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  1. 1. The French in North America By Ryan P. Swetz Ryan P. Swetz Ryan P. Swetz
  2. 2. <ul><li>Initialy the Indians pursued the fur trade within their own cultural parameters. </li></ul><ul><li>Indians thought of all objects, material as well as living to posses spiritual powers (manitou). </li></ul><ul><li>Originally traded for shiny objects. (Copper, beads, wampum or polished seashell beads.) </li></ul>American Colonies 5- Canada & Iroquoia
  3. 3. <ul><li>Indians began o think of goods as commodities with negotiable prices. </li></ul><ul><li>Natives appreciated the superior strength and cutting edge of metal arrowheads, axes, knives, and hatchets. </li></ul><ul><li>By enhancing the Indians needs, trade increased their demands upon the environment. </li></ul>American Colonies 5- Canada & Iroquoia
  4. 4. <ul><li>The French claimed he St. Lawrence Valley for 5 reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>The valley was safe distant from Spanish power. </li></ul><ul><li>The northern location meant especially thick and valuable furs. </li></ul><ul><li>The resident natives were more skilled hunters than the southern people. </li></ul><ul><li>St. Lawrence offered the deepest access westward into the continent. </li></ul><ul><li>A place the French called Quebec the river narrowed to provide a good harbor for ships and high ground for ideal fortified posts. </li></ul>American Colonies 5- Canada & Iroquoia
  5. 5. <ul><li>Five Nations Iroquois were formidable enemies with the French. </li></ul><ul><li>The best present of all was a war captive meant to replace the dead. </li></ul><ul><li>Iroquois warriors conducted “mourning wars” in which they sought prisoners from their enemies. </li></ul>American Colonies 5- Canada & Iroquoia
  6. 6. <ul><li>End of the 17 th century French founded a new colony named Louisiana. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies of New France and Louisiana stretched from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Gulf of Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>French presence depended more on Indian consent than French power. </li></ul>AMERICAN COLONIES 16- FRENCH AMERICA
  7. 7. <ul><li>During the 17 th century fewer than 250 families emigrated to Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>12% of the emigrants were female. </li></ul><ul><li>Most were single young men in search of work and food. Most urban laborers and artisans rather than rural peasants. </li></ul><ul><li>Most female emigrants came from an orphanage in Paris. </li></ul>AMERICAN COLONIES 16- FRENCH AMERICA
  8. 8. <ul><li>Population grew from 3,000 in 1663 to 15,000 in 1700, but were not able to compete with the English Colonists who numbered 234,000 whites and 31,000 enslaved Africans. </li></ul><ul><li>Canada suffered as daunting reputation as immoral, cold, and unprofitable land. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to short growing seasons the habitants raised European livestock and grains, especially wheat over warm climate European staples such as tobacco and sugar. </li></ul>AMERICAN COLONIES 16- FRENCH AMERICA
  9. 9. <ul><li>Most French who did emigrate to Canada and stayed significantly improved their status and standard of living. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to small tight houses, and plentiful firewood New France habitants kept warmer in the winter. </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian habitants enjoyed privileges of fishing and hunting, both environmentally and legally denied to the peasants in hierarchical France. </li></ul>AMERICAN COLONIES 16- FRENCH AMERICA
  10. 10. <ul><li>Taylor, Alan. (2001). American Colonies: The Settling Of North America. New York, New York: Penguin Books. </li></ul>References: