Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Technology Management, Case IT planning


Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

Technology Management, Case IT planning

  1. 1. IT Planning Presented by Neetika Agarwal-11DM087 Paras Jalan-11DM100 Rahul S-11DM116Yogesh Garg-11EMPDM214
  2. 2. Strategic IT PlanningStrategic planning is the systematic examination ofopportunities and threats in the business environment sothat you are in the position to identify those opportunitiesthat should be exploited and the threats that should beavoided.Answers 3 Strategic Questions:1. Where are we now?2.Where do we want to go?3. How will we get there?
  3. 3. Planning ChallengesWhy planning is so difficult Companies need portfolios rather than projects Infrastructure Development is difficult to fund Top-down Vs. bottom-up; radical change Vs. continuous Planning culture Business Goals and Systems Plans Need to Align Technologies Are Rapidly Changing
  4. 4. Planning Approaches• Top down• Bottoms up
  5. 5.  Creative
  6. 6. SITP APPROACHES ANDPREVALENT RESEARCH  IBM business systems planning  Rockart’s critical success factors (CSF)  Stages of growth: Nolan’s stages theory  Porter’s competitive forces model  Porter’s value chain analysis  E-business value matrix  Linkage analysis planning  Scenario planning.
  7. 7. Nolan Stages of Growth model
  8. 8. BEST PRACTICES FORACHIEVING SITP Segars, Grover and Teng (1998) define the following best practices:  Comprehensiveness  Formal  Focused  Smooth flow  Wider participation  Consistency
  9. 9. Six Planning Stages of SITP1. Assemble a planning team2. Assess information needs3. Develop a vision and a mission4. Communicate the vision and seek buy-in5. Arrive at the project’s portfolio and define the scope of projects and their prioritization6. Evaluate IT projects for inclusion in application portfolio.
  10. 10. IMPLEMENTATIONCONSIDERATIONSThe following are important for the success of SITP process as planning as shown by Gottschalk’s studies: Adequacy of resources the implementation Level of user involvement during the implementation Adequacy of analysis of the organization’s information Needs Anticipation of changes in the external environment Solutions to potential resistance during the implementation Information technology to be implemented IT projects’ relevance to the business plan Who owns the responsibility for the SITP implementation Level of management support for the implementation Communication issues IT issues General business-related issues
  11. 11. e-Choupal Initiative An initiative of ITC for the economic development of farmers Challenge faced: translating development into economic freedom While ITC’s sales were stagnant, India’s soybean farmers were losing 60-70% of potential crop value Both farmers and processors were locked in an unproductive cycle
  12. 12. The Old condition The buying cycle:  The government appointed licensed buyers  ITC contracted with a licensed buyer  The farmers were isolated from one another and knew nothing of market conditions until the day of sale ITC supplied each village choupal with:  A PC with Windows/Intel platform  Telephone connection lines  A solar-powered power supply  A dot-matrix printer
  13. 13. The Change With the arrival of IT capacity, farmers were accessing the world wide web through a dedicated site The site contained: weather, best practices, crop information, market information, FAQs, news, feedback, and information about ITC ITC quote: Before, farmers lived in a vacuum, a vacuum of rumors and gossip. Now, we are bringing information into the village, into the home. It’s natural for them
  14. 14. The Benefits In September 2000 there were 30 eChoupals By 2004, there were 1700 eChoupals ITC’s volumes grew by 400% in four years:  20% from better yields  80% from taking shares from competitiors Of the 3000 computers in use today not one has been lost, stolen, or vandalized Though still at the mercy of a global market, India’s soybean farmers were earning roughly 250% greater profits post eChoupal than pre Choupal
  15. 15. Barriers Entrenched practices Lack of understanding by farmers Fear of middlemen reprisals Potential high cost Economic illiteracy Suspicion of internal cheating Technology risk
  16. 16. Takeaway from e-Choupal IT: Empowering people
  17. 17. Thank You