combat Genocide 1). This quote emphasizes the fact that because of the violence
occurring, residents are getting killed or being force to be "dislocated." In 2009 the United Nations
estimated that there were 2.7 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Darfur and
approximately 270,000 refugees in eastern Chad (Combat Genocide 1). The battles between the
rebel groups and the Janjaweed spread into Chad, which led to tensions between Chad and Sudan.
Chad had huge problems with dealing with the huge number of refugees (Combat Genocide 1). In
the refugee camps, the Janjaweed captured, attacked and raped women when they go outside refugee
camps to collect firewood. Many refugees who fled their homes continued to flee from repeat
attacks by the Janjaweed throughout Darfur. The genocide of the Darfur people have clearly taken a
toll on the persecuted people, creating a life of violence for
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Confrontations In Darfur
Genocides are things that are very scary and terrible to talk about but when they happen because it
causes people to lose family and friends genocides make enemies of people who were friends and
once loved each other but there are some people who did not look at it that way they were uneasy
and worried to begin with. Sudan as a whole has already dealt with many of violent confrontations
since its independence from Great Britain in 1956.
Darfur is located on the western part of Sudan Darfur caught the attention of the international
community in the spring of 2003 because of the genocide that erupted from the Sudanese
government militia groups worried
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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
The Impacts Of The Darfur Crisis
It is about fourteen years now since the outbreak of the bloody conflict in Darfur region, western
part of the Republic of Sudan. The crisis in Darfur is not an unintentional tragedy, or a human
devastation that humanitarian intercession can annul or solve. Darfur conflict is as not
straightforward as presented in the media, which casts the clash in requisite ethnic conflicts between
Arabs and black Africans. The veracity is far more messed up. It is a human being catastrophe that
finally reinvented into a sadistic cycle of brutality in February, 2003.
The Darfur crisis is not only a predicament for the Sudanese, but is also a regional quandary. The
crisis is menacing the peace and stability in other parts of Sudan, also its impacts transcend ... Show
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Also researcher singled out the factors which led to failure of Darfur peace process.
THEORATICAL AND ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK
This is a chapter one and mainly focuses on critical thinking from different scholars and practitioner
who give their arguments about peace process and peace landscape. Therefore, this chapter gives the
in–depth theoretical and empirical analysis about peace process, peace building, conflict resolution
and its theories, conflict management, the idea of the crisis and peace. The chapter also explains
different theories pertaining the pace building and conflict resolution theories. This intensified by
reviewing different books, academic article and magazines to solidify the arguments.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE
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The Darfur Crisis Essay
Introduction The "Responsibility to Protect" (R2P) is a concept that has its roots in the philosophy
of "Human Security". Human Security can be defined as focusing on the individual human being as
the referent object of security as distinct from the nation–state. R2P and Human Security have
gathered impetus in the international community both in academic and policy spheres with a view to
these concepts being justifiers for humanitarian intervention.
Taking realism as the security argument that deals directly with state security, it is accepted that
nation states have valid concerns in protecting their borders and populations within from external
threats, be they military force or manifestations of problems stemming from ... Show more content
on Helpwriting.net ...
A Brief History of R2P in Policy
Before relating the R2P to the Darfur Crisis it is important to understand the fundamental tenants of
the R2P debate in relation to humanitarian intervention and the repercussions for state sovereignty.
The R2P concept can trace its modern origin to the address given by former UN Secretary General
Kofi Annan, to the General Assembly in 1999 putting forward the challenge of preventing another
Rwanda.
In response to this challenge the Canadian Government sponsored the foundation of the
International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) in 2000 . Its report "The
Responsibility to Protect" was released the following year. The report outlines that the main
message of R2P is that sovereignty entails responsibility. Responsibility to protect its citizens from
genocide and other gross violations of human rights . Should any particular nation fail to uphold
these protections, then under the R2P concept responsibility devolves to the international
community .
This of course comes with a significant moral weight. The R2P report from the ICISS effectively
changed the conceptual thinking from "Humanitarian Intervention" to "Responsibility to Protect"
effectively
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Leaving The Comforts Of The First World By Jessica Alexander
Leaving the comforts of the first world, Jessica Alexander abandons her job, fiancé, family, and
home to venture into the misleading volunteer work of Humanitarian aid. Chasing Chaos: My
Decade In and Out of Humanitarian Aid by Jessica Alexander is a conglomeration of stories that are
written from Jessica's memory. "It is a true account based on [Jessica's] best recollections of the
events and [her] experiences.". Before joining the Humanitarian Industry Jessica Alexander was a
former University of Pennsylvania graduate whom, after her mother died did not want to work in the
corporate arena. Instead Jessica Alexander traveled to many different countries which include:
Rwanda, West Darfur, North Darfur, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Sierra Leone and Haiti. While traveling,
Jessica found love, dismay, disgust, happiness, and frustration– a mixture of emotions that she
exemplified in through her actions, thoughts and narration.
The novel opens up with Jessica Alexander in North Darfur waking up to the sound of the muezzin.
She reflects angrily in her head "Someone make him stop. Please make him stop." This is our first
encounter with Jessica Alexander as the humanitarian. This first impression makes Jessica seem
ignorant and inconsiderate of those of whom she is trying to help. However, as the novel progresses
we see multiple sides of Jessica. From the enjoyable moments of her work to the times we she begs
to leave, Jessica Alexander walks us through her humanitarian journey leaving
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...
Imagery In The Perils Of Indifference By Elie Wiesel
Holocaust survivor and writer, Elie Wiesel in his influential speech "The Perils of Indifference,"
claims that indifference is the root of all evil and inhumanity–––all pain and all tragedy has resulted
because of indifference. He supports his claim by highlighting the reason for "World Wars," "Civil
Wars," "Assassinations," "Bloodbaths," and "Tragedy–––" indifference (Wiesel par. 5) . Specifically,
Wiesel uses imagery to paint an image of what the innocent victims of indifference experience. The
poor "children [that] perish" because of the indifference in a man's soul; until they see the children's
"pain" and "agony" and "hear their pleas," until "one of them dies" because of the "violence,"
"disease" and "famine," then one will notice the dangers of indifference (Wiesel par. 23) . Further,
the author flashbacks to past events that have left humans without a soul. He mentions how one day
he "woke up in a place of eternal infamy, Buchenwald." Remembering the day he is captured and
the day he is "free[ed]" (Wiesel par. 1) . The problem now is that "there [i]s no joy in his heart;" he
becomes a victim of indifference–––the metal torture (Wiesel par. 1) . Wiesel's purpose is to inform
humanity of the dangers indifference holds in order to encourage humans to continue to hope for a
world without indifference–––no pain, no horror. He establishes a critical tone for readers by using
stylistic devices such as imagery, flashbacks and rhetorical questions in order to achieve his purpose
that indifference is monstrous and dangerous. Wiesel's message about the inhumanity of indifference
and the importance of resistance is still relevant today.
1999 marks the year Elie Wiesel presents the White House with his speech "The Perils of
Indifference." He argues that "to be indifferent" is to be "inhumane" (Wiesel par 11) . Four years
later genocide in Darfur occurs; the first genocide of the 21st century (Darfur Genocide) . This
genocide claims the lives of at least 300,000 innocent people and displaced 3 million more people
(Darfur Genocide) . Meanwhile, according to "Sudan Backgrounder," "With the international
community focused on resolving the conflicts between the north and the south, a growing conflict in
Darfur was
... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...

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Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried...

  • 1. Sudanese Government And State Sponsored Militia Carried... Darfur is located in the western region of Sudan, adjacent to Chad and Central Africa. In early 2004, the Sudanese government and state sponsored militia carried out the Darfur genocide. The targets of the genocide were black African tribes. The genocide in Darfur has claimed approximately 300,000 lives and displaced over 3 million people. In response to these mass atrocities the international community took action, but many were dissatisfied with what seemed to be a lack of effort. Of the groups taking action, those in the forefront were the United Nations (UN), African Union (AU), and the United States (U.S). One of the first international actions taken in response to Darfur was by U.N representative Mukesh Kapila. Unhappy with the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The war in Darfur materialized at the wrong time for the United States, Norway, and Britain, two of which are permanent members of the U.N. Security Council. At the time, they were focused on ensuring the success of the Naivasha negotiations in Sudan. The Naivasha agreement, also known as the Comprehensive Peace Agreement was an permanent ceasefire agreement between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/ Sudan People's Liberation Army to end the Second Sudanese Civil War. This was long time coming because the conflict had started all the way back in 1983. The Security Council used the 'Brahimi principal,' which states "regional organizations take primary responsibility for the problems in their backyard" to push responsibility on to the A.U. The Brahimi principle The Security Council was glad to give someone else the responsibility of Darfur so they could focus on others tasks at hand. Sudanese President al– Bashir agreed to allow the A.U. to deploy a mission (AMIS) to monitor a ceasefire agreement signed on 8 April 2004, a mission endorsed by United Nations Security Counci Resolution 1556. The A.U. initially deployed 150 troops in August 2004 but had increased that number to 7,700 troops by April 2005. African leaders resisted efforts to widen the intervention to non–African countries. These voices included South African President Thabo Mbeki, who stated "we have not asked for anybody outside of the African ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 3. The Darfur Genocide The Darfur Genocide is considered one of the most gruesome and gory genocides to take place in recent years. Darfur is a western civilization roughly the size of Spain located in the country of Sudan which is situated in Africa. Sudan has had a rough history over the past fifty years. In fact violence has become more of a norm in the area. Sudan has had internal problems for many years. The country negatively affected itself from within. No outer force caused the issues at hand. Sudan experiences their first civil war in 1956. The issue came from economic, political, and social domination of largely non–Muslim and non–Arab southern Sudanese. The war lasted for about sixteen years and finally concluded in 1972. Unfortunately the violence ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The family dispersed and Hari was able to escape. It's amazing that in such difficult times of loss, distress, and fear, he is willing to bring journalists to an area of Darfur considered one of the most unorganized and brutal areas there is. Aside from the brutality, the area was consistently altering with alliances switching, government deals with rebels falling apart as quickly as they came together, and so much more. The area was as much of a mess as possible and Hari knew exactly the risk he was taking by going there. Often, Hari was able to use his multilingual ability to help endangered journalists escape trouble usually by the narrowest of margins. For example, when Hari was working for British news filmmaker Philip Cox, The two are captured and held at gunpoint by multiple men loading their rifles, pointing them at the Hari and Cox and ready to unload on command. Quickly thinking, Cox used his phone to call the top rebel commander whose forces had detained them. Cox was actually trying to reach the man for a couple weeks unsuccessfully. The man actually answered Cox's call and remembered him. Of the many run–ins they had, one which stands out is when Hari, one of the American journalist, and their ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 5. Darfur Genocide Research Paper The Darfur Genocide started on February 26, 2003. This genocide is still continuing till this day. Darfur Genocide is the mass slaughter of Darfuri men, women, and children in Sudan. This is happening because of the oppression of Darfur's non–Arab population.. The people started to revolt and wanted the government to stop the oppressing of the non–Arab population. The government did not listen and got violent with the people. When the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) started to attack the government, the government responded with there own attack. The Sudanese government decided to use the Janjaweed a Sudanese military group to attack the non–Arab population. Now because of the Janjaweed millions of people ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 7. Darfur Conflict I. Introduction Almost five years have passed since Darfur, the western region of Sudan, erupted in bloody conflict. The crisis in Darfur is not an accidental disaster, or a human catastrophe that humanitarian intervention can reverse or solve. The conflict is as not simple as presented in the media, which casts the conflict in terms of Arabs versus black Africans. The reality is far more muddled. It is a human tragedy, brewing for decades, that finally erupted into a vicious cycle of violence in 2003.[1] The Darfur conflict is not only a problem for the Sudanese, but is also a regional problem. The conflict is threatening the stability in other regions of Sudan, and in neighboring countries like Chad, and the Central African Republic. Looking at its nature, magnitude and internal dynamics that fuel it, one can see that, unless it is addressed soon, the conflict has the potential to plague the whole region with a continuous cycle of violence and lawlessness. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... As a result, regional and international actors have carried out several peace initiatives to end the violence. The peace efforts that constitute the Darfur peace process include the N'Djamena peace negotiations of September 2003 and April 2004,[2] The Addis Ababa peace negotiations of May 2004,[3] the Abuja peace negotiations of August 2004–May 2006,[4] and the Sirte peace negotiations of October 2007.[5] These peace initiatives have not made substantial progress towards sustainable peace. Since the peace efforts began in 2003, every peace effort has been followed by increased violence, and ultimately, the peace process has failed. Therefore, the key research question that this paper sets out to answer is: Why did the Darfur Peace Process ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 9. Darfur Rebellion Essay In spring 2003, the Sudanese government promised land to Arab tribes who agreed to control the Darfur Liberation Front (DLF) rebellion. This was the foundation of the genocide. In April of 2003, rebels from the DLF attacked the Sudanese air force base in Al–Fashir. The DLF divided into two units: the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM). In July 2003, militias were formed by nomadic Arab tribes. They were named the Janjaweed, which means "devil on horseback" in Arab. The Janjaweed and the Sudanese government wreak havoc throughout Darfur by kidnapping Darfuris, burning and looting villages, and raping and killing their victims. In early 2004, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) makes formal refugee camps ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Even though these groups agreed to the ceasefire, there was still violence going on in Darfur. In August 2004, 7,000 Rwandan and Nigerien peacekeeping troops are sent by the African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) to work in Darfur. Around 2 million civilians were displaced in Darfur and Chad by the end of 2004, around 100,000 were dead. On September 9, 2004, the conflict in Darfur was declared a Genocide. Some of the other countries involved blame the Sudanese government because they have done nothing to help the citizens of Darfur, but the UN doesn't agree. On January 9, 2005, the Sudanese government and the SPLM/A sign the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the Second Sudanese Civil War ends. In March 2005, the people who violated the ceasefire in Darfur have sanctions authorized against them by the UN Security Council. There were also people accused of war crimes. These people are referred to the International Criminal Court (ICC). In June, a formal investigation is begun, but the Sudanese government chose not to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 11. Darfur Genocide Essay Global Essay by Matthew Bennici 11R2 The Darfur Genocide is the current mass slaughter and rape of civilians from South Sudan killing women and children in Sudan. The Genocide began in 2003 but the outbreak around the world in early 2004 and still continues today which is known as the first genocide in the 21 Century. There have been many responses toward the genocide such as United Nations and China but the conflict continues to be unresolved. This had caught attention from many countries around the world, including our country, the united Nation and China had different perspectives referring to Sudan conflict, however their initiatives had worsen the situation. As a response to the crisis in Darfur in 30th July 2004, the United Nations and the Security Council assigned ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... China has been working on the Sudanese Government and other parties through exchanging visits, sending a special envoy, making phone conversation, and conducting coordination in various places including the UN. Under China's presidency, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1769, paving the way for an AU–UN hybrid peacekeeping force entering Darfur. The Chinese Government has also sent a special envoy to Sudan and continued with its efforts. Besides, China is the first country to commit to and take part in the peace–keeping mission in the Darfur region. At present, the advance team of 140 military engineers has entered the Darfur region and the rest is to phase in shortly. China appreciates and supports the efforts made by the AU , UN envoys on Darfur, and will donate fifty thousand dollars to the UN Trust Fund, which finances the envoys' mediating work. China traded weapons to South Sudan in order to receive the precious oil. China is respecting their policy which is non–interference in their country which results them in not prevent/ resolving the crisis in South ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 13. Compare and Contrast Between Rwanda and Darfur Genocide,... The analysis of the genocides that took place both in Rwanda and Sudan's Darfur region exhibit some similarities as well as differences. The character of violence was similar in both cases, but in Rwanda the violence was more intense, participatory, and extraordinary. The violence in these two places took place in an environment that had experienced civil wars. It was a period of political transition which was further aggravated by ethnic nationalism and a conflict of ethnic populations that were living in close proximity. However, in the Rwandan genocide, the state is more centralized, compact, and effective. This is what explains the intensity and variation. The international response to these genocides through observers emphasized on ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In Rwanda, the IC was not concerned with stopping the genocide just like in Darfur. This makes the two cases similar. These comparative claims are accurate although the claims need some close scrutiny. For instance, the comparisons do not provide the degree of similarity and differences in the two instances. Form the international perspective, we are not able to tell in what way the response in Rwanda is different or similar to what took place in Darfur (Straus). Why the US and the UN what are the similarities and differences of how they acted in each situation. The UN and the US government are accredited for deploring conflict situations as well as contributing humanitarian aid, and this is what these two organizations did in Rwanda and Darfur. However, the UN did not do anything to punish or prevent the genocides that took place in these two countries. The US government promised to support the peace talk's agreement in Darfur and hold the perpetrators accountable for their acts. It never kept that promise since nothing has been done. So far, the UN's Security Council has also failed in its peace keeping mission effeorts, and is instead pressuring Sudan with words only. No solid steps have been made to bring the wrong doers into justice (Shapiro). In Rwanda, in 1994, the United Nations ignored the call to act fast, and only stepped up after hundred days, after close to 800,000 people had lost their lives. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 15. The Darfur War: Genocide Chris: There is strong worldwide consensus that the Darfur killings has been one of the most tragic human rights violations of the decade, but its status as a genocide has been debated. Many worldwide authorities have acknowledged the killings as genocide, the first of the twenty–first century. In a unanimous vote, the United States Congress declared the Darfur war as state– sponsored genocide. Some have suggested that the heinous Darfur killings are even worse than genocide. The United Nations and a number of other international organizations, however, have refrained from calling the killings a genocide, saying that they are unsure of the "genocidal intent" of the perpetrators. To determine whether the Darfur War is truly genocide, we return ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In this case, the government needed little identification and preparation because the geography had already identified the victims. Extermination, the crux of every genocide, occurs in Darfur with government raiding in the air and government–supported Janjaweed attacking on the ground. These attacks aimed at exterminating African villages have killed an estimated 400,000 people and displaced millions. The final stage of genocide is denial from the perpetrators of their criminal actions. In Darfur, the Sudanese government categorically denies that they have anything to do with the genocide, and even claims that they have no connection with the Janjaweed. These denials, which are clearly false, are the strongest indicators of why Darfur is such a major human rights violation: the perpetrators have no accountability. The Darfur killings present a complex situation caused by many factors, and thus, it often defies categorization. However, the Darfur war follows the general pattern of the eight stages of genocide and thus we believe it is genocide. This raises an important issue: what is the significance of calling a human rights violation a ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 17. Darfur Issues Being ransacked, raped, and pillaged, and most of all, murdered and driven out of your homes, all by your government? These were the horrors about 100 native tribes faced in a region of Sudan named Darfur in 2003. The government of Sudan took up arms against these villages for a number of reasons, here including the ongoing fight between the native farmers and nomads, the Sudanese government being corrupt, and the struggle between the villagers/farmers and their government. All beginning in the late 1980's, General Omar Bashir took over Sudan using a military Coup, therefore allowing the National Islamic Front to worsen the problems. Weapons started to flow into Darfur because of these conflicts, and little by little the native farmers started ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 19. Facts About Darfur Darfur is a region in western Sudan with diverse ethnic groups (11 Facts About Darfur). Here is a map of Darfur, http://www.worldatlas.com/img/areamap/0e09591d0cca13e9d33e4250f1a94702.gif. Darfur has a harsh weather environment with temperatures usually over 100 degrees (Geography). Darfur is a poor and undeveloped state. It is known for its genocide because of the mass slaughter and rape of men, women, and children. The genocide is racially based, and executed through The Janjaweed (11 Facts About Darfur). The Janjaweed are armed Arab militias supported through the government, and are to attack non–Arabs (The Basic Facts about Darfur). The killings began in February of 2003, and still happen today (The Basic Facts about Darfur). The Janjaweed ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... "Culture Guide: Wedding Tradition in Sudan." News and Entertainment– Latest Updates in Nigeria | Pulse.ng. N.p., 19 Aug. 2016. Web. 26 Feb. 2017. "The Basic Facts about Darfur." The Basic Facts about Darfur. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2017. Borresen, Kelsey. "5 Good Reasons To Get Married While You're Young, According To Research." The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 14 Nov. 2013. Web. 26 Feb. 2017. "Cultural Relativism." AllAboutPhilosophy.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2017. "11 Facts About Darfur." DoSomething.org | Volunteer for Social Change. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2017. "Ethnocentrism." AllAboutPhilosophy.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2017. "Geography." Darfur Genocide. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2017. "Significant Increase in Child Marriages in Darfur." Radio Dabanga. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 21. Genocide In Darfur Concerning the ethnic minorities of Burma, I believe that we are in a period where carefully analyzed humanitarian input can have a successful impact. Unlike the genocide in Darfur, we're aware of a developing situation where large–scale genocide has not taken place yet. History further lends a hand in paralleling the cordoning in society of minorities such as the Rohingya with that of the black African minorities in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan. Lessons gained in the events in Sudan should be considered in defending the minorities of Burma who are facing human rights violation. The first step is "early engagement" and awareness. Advocacy before a potential genocide of Burmese minorities will focus international attention on the Burmese government. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The Sudanese government refused to allow NGOs into the Nuba Mountains, where genocide by attrition was taking place. However, "a London–based human rights group, African Rights, played an instrumental part in both reaching out to the Nuba as well as bringing their plight to the attention of the international community." African Rights was able to gain access to the Nuba Mountains and provide valuable communication logistics to the Nuba, which provided a window to the international community of the human rights violations carried out by the Sudanese government. Similarly, Burmese minorities such as the Rohingyas have been separated from the larger Burmese society. They have very little rights and sustenance. A scenario eerily familiar to that of the Nuba people. We need to insert humanitarians within these cordoned communities to document human rights violations. The international community will have a more difficult time ignoring tangible documentation. Moving this groups work beyond university campuses and onto the ground in Burma is critical to preventing this potential ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 23. Darfur Darfur is an area in Sudan that is around the same size as France. It is home to roughly six million people, mostly of which are muslim nomads and farmers. Despite having the same religious beliefs, the nomads and farmers have a constant struggle. Around 1989, General Omar Bashir used military coup to gain domination of Sudan. His power enraged local conflicts, causing the struggle between the nomads and the farmers to become more violent. In 2003, two Darfuri Rebel Movements rose to power; the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice Equality Movements (JEM). Both Rebel groups criticized the government's lack of protection of the farmers from nomad attacks. They revolted to bring about change in the region. The government counteracted ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The Janjaweed has been regularly murdering African farmers and other innocent civilians. Four– hundred thousand people have died and two–million five–hundred thousand people have been uprooted from their homes. Every month, five thousand lives are taken. Despite the constant growing number of deaths in the country, the Sudanese government denies having any ties to the Janjaweed. The government pays no attention to the acts of the Janjaweed. In fact, they seem to condone the violations of human rights that the militia is performing and resist attending to the needs of the people. Although the Sudanese government seemed uninterested of the suffering of their people, the distress caught the eye of the International Criminal Court(ICC). In 2005, they launched investigations in an effort to reestablish human rights in Darfur. Despite their efforts, the Sudanese government dismissed the the ICC's investigations.On March 4, 2009 the ICC accused the Sudanese President Omar al Bashir of operating a campaign of mass killing, rape, and pillage against civilians in Darfur. He was the first sitting president to be charged with these violations, causing the ICC to send out an arrest warrant for him. Not only is there an arrest warrant for Bashir, but also for the former Sudanese Minister of State, Ahmad Harun, and Janjaweed militia leader, Ali Kushayb. None of the three suspects have been arrested ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 25. Tears Of Darfur Tragedy happens every day and when it affects a large number of people, it makes headlines. However, the world lets some of these tragedies go unnoticed. The mass slaughtering of humans should never be overlooked or underestimated. The region of Darfur, located in Sudan, has been dealing with such horrors as it undergoes a genocide that began in 2003. Every day, the people of Darfur undergo conditions that most people would deem unbelievably difficult. Unfortunately, this terrible incident does not receive the attention it deserves and is often ignored by many countries of the world. In attempts to inform the people of the world, photographs and videos have been taken, poems have been written, and music has been made, just beginning to relay ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Video. The documentary "On Our Watch" has claimed the top spot in being the best way to inform others about the horrible genocide Darfur has been struggling with. Not only is all the information specific, there is real–time footage of the conflict, the survivors, and the damage left. There is no misunderstandings that could come from this video as translators are provided, ensuring that English is present throughout the video. The only possible disadvantage could be the length of the video, or any video. However, instead of spending ten minutes watching a compilation of cats knocking things down, the average person could watch this video and see what the world has often ignored. To be informed about a crisis is more useful than being knowledgeable in a feline's preferred tyrannical idea of fun. There is no better way to gain knowledge than to discover first hand how the people of a crisis live. Once people become more aware, they could even look at such events and say that the genocide in Darfur is no way to live! This video could be the key to a more globally aware ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 27. Darfur Research Paper Background Sudan can be characterized as a country in which the center neglects and exploits its peripheries in the South, the East and the West. Darfur, the Western region of Sudan, has suffered from social inequality, environmental crisis, identity–based conflict, competition over resources, and weak and corrupt governance. The vast majority of Darfuris are Muslim and represent a multitude of ethnic and linguistic groups which share similar physical and cultural characteristics. Pastoral nomads and sedentary farmers have a conflictual relationship primarily due to environmental stress and land rights. Since 2003, Darfur been plagued by violent conflict, internally displaced people, refugees and genocide. The United Nations has described the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... When it seemed the African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) was unable to cope with the massive logistical, personnel, and security challenges, the United Nations brought resources and expertise to bear. By 2011 it appeared that some semblance of calm had returned to the Darfur region, despite the lack of a workable peace agreement agreed to by most of the rebel factions. UNAMID is also unique in that its core mission is the protection of civilians, a goal in which it seems to have failed. The concept of civilian protection factors in strongly at every level, from the drafting of resolutions, to the deployment in the field. In operational terms UNAMID interpreted the three tiers of Protection of Civilians – protection through the political process, protection from physical violence (prevention/ response) and protection through a protective environment (facilitation of humanitarian aid and legal protection) – as meaning protection from imminent threat, preventive measures and the strengthening of host state ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 29. Darfur Is Dying The game I have chosen to analyze named Darfur is Dying. It is a flash–based browser game about the crisis in Darfur, western Sudan. The game begins with the selection of avatar to forage for water. The gender and age of the selected character will mainly determine the success or failure. The main purpose of the game is to enable players to learn about the crisis in Darfur and get involve with stopping the crisis. Therefore, we can conclude that Darfur is Dying is a serious game. According to Beuer and Bente (2010), a serious game is a game which its primary goal is education, rather than entertainment. By analyzing this serious game, I would like to answer the question: How can Darfur is Dying enhance players' political engagement? Neys and Janz (2010) conducted a research about how ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Furthermore, participants also reported high levels of engagement through gaming, which lead to active discussions after–play. They wanted to know the location of Darfur, what was happening, and most importantly, why genocide was taking place in Darfur. Thus, relating to engagement function, Neys and Janz (2010) reported that Darfur is Dying motivated people to get involved in political crisis addressed because action items are embedded within the game such as contacting people via emails which invite them to play and be informed about Darfur, sending messages to the U.S government or petitioning U.S Congress. Accordingly, Ruiz (2006, cited in Neys & Janz, 2010) also revealed that her game predominantly aimed at inspiring people to take action to prevent the killing and suffering in Sudan. In conclusion, Darfur is Dying is a serious game which involves the players in political engagement. Not only has it raised public awareness of the killing Darfur, but also empowered game audiences to take action to stop the political ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 31. Conflict In Sudan Research Paper In conclusion, Sudan should use is power of Africa's largest country to create peaceful movements and to provide multiculturalism. The principal cause of those conflicts are about money and power. If they tough more about the way of living, they would have a better lifestyle. Also, they don't have any social system to help them. Giving money and donation will not resolve genocides. Those people need to stand up and we have to help these civilizations with the strength of our words. Finally, the power of globalization could change everything. With social networks that we have today, it's impossible to think that some country still have that kind of important country. We all know that, at the end, someone will have to live with the consequences. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... President George W. Bush after he signed the May agreement. On 5 May 2006, the Sudanese government signed the Darfur Peace Agreement[47] along with the faction of the SLA led by Minni Minnawi. However, the agreement was rejected by the smaller Justice and Equality Movement and a rival faction of the SLA led by Abdul Wahid al Nur.The accord was orchestrated by chief negotiator Salim Ahmed Salim(working with the African Union), U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Robert B. Zoellick, AU representatives and other foreign officials operating in Abuja, Nigeria. The 115–page agreement included agreements on national and state power–sharing, demilitarization of the Janjaweed and other militias, an integration of SLM/A and JEM troops into the Sudanese Armed Forces and police, a system of federal wealth–sharing for the promotion of Darfurian economic interests, a referendum on the future status of Darfur and measures to promote the flow of humanitarian aid. Representatives of the African Union, Nigeria, Libya, the USA, the UK, the UN, the EU, the Arab League, Egypt, Canada, Norway and the Netherlands served as ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 33. Genocide In Darfur Beginning on October 30th, 2014, over 221 women were raped under the command of the Sudanese government in a 36–hour period. The Human Rights Watch reported 27 first hand accounts of the event, including confessions made by two Sudanese soldiers, who admitted that the government was paying them to commit rape (Dias, Rayman). Events like this one have now become common in Darfur and surrounding regions as government–backed Janjaweed mercenaries systematically degrade, rape, and murder "non–Arabs". The ongoing genocide in Darfur, Sudan, and the surrounding regions has evolved from the complex combination of environmental, social, and ethnic factors, and has been allowed by modern civilizations through economic benefits and flaws in political ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The UN currently has no ability to send troops to a region that has an active government denying access (Petrou, Savage), which makes international help impossible in situation like Darfur. Countries with monetary links to regions experiencing genocides are also currently able to veto sanctions against regions (Dias, Rayman), and even when a sanction is passed, the UN has no power to enforce it. The International Criminal Court, like the UN, has no military power with which to force criminals into trial (Sikainga), making in ineffective against ongoing events. For genocides to be truly stopped, the US would likely need to create a new peacemaking military division (O'Hanlon), and funds would need to be raised for the funding of native troops and rebels (Amnesty International). The global environment will also need to be regulated and supported, to avoid shortages in resources that cause conflicts, particularly in non–industrial regions like ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 35. Darfur Celebrities Since the creation of old media sources, like T.V. and radio, countries across the globe have used technology to document important events. However, the continuous portrayal of negative conflicts broadcasted by news stations often cause people to change the channel. Traditional forms of media cause this lack of empathy because of the absence of strong leadership and motivational involvement. In contrast, new media is designed to be interactive, impelling users to be involved. Celebrities can use their influence on social media to connect their followers to conflicts they believe need the world's support. As a result, users feel they should support their favorite actors and athletes by spreading the word through posts, hashtags, and videos. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... If there is a strong leader, new media can gather groups together to protest conflicts, raise money, and hold meetings with governments. It can connect people internationally, giving humanity the ability to communicate to others about the importance of a particular conflict. The more people helping to bring peace and prevent future crises, the easier it will be to end the conflict. '[R]eal leverage for human rights and peace will come when the people who benefit from war will pay a price for the damage they caused' (Trussel 1). Youtube videos can be used to leverage peace because they raise awareness. They can be shared instantly, not only on Youtube itself, but on other social media sites, therefore expanding the window of viewers. They show firsthand evidence of conflicts. Facebook is the perfect medium to form humanitarian groups, protest, and connect the world to crises. It can be a tool for peacebuilding by using hashtags like 'Team Darfur' to gather individuals to discussions pertaining to the Darfur Crisis. Creating pages to raise money for a crisis or to discuss ways to bring humanitarian groups into areas of conflict is another method that can be used. Clearly, no matter what the conflict is, new media can be used by everyone to raise awareness about crises and to influence the world to help build peace and prevent future ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 37. Injustice In Darfur Darfur is a region as big as France and home to about six million Muslims and Nomadic Arabs. Sudan is one of the most economic challenged countries in the world with income gaps that range for elite to pre development. The Genocide that is occurring in Darfur is sobering, the most conservative estimate reads 200,000 dead, 2 million forced to evacuate, to many rapes to be counted. The world has done nothing to prevent this Genocide and the UN has failed. The world had promised "never again" and the international community has failed to act. The raids are savage and beyond description which include barbaric tactics. China is Sudan's premier source of off shore oil production and the United States is not. China is also the major resource supplier ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... As the Genocide continued, president Clinton still has not aid in anyway to support the end of the Genocide. In the wake of Rwanda, Darfur was the worlds second chance to make things better, to stop another Genocide. The Ethnic cleansing that was occurring in Darfur was killing at a rate of 6,000 people a month and by 2004 1 million people were evacuated. On August 2004, Colon Powell stands up to the UN and blames the Janjaweed and Sudan for the Darfur Genocide. Without meaningful progress by the UN the killing spread to neighboring countries like Chad, the Janjaweed have been embolden by their improved weapons and a little resistance. This invasion was in 2006 the Genocide started in 2003, this outraged many of the public. The responsibility to protect was in the power of the civilians who brought light to this Genocide. This showed that the people were fed up and wanted change, to do that they needed to bring light on the situation to show that people care. It had taken 4 years but Sudan finally accepted to allow troop in their borders to protect civilians. Unfortunately, the damage has already been done and the aid came to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 39. Janjaweed: Genocide In Sudan The Janjaweed are being controlled by the Sudanese government to rape, murder, and destroy.Additionally, the president of Sudan, Omar al–Bashir and the allied militias began systematically killing, raping, and torturing innocent civilians living in the region of Darfur (Pbs). Khartoum (Sudan's Capital) switched from a military strategy of direct confrontation to a policy of systematically destroying the African tribal groups located in this area and anyone that got in their way. No one knew that this would prompt the genocide. The Janjaweed is a militia force of around 20,00 men on mostly horse and camel. From the beginning, the Janjaweed planned to form villages and hurt innocent people to get on the top and do whatever they please (Sudan ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Nevertheless, the Sudanese government has done everything to keep humanitarian organizations from holding them back in any way. They are restricting access, leaving the most vulnerable, civilians cut off from the outside aid and assistance, making the situation significantly worse everyday and every hour (Stanton). "There are many organizations to help the people being affected. Actions are being taken to raise money and somehow try and help this cause" (Pbs). Lastly, negotiations in Abuja and Nigeria have done nothing to rein in the Janjaweed militia and the government (Darfur Women Action). Trying to prevent a catastrophe like this is almost insurmountable. Hence, why they are so hard to stop and take down. Every country is out for these perpetrators and will not stop till they are taken down, and put to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 41. Technology In Darfur There is a trend at Carmel High School that many, including Sean Bradford, may have noticed. There has been an increasing integration of technology and online services in and outside the classroom. "Today we used the laptops, and our phones in a project, 'conflicts in different worlds: Darfur (a country)' ", says Sean a sophomore at CHS, "we had to use Google Slides to make a slideshow to explain what's happening in Darfur." Sean says that there are many advantages to using technology at school. "encyclopedias are less efficient than phones with google and wikipedia, and all the databases, that instantly get knowledge in the palm of my hand" Sean also states that phones can be a replacement for computer labs, which are in high demand, and are not always available. Sean is ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The district is looking into a "LMS" (learning management system) to roll out sometime soon. Mr. Ringenberg a tech coordinator says, "The two primary systems that we're looking at, would, in a sense, replace the current 'myccs', platform that we have today. It would hopefully be kind of a 'one– stop–shop' for students and parents, to upload projects, to see grades, to check calendars and lunch schedules, and so forth.". Ringenberg says that although it is still the investigation phase, he thinks that an LMS system could be implemented as early as fall of 2016. With all of the new technology and services being implemented, it may seem that they will be replacing the traditional methods of education. However, this is not the case, both Hallett and Ringenberg agree that a combination of traditional methods and the new ones, are necessary to create an optimal learning environment."The terminology is blended learning", says Ringenberg, "what we're trying to teach teachers to do, is to incorporate different ways of improving the learning process using LMS, so it's not simply to replace pen and paper, but to be able to do more with technology than we could do ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 43. The Darfur Genocide The " Darfur Genocide" started back in two–thousand–three when two groups: the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA), rebelled against the Sudan government after years of " inequitable treatment and economic marginalization"– jww.org. But despite all their efforts the Sudan government was just too strong for them and were able to not only cut off their efforts but cut them off completely. The government was able to attack the Fur and Zaghawa; the JEM and SLA were mainly located here, in a manner considered very non ethical. The people that the government actually sent out to attack the rebellion were known as the Janjaweed or " evil men on horseback". These men would pillage the villages killing anyone no ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 45. Persuasive Speech: You Can Stop the Genocide in Darfur Essay Specific Purpose Statement: To persuade my audience to get involved and to help stop the genocide in Darfur Introduction I stand before you a white male, who has not experienced much of this world; I am but fifteen years old. I have little knowledge of our societies and how we work yet it is obvious how the political powers think and how they operate the world. We should not be thinking with only greed in our minds, we should not be thinking only of benefits to ourselves, we should think of our fellow brothers and sisters. We are all the same, yet we think of others as different to us. We are no different. Some are better off then others, some are rich, some are poor, some are sick, and some are healthy, yet we are all same ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... I sponsor children in Darfur, but how do I know that the money reaches the children's community and not the bank accounts of the countries corrupt leaders, the simple answer is, I don't know, but I feel there is nothing else I can do, except protest and push people into helping our African brothers and sisters so that the world's greatest powers will end this genocide, for if they don't act, nothing will get done. Darfur. Many don't talk about it anymore, its too depressing, that doesn't affect its momentum. The killings in Darfur are still occurring on a daily basis. Over 400,000 people have been killed in the conflicts at three times the rate of the holocaust. Millions have been displaced and have been forced to start their lives again. But these are just statistics, but these are all I have. Statistics don't usually whip people up into frenzy, they just say, " that's horrible, how could anyone do that?" then they continue eating their dinner and the subject quickly changes. I am asking for you to be the shining light to guide Darfur out of the darkness. Protest, protest, protest. Force the world's greatest powers to unify and stop the massacres. The western world felt ashamed after Rwanda, " Why didn't we act?" we asked ourselves. Its simple, what would we get out of it? What would we get out of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 47. Genocide In Darfur Essay As of March of 2008, a total of 300,000 people have died in Darfur, Sudan due to genocide. That is equivalent to the entire population of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The Genocide started back in February of 2003 in Darfur, Sudan. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights defines the liberties set for everyone in the World. Established in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights displays the rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled to. The situation in Darfur, Sudan is known as Genocide, Genocide is defined as a systematic extermination or attempt at exterminating a national, political, racial or cultural group. The Darfur Genocide has violated Article #3, Article #5 and Article #9 of the Universal Declaration of Human ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Next, the Sudanese government violates article #3 by supplying the Janjaweed military regime with military power and covering up military crimes. The government of Sudan has interfered with anyone who has tried to stop the Janjaweed regime. Along with this they have covered up or attempt to cover up the military investigation against the Janjaweed government. Since these acts of violence have been allowed to go on a total of 400,000 Darfurian innocent civilians have been killed, ("Facts on Darfur" NP).The United Nations along with the ICC are acting out against this, on March 4, 2009 had a warrant for the arrest of Sudan leader Omar al–Bashir. Finally, the Darfur has violated the right to life of article #3 of the Universal Declaration of Human rights. The people of Darfur of unarmed and are up agianst a government backed military regime. This has caused much unrest for the people, and lives are being infringed upon. People are being slaughtered daily by a ruthless regime, without ever having a chance to live life. Article #5 has been violated by the Genocide in Darfur. Article #5 says no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. First, article #5 is being violated by the torture that is going in Darfur. The Janjaweed military regime has targeted women, children and even men. The ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 49. The Genocide Still Going on in Darfur, Sudan Essay examples Not everybody believes in genocides, other may have a different opinion or thoughts. Sometimes people don't realize its genocide because they believe in what they are doing and they think there is no harm done because it's not affecting them. To be taken away from your family, to go live somewhere else or to be killed can have a huge impact on your life. Genocides play a huge role in the world; it has and will affect many people. In Darfur there is a genocide going on, it has been going on for a few decades now. Genocide is the mass killing of a race. The people of Darfur and the Government of Sudan didn't really get along. The Government wanted to do oil exploration where the citizens lived. There was and still is a lot of tension between ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The citizens were raising their families and animals. To me if more then one million people of the same race are killed I think it would be genocide. I also believe that it was more than just genocide, because it was the mass slaughtering and rape. The government didn't need to hurt the citizens of Darfur by doing that. Now the citizens will not cooperate with the government, they will stand alone fighting for what they believe in. The citizens of Darfur were doing nothing wrong, they were minding their own business. The government begs to differ. The government wanted to use the land for oil exploration. They didn't ask the Darfuri people to use their land, they just took over. Men, women and children were slaughtered and raped because they didn't give up the land. The government "undertake to prevent and punish" (Raphael Lemkin pg1) which is the people of Darfur was a where of what was going on. They didn't move their stuff they just stayed and fought in what they believed in. I believe many people would have just grabbed their valuables and taken their family and went somewhere else, but they didn't want to do that because their neighbors were not leaving. In the Darfur Genocide over four million people were displaced and over two million people were killed. It may not seem like a lot of people were killed but if you think about how many people of the same race were killed then it might change your mind. People who live in ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 51. The Crisis in Darfur, Sudan Essay The Crisis in Darfur, Sudan Genocide, the attempt to destroy a people because of their presumed race or ethnicity, remains alive and well. The definition of genocide as given in the Webster's Dictionary is 'The deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group.' This definition depicts the situation in 1994 of Rwanda, a small and poor central African country. What makes this crisis particularly shocking is the structural character of the violence: villages have been torched, and civilians have been deliberately targeted by bombing, summary executions, massacres and systematic rape as part of a strategy of fear instigated by the Sudanese military and the so–called Janjaweed, armed and ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The front lines between Sudanese government and rebel forces, humanitarian presence has brought stability and tranquility as long as it has coincided with the disengagement of the warring parties. In Jebel Marra, for instance, the deployment of aid agencies was connected to guarantees from rebel forces to stay away from IDP locations and access roads, to avoid potential counter–attacks from government troops (ironically, but unintentionally, also serving the interests of government forces). To understand what is happening here let?s go back to the history of Hutu and Tutsi in Rawanda and how the dominant group wants to control the minority groups. In the early 1900?s, the Tutsi were placed in positions of power by Belgium, because they looked ?whiter?. Governed by Belgium?s racist way of thought, ethnic identity cards were introduced. The Catholic Church supported the Tutsi and the new social order and educated the Tutsi and imposed their religion on them. Though the population of Rwanda was ninety percent Hutu, they were denied land ownership, education, and positions of power. In the 1950?s, the end of the colonial period, the Hutu overthrew the Tutsi government. The Hutu maintained the practices of ethnic division, and the Tutsi were forcibly removed from positions of power. Many Tutsi fled from Rwanda and were not allowed to return. Many Tutsi that stayed in Rwanda were killed. Supported by Uganda, the Tutsi ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 53. Genocide in Darfur Essay In recent times, the media has highlighted the genocide that has been occurring in Darfur, Sudan. Darfur, Sudan is a country roughly the size of the state of Texas (Darfur Scores, n.d.). Genocide is the systematic killing of an entire ethnic group of people from a national, ethnic, or religious group, or an attempt to do away with them all (Darfur Scores, n.d.). Beginning around 2003, according to Darfur Scores (n.d.), "the Sudanese government in Khartoum and the government–sponsored Janjaweed militia have used rape, displacement, organized starvation, threats against aid workers and mass murder. Violence, disease, and displacement continue to kill thousands of innocent Darfurians every month." Genocide, begins when the target group of ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Genocide occurs in several nations and causes millions of lives to be lost. The slaughter of innocent men, women, and children continue daily, and will happen until the world and its people grow tired of the unnecessary loss of life and work to aid those in need. Darfurians are a prime example of what can happen when ones lives are not valued because of the difference in beliefs. The Genocide in Sudan has gone through a serious phase, some of which overlaps, and continues to destroy the civilians identified with the Fur, Zaghawa, Mass alit and other "African' tribes living in the Western Region. In researching, articles indicate Human Rights have described the traditional livelihoods of black Africans in Darfur as a huge crop. Most of these black African tribal populations grow their crop by farming millet and other grains, fruits, gum trees, raising herds of castle, camels, horses, donkeys, and other smaller animals. Unfortunately, the majority of Sudanese, African and Darfurians claim their living from the land they have to inherit over the generations, which they have to cultivate. The Africans that control the village has to report to the tribal leaders and the regional Sheikhs. Settling a dispute, land tights and the claims carried out through the people. This has to be oral arrangements and agreements, from a point of view, these people have the right to work the land and trade ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 55. The Darfur Genocide The United Nations has described it as "the world's worst humanitarian crisis". As of 2003, the Darfur genocide is being carried out by the Sudanese armed forces and funded Arab militias known as the Janjaweed. These militias are historic rivals of the rebel groups known as the Sudanese Liberation Movement (SLM), and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM). Darfur is a region in western Sudan on the border of Chad, Libya, and the Central African Republic. Darfur is estimated to have about 6 million people living there. The conflict started in 2003 and has continued through today. The Janjaweed were accused of oppressing Darfur's non–Arab population. The Janjaweed are destroying Darfurians by burning villages, polluting water, murdering, raping ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... About 2.3 million Darfurians have fled their homes and communities and now reside in displaced person camps in Darfur. It has started spilling over into neighboring countries such as Chad and the Central African Republic. There are still over 200,000 more Darfurians living in refugee camps in Chad. Immediately after the Janjaweed entered the conflict, the rape of women and young girls, often by multiple militiamen and often throughout entire nights, began to be reported at a staggering rate. Children as young as 2 years old were reported victims, while mothers were assaulted in front of their children.Young women were attacked so violently that they were unable to walk following the attack. ".. These refugees and IDPs are almost entirely dependent on the United Nations and other humanitarian organizations for their basic needs – food, water, shelter, and health care."(The Genocide in Darfur). The Darfurians that are still living in their country are feeling as though they are under a constant threat or being tortured, raped and murdered. In October 2004, 7,400 troops and personnel were sent by the U.N peacekeeping forces to Darfur. In the summer of 2007, outbreaks of violence between some of the Arab tribes that worked together as part of the Janjaweed began to occur more frequently. The United Nations recently reported ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 57. Violence In Darfur Coming from the greek word ¨genos¨ meaning race or tribe and the latin word ¨cide¨ meaning to kill we have defined the most grave crime against humanity, genocide. This is the mass extermination of a people, an attempt to remove a group from the earth entirely. Article two of the UN genocide convention defines it as ¨any of the following acts committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such: Killing members of the group, Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group, Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part, Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group, Forcibly ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... He has yet to be turned over. Major protests in Sudan have broken out with increased violence, and the government has forcefully expelled aid agencies. The government signed a ceasefire with Justice and Equality Movement in february of 2010 with an agreement to pursue peace. However these peace talks have been interrupted with claims that the Sudanese army is continuing to launch raids and air strike on Darfur ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 59. Darfur Genocide Research Paper Jake Mefford Ms. Davies English 10 Block 1 April 2, 2018 The Darfur Genocide The ongoing genocide in Darfur is in desperate need of help. As the first genocide of the 20th century it impacts us directly. The men, women and children of Darfur are being exposed to death, rape and even water contamination.The Janjaweed is the root of the destruction in Darfur has motivated economic power, political power and a plain simple rivalry over the non– Muslim and the non–Arab. The Janjaweed translates to devils on horseback they got there name for a reason they ride around horseback armed with assault rifles and intentions of destruction. Darfur is located in Sudan's western top corner and it has 9.241 million people living there which ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... We have watched 45 genocides take place and 70 million people die over the course of these genocides and have not done much to end it. Genocides continue because, there goverment again is not keeping the "laws" in place enough. So if nothing is done sooner rather than later, more attacks like the chemical attack and the holocaust and the Darfur genocide will keep happening but worse over the years because, we are evolving in our technology and our weapons. Now what can we do to fix it all together? That is the ongoing question but it does need fast action before millions ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 61. Darfur Conflict Essay March 23rd, 2013 The Darfur Conflict The government of Sudan, a country in Northeast Africa, is committing a horrendous crime against humanity. Genocide is raging on in Western Sudan against poor, helpless, innocent people. It is actually the ten year "anniversary" since the beginning of the Darfur conflict and the genocide still continues on. There are over 1.4 million people who still do not have homes to come back to, and the numbers stack higher every day. Bombings have not stopped, as there was one as recent as February 2013. The Darfur conflict in the beginning was just a brewing disaster and it eventually led to the horrendous genocides in the early 2000s due to early settlement disputes, climate change, and radical Islamic ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... From 1972 onwards, the government "usually ran Darfur through officials brought in from other parts of Sudan, mainly from Khartoum" (Darfur: Origins). What Britain did basically doomed Non– Arab Darfur to "a future as an underdeveloped colony of Sudan's Arab–speaking Nile Valley heartland" (Darfur: Origins). Furthermore, another source of the problem began with the gradual change of the climate in Darfur. Desertification, a process by which land becomes increasingly dry until almost no vegetation grows on it, becomes a major problem for the Darfur people. Land for farming becomes scarce. Living on desert is unsuitable for humans for obvious reasons: lack of food and, more importantly, lack of water. There is not much suitable farm land, therefore "the lack of fertile land caused the populations to compete with one another for land on which they could survive" (Xavier 18). Before desertification became a huge problem for the Sudanese people, they lived in peace. Honestly, "the hostility between Darfur's Arabs and Africans are relatively new" (Xavier 20). This shows how the competition for survival helped fuel the terrible genocide in Darfur. In addition, political aspects have played a role in the roots of the Darfur conflict. The leader, General Omar Hassan Ahmad al– Bashir (who came to power in 1989), is a major source of the problem. Al– ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 63. Cultural And Political Causes Of The Darfur Genocide In Sudan INTRODUCTION Genocide is defined as the deliberate and systematic destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group. "The 'Darfur Genocide' refers to the current mass slaughter and rape of men, women, and children in Western Sudan" (Mitchell Hamline School of Law). Not only are these atrocities happening, but the Darfurians are being force from their land and into refugee camps, mainly in the country Chad, but also other countries like Ethiopia or Kenya. Darfur genocide causes can be found both culturally and politically. The cultural and political causes come from the same source of that being an underdeveloped country with no effective government protecting the rights of the Darfurians. Darfurians were violently pushed around, physically and mentally, with the western world not stepping in to assist. Although eventually, both Britain and the United Nations came to the same conclusion that the atrocities occurring in Darfur were genocide and "one of the world's worst humanitarian crises" (Thomson Reuters). Genocide occurred in Sudan in the Darfur region starting in 2003 and continues today. The long–standing divide between Arab herding tribes and the African farming tribes and the political opportunism arising from the environmental calamity led to the genocide in Sudan. CAUSES a. Political Cause. Politically, Darfur genocide is rooted in the government's role of funding, "Janjaweed or devils on horseback," who destroyed the Darfurians by "burning villages, looting ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 65. Essay about Darfur's Turning Point or Not Evil can come in many different forms. Desmond Tutu claims this to be as he once said, "When people think of the sort of things that happen when genocide happens, it's again not people who are intrinsically evil." This quote by Desmond Tutu is a definition of evil because not everybody was born being evil it depends on a persons real nature. When many people think of evil they think of the people that they do not like or do not care for. Without people being evil are world would not be as it is today because we have overcame many of those challenges that it has brought to us. Even though the Holocaust was horrible, people may debate that the Darfur Genocide was worse. Many people do not know where Darfur is. Could it be in Europe? Maybe ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The Janyaweed that took over were armed militia supported by the Sudanese government to carry out the genocide(2). The Janyaweed entered many villages on horses and destroyed many houses and buildings(2). They shoot many men, gang raped the woman and children, and shoot everybody that tried to escape from them(2). The Janyaweed ensured mass destruction and burned building down, and poisoned water wells to kill off some of people. While this genocide has been going on it has forced thousands of people mostly farmers and villagers from Non– Arab groups to flee their homes(2). The people that managed to escape they have to take a long journey to displaced person camps. The people that have been fueling the genocide with armed weapons has been the Chinese and Russians that have broke many human right violations. The government is not agreeing to the Arms Trade Treaty so until they agree they will continue to bring in weapons and millions of people will suffer the consequences(3). This will later affect the countries of China and Russia because they are bringing weapons in. Even though the government will not help with anything there has been people that have escaped. Although, the government has done little many people have escaped. The government has not done much the government expelled 13 international agencies from Sudan and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 67. Genocide In Darfur Imagine living in a nation where constant violence from civil disputes and the influence of a horrific genocide takes place daily and the government is too corrupt to stop it. This is currently occurring in Sudan, where millions of refugees are fleeing the country in hope for a better life in refugee camps in neighboring countries or even being resettled in a more peaceful community. This process for finding safety and later resettling can be connected back to the book Outcasts United where refugees of war assimilated countries resettle into the US in hope for starting a new life. Since Sudan's civil conflict has specifically targeted the people living in the Darfur region, this kind of persecution can negatively affect the community of the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Since 2003, the black African farmers of western Sudan's Darfur region have been victims of genocide. The genociders are Sudan's Arab–dominated government and nomadic Arab militia groups known as the Janjaweed. Darfur's residents have suffered from discrimination, lack of resources, education, health services, etc. There is a large gap between the resources that the government has invested in Darfur and those invested in riverine Sudan. A fact that clearly illustrates the lack of safety towards the Muslims in the Darfur region is, "Thousands of villages were destroyed, pillaged, burned to the ground, and residents dislocated and killed amongst the violence. Only the villages of African tribes were bombed and attacked; nearby Arab villages were left unharmed, " (Combat Genocide 1). This quote emphasizes the fact that because of the violence occurring, residents are getting killed or being force to be "dislocated." In 2009 the United Nations estimated that there were 2.7 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Darfur and approximately 270,000 refugees in eastern Chad (Combat Genocide 1). The battles between the rebel groups and the Janjaweed spread into Chad, which led to tensions between Chad and Sudan. Chad had huge problems with dealing with the huge number of refugees (Combat Genocide 1). In the refugee camps, the Janjaweed captured, attacked and raped women when they go outside refugee camps to collect firewood. Many refugees who fled their homes continued to flee from repeat attacks by the Janjaweed throughout Darfur. The genocide of the Darfur people have clearly taken a toll on the persecuted people, creating a life of violence for ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 69. Confrontations In Darfur Genocides are things that are very scary and terrible to talk about but when they happen because it causes people to lose family and friends genocides make enemies of people who were friends and once loved each other but there are some people who did not look at it that way they were uneasy and worried to begin with. Sudan as a whole has already dealt with many of violent confrontations since its independence from Great Britain in 1956. Darfur is located on the western part of Sudan Darfur caught the attention of the international community in the spring of 2003 because of the genocide that erupted from the Sudanese government militia groups worried ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 71. The Impacts Of The Darfur Crisis It is about fourteen years now since the outbreak of the bloody conflict in Darfur region, western part of the Republic of Sudan. The crisis in Darfur is not an unintentional tragedy, or a human devastation that humanitarian intercession can annul or solve. Darfur conflict is as not straightforward as presented in the media, which casts the clash in requisite ethnic conflicts between Arabs and black Africans. The veracity is far more messed up. It is a human being catastrophe that finally reinvented into a sadistic cycle of brutality in February, 2003. The Darfur crisis is not only a predicament for the Sudanese, but is also a regional quandary. The crisis is menacing the peace and stability in other parts of Sudan, also its impacts transcend ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Also researcher singled out the factors which led to failure of Darfur peace process. THEORATICAL AND ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK This is a chapter one and mainly focuses on critical thinking from different scholars and practitioner who give their arguments about peace process and peace landscape. Therefore, this chapter gives the in–depth theoretical and empirical analysis about peace process, peace building, conflict resolution and its theories, conflict management, the idea of the crisis and peace. The chapter also explains different theories pertaining the pace building and conflict resolution theories. This intensified by reviewing different books, academic article and magazines to solidify the arguments. GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 73. The Darfur Crisis Essay Introduction The "Responsibility to Protect" (R2P) is a concept that has its roots in the philosophy of "Human Security". Human Security can be defined as focusing on the individual human being as the referent object of security as distinct from the nation–state. R2P and Human Security have gathered impetus in the international community both in academic and policy spheres with a view to these concepts being justifiers for humanitarian intervention. Taking realism as the security argument that deals directly with state security, it is accepted that nation states have valid concerns in protecting their borders and populations within from external threats, be they military force or manifestations of problems stemming from ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... A Brief History of R2P in Policy Before relating the R2P to the Darfur Crisis it is important to understand the fundamental tenants of the R2P debate in relation to humanitarian intervention and the repercussions for state sovereignty. The R2P concept can trace its modern origin to the address given by former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, to the General Assembly in 1999 putting forward the challenge of preventing another Rwanda. In response to this challenge the Canadian Government sponsored the foundation of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) in 2000 . Its report "The Responsibility to Protect" was released the following year. The report outlines that the main message of R2P is that sovereignty entails responsibility. Responsibility to protect its citizens from genocide and other gross violations of human rights . Should any particular nation fail to uphold these protections, then under the R2P concept responsibility devolves to the international community . This of course comes with a significant moral weight. The R2P report from the ICISS effectively changed the conceptual thinking from "Humanitarian Intervention" to "Responsibility to Protect" effectively ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 75. Leaving The Comforts Of The First World By Jessica Alexander Leaving the comforts of the first world, Jessica Alexander abandons her job, fiancé, family, and home to venture into the misleading volunteer work of Humanitarian aid. Chasing Chaos: My Decade In and Out of Humanitarian Aid by Jessica Alexander is a conglomeration of stories that are written from Jessica's memory. "It is a true account based on [Jessica's] best recollections of the events and [her] experiences.". Before joining the Humanitarian Industry Jessica Alexander was a former University of Pennsylvania graduate whom, after her mother died did not want to work in the corporate arena. Instead Jessica Alexander traveled to many different countries which include: Rwanda, West Darfur, North Darfur, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Sierra Leone and Haiti. While traveling, Jessica found love, dismay, disgust, happiness, and frustration– a mixture of emotions that she exemplified in through her actions, thoughts and narration. The novel opens up with Jessica Alexander in North Darfur waking up to the sound of the muezzin. She reflects angrily in her head "Someone make him stop. Please make him stop." This is our first encounter with Jessica Alexander as the humanitarian. This first impression makes Jessica seem ignorant and inconsiderate of those of whom she is trying to help. However, as the novel progresses we see multiple sides of Jessica. From the enjoyable moments of her work to the times we she begs to leave, Jessica Alexander walks us through her humanitarian journey leaving ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 77. Imagery In The Perils Of Indifference By Elie Wiesel Holocaust survivor and writer, Elie Wiesel in his influential speech "The Perils of Indifference," claims that indifference is the root of all evil and inhumanity–––all pain and all tragedy has resulted because of indifference. He supports his claim by highlighting the reason for "World Wars," "Civil Wars," "Assassinations," "Bloodbaths," and "Tragedy–––" indifference (Wiesel par. 5) . Specifically, Wiesel uses imagery to paint an image of what the innocent victims of indifference experience. The poor "children [that] perish" because of the indifference in a man's soul; until they see the children's "pain" and "agony" and "hear their pleas," until "one of them dies" because of the "violence," "disease" and "famine," then one will notice the dangers of indifference (Wiesel par. 23) . Further, the author flashbacks to past events that have left humans without a soul. He mentions how one day he "woke up in a place of eternal infamy, Buchenwald." Remembering the day he is captured and the day he is "free[ed]" (Wiesel par. 1) . The problem now is that "there [i]s no joy in his heart;" he becomes a victim of indifference–––the metal torture (Wiesel par. 1) . Wiesel's purpose is to inform humanity of the dangers indifference holds in order to encourage humans to continue to hope for a world without indifference–––no pain, no horror. He establishes a critical tone for readers by using stylistic devices such as imagery, flashbacks and rhetorical questions in order to achieve his purpose that indifference is monstrous and dangerous. Wiesel's message about the inhumanity of indifference and the importance of resistance is still relevant today. 1999 marks the year Elie Wiesel presents the White House with his speech "The Perils of Indifference." He argues that "to be indifferent" is to be "inhumane" (Wiesel par 11) . Four years later genocide in Darfur occurs; the first genocide of the 21st century (Darfur Genocide) . This genocide claims the lives of at least 300,000 innocent people and displaced 3 million more people (Darfur Genocide) . Meanwhile, according to "Sudan Backgrounder," "With the international community focused on resolving the conflicts between the north and the south, a growing conflict in Darfur was ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...