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International Crisis Management Exercise


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The International Crisis Management Exercise is a scenario, role-play exercise that takes place on a Saturday during the spring semester. In this daylong simulation, students act as members of the National Security Council and work together to come up with recommendations for an acting President regarding a mock international crisis.

From the ten high schools participating in the Council’s educational program Great Decisions, a group of students are selected from each school to assume the roles of members of the National Security Council and represent different agencies or interests in the U.S. Government. Participation in this impactful and highly educational event is selective. Teachers choose their respective 4-6 participants based on their overall attendance and participation in the Great Decisions meetings during the past academic year.

The exercise simulates the U.S. Government’s handling of a mock international crisis. All events of the day will be fictional, but plausible. With Ambassador Nancy Soderberg and Admiral Jonathan Howe, USN (Ret.) acting as Presidents, students must work together to come up with advice and recommendations regarding various aspects of the international crisis.

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International Crisis Management Exercise

  1. 1. ICME International CrisisManagement Exercise
  2. 2. Many thanks to our title sponsor… ICME 2012 is presented by
  3. 3. Thank you to our 2011-2012 Supporters… Generous contributions from devoted individuals, area businesses, organizations and foundations help to make Great Decisions and ICME possible! Sandy & Bob Cook Emily Balz Smith Foundation
  4. 4. International Crisis Management Exercise What is ICME? The culmination of the Great Decisions programpresented by the World Affairs Council ofJacksonville A scenario, role-play exercise that takes place oneSaturday during the spring Students act as members of the National SecurityCouncil and must work together to come up withrecommendations for an acting President regarding atimely international crisis Students spend several hours deliberating around aroundtable as if they were, collectively, the NationalSecurity Council
  5. 5. International Crisis Management Exercise What is the National Security Council? The President’s principal forum for considering national security and foreignpolicy matters Chaired by the President, it is composed of senior national security advisorsand cabinet officials; if the President is absent, the NSC is normally chairedby the National Security Advisor Began under President Truman; established in 1947 by the National SecurityAct
  6. 6. International Crisis Management ExerciseWhat is the role of National Security Council? To advise and assist the President on national security and foreignpolicies Also serves as the principal arm in coordinating these policies amongvarious government agencies
  7. 7. International Crisis Management Exercise Who are the senior advisors and cabinet officials? Vice President Counsel to the President Secretary of State Assistant to the President for Secretary of the Treasury Economic Policy Secretary of Defense Attorney General Assistant to the President for Director of the Office ofNational Security Affairs Management and Budget Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Heads of other executive(statutory military advisor to the departments and agencies and otherCouncil) senior officials when appropriate Director of National Intelligence Chief of Staff to the President
  8. 8. International Crisis Management Exercise Current structure of the National Security Council President/Chair: Barack Obama Deputy National Security Advisor: Denis Mc Donough Vice President: Joe Biden Secretary of the Treasury: Secretary of State: Hillary Clinton Timothy Geithner Secretary of Defense: Leon E. Panetta Attorney General: Eric Holder Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff: Counsel to the President: General Martin Dempsey Kathryn Ruemmler Director of National Intelligence: Assistant to the President for Economic James R. Clapper Policy: Gene Sperling National Security Advisor: Ambassador to the United Nations: Thomas E. Donilon Susan Rice Chief of Staff to the President: William M. Daly Secretary of Homeland Security: Janet Napolitano
  9. 9. International Crisis Management Exercise About ICMEICME is facilitated by Ambassador Nancy Soderberg and Admiral Jonathan Howe: Ambassador Nancy E.Soderberg is a Council Board member and a DistinguishedVisiting Scholar at the University of North Florida in the Department of PoliticalScience and Public Administration. She served in the White House as the third-rankingofficial on the National Security Council (1993-1996) and as Alternate Representativeto the United Nations (1997-2001), with the rank of Ambassador. She was recentlyappointed as Chairperson of the Public Interest Declassification Board by PresidentBarack H. Obama. Admiral Jonathan T. Howe, USN (Ret.) is the Chairman of the Board at the WorldAffairs Council and the Executive Director of the Arthur Vining Davis Foundations. Priorto joining the Foundations in 1994, he served for a year in Somalia as the SpecialRepresentative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations. He was DeputyAssistant to the President for National Security Affairs in the administration ofPresident George H.W. Bush. The purpose of the exercise is to illustrate to Great Decisions participants thecomplexity of decision-making by the President and his/her advisors wheninternational affairs & incidents collide.
  10. 10. International Crisis Management Exercise Logistics of ICME Each participating student will be given a job titleand short job description prior to the event (e.g.Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, etc.) A scenario (e.g. mock international crisis) will beprovided ahead of time to students Students are expected to prepare PRIOR to theevent by reading the scenario and researching theirassigned role (e.g. Secretary of State, AttorneyGeneral, etc.)
  11. 11. International Crisis Management Exercise Sample Job DescriptionThe Secretary of StateThe Secretary of State is the Chief Diplomat of the United States and a senior member of the President’s cabinet. The Secretaryof State, working through the Department of State and US Embassies abroad, primarily determines and carries out the foreignpolicy interests of the United States. The US Ambassadors and their staffs who work in US embassies in all parts of the worldrepresent the Secretary of State and the President to foreign countries and carry out the orders of the Secretary of Stateabroad. The Ambassadors have authority over all US agencies and official personnel in country, except for US militarypersonnel subject to the command of a major US military headquarters located in that country.The Department of State deals with international aspects of a broad range of issues, many of which have important domesticcomponents as well. These issues include: international political affairs, representation before international organizations,economic and trade relations, civil aviation relations, oceans and environmental affairs, democracy, human rights, labor affairs,political military affairs, public affairs, US foreign aid and foreign security assistance, arms control and non-proliferation, anti-drug issues, counter terrorism issues and any issues arising from US treaties and agreements with foreign countries. Many ofthese issues have bilateral, regional and international aspects. The Department of State also includes the US passport office,which adjudicates nationality and issues passports to US citizens at home and abroad and handles all consular services for US andforeign citizens abroad (visa issuance, protection of US citizens, etc.).The Secretary of State will have a direct institutional interest and role to play in virtually any issue that may come up in theNational Security Council. His/her personal ideas and policy instincts generally carry great weight with the President.