Preventing infectious diseases florian and ciara


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  • War: 30,000 per year Malaria: 781,000 per year
  • Preventing infectious diseases florian and ciara

    1. 1. PREVENTING INFECTIOUS DISEASES Florian Gelus and Ciara Ijpma Dua
    2. 2. What are infectious diseases? <ul><li>Also known as communicable disease, contagious or transmissible diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Result from infection being present and growing in a host cell </li></ul><ul><li>Can consists of viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoa </li></ul><ul><li>These are pathogens that cause the disease. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Causes: <ul><li>Common diseases are caused by pathogens (viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoans) </li></ul><ul><li>Common cold is a vial infectious disease caused by rhinoviruses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human rhinoviruses is the most common infective agents in humans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spread by touching, eating and drinking. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some through insects bites and sexual contact </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><ul><li>What Kills More People, Wars or Malaria? </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Malaria <ul><li>Mosquito Borne-disease </li></ul><ul><li>225 Million cases per year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>781,000 deaths per year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.23% of World Deaths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T op 17 th Killer </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Malaria <ul><li>Symptoms? </li></ul>
    7. 7. Malaria – Symptoms <ul><li>Back Pain </li></ul><ul><li>Dry Cough </li></ul><ul><li>Fever </li></ul><ul><li>Headache </li></ul><ul><li>Muscular – Pain & Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Skin – Chills & Sweating </li></ul><ul><li>Vomiting </li></ul>
    8. 8. Common Cold <ul><li>Most Frequent Infectious disease in humans </li></ul><ul><li>Adults Receive this infection 2-4 times a year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children receive this infection 6-12 times a year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Symptoms Include a Cough, Sore Throat, Runny nose, and a fever </li></ul><ul><li>There is no cure </li></ul>
    9. 9. Preventions 1 . 2 . 3 . Wash Your Hands Keep Immunizations to date Beware of the food you eat and how you prepare it
    10. 10. Preventions 4 . 5 . 6 . Report to your doctor with any illness Beware of all animals even Domestic Avoid Areas of Insect Infestation
    11. 11. Preventions 7 . 8 . 9 . Stay alert to Disease Threats Use common sense Avoid unprotected Sex
    12. 12. Relation to Microeconomics?
    13. 13. What Happens if people are ill?
    14. 14. Relation to Microeconomics? <ul><li>Productivity  </li></ul><ul><li>Supply  </li></ul><ul><li>= </li></ul><ul><li>Price  </li></ul><ul><li>Quantity Demanded  </li></ul>
    15. 15. Relation to Microeconomics?
    16. 16. Macroeconomics <ul><li>Malaria is estimated to kill 2000 African children every day and costs an estimated $12 billion a year in lost gross domestic product. </li></ul><ul><li>Funding for malaria has increased a lot over several years, reaching an estimated value of $ 1.5 billion. </li></ul><ul><li>All of this spending has come at an opportunity cost of these countries producing them and also providing aid. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Opportunity cost
    18. 18. macroeconomics <ul><li>Not a lot of medication distributed but more bed nets. </li></ul><ul><li>A UN source said: $1.8 billion was spent in 2009 on Malaria. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 150 million insecticide-treated bed nets were made and given out. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, malaria is seen to be both a disease of poverty and a cause of poverty </li></ul>
    19. 20. Macroeconomics <ul><li>Direct cause of malaria: </li></ul><ul><li>Public expenditure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spending by the government on health care facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personal expenditure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family's spending money on mosquito nets, doctor fees, medicine, transport to health facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combination of personal and public expenditure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In some countries with a heavy malaria burden, the disease can account as much as 40% of the public expenditure </li></ul></ul>
    20. 21. Conclusion <ul><li>Prevention can be easily maintained </li></ul><ul><li>Infectious disease can have effects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Macroeconomics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microeconomics </li></ul></ul>
    21. 22. Bibliography <ul><li>World Health Organization (2004). &quot;Annex Table 2: Deaths by cause, sex and mortality stratum in WHO regions, estimates for 2002&quot; (pdf). The world health report 2004 - changing history . Retrieved 2008-11-01. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;20 Things You Didn't Know About... Hygiene | Infectious Diseases | DISCOVER Magazine.&quot; Science and Technology News, Science Articles | Discover Magazine . Web. 22 Oct. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Section 2 « Sang's Economics Blog.&quot; Sang's Economics Blog . Web. 10 Oct. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Roll Back Malaria Partnership: Economic Costs of Malaria.&quot; Roll Back Malaria (RBM) Partnership - the Global Framework for Coordinated Action against Malaria . Web. 26 Oct. 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Kakkilaya, Dr. BS. &quot;Why Have We Failed To Control Malaria?&quot; Malaria . Web. 26 Oct. 2011. < </li></ul>