Do you think that the lifestyle of the inhabitants of your town or city reﬂectsbehavior that is in line with the concept of sustainable development? In youropinion, what should be improved? The tale of my city- New Delhi, India By Vaibhav Kapur
An introduction to my city, Noida (DelhiNCR) According to the 2011 census of India, the population of Delhi is 16,753,235. Delhi one of the fastestIn the year March 2011-12, growing cities in the world the nominal GDP grew by with the population of Delhi 11.34 in the city. NCR shooting up by 40% in the past 10 years. Delhi has a per capita Delhi has the second highest income of approx 1500$, GDP in the country at $ 167 which is more than double billion and contributes 4.94 the national average. per cent to all-India GDP.
Why my city DOES NOT reflect behaviour that is in line with sustainable1a development Fast increasing population and lack of infrastructure to support the increasing population Integrated approach towards waste Problem Solution management Institutionalizing waste picking would necessitate a change in urban waste management practices. There is a need to Increased solid waste generation with build up public awareness on the social and suboptimal waste management environmental component on waste infrastructure management. Change in lifestyle of the people has resulted in increased wasteful consumption, leading to a change in the composition and Encourage Recycling increase in the quantum of solid waste More investment in power plants that generated. convert solid waste into electricity. One such project is being started in Okhla(Delhi) that would not only treat 1950 metric tonnes of solid waste each day but also generate 16 MW power from it in an environment-friendly manner. Huge dump sites like this exist within the city.
Why my city DOES NOT reflect behaviour that is in line with sustainable1b development Fast increasing population and lack of infrastructure to support the increasing population Problem Solution Lack of sewage treatment polluting the natural resources The river Yamuna, the reason for Delhis More focus on decentralized waste existence, has suffered heavily from pollution. water treatment plants At its point of entry into Delhi the river’s dissolved oxygen (DO) content is 7.5 Maintenance and efficient running of miligrammes per litre. At its point of exit the already installed sewage from city limits, the DO level is only 1.3 mg/l. treatment system It is estimated that out of 3267 million litres per day of sewage generated in Delhi, 2376 million litres per day treatment capacity exists and only 64.37% of treatment capacity of STPs is utilized. roughly half of all the citys A holistic approach for rescuing the raw sewage goes straight into the river river needs to be adopted as the increasing population is not only increasing the volume of sewage but it is also leading to increase in demand of fresh water due to which the volume of flow has decreased. A photograph of the Yamuna river in Delhi
Why my city DOES NOT reflect behaviour that is in line with sustainable1c development Fast increasing population and lack of infrastructure to support the increasing population Problem Solution People defecate in open spaces because one fourth of the households in Delhi have no access to toilet Not only does the city need more public toilets, it facilities. is important that the ones in place are maintained clean and hygienic 626 million people in the country - the highest number in the world - dont have a closed toilet Proper signage informing people about the and consequently practice open defecation. availability of toilets could also make a difference. Not only does this cause diseases, it also harms the environment in the city Public toilet in Delhi
Why my city DOES NOT reflect behaviour that is in line with sustainable development1d Fast increasing population and lack of infrastructure to support the increasing populationProblem Increasing population but lack of water supply Solution With no continuous water supply, a large population washes their clothes in streams further befouling the environment. According to official estimates, the city’s Repair leakages in the distribution water demand in peak summer months was more than pipelines. As much as 52% of water 1,150 million gallons a day, but the city got only about 835 is wasted because of leakages in million gallons a day. the distribution pipeline of the Delhi Jal Board, which is 13% of Delhis citizens do not get water supply every day. responsible for supplying water in Delhi. People cleaning clothes in the yamuna river
Why my city DOES NOT reflect behaviour that is in line with sustainable development2a Unsustainable pattern of consumptionProblem Solution For Depleting Natural Resources Decreasing natural resources Increase capacity of hydro pwer plants in northern India, Currently they account for only 29.9% of the a. Increasing power demand total installed generation capacity. The peak demand has increased from 2879 MW in 2001 to 5265 MW in 2012. 60.4 % of the total installed generation capacity in the northern India is thermal power plant, as a result the coal reserves are depleting. b. Increasing water demand Implement a new system of water bill in which the user pays for the amount of water he/she uses, doing so will curb undue wastage. The falling ground water level in Delhi has become a matter of concern. In some parts of Delhi, Water level Seven out of the nine revenue districts of Delhi are has gone down to 20-30 meter below the land surface. considered critical in regard to ground water The quality of underground water is deteriorating and in resources. By creating awareness and implementing several places it has been found to be unfit for human rain water harvesting, approximately 40,000 litres consumption. of water can be saved annually
Why my city DOES NOT reflect behaviour that is in line with sustainable2b development Unsustainable pattern of consumptionProblem Solution With the extra money people buy more Increase registration tax of all cars than required. As per government automobiles which will thereby statistics, the city currently has over 65 decrease the number of vehicles lakh vehicles which was just 5.62 lakh in bought. 1981. The increase in the number of cars is one of the main factors leading to Improve the quality and increase increased air pollution levels and the frequency of the mass transit respiratory diseases. system. Picture of Delhi Metro Train
ConclusionThe capital of India, New Delhi has a long history. This 2nd most populous city has beenattracting people in search of opportunities from all over the country.While the city has been growing very fast in terms of contribution towards the country’seconomic growth, it has also been over burdened with the increasing population withoutthe supporting infrastructureUnless some measures are taken, the development will keep harming the environmentwhich may not be sustainable in the long run.