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Unit #3 & Unit #4 (Part 1) Student Version


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Unit #3 & Unit #4 (Part 1) Student Version

  1. 1. Unit #3: The Making of U.S. Foreign Policy & the Role of the U.S. in the World<br />
  2. 2. Foreign Policy Key Players in the Obama Administration – <br />Robert Gates<br />Secretary of Defense<br />Hillary Clinton<br />Secretary of State<br />Joe Biden<br />Vice President<br />James Jones<br />National Security Advisor<br />Leon Panetta<br />CIA Director<br />
  3. 3. UNIT #4: Defense and National Security issues<br />What is national security?<br />What policies should a nation pursue to achieve and maintain national security?<br />
  4. 4. A Global Superpower … <br /><ul><li>The U.S. is a</li></ul>superpower today.<br /><ul><li>Economically
  5. 5. Militarily
  6. 6. Ideologically/Culturally</li></li></ul><li>An Economic Superpower …<br />The U.S. is the world’s <br /> richest nation, with <br /> the world’s largest <br /> economy .<br />Ranks first in total <br /> GDP (about 18% of the <br /> world’s GDP).<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. A Military Superpower…<br />The U.S. is the world’s most <br /> powerful nation.<br />Strongest military the <br /> world has ever known –both <br /> in absolute terms and relative <br /> to other nations.<br />
  9. 9. U.S. defense spending almost equals the defense spending of all other nations combined!<br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Only the U.S. has a global military presence -- with far more forces stationed overseas than any other nation.<br />
  12. 12. U.S Military Interventions Since 1945<br />
  13. 13. Strong commitment to preserving way of life = national resolve!<br />Democracy allows for most freedoms in world (speech, think, worship, act)<br />An Ideological/Cultural Superpower…<br />
  14. 14. A Cultural Superpower…<br />
  15. 15. The U.S.’s Role in the World<br />1. In the past 20 years there has been a unipolar system – global system dominated by one powerful state<br />How is this different from multipolar & bipolar worlds?<br />What is the world today?<br />
  16. 16. American Hegemony<br /><ul><li>The U.S. is often described as a global hegemon.</li></ul>Common way of describing U.S. dominance.<br />a powerful country who dominates smaller, weaker countries within its sphere of influence<br />What’s a sphere of influence?<br />Area of the world in which one state <br />is the dominant power either culturally,<br />economically, politically, or militarily<br />HOW BIG IS THE U.S. SPHERE OF INFLUENCE?<br />
  17. 17. National Security<br />Definition –the protection of the interests and citizens of a country<br />Common Security Interests of Nations<br />Protecting national borders<br />Maintaining relations with allies<br />Ensuring the safety of citizens<br />
  18. 18. Importance of Alliances<br />What are alliances?<br />- formal agreements between two or more nations to protect each other in case of attack<br />
  19. 19. Importance of Alliances<br />Why do nations form alliances?<br />Does that mean they join because they want what’s best for others?<br />– for mutual protection and support of common interests<br />-No, they usually are looking out for their own SELF-INTERESTS<br />
  20. 20. NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization<br />Formed in 1949 as response to threat of Soviet invasion of Western Europe after WWII<br />In this time period, NATO formed to stop Soviet expansion and the spread of communism – policy of containment<br />Today, NATO pledges to ensure freedom & security of all member countries<br />