Transnational terrorism

9,562 views

Published on

0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
9,562
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
8
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
122
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transnational terrorism

  1. 1. Transnational Terrorism Al-Qaeda Network
  2. 2. What is Transnational Terrorism?• Unlawful use of force or indiscriminate violence by internationally-linked groups against persons and properties in different parts of the world• To cause psychological, economic impact
  3. 3. Examples of Terrorism• State/ non-state organizations• IRA, Northern Ireland• LTTE, Sri Lanka• Aum Shirikyo, Japan• Khalistan Movement, India• Al-Qaeda
  4. 4. September 11 2001• Collapse of the twin towers in New York• Culprit – Al-Qaeda network
  5. 5. Al-Qaeda• 1989, Osama bin Laden• Arab volunteers fighting in Afghanistan in 1980s against Soviet communism• Osama fell out with Saudi rulers – rejected Osama’s offer to liberate the then occupied Kuwait, instead approached US’s help• Carried out anti-state activities in Saudi Arabia, against Saudi govt, US and its allies
  6. 6. Al-Qaeda• To create a global Islamic –Caliphate• Rid influence of the west - US
  7. 7. Al-Qaeda’s network• Multi-national membership, international banking• Shares expertise, transfer resources, discuss strategies, spread of ideology – Abu Sayyaf, Philippines – JI, Singapore, Philippines, M’sia, Australia, Indonesia – Lashkar-e-Toiba, Pakistan – Islam Army of Aden, Yemen – Armed Islamic Group, Algeria – Al-Ittihad al-Islami, Somalia – Jama’at al Tawhid wal Jihad, Iraq
  8. 8. Misuse of Islamic concepts• Against the west and its allies• Mufti of Singapore condemned the justifications erroneously used by terrorists
  9. 9. Recent attacks• Bombings in Jordan, Nov 2005• Bombings in Bali, 2002• Bombings in Bali, 2005• Bombings in London, 2005
  10. 10. Impact of Terrorism• Economic impact – Loss of life – Loss of properties – Fear of flying - no travelling – close down airlines – Govt stepped in – Loss of income, fall in tourists – Increase spending to deploy security and other sensitive installations, hold exercises to prepare civilians
  11. 11. Impact of Terrorism• Social Impact – Suspicions, tension – Community Engagment Programme, 2006 to maintain social cohesion and harmony, strengthen inter-communal bonds
  12. 12. Impact Terrorism• Political Impact – Tighten security – Greater checks at airport and immigrations points
  13. 13. How to manage Terrorism• ASEAN – Cooperation through joint police and intelligence measures – ASEAN Regional Forum – Convention on Counter- Terrorism
  14. 14. How was terrorism managed?• International efforts – UN passed resolutions to freeze assets, deny them travel, stop weapons supply, sharing information and criminal persecution – Counter- Terrorism Committee (CTC) – Technical assistance to countries
  15. 15. How was Terrorism managed?• Environmental efforts – Society’s stand and reject propaganda by terrorists

×