Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Diversifying landscapes with trees and diets with nutritious tree foods

494 views

Published on

Despite advances in overall agricultural production, approximately one billion people globally are chronically hungry; two billion regularly experience periods of food insecurity; and just over a third of the global population are affected by single or multiple micronutrient deficiencies. However, food trees (trees providing edible fruits, vegetables, seeds/ nuts and edible oils) when integrated as part of the agroforestry systems, have huge potential to provide a wide variety of foods and can contribute substantially to food and nutrition security to the affected populations.

Published in: Science
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Diversifying landscapes with trees and diets with nutritious tree foods

  1. 1. Diversifying landscapes with trees and diets with nutritious tree foods Project One: Fruit Africa, tree crop development in Africa (2014-2016) Project Two: Food trees for diversified diets, improved nutrition, and better livelihoods for smallholders in East Africa: Kenya and Uganda (2016-2018) Stepha McMullin & Colleagues 21st February 2018 EC/IFAD investments in agricultural research, East & Southern Africa
  2. 2. Data Generation Project sites: Kakamega, Siaya, Machakos, Laikipia, Tharaka Nithi, Kitui & Kwale Counties, Kenya
  3. 3. Data - Food security, consumption and nutritional status 0 50 100 Food Groups Consumed - Women Laikipia % Tharaka Nithi % Kitui % Kwale % 64% 49% 47% 70% 36% 51% 53% 30% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Laikipia Tharaka Nithi Kitui Kwale Minimum Dietary Diversity - Women < 5 food groups ≥ 5 food groups 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Laikipia Tharaka Nithi Kitui Kwale Months of food insecurity 16 7 7 5 53 57 62 68 32 36 31 27 0 20 40 60 80 100 Laikipia Tharaka Nithi Kwale Kitui % % % % Double Burden of Malnutrition - Women Underweight (< 18.5) Normal (18.5 - 24.9) Overweight / Obese (25 - 29.9/ 30+)
  4. 4. Fruit Tree Portfolios: an agroforestry approach to address food and nutrient gaps  Each month at least 1 fruit species is ready for harvest, even during the ‘hunger gap’  (Pro)vitamin A and C supply possible year-round if the 10 species are grown on farm  Supply of nutrients and food (direct) & possible income from surplus fruits (indirect)  Portfolio adapted to include suitable, complementary vegetables & staple crops to provide for a ‘diversified diet’ approach McMullin S, et al. 2017. Developing fruit tree portfolios for filling food and nutrition gaps: guidelines and data collection tools. Nairobi: ICRAF. Portfolio example from Siaya County, Kenya  Portfolios developed for 11 sites in Kenya, 2 in Ethiopia and 2 in Uganda
  5. 5. Decision support tools: current and future climates
  6. 6. Scaling-up: The Seed Challenge • Link between domestication/ breeding and delivery to enable scaling up • Efficiency of delivery systems (knowledge, standards, ‘trust and traceability)
  7. 7. Outreach, influence & impact
  8. 8. Outreach, influence & impact Farmer and stakeholder training: fruit tree propagation, management and delivery systems, 2014- 2016
  9. 9. Platform for integration  ICRAF’s Genebank Total # country field genebanks: 16  Kenya Total # site genebanks: 42  7 Total # 133 field genebanks  41 Total # species in genebanks: 68  31
  10. 10. Thank you Stepha McMullin s.mcmullin@cgiar.org Project webpage: www.worldagroforestry.org/project/food-trees- diversified-diets-improved-nutrition-and-better- livelihoods-smallholders-east

×