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Open access talk 25 June 2013


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Open access talk 25 June 2013

  1. 1. Open AccessLisa KruesiScholarly Publishing and Digitisation ServiceJune 2013
  2. 2. Session• Introduction to Open Access (OA)• Situation at UQ– eSpace & green OA• How to find more about OA• Who to contact at UQ Library for helpOpen Access Logo: Art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, and JakobVoss
  3. 3. Open Access (OA) Definition• OA literature is digital, free of most copyright and licensingrestrictions• Focus on peer-reviewed scholarly journal articles via Internet• There are two different ways of obtaining open accessibility toscientific research results: Green and Gold.• Open access is also increasingly being provided to data, booksand book chapters, conference papers, theses, working papersand preprints.• Open content is similar to OA, but may include the right to modifythe work• While open access relies on the consent of copyright holders toshare their work, making material open access will not deprivecopyright holders of any rights. Copyright laws still apply.1. "Open Access." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 18 June 2012. Web 3 September 2012. available: Suber, Peter. Open Access. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2012
  4. 4. Open Access (OA) Definition• Green Self Archiving - authorspublish in a journal and thenarchive a freely availableversion of the manuscript intheir institutions repository(UQ eSpace), or in a nationalrepository (for example,RePEc) or link to publishedversions or post themanauscript on other OA sites.Green journal publishers arethose that allow self-archiving.• Gold authors publish in OAjournals that provide free,immediate access to thearticles via publisher web sitesthat may or may not carryauthor fees. The Public Libraryof Science (PLOS) is anexample.• There are hybrid OA journalsproviding Gold OA for authorswho pay an up-front-fee topublish on their journal’s website.
  5. 5. World’s firstscientific journalFigure 1: Research Information Network.Trends in the finances of UK highereducation libraries: 1999-2009, 2010, p 17(Chart 12: Indexed real terms expenditureper institution on electronic serials)
  6. 6. 1990s+ 2000+ 2001 2008-20091970-1990s 2012Access shifts frompersonal subscriptionstowards library-provided access.Tenopir, C.Many Universities setup researchrepositories to record &store research outputsby University staff andstudentsMost libraries need tocancel journals to payfor new subscriptionsSales of large portfolios of e-journals content (‘big-deals’)to libraries via consortia dealsis the predominant wayresearch content is purchasedOpen access emerges led byscholars, to make publiclyfunded research availableto all. The Budapest OpenAccess Initiative occurs.Creative Commonsfounded.There is a patchy-approach world-wide toestablishing fundingschemes to pay for OAauthor fees atuniversitiesScholarly Publishing TrendsAustralianGovernmentinvests $26 millionto establish digitalrepositories inUniversities
  7. 7. New gold modelSubscriber pays• Journals paid for byreaders, libraries andinstitutions• Payment by annualsubscription / consortiadeal / page charges• One-off payments forspecific issues or a fee forarticle delivery (pay perview)• Licensed content• Content is restrictedUser pays – Gold model• Publication paid for by the author,the author’s institution orresearch grant• Payment is via an ArticleProcessing Charge (APC)• Payments are transparent• No access restrictions, no logins,no passwords• Subject to Copyright Act /Creative CommonsSolomon, D. J., & Björk, B. C. (2012). A study of open access journals using article processing charges.Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(8), 1485-1495
  8. 8. Researchers indeveloping countriescan see your workMore exposure foryour workPractitioners canapply your findingsHigher citation ratesYour research canInfluence policyThe public can accessyour findingsCompliant with grantrulesTaxpayers get valuefor money‘Benefits of open access’(Danny Kingsley and Sarah Brown, 2013)
  9. 9. Independent of OA• Journals can be more open or less open. Butthere degree of openness is independent fromtheir:*Impact, *Prestige, *Quality of PeerReview, *Peer Review Methodology*Sustainability, *Effect on Tenure &Promotion *Article QualityTaken from: HowOpenIsIt:
  10. 10. Where to publishIdentifying publishing opportunities• Decide early (before drafting the paper). Look for a journal and then write thepaper• Look for journals that have published in your discipline area• Consider journals that have published work you cite• Audience – who will read your article?• Prestige – does the journal appear on the ERA journal listings?• Predatory Publishers List• Checklist for evaluation• Access – will you publish in an open access journal?• Impact – refers to how often a journal’s content is cited by other authors,thereby giving an indication of the influence of a publication.• Likelihood of acceptance – top tier v’s less prestigious journals• Does it cost to publish in the journal?• More details: Fact Sheet 8 Where to Publish Your Journal Article and theOpen Access Spectrum (OAS) HowOpenIsIt Guide
  11. 11. Open Access – library
  12. 12. Addendum• All OA journals and 70% non-OA journalsallow authors to self archive their peerreviewed post prints - for the remainingjournals an authors addendum can be usedto vary the terms of a publication agreement• UQ Addendum on the UQ Library OA website• NHMRC Addendum
  13. 13. Mandates• UK Wellcome Trust and the ResearchCouncils (2006)• US National Institute of Health (2007)• Australia National Health and MedicalResearch Council (2012)• ARC (2013)• European Union (2014)
  14. 14. Australian Research Council• New policy as of 1 January 2013– any publications arising from an ARC supportedresearch project must be deposited into an openaccess institutional repository within a twelve (12)month period from the date of publication.– (slide attribution )14
  15. 15. Any publications?• Yes, all publications – including books15Any grant?• No. The policy relates to Funding Rulesand Agreements released after 1 January2013. It will not be appliedretrospectively to pre-existing FundingRules and Agreements.(slide attribution )
  16. 16. Compliance• If material cannot be included in a repository, then ajustification must be provided in Final Report.• It can be the author’s accepted manuscript version(Word doc) after peer review or the publisher’sformatted/copy-edited version that is deposited.• If the material is publicly accessible via a publisher’swebsite or service such as RePEc, then it is sufficient todeposit just the metadata in the institutional repositoryand link to the OA fulltext.• The grant identification number must be included whenthe material (or metadata) is deposited in an IR. (Slide attribution:
  17. 17. Summary of OA status for top 60 ERA journals (mainlySTM) and top 10 journals in each 2 digit FoR codeFoR code Archiving policies Delayed or immediate OAMostly STM Most post print, 8 allow publishersPDF, some post print withagreement – 2 unknown13/60FoR code Archiving policies Delayed or immediate OABuilt Environment Most post print, 3 unknown 0/10Education Most post print, 2 unknown 0/10Economics Nine post print – some requireagreement1/10Commerce Ten post print – some requireagreement0/10Human Society Most post print – some requireagreement – 2 unknown0/10Law 5 post print, 5 unknown 0/10Creative Studies Most post print, 5 unknown 0/10Language Most post print, 6 unknown 1/10History Most post print, 5 unknown 0/10Philosophy Most post print – some requireagreement – 2 unknown0/10
  18. 18. UQ Pilot• An OA pilot will be managed by the UQ Library and theOffice of the DVC(R), working with three UQ Schools orInstitutes, covering different disciplinary areas, over threemonths• The pilot will commence mid-July 2013• Pilot will seek to:– Ensure UQ compliance with NHMRC and ARC mandates (alreadyin effect)– Encourage self-archiving of researcher publications in eSpace– Establish efficient workflows and centralised support thatminimises compliance overhead for researchers– Negotiate UQ-specific agreements with key publishers (e.g.,Elsevier), to facilitate bulk deposits to eSpace
  19. 19. What is UQ eSpace?• A place to record and showcase UQ researchpublications, raising visibility and accessibility• An institutional repository for:– open access publications– other digitised materials such as photographs,audio, videos, manuscripts and other original works– UQ Research Higher Degree Theses + some others• The single authoritative source for thepublication outputs of UQ internal systems suchas Q-Index and UQ Researchers (and thosecurrently under development)• Provides data for reporting requirements such asERA and HERDC
  20. 20.
  21. 21. What is in eSpace?Document type Total records OA recordsJournal Article 94965 4245 (4%)ConferencePapers 36486 2608Book Chapters 10127 431Theses * 9681 550Images 5515 5515Books 5343 575* 7484 theses - UQ staff and students onlyOther documents types include: Research Reports, Preprints, WorkingPapers, Creative Works, Designs, Audio and Videos
  22. 22. Green RepositoriesPubMedCentral 2.4 millionarXiv (physics) 766,772 (230 records added daily)RePEC (Research Papers in Economics) 1 million documents (333 addeddaily)Social Sciences Research Network (350,000 fulltext docs)DOAB (directory of open access books) are more: Registry of Open Access RepositoriesVideo – Green versus Gold + Benefits of OA million records
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  24. 24. Need to know more?• Prof Matthew Brown’s videos:Part 1: Importance of Open Access to Discovery• Series of Scholarly Publishing Videos including Open Access• Vanity Publishing & Predatory Publishers List – OMICS caseexample• Save the date:Wednesday 30 October 2013,Eminent Speaker Forum – Prof Alma Swan,10-11.00 am lecture“Is Open Access just another fad?”• Open Access Week October 21-25, 2013
  25. 25. Who to contact• Copyright questions• eSpace questions• General enquiries• Lisa Kruesi, Andrew Heath & Helen Morgan
  26. 26. The FutureIt is predicted that Gold OA will account for50 percent of the scholarly journal articlessometime between 2017 and 2021, and 90percent of articles as soon as 2020 andmore conservatively by 2025.Lewis, D. W. (2012) The Inevitability of Open Access, College & Research Libraries, 73(5), 493-506It wont be easy, and it wont be inexpensive, butit is only a matter of time.For the Sake of Inquiry and Knowledge — The Inevitability of Open Access Ann J. Wolpert, M.L.S.N Engl J Med 2013; 368:785-787February 28, 2013DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1211410
  27. 27. Take home conclusions• Encourage green OA by depositing manuscript ineSpace• Processes to deposit in UQ eSpace are underdevelopment• Refer to Sherpa Romeo & Library Catalogue for detailson the embargo period• We wish to learn from your open access publishingexperience• Contact us for advice & assistance