How to find an idea

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We are going to discuss through our lecture the right procedures to begin a science project focusing on
• Proper way of finding an idea
• Critical thinking
• The types of Science Project
• From where can I get an idea?
• How to know that I can do this project or I cannot do it?
• Wrong thoughts which many believe in them
We will provide at the end of the lecture training for the attendees in order to ensure their understanding of the main aspects of the lecture and applying what they learned practically.

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How to find an idea

  1. 1. How to find an idea?<br /> <br />Presented by:<br />Ahmed Tarek<br />August 2011<br /><ul><li>Critical thinking</li></ul>Criticize everything you face<br />Try to see things in different ways<br />Whenever you read about an invention, discovery or any other innovate thing, ask yourself these questions:<br />From where did the author draw the ideas?<br />What was accomplished by this piece of work?<br />Can it be applied on other work in other field?<br />What would be the reasonable next step to build upon this work?<br />Remember<br />Everyone who has ever taken a shower has an idea. It is the person who gets out of the shower, dries off and does something about it who makes a difference. “Nolan Bushnel”<br /><ul><li>The proper way of finding idea</li></ul>Ask a question Do background researchConstruct hypothesisMake experiment Analyze resultDraw conclusionHypothesis is trueHypothesis is false or not accurateThink again Ask a question Do background researchConstruct hypothesisMake experiment Analyze resultDraw conclusionHypothesis is trueHypothesis is false or not accurateThink again <br /><ul><li>Exploring types of Science Project
  2. 2. Performing an experiment</li></ul>Project That Involves an Experiment with PlantsQuestionHypothesisProcedureResultHow much drainage is best for plant growth?Plants with the most drainage will grow the best.Grow plants with no drainage, two drainage holes, and four drainage holes.Size of plants in each group<br /><ul><li> Conducting research</li></ul>Project That Compares Earthquakes and Solar ActivityQuestionHypothesisProcedureResultAre there more earthquakes when there's more solar activity?When there is more solar activity, there will be more earthquakes.Collect 50 years' data on solar activity and earthquake magnitude .Correlation coefficient( a statistical test that measures how current trends follow actual past values)<br /><ul><li>Designing or testing a device</li></ul>Project That prevents unlicensed drivers from driving carsQuestionHypothesisProcedureResultHow can I prevent unlicensed drivers from driving cars?I can prevent unlicensed drivers from driving cars by my proposed systemManufacture a system which obligates the driver to show his license to it, by using barcode technology, it can determine whether he is the car owner or not.Unlicensed drivers can’t drive car any more<br /><ul><li>Developing a computer program</li></ul>Project That makes mouse work with sound ordersQuestionHypothesisProcedureResultCan I make a mouse that can work with sound orders?I can develop a computer program which can make a mouse work with sound ordersDesign system, write code and conduct user tests.The mouse worked with sound orders?<br />Advices<br /><ul><li>To have a great idea, have a lot of them “Thomas A. Edison”
  3. 3. The whole is greater than the sum of its parts
  4. 4. From where can I get a problem? </li></ul>Using what you're studying in Class<br />Many students think that our curriculum is not useful but the reality is that it is very useful and the evidence is when you read an article through the internet or in a book about a lesson you have taken in school you will find that you can understand some of the terminology, you can understand the overview of the article and you will find yourself studied the basics of this science at school. <br />Your teacher can help you in your project if you worked in the same field of your study<br />Even your history lessons that deal with prehistory may lead to a project dealing with fossils or dating ancient artifacts. <br />Getting Inspiration from Media Sources<br />Several years ago, a TV movie about sharks called “Jaws” inspired several projects about children's reactions to the film.<br />YouTube<br />TV programs<br /> <br />Cultivating Ideas from Current Events and Issues<br />Science fairs of 2002 featured projects dealing with people's reactions to the terrorist attacks on September 11. For example, one student did a project that researched which emotions students felt most strongly after the attack. <br />Everyday life<br />Start in the kitchen, you can find lots of project ideas in food, such as the amount of sugar, fats, or acid in food. <br />You can look at how to ripen fruit faster or keep food fresher longer. <br />For example, one project analyzed how much aluminum and iron is absorbed from pots and pans into food.<br />Many projects examine the effect of watching TV on test scores or concentration. <br />Even more frequent are projects dealing with the effects of music or video games on heart rate, grades, or a variety of other measurable factors. <br />You can find project ideas looking at rust resistance, paint durability, glue strength, and insulation effectiveness. <br />School and social life<br />You may work for a project that deals with relationships, with family, friends. <br />You can do a project on Gender differences in attitudes, sports, memory, phobias, and performance on various tests.<br />You can go back to food and make a project about the effect of smell on taste.<br />You can focus on exercise, including its effect on heart rate, memory, problem-solving skills or lung capacity. <br />Talking to Friends and Family<br />Sometimes someone's profession can help you a lot. For example, Having a parent who's a scientist or a doctor will inspire you lots of ideas <br />Your family members' hobbies and interests can also give you ideas. If Dad's likes fishing, you can make project about fish<br />Other students get project ideas because they want to understand the problems that family members have. For example, if a grandparent uses a cane or a walker, you may want to find out how much it really helps him or her.<br />If you travel with your family, you may get some ideas from trips you've taken. One student, traveling saw several different types of windmills. She wondered about the advantages and disadvantages of the different types of wind turbines. <br />Building on a Previous Project <br />If you look at a catalog from previous science fairs, you can also get a lot of ideas. These catalogs list all the projects, arranged by category, along with the name and school of each exhibitor.<br />You may have an easier time finding a project idea in a popular category, but keep in mind that many other students are thinking the same thing. <br />Remember “More projects make more competition” <br />Remember <br /><ul><li>There is no good idea that can’t be improved on “Michael Eisner”
  5. 5. Hear every criticize </li></ul>Caution <br />All the mentioned ideas are already made by other people, they are only given for illustration.<br /><ul><li>Can I Really Do This Project</li></ul>Is it within my abilities?<br /><ul><li>“Do not bite off more than you can chew.” </li></ul>Do I have enough time?<br /><ul><li>You should estimate the time needed to finish your project, and make sure that you can finish it, obtain your results, before the fair.</li></ul>Can I afford it? <br /><ul><li>You should estimate the cost of your project before starting it then state whether you can afford it or not, if you cannot then search for a fund, if you did not find then you have to find another idea
  6. 6. Try to choose an idea, which does not cost much money, do not choose an idea that needs a lot of money, and then blame others for not providing fund. </li></ul>Do my parents and teacher approve?<br />Is it safe?  <br />For example, if you are planning to use chemicals or electricity in your project, you need to make sure that you can use them safely, ask yourself these questions:<br /><ul><li>For projects involving electricity:
  7. 7. Can I avoid using house current?
  8. 8. If I am going to use house current, is the wiring okay?
  9. 9. Can I avoid overloading circuits?
  10. 10. Do I know how to properly insulate and ground everything?
  11. 11. Do I need transformers or converters (for example, do I need to convert 110 to 220)?
  12. 12. For projects involving chemicals:
  13. 13. Do I need special permits to get any of the substances?
  14. 14. Are these chemicals (or a combination of chemicals) flammable or toxic?
  15. 15. Do I need special containers to store these chemicals?
  16. 16. Do I need protective gear, such as goggles or gloves?
  17. 17. For further information about safety, please visit: http://www.societyforscience.org/isef/rulesandguidelines</li></ul>Remember <br /><ul><li>Don’t ever give up
  18. 18. Think Think Think
  19. 19. I begin with an idea and then it becomes something else “Pablo Picasso”</li></ul>Take in your consideration that: <br />You should make the problem specific and accurate. <br />Choosing a problem in a too crowded field may lead to failure.<br />On the other hand, it is impossible to work in a vacuum, and your task can be significantly harder if you don't have a group of people working on closely related problems with whom you can interact and share code.<br />You should really enjoy the subject, and want to spend the next several months with it .<br />To have a successful project, choose a project that can be fun, sounds simple, but it's true. You may wonder how to do that, but the answer is right in front of you.<br /><ul><li>Myths which many believe in them </li></ul>Creative individuals are born, not made<br />It is wrong to think that creative people are born creative, but the truth is that their creativity is the result of their hard work.<br />Intellectual work is not creative work<br />Intellectual work is very important; Kekulé and the story of discovering the brief formula of benzene ring can prove this. <br />At the end of the 19th century, Kekulé was trying to explain the formula of benzene molecule, when he began daydreaming about a snake biting its own tail and then he was inspired by the ring-like structure of the benzene molecule. <br />Having pre-conceived notions of what your outcomes have to look like is the antithesis of creativity.<br />Creative work is totally original<br />Standing on the shoulders of giants “Sir Isaac Newton “<br />Remember the scientist Berzelius who was one of the founding fathers of modern chemistry and he classified compounds into organic compounds and inorganic compounds, and he made a theory which states that organic substance can’t be formed from in organic ones and the can be only formed from organic ones. <br />After some years, Wohler proved that this is a wrong theory when he could prepare an organic compound (Urea) from to inorganic ones.<br />This shows us that you can improve and correct any theory made by any scientist whatever he was. <br />Do not reinvent the wheel. Add your new (hopefully big) twist and quickly blend with tested bits borrowed from anyone and everyone “Tom Peters, The Circle of Innovation” <br />Creativity has limits <br />Whenever you have a problem in your research and you think it is very hard and you cannot solve it, remember the story of Apollo 13, how they faced their problem and solved it when an oxygen tank exploded during their trip. <br />Science can’t be fun<br />Remember <br /><ul><li>You are not in a test but in a competition
  20. 20. If you have an apple and I have an apple and we exchange these apples then you and I will still each have one apple, but if you have an idea and I have an idea and we exchange these ideas, then each of us will have two ideas. ”George Bernard Show”
  21. 21. Don’t give up:</li></ul>When you ever find yourself about to give up remember what these people faced:<br />A teacher told him you are too stupid to learn anything and you should go into a field where he might succeed by virtue of pleasant personality (Thomas Edison)<br />Cut from the high school basketball team, he went home, locked himself in his room and cried (Michael Jordon)<br />Fired from a newspaper because he lacked imagination and had no original ideas <br />(Walt Disney)<br /> <br /><ul><li>Remember </li></ul>Geniuses don’t do different things they do it differently “Elbert Einstein” <br />

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