Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Technology in logistics and supply    chain management : A scenario scan                     P.P. Sengupta                ...
Topics of discussion       Overview of supply chain       Technology in SCM’s internal functions       Technology in su...
What is a supply chain ?                               The activity                               that manages            ...
The Supply Chain       Supply chain is the series of players and activities that        take part in the movement of mate...
What is logistics ?    Logistics is that part of the    supply chain process that    plans, implements, and    controls   ...
Technology in SCM’s internal    functions       ERP       e-procurement and e-tendering       Reverse auction       Co...
Collaborative Planning Forecasting and    Replenishment (CPRF)       CPFR is a business practice that combines the intell...
Vendor Managed Inventory       Vendor Managed Inventory simply means the vendor        (the Manufacturer) manages the inv...
Vendor Managed Inventory       Under a Vendor Managed Inventory setup, the        Manufacturer would setup the Distributo...
Technology in Supply Chain integration,     visibility and collaboration        SRM        EDI        Software Agents  ...
Supplier relationship management        Supplier Relationship Management (SRM) is the         discipline of working colla...
Electronic Data Interchange        EDI is the computer to computer exchange,         between two companies, of standard b...
Software agents        Software agent is a self-contained program capable of         controlling its own decision making ...
Software agents        “Predictive” agents, which volunteer information or         services to a user, without being expl...
Ultrabroadband Communication     (4G)        Mobile ultra-broadband Internet access, for         example to laptops with ...
Ultrabroadband Communication     (4G)        The Mobile WiMAX standard and Long term         evolution (LTE) standard    ...
Speech recognition        Speech recognition for hands-free data entry – is also         undergoing a new wave of innovat...
Speech recognition        Terminal emulation (TE)-based speech         recognition technology eliminates the need for    ...
Speech recognition19
Digital Imaging        Transportation and distribution companies are using         digital cameras integrated into the mo...
Digital Imaging Devices21
Social Networks and SCM        Many companies already use social         media as a way of interacting with         their...
Technology in transportation and     logistics        Voice and GPS communication integrated into         rugged computer...
GPS devices24
Portable printers        Provides signed delivery receipts, purchase         orders, work orders and inspection reports. ...
Portable printers26
2-D barcodes        Two-dimensional bar codes have long been a         proven and popular technology for operations      ...
2-D barcode Reader      A 2D (two-dimensional)      barcode is a graphical image      that stores information both      ho...
Real Time location Systems (RTLS)        Real Time Locating System (RTLS) technology         automatically tracks the rea...
Real Time location Systems (RTLS)        RTLS improves the quality of the visibility data         critical for management...
Real Time location Systems (RTLS)31
Technology in Warehousing , storage     and shipping        WMS        Rfid        Automated Storage and Retrieval (AS/...
Warehouse Management Systems     (WMS)        Warehouse management systems (WMS) are         best described as the advanc...
Warehouse Management Systems     (WMS)        Receiving reports, pick tickets, move tickets,         packing lists, etc.,...
35
How Wireless WMS Solutions Work        Wireless warehouse solutions work by linking         warehouse workers to the back...
How Wireless WMS Solutions Work        When items are received to be put away, the         staff members scan a bar code ...
How Wireless WMS Solutions Work        The Basic Design of AS/Rs in warehousing A “high-         rise” storage rack which...
How Wireless WMS Solutions Work39
Radio frequency identifiers        RFID are small electronic devices that consist of a         small chip and an antenna....
Radio frequency identifiers        RFID device does not need to be positioned         precisely relative to the scanner. ...
Radio frequency identifiers     The information on tags is     read when they pass by an     RFID reader, and that     mov...
Automated Storage and Retrieval     (AS/RS)        Automated retrieval systems are fully         automated robotic system...
Automated Storage and Retrieval     (AS/RS)44
Automated Storage and Retrieval     (AS/RS)45
Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)        An automatic guided vehicle (AGV), also known as a         self guided vehicle, is...
Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)        Common procedures include load transferring,         pallet loading/unloading and ...
Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)48
Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)49
Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)50
Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)51
Technology for future SCM     Future   SCM s will be :      – Interconnected      – Intelligent      – Instrumented52
Future SCM : Interconnected        Agile, on demand network of suppliers, contract         manufacturers, service provide...
Future SCM : Intelligent        Network and distribution strategy analysis and         modeling with event simulations   ...
Future SCM : Instrumented        Sensor-based solutions to reduce inventory         costs with increased visibility     ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Technology in scm

5,749 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
  • More than 5000 IT Certified ( SAP,Oracle,Mainframe,Microsoft and IBM Technologies etc...)Consultants registered. Register for IT courses at http://www.todaycourses.com Most of our companies will help you in processing H1B Visa, Work Permit and Job Placements
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Technology in scm

  1. 1. Technology in logistics and supply chain management : A scenario scan P.P. Sengupta Fellow, Institute of Engineers (India), Former Chief General Manager (MM) ,Coal India Ltd.1
  2. 2. Topics of discussion  Overview of supply chain  Technology in SCM’s internal functions  Technology in supply chain integration, visibility and collaboration  Technology in transportation and logistics  Technology in Warehousing , material handling and shipping  Technology of future for SCM and logistics2
  3. 3. What is a supply chain ? The activity that manages the flow of information, money, and material across . the extended enterprise, from supplier through the functional silos of the firm to customer3
  4. 4. The Supply Chain  Supply chain is the series of players and activities that take part in the movement of materials, goods, services, money and information from suppliers supplier to the customers customer.  “Chain” is a simplification of the complex web of suppliers, sub-assemblers, manufacturers, warehouse operators, distributors, retailers , logistics providers, bankers, insurance companies, freight forwarders, transporters etc who are the primary actors in managing the physical flows “from womb to tomb.”4
  5. 5. What is logistics ? Logistics is that part of the supply chain process that plans, implements, and controls the efficient, effective flow and storage of goods and related information from the point of origin to the point of use in order to meet customers requirements5
  6. 6. Technology in SCM’s internal functions  ERP  e-procurement and e-tendering  Reverse auction  Collaborative Planning Forecasting and Replenishment (CPRF)  Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI)6
  7. 7. Collaborative Planning Forecasting and Replenishment (CPRF)  CPFR is a business practice that combines the intelligence of multiple trading partners in the planning and fulfillment of customer demand.  The consumer is the ultimate focus of all efforts  Buyers” (retailers) and “sellers” (manufacturers) collaborate at every level  Joint forecasting and order planning reduces surprises in the supply chain  The timing and quantity of physical flows is synchronized across all parties  Promotions no longer serve as disturbances in the supply chain  Exception management is systemized7
  8. 8. Vendor Managed Inventory  Vendor Managed Inventory simply means the vendor (the Manufacturer) manages the inventory of the distributor. The manufacturer receives electronic messages, usually via EDI, from the distributor. These messages tell the manufacturer various bits of information such as what the distributor has sold and what they have currently in inventory. The manufacturer reviews this information and decides when it is appropriate to generate a Purchase Order.8
  9. 9. Vendor Managed Inventory  Under a Vendor Managed Inventory setup, the Manufacturer would setup the Distributors inventory plan.  The Manufacturer would then monitor the Distributors inventory levels, keeping track of the sales and the current inventory level.  Once the Manufacturer believed the Distributors inventory levels were too low, the Manufacturer would generate the Purchase Order and deliver the product to the Distributor. Vendor Managed Inventory gives the control over the inventory to the Manufacturer.9
  10. 10. Technology in Supply Chain integration, visibility and collaboration  SRM  EDI  Software Agents  Analytics software  Comprehensive connectivity – from wireless LAN technologies, cellular networks, 4G  Voice and GPS communication integrated into rugged Computers  Speech recognition  Digital imaging  Social Media10
  11. 11. Supplier relationship management  Supplier Relationship Management (SRM) is the discipline of working collaboratively with suppliers in order to maximise the value derived from those supplier relationships.  Primarily, SRM tools have been developed to reduce the total cost of ownership (TCO) for procured goods, while creating competitive advantage for an organisation through deeper relationships with its suppliers.11
  12. 12. Electronic Data Interchange  EDI is the computer to computer exchange, between two companies, of standard business documents in electronic format.  There are two key elements in basic EDI. First, electronic documents replace paper based ones.  Second, the exchange of documents takes place in a standardised format. (EDIFACT / XML)12
  13. 13. Software agents  Software agent is a self-contained program capable of controlling its own decision making and acting, based on its perception of its environment, in pursuit of one or more objectives.  “Gopher” agents, which execute straightforward tasks based on pre-specified rules and assumptions (eg inform me when the inventory deviates by 10% from its mean position or tell me when I need to reorder stock items).13
  14. 14. Software agents  “Predictive” agents, which volunteer information or services to a user, without being explicitly asked, whenever it is deemed appropriate (eg an agent may monitor discussion groups on the internet and return inputs that it believes to be of interest to the user  A freight agent may inform its user that a transport firm is offering large discounts on delivery from China14
  15. 15. Ultrabroadband Communication (4G)  Mobile ultra-broadband Internet access, for example to laptops with USB wireless modems, to smart phones, and to other mobile devices.  Conceivable applications include amended mobile web access, IP telephony, high- definition mobile TV, video conferencing and 3D television.15
  16. 16. Ultrabroadband Communication (4G)  The Mobile WiMAX standard and Long term evolution (LTE) standard  Based on the Google Android operating system  Will be used extensively in handheld devices, smartphones and tablets.16
  17. 17. Speech recognition  Speech recognition for hands-free data entry – is also undergoing a new wave of innovation and adoption. Speech recognition reduces the need for users to look at a computer display.  Speech synthesis/recognition capability can now be easily embedded into numerous legacy software packages, including warehouse management, picking and putaway, inventory, inspection, quality control and other applications.17
  18. 18. Speech recognition  Terminal emulation (TE)-based speech recognition technology eliminates the need for a separate speech server and a proprietary interface between the speech system and the application software. TE enables speech synthesis to reduce the need to look at the display, and speech recognition to function as a true input technology,.18
  19. 19. Speech recognition19
  20. 20. Digital Imaging  Transportation and distribution companies are using digital cameras integrated into the mobile devices or handhelds so their drivers can capture proof of delivery, store stamped invoices, and record conditions that prevent delivery or proof of service.  Capturing shelf displays and monitoring documentation by inspectors, collecting evidence for accident reports, and recording damage and usage conditions for warranty claims.20
  21. 21. Digital Imaging Devices21
  22. 22. Social Networks and SCM  Many companies already use social media as a way of interacting with their customers and keeping abreast of new trends.  Real-time integration already allows companies to coordinate with the entire logistics network.  Internal reports can be processed with dramatic precision, and external players can communicate any potential problems before they happen.22
  23. 23. Technology in transportation and logistics  Voice and GPS communication integrated into rugged computers  Vehicle dispatching systems  Tracking software  Portable printing  2D bar codes  Real Time location Systems (RTLS)23
  24. 24. GPS devices24
  25. 25. Portable printers  Provides signed delivery receipts, purchase orders, work orders and inspection reports.  Using mobile printers and computers together lets sales, service and delivery personnel give customers the documentation they desire, while creating an electronic record that frees the enterprise from having to process paperwork.25
  26. 26. Portable printers26
  27. 27. 2-D barcodes  Two-dimensional bar codes have long been a proven and popular technology for operations where it is desirable to present a lot of information in a limited space.  Intermec’s EX25 auto-focus scan engine is the first bar code reader that can read linear and 2D bar codes alike from 50 feet away and as close as six inches.27
  28. 28. 2-D barcode Reader A 2D (two-dimensional) barcode is a graphical image that stores information both horizontally and vertically. 2D codes can store up to 7,089 characters, significantly greater storage than is possible with the 20- character capacity of a uni dimensional barcode.28
  29. 29. Real Time location Systems (RTLS)  Real Time Locating System (RTLS) technology automatically tracks the real-time location of moveable objects, such as equipment, and people in indoor environments.  Near field communication (NFC) is a standards-based, short-range (a few centimeters) wireless connectivity technology.  Ultra-wideband (UWB) RTLS is still a niche within the RTLS field. This is a specialized market requiring custom transponders and readers.29
  30. 30. Real Time location Systems (RTLS)  RTLS improves the quality of the visibility data critical for management to make informed decisions.  Ultrasound Identification is a real-time locating system (RTLS) or indoor positioning system (IPS) technology used to automatically determine and identify the location of objects with room accuracy.30
  31. 31. Real Time location Systems (RTLS)31
  32. 32. Technology in Warehousing , storage and shipping  WMS  Rfid  Automated Storage and Retrieval (AS/RS)  Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)  Automated Identification (Auto ID) applications32
  33. 33. Warehouse Management Systems (WMS)  Warehouse management systems (WMS) are best described as the advanced technology and operating processes that optimize all warehousing functions. These functions typically begin with receipts from suppliers and end with shipments to customers, and include all inventory movements and information flows in between.33
  34. 34. Warehouse Management Systems (WMS)  Receiving reports, pick tickets, move tickets, packing lists, etc., which are typically maintained as hard copies, can all be maintained electronically by WMS.  WMS provides GUIs wherein most of the time the operator has to just scans the barcodes. Default navigation of cursor on the screen mimics the standard business rule.  Thus WMS eases the operators task and makes the data input process fast, increasing the overall efficiency of the operator.34
  35. 35. 35
  36. 36. How Wireless WMS Solutions Work  Wireless warehouse solutions work by linking warehouse workers to the backend application server where warehouse activities are being recorded via a wireless handheld device. The device tells employees where to go to pick up, put away, count, or move product36
  37. 37. How Wireless WMS Solutions Work  When items are received to be put away, the staff members scan a bar code on the box. The bar code when scanned reveals information about the box’s contents. Items from the box are scanned and results are compared so discrepancies are immediate obvious. The software then directs warehouse staff to put away items into a suitable location.37
  38. 38. How Wireless WMS Solutions Work  The Basic Design of AS/Rs in warehousing A “high- rise” storage rack which can be up to 120 feet high is being used in the AS/Rs in order to maximize the utilization of the warehouse cubic space. Each storage location has their unique bar-code or chip to storage the information of the storage location. While the carriers reach the dock of the warehouse, the goods is being loaded or unloaded by “battery-powered driverless vehicles” to or from the conveyer belts. .38
  39. 39. How Wireless WMS Solutions Work39
  40. 40. Radio frequency identifiers  RFID are small electronic devices that consist of a small chip and an antenna. The chip typically is capable of carrying 2,000 bytes of data or less.  The RFID device serves the same purpose as a bar code or a magnetic strip on the back of a credit card or ATM card  It provides a unique identifier for that object. And, just as a bar code or magnetic strip must be scanned to get the information, the RFID device must be scanned to retrieve the identifying information.40
  41. 41. Radio frequency identifiers  RFID device does not need to be positioned precisely relative to the scanner.  RFID devices will work within a few feet (up to 20 feet for high-frequency devices) of the scanner. For example, you could just put all of your groceries or purchases in a bag, and set the bag on the scanner. It would be able to query all of the RFID devices and total your purchase immediately.41
  42. 42. Radio frequency identifiers The information on tags is read when they pass by an RFID reader, and that movement is captured and managed by the system. Thus one can link the physical world to the digital world without any human interaction42
  43. 43. Automated Storage and Retrieval (AS/RS)  Automated retrieval systems are fully automated robotic systems controlled by computers that enable all the operations which are unloading goods from carrier, sorting, put- away, storage, order-picking, staging and loading of goods automatically.  The basic AS/Rs system is normally built up by four main components which are: Storage rack, input and output systems,43
  44. 44. Automated Storage and Retrieval (AS/RS)44
  45. 45. Automated Storage and Retrieval (AS/RS)45
  46. 46. Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)  An automatic guided vehicle (AGV), also known as a self guided vehicle, is an unmanned, computer- controlled mobile transport unit that is powered by a battery or an electric motor.  AGVs are programmed to drive to specific points and perform designated functions. They are becoming increasingly popular worldwide in applications that call for repetitive actions over a distance.46
  47. 47. Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)  Common procedures include load transferring, pallet loading/unloading and tugging/towing. Different models, which include forked, tug/tow, small chassis and large chassis/unit load, have various load capacities and design characteristics.  They come in varying sizes and shapes, according to their specific uses and load requirements.47
  48. 48. Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)48
  49. 49. Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)49
  50. 50. Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)50
  51. 51. Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)51
  52. 52. Technology for future SCM Future SCM s will be : – Interconnected – Intelligent – Instrumented52
  53. 53. Future SCM : Interconnected  Agile, on demand network of suppliers, contract manufacturers, service providers and other (financial and regulatory) constituents  Outsourcing non-differentiating functions to share risks across the global network  Variable cost structures that fluctuate with market demand  Shared decision making with partners at source (local, regional, global strategies)  Integrated, networked asset utilization and management53
  54. 54. Future SCM : Intelligent  Network and distribution strategy analysis and modeling with event simulations  Scenario-based operational analysis  Simulation models and analyzers to evaluate flexibility factors – service levels,  Costs, time, quality – with inventory synchronization54
  55. 55. Future SCM : Instrumented  Sensor-based solutions to reduce inventory costs with increased visibility  Production and distribution process detectors to monitor and control energy usage and waste  Physical transportation, distribution and facility asset management, controlled and monitored55

×