Open Access and Libraries


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Part 3 of the Open and Libraries Presentation Series

Published in: Technology, Education

Open Access and Libraries

  1. 1. …and Libraries Ellyssa Kroski
  2. 2. “Open‐access (OA) literature is  digital, online, free of charge, and  di i l li f f h d free of most copyright and licensing  restrictions.” ‐Peter Suber
  3. 3. Budapest Open Access Initiative • “By "open access" to this literature, we mean  By  open access to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet,  permitting any users to read, download, copy,  distribute, print, search, or link to the full  texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing,  pass them as data to software, or use them for  h d f h f any other lawful purpose, without financial,  legal, or technical barriers other than those  legal or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the  internet itself. internet itself ”
  4. 4. 2 Types of Open Access 2 Types of Open Access • Self‐Archiving Self Archiving – To archive on an article on a personal Web site,  blog, university Web page, OR blog university Web page OR – In an Institutional Repository or Disciplinary  Repository – Referred to as Green OA  • OA Journals OA Journals – Referred to as Gold OA
  5. 5. Major Open Access Statements Major Open Access Statements • Budapest Open Access Initiative (February 2002) p p ( y ) – • Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing  (June 2003) (J 2003) – • Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in t he Sciences and the (October 2003) – • IFLA Statement on Open Access to Scholarly Liter‐ ature and Research (2004) – http://tinyurl com/5bj93u
  6. 6. Institutional Repositories Disciplinary Repositories
  7. 7. Institutional Repositories Institutional Repositories • A database or repository containing the  p y g intellectual output of an institution • Scholarly articles – Pre‐Prints – Post‐Prints • Dissertations • Conference Papers • Book Chapters Book Chapters • Data Sets • Learning Objects g j
  8. 8. Ohio State U s KnowledgeBank Ohio State U’s KnowledgeBank
  9. 9. MIT s DSpace MIT’s DSpace
  10. 10. University of Southampton University of Southampton
  11. 11. Scholarly Commons@Penn Scholarly Commons@Penn
  12. 12. MINDS @ UW MINDS @ UW
  13. 13. Disciplinary Repositories • A database or repository containing materials  p y g relevant to a particular subject area • Scholarly articles – Pre‐Prints – Post‐Prints • Dissertations • Conference Papers • Book Chapters Book Chapters • Data Sets • Learning Objects g j
  14. 14. E LIS E‐LIS
  15. 15. DList
  16. 16. arXiv
  17. 17. RePEc
  18. 18. PhilSci Archive http://philsci‐
  19. 19. PubMed Central
  20. 20. Nature Precedings
  21. 21. ROAR •Registry of Open Access  Repositories •Info & and Stats about  repositories – how many how many  records, how much freely  available in full text,  available in full text software, etc.  •Search by: software type Search by: software type,  content type, country •Deposits per day stats Deposits per day stats
  22. 22. Open DOAR •Directory of Open Access  Repositories •Listings of over 1,200 OA  repositories •Descriptions of  repositories, types of  repositories types of content, software etc. •Worldwide statistics Worldwide statistics  charts
  23. 23. Digital Repository Software Digital Repository Software
  24. 24. OAIster • Open Access repository  & journal search • 17 million records • Articles photos video Articles, photos, video,  audio, data sets,  manuscripts, finding aids manuscripts finding aids • OAI‐PMH ‐ Open  Archives Initiative  Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata  Harvesting
  25. 25. OAI: Open Archives Initiative • Develops standard  p metadata for repository  records • Makes them harvestable  by search engines by search engines http://www openarchives org “Develops and promotes interoperability  “Develops and promotes interoperability standards that aim to facilitate the efficient  dissemination of content.”
  26. 26. SHERPA/RoMEO p •Lists 421 publishers in all  fields and their policies on  g self‐archiving •67% of publishers allow  some form of self‐archiving g
  27. 27. SPARC Author  Addendum SPARC A th Add d & id t •SPARC Author Addendum & guide to author  th rights •What are your rights as a journal article  author? •Provides addendum to attach to publishing  agreement  •How to retain the right to self‐archive
  28. 28. Why do it? Why do it? • Preservation • Wide Dissemination • Maximum Citation Impact i Ci i – OpenCit Project –‐biblio.html
  29. 29. NIH Public Access Policy • December 2007 December 2007 • All those funded by the National Institute of  Health must submit their peer‐reviewed  Health must submit their peer reviewed manuscripts to PubMed Central upon  acceptance for publication. acceptance for publication • No later than 12 months after publication
  30. 30. Harvard Arts & Sciences Faculty Open Access Mandate d • Tuesday, Feb. 12, 2008 uesday, eb. , 008 • Arts & Sciences faculty voted to approve • Grants Harvard permission to make scholarly Grants Harvard permission to make scholarly  articles openly available on the Web & to exercise  copyright • Faculty must provide a copy of their articles  • This was the first university mandate in the US. • And the first anywhere to be initiated by faculty. • Harvard Law School faculty followed suit in May  2008
  31. 31. Stanford University School of  Education Open Access Motion d • June 10 2008 June 10, 2008 • Faculty of the School of Education • G Grants Stanford permission to make scholarly  S f d i i k h l l articles openly available on the Web & to  exercise copyright i i h • Faculty must provide a copy of their articles  no later than publication date • Based on Harvard mandate
  32. 32. More Mandates More Mandates • European University Association (EUA) adopts OA  recommendations of Working Group on Open Access  recommendations of Working Group on Open Access (January 2008) • ERC Scientific Council Guidelines for Open Access  (December 2007) (D b 2007) • Howard Hughes Medical Institute BioMed Central Ope n Access Publishing Agreement (Aug 2007) g g ( g ) • Federal Research Public Access Act (FRPAA) (May 2006) • Wellcome Trust (October 2005) For more, see the Open Access Timeline
  33. 33. Open Access Journals • Peer Reviewed Scholarly Journals Peer‐Reviewed Scholarly Journals • Freely and openly available on the Web • No charge to readers h d • vs. Toll Access
  34. 34. PLOS: Public Library of Science PLOS: Public Library of Science
  35. 35. BMC Biology gy
  36. 36. Libres
  37. 37. Journal of Information Literacy Journal of Information Literacy
  38. 38. First Monday First Monday
  39. 39. Urban Library Journal Urban Library Journal
  40. 40. Hybrid OA Journals • Select articles are openly available Select articles are openly available.
  41. 41. Cambridge University Journals Cambridge University Journals
  42. 42. Wiley Blackwell Wiley Blackwell
  43. 43. AIP
  44. 44. CR&L Pre‐prints
  45. 45. DOAJ y p •Directory of Open Access  Journals •Over 3,500 journals listed •Over 1250 searchable at  article level •Comprising 210 000 •Comprising 210,000 articles
  46. 46. Open J Gate Open J‐Gate •Directory of Open Access  Journals •Over 4,400 journals listed http://www.openj‐
  47. 47. OA Benefits • No cost to readers • Faster and wider dissemination of research • Citation Advantages – “Impact” • Better chance of long‐term preservation of scholarly works • Open exchange of ideas benefits society • Resists a publishing model that has led to spiraling prices p g p gp • Changing a system which is taking money from library monograph  purchases • Facilitates the development of new knowledge • Disseminates the results of government‐funded research • Increases ease for journalists and bloggers to link to articles • Disseminates research to underserved and to developing nations p g • Frees people/teachers/librarians to make copies • Scholars don’t have to start over with their research and re‐invent the  wheel, but continue on existing knowledge • Lower cost to produce
  48. 48. OA Challenges OA Challenges • Prestige Gap Prestige Gap • Current trends in scholarly publishing  • S Sustainability i bili
  49. 49. Economic/Funding Models Economic/Funding Models • Added‐Value Products • Hybrid OA  – PDF versions, printed editions, etc. i i d di i – Authors who choose for their  h h h f h i • Advertising articles to be OA pay the APC • Author Pays an Article Processing  • Endowment  Charge (APC)  Charge (APC) – Journal establishes and  endowment and uses the interest  d d h i – AIP Author Select ($1,800 US) to run publication – Blackwell Online Open ($3,000 US) • Fund‐Raising – BMC ($2,115 US)  – PLOS Biology (2,850 US) PLOS Biology (2 850 US) • Institutional Subsidies – Funded  by author, foundation,  • Non‐OA Funding government agency, institutional  – Publisher funds OA journals with  membership profit from non‐OA publications • Volunteers • Reprints • Subsidized  – by an institution or government  agency
  50. 50. OA & Libraries •Possible solution to the serials crisis. •Solution to academic libraries paying for  articles twice. •Scholarly publishing is now a multi‐billion  dollar international business. dollar international business. •Subscription hikes have caused libraries  steadily cut back on their journals, and  monographs.
  51. 51. Open Access Directories Open Access Directories • OAIster – • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) – • Directory of Open Access Repositories: OpenDOAR – http://www opendoar org • ARC: A Cross Archive Search Service – p // • Open J‐Gate – http://www.openj‐
  52. 52. The Open Access Directory The Open Access Directory •Open access wiki •Simmons College •Guide to OA topics
  53. 53. Blogs • Open Access News p – • Open Access Librarian – • Open and Shut – http://poynder blogspot com • Caveat Lector – p // y • Open Access Archivangelism –
  54. 54. Listservs • SPARC Open Access Forum SPARC Open Access Forum – • Liblicense L Liblicense‐L –
  55. 55. Policy Directories Policy Directories • Sherpa Juliet – Research Funder’s Open Access Sherpa Juliet  Research Funder s Open Access  Policies – http://www sherpa ac uk/juliet • ROARMAP: Registry of Open Access  Repository Material Archiving Policies Repository Material Archiving Policies –
  56. 56. Business Side of OA Business Side of OA • OSI Guide to Business Planning for Launching a New  Open Access Journal – • OSI Guide to Business Planning for Converting a OSI Guide to Business Planning for Converting a  Subscription‐based Journal to Open Access – • PLOS Whit P PLOS White Paper: Publishing Open‐Access Journals P bli hi O A J l – • Open Doors and Open Minds: What Faculty Authors  p p y Can Do To Ensure Open Access to Their Work Through  Their Institution – http://tinyurl com/5bqh7m
  57. 57. Books on OA Books on OA • Willinsky John (2006) The Access Principle: Willinsky, John (2006) The Access Principle:  The Case for Open Access to Research and  Scholarship. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.  Scholarship Cambridge Mass : MIT Press – • Jacobs N (Ed ) (2006) Jacobs, N., (Ed.) (2006)  Open Access: Key Strategic, Technical and Eco nomic Aspects Chandos Publishing: Oxford Aspects. Chandos Publishing: Oxford. –
  58. 58. Resources • Open Access Bibliography – • Guide to the Open Access Movement – • SPARC: Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition h l l bl h l – • The Open Access Interviews by Richard Poynder – h // i l / 2 • SOAN: SPARC Open Access Newsletter by Peter Suber – • Fi t M d 5 P t P d t S i First Monday 5‐Part Podcast Series on Openness 2.0 O 20 –
  59. 59. OA Interview OA Interview • Peter Suber Peter Suber • Research Professor of  Philosophy at Earlham  p y College h // h /d l/ b
  60. 60. OA Interview OA Interview • Dorothea Salo Dorothea Salo • Digital Repository  Librarian at University  y of Wisconsin h // h /d l/ h l
  61. 61. Getting Started with OA Getting Started with OA • Self‐Archiving – Read Sparc Author’s Addendum Brochure – Look up journal in SHERPA/RoMEO – Archive materials in E‐LIS and or other repository p y – Adopt, educate librarians, researchers, faculty, etc. • Research – Browse DOAJ OA journals Browse DOAJ OA journals – Search OAIster – Read OA journals and articles • Advocacy Advocacy  – Educate other librarians – Educate Faculty – Teaching others research potential of OAIster & other OA tools Teaching others research potential of OAIster & other OA tools
  62. 62. Image Credits Image Credits • Slide 2: http://tinyurl com/69y39h Slide 2: • Slide 61: