Beyond Sustainability

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USC XED Summer 2012
Beyond Sustainability: Making the case for Regenerative Design by Bob Berkebile, BNIM, Peter Morris, Davis Langdon, Kathy Achepohl, BNIM

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  • In the 80s and 90s, BNIM established many of the sustainable standards and governing bodies that shape today’s design and construction industry.  In this very room, over 20 years ago, the firm convinced the AIA to go down the path toward a sustainable future. Founding the Committee on the Environment (COTE) and groundbreaking entities such as the USGBC, LEED, The Living Building and COTE Top 10…all jumpstarted by the AIA but led by BNIM.  We would not be here without BNIM. It was only after going to the national convention to convince our members of COTE’s merits that COTE was born! ...And then the firm convinced the EPA to fund it!  In this decade, BNIM is helping the AIA and USGBC define how our industry moves beyond LEED. 
  • Internationally and nationally, the firm has been recognized with over 300 awards for excellence in urban planning and for their finely crafted sustainable buildings.  The individuals who represent the firm are considered thoughtful leaders in our profession.
  • BNIM’s definition of beauty in design begins with environmental performance and human well-being. Their work has yielded a host of specialized tools, software, and industry standards…the Packard Matrix proved the economic case for the Living Building. 
  • One of the possibilities that grew out of all this history is the Living Building Challenge…
  • Their work today encompasses climate positive campuses, net-zero communities and post-carbon economies. Designing. Planning. Teaching. Learning. This is the first wastewater plan that has a yoga studio while cleansing waste of 150 buildings. … 0 energy. 0 water – FIRST LIVING BUILDING!  
  • These collaborations are transforming communities. BNIM is an international leader in large- and small-scale design. They have led efforts to rebuild devastated communities…in Greensburg, New Orleans and, Nashville.  Floods. Tornadoes. Hurricanes. 
  • Final Story – sustainable design at community scale
  • School – all classes are daylit (Heschong Mahone 1999 study)50KW wind turbine
  • The town of Greensburg, Kansas was leveled by a tornado, BNIM worked tirelessly to regain the town’s basic necessities while creating a vision that sustains future generations.  
  • Because of some of the work of One Planet Communities we are also becoming aware that while buildings and infrastructure certainly have a measureable impact in and of themselves, perhaps their greater impact lies in the positive behavior changes that they allow and inspire. In the BEDZED community in the UK, behavior changes like sustainable food, personal transit, consumption habits and waste account for more than 40% of the reductions in carbon emissions for those communities. In the US,(Sonoma Mountain Village), behavior is predicted to account for almost 70% of the reductions in carbon emissions (because American lifestyle is more carbon intensive). And quality of life indexes are high in these places. This newly emerging data trend suggests that any definition of regenerative design must address and inspire this kind of generous behavior that improves the quality of life for all life.
  • Global initiative called 1 planet living – strives to create communities that follow 10 principles – live within the capacity of a single planet.
  • While this is still just a concept for a tool, the ideas is that Regen will identify components of life on Earth (shown here as the colored circles) that are organized into four quadrants: natural systems, constructed systems, economic systems and social systems. Components are things like water, flora, fauna, energy systems, transportation systems, capital, employment, food, social justice, public health etc. The idea is that a project team can input basic information about their project type, scale and location…
  • …and the tool will instantly populate, from a deep well of open source data, everything that is known about that place and its state of health. It is the beginning of a conversation. The circles are smaller or larger to indicate their state of health. An indicator bar in each quadrant begins to show whether natural systems are robust and resilient, the constructed systems are high-performing, the economic systems are prosperous, and social systems are whole. These indicators are currently shown as indexes on a scale of 0-100. Zero is doing nothing. 100 is doing everything that is known to be possible within the system. And because this is an open source and constantly evolving tool, what is 100 percent on one day, may become 99 percent the next day. For each action or piece of information added to the tool expands what is possible.
  • In the center, these dots represent strategies that can be taken to impact the components. The strategies impact multiple components, sometimes positively and sometimes negatively, in a complex web of connections.
  • The components can also be seen as “things that we care about” and for each community or project team, the things we care about most might be different. The idea is that groups can enter this tool from whatever component or strategy they care most about and by pulling on that strand of the web, they will soon discover other things they are connected to. By entering at one component they will discover the strategies that are connected to that component as well as the other components they are connected to by those strategies. And as these strategies are selected the little bit of pink in the bar helps to indicate the relative impact these strategies have on the overall health of the system.
  • If a team drills into a component, they see more information about how that component’s ideal state is measured (for now) as well as links to other components and strategies and LEED credits that are related to it. A definition of the component and imagery can be provided. This can also be an infinite linking place to open sources of data, and other rating systems related to this component.
  • Conclusion about dialogue and stories that enrich life in an ever-expanding way.BNIM Website – new dialogue page?
  • End results: Architect as Leader Changed PracticeGenerous Pragmatism Collaborative Dialogue
  • Beyond Sustainability

    1. 1. USC Architecture XED | June 08, 2012BEYOND SUSTAINABILITYMaking the Case for Regenerative Design Bob Berkebile FAIA, Founder and Principal, BNIM, Kansas City, MO Kathy Achelpohl AIA LEED AP BD+C, Principal, BNIM, Kansas City, MO Peter Morris, Director, Davis Langdon, Sacramento, CA
    2. 2. bnim.com
    3. 3. Some time during this century the Earth system will pass a threshold beyondwhich it is committed to irreversible and mostly adverse change. Once we passthis threshold set by the level of carbon dioxide in the air of somewhere between400 and 500 parts per million, nothing the nations of the world do will alter theoutcome. We are in a sense like passengers on a small pleasure boat sailingquietly down the River towards the Niagara Falls, not knowing that the engines areabout to fail. -- James Lovelock
    4. 4. Boston Globe
    5. 5. Mudflats where the Colorado River once joined the sea
    6. 6. We shall require a substantiallynew manner of thinking if mankind is to survive.Albert Einstein
    7. 7. practice
    8. 8. (præktɪs) v • Repeated performance or systematic exercise for the purpose of acquiring skill or proficiency • The exercise or pursuit of a profession or occupation
    9. 9. (præktɪs) vLicensees at all times shall recognize that their primaryobligation is to protect the safety, health, prosperity or welfareof the public.CSR 2030-2.010 Code of Professional Conduct
    10. 10. Buckminister Fuller Janine Benyus Eugene OdumThe Big Ideas• Systems-based Approach• Collaborative Dialogue of Discovery• Feedback Loops
    11. 11. “We do not seek to imitate nature, but rather to find the principles she uses.” -Buckminster Fuller
    12. 12. Odum School of Ecology University of Georgia, Athens, GAENERGY CYCLE MATERIAL CYCLE
    13. 13. Water CycleMaterial Cycle Energy Cycle
    14. 14. Increased productivity_5
    15. 15. BNIM: Firm ProfileDesigning What’s Next Need overall summary slide of BNIM - # of people , etc. Preferrably a really nice singular image like the one below. staff Number of AIA Fellows AIA National AIA National principals Presidents Young Architect 78 10 7 2 1
    16. 16. Benchmarking SustainabilityAIA COTE USGBC LEED REGEN = Beyond LEED AIA COTE TOP 10 Impact Founder AIA COTE, USGBC, LEED $35-49 Billion Green Building Market 140,000+ LEED Professionals 100+ Countries with LEED Projects 30,000+ LEED Projects
    17. 17. BNIM Designing What’s Nexttotal number of international national regional localdesign awards design awards design awards design awards design awards380 14 55 108 212 2011 AIA National Architecture Firm Award Recipient 2011 design awards 46Kansas City Convention Center Joint Venture with HNTB
    18. 18. BNIM: 8 AIA COTE Top Ten Green Buildings The COTE Top Ten Green Projects program celebrates ten projects each year that are the result of a thoroughly integrated approach to architecture, natural systems, and technology. School of NursingOmega Center for Sustainable Living / 2010 University of Texas Houston / 2006 IRS Support Center / 2008 IUB-OCA / 2012Kansas City Zoo / 1999 CK Choi / 2000 Kiowa County Schools / 2011 Heifer International / 2007
    19. 19. Iowa Utilities Board/Office of Consumer AdvocateDes Moines, Iowa
    20. 20. Lewis and ClarkState Office BuildingJefferson City, MO
    21. 21. “Upon seeing this, the only responsible thing I can do is instructyou to make the greenest building possible.” — Dick Schlossberg, Former President, Packard FoundationPackard Matrix• First study about real cost and benefits of deep green• Proved case for Living Building
    22. 22. USGBC | LEED Regenerative Design Tool
    23. 23. First Living BuildingNet Zero: 0 Energy, 0 WaterLEED PlatinumAIA COTE Top Ten
    24. 24. Omega Institute of Sustainable LivingRhinebeck New York
    25. 25. Omega Institute of Sustainable LivingRhinebeck New York
    26. 26. Omega Centerfor Sustainable LivingRhinebeck, NY
    27. 27. Transforming Natural disasters by building healthy communities Tornado Hurricane 1993 Great Mississippi River Flood Pattonsburg, MO,Valmeyer, IL 2001 Tropical Storm Allison Houston,TX 2005 Hurricane Katrina New Orleans, LA 2007 EF5 Tornado Greensburg, KS 2008 Iowa River Flood Iowa City, IA 2010 Cumberland River Flood Nashville, TN 2010 Haiti EarthquakeGreensburg, KS New Orleans
    28. 28. Community Transformation
    29. 29. BeforeAfter
    30. 30. Blessed with a unique opportunityTo create a strong communityDevoted to family,Fostering business,working together for future generations.
    31. 31. City of Greensburg City of GreensburgKansas Community GrowthKansas A progressive community that offers A community that opens its doors to urban services within the new residents and visitors without unassuming feel of a rural, affecting the values and lifestyles of Midwestern community. its current residents. Family Renewal A community that provides A community that makes proactive opportunities for its young people in decisions that use this opportunity to the way of jobs, education and reverse the decline of the community recreation as reasons to stay in and build a progressive city with a Greensburg. strong future. Prosperity A community where entrepreneurial Water Treat each drop of water as a spirit, customer service, and a precious resource. sustainable economy permeate the business sector and where residents, travelers, and tourists Health enjoy a full line of locally owned Improve quality of life by promoting a businesses that provide jobs and healthy and active lifestyle. services to an exceptional example of small town America. Energy Promote a high level of efficiency in Environment new construction and look to A community that recognizes the renewable options for generation. importance of the natural environment and balances the need for growth and economic Wind development with the maintenance Greensburg’s vast wind resources are and improvement of the part of an emerging economy and environment. should be harvested. Affordability Built Environment An up-to-date, affordable rural Build a town that encourages community where housing plans interaction between residents, and strategies incorporate energy- welcomes guests and serves as a efficient design and materials and model community. New development serve as a regional and national should be durable, healthy and model for integrating residents of all efficient. City projects will lead the ages and needs with services of all way by becoming examples of green kinds. practices that are built to last.
    32. 32. Promote a high level of efficiency innew construction and look torenewable options for generation.
    33. 33. WaterTreat each drop of water as a precious resource.
    34. 34. Streetscape slides
    35. 35. Kiowa County Schools (K-12) – Greensburg, Kansas
    36. 36. “Greensburg is a global example of how clean energy can power an entire community, how it can bring jobs and businesses to a place where piles of bricks and rubble once lay.”President Barack Obama INSERT COLOR RUBBLE IMAGE HERE disaster imageEF5 Tornado First Platinum Community
    37. 37. “There is no power greater than a community discovering what it cares about.” Margaret J Wheatley
    38. 38. Dockside Elephant & Castle Stockholm Royal SeaportGreen Toronto Waterfront Lower Don Lands Albert Basin Magok Urban Treasure Island Development Redevelopment Project Project Oberlin Green Arts District Mahindra Destiny Florida World City Jaipur Godrej Garden City Panama Pacifo Victoria Pedra Branca Menlyn Maine Harbour Sustainable Docklands, Urbanism Zonk’izizwe Town Center Melbourne Vicurban@Officer Barangaro o
    39. 39. Elephant and Castle Menlyn Maine Albert Basin Toronto Waterfront
    40. 40. Ohio River Basin
    41. 41. Nutrient Cycle Living Machine Farm Cafeteria
    42. 42. Regional Food | Slow Food Oberlin
    43. 43. Site PlanA Tappan SquareB Allen Memorial Art MuseumC Venturi Art Building Renovation and ExpansionD WorkshopE Hall AuditoriumF Student HousingG The CenterH Green TheaterI Curricular Arts BuildingJ Eco-machineK ForumL Lecture HallM RestaurantN Oberlin InnO DowntownP Black Box New Construction Renovation Existing
    44. 44. One Planet LivingTen Principles Zero Carbon Sustainable Water Zero Waste Natural Habitats And Wildlife Sustainable Culture and Heritage Transport Local and Equity and Fair Trade Sustainable Materials Health and Happiness Local and Sustainable Food
    45. 45. The Impact of BehaviorIn the UK (Beddington Zero EnergyDevelopment) of reductions in carbon - 58% = building envelope, equipment & renewable energy - 42% = behavior changes (food, personal transport, waste)In the US (Sonoma Mountain Village) ofpredicted reductions in carbon: - 31% = buildings envelope, equipment & renewable energy - 69% = behavior changes (food, personal transport, waste)Lifestyle and behavior changes areimportant!
    46. 46. One Planet Community
    47. 47. INCREASE SIGNIFICANTLY BIODIVERSITY, WITH THE PRESERVATION OF SIGNIFICANT EXISTING TREES, THE INTRODUCTION OFLOCAL ECOLOGY THAT ENCOURAGES REPOPULATION OF NATIVE WILDLIFE AND HEALTHY ECOSYSTEMS AND CONNECT THESITE WITH OTHER MONTRÉAL GREEN SPACES AS PART OF THE GREEN RIGHT OF WAY MOVEMENT. Current Condition : Golf Course
    48. 48. INCREASE SIGNIFICANTLY BIODIVERSITY, WITH THE PRESERVATION OF SIGNIFICANT EXISTING TREES, THE INTRODUCTION OFLOCAL ECOLOGY THAT ENCOURAGES REPOPULATION OF NATIVE WILDLIFE AND HEALTHY ECOSYSTEMS AND CONNECT THESITE WITH OTHER MONTRÉAL GREEN SPACES AS PART OF THE GREEN RIGHT OF WAY MOVEMENT. Colonisation – year 1 to 5
    49. 49. INCREASE SIGNIFICANTLY BIODIVERSITY, WITH THE PRESERVATION OF SIGNIFICANT EXISTING TREES, THE INTRODUCTION OFLOCAL ECOLOGY THAT ENCOURAGES REPOPULATION OF NATIVE WILDLIFE AND HEALTHY ECOSYSTEMS AND CONNECT THESITE WITH OTHER MONTRÉAL GREEN SPACES AS PART OF THE GREEN RIGHT OF WAY MOVEMENT. Consolidation – year 5 to 25
    50. 50. Can nature teach the architect how to design more effectively?
    51. 51. “Life creates the conditions that are conducive to life.”Janine Benyus
    52. 52. Regenerative DevelopmentPrepared by:BNIM Architects and the U.S. Green Building Council
    53. 53. LEED Regenerative Design Tool
    54. 54. LEED Regenerative Design Tool
    55. 55. LEED Regenerative Design Tool
    56. 56. LEED Regenerative Design Tool
    57. 57. LEED Regenerative Design Tool
    58. 58. A human being is part of a whole,called by us the universe, a partlimited in time and space. Heexperiences himself, his thoughtsand feelings, as somethingseparated from the rest—a kind ofoptical delusion of hisconsciousness. This delusion is akind of prison for us, restricting usto our personal desires and toaffection for a few persons nearestus.Our task must be to freeourselves from this prison bywidening our circles ofcompassion to embrace all livingcreatures and the whole ofnature in its beauty.
    59. 59. What will she see in 2020?
    60. 60. revolution You must be the change you wish to see in the world. Gandhi
    61. 61. Join the conversation bnim.com @bnim connect.BNIM

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