Innovation in Organizations November, 2011 Taesung Kim (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Types of Innovation-Decisions1. Optional innovation-decisions: choices are made by an independent individual2. Collective innovation-decisions: … by consensus among the members of a system3. Authority innovation-decision: … by a few powerful individuals in a system4. Contingent innovation-decisions: … only after a prior innovation-decision
The Role of Champions1. The presence of an innovation champion: contributes to the success of an innovation in an organization2. The role: something like that of an opinion leader in a community3. The characteristics: innovation-minded, good at people skills rather than power
The Innovation Process in an Org Decision Initiation Implementation Agenda Redefining/ Matching Clarifying Routinizing Setting Restructuring
The Innovation Process in an Org1. Agenda-Setting: Organizational problems create a perceived need for innovation. Sometimes the need sets off the innovation, and sometimes knowledge of an innovation creates a need for it.2. Matching: Fitting an organizational problem with an innovation.
The Innovation Process in an Org3. Redefining/Restructuring: The innovation is re- invented to fit the org, and organizational structures are altered. Both the innovation and the org usually change in the innovation process.4. Clarifying: The relationship between the org and the innovation is defined more clearly. The framing of an innovation has important consequences.
The Innovation Process in an Org5. Routinizing: The innovation becomes an ongoing element in the org’s activities, which means sustainability. Sustainability of the innovation is related to (a) its degree of re-invention, (b) the fit between the intervention and the org, and (c) the involvement of a local champion.
Discussion Questions1. Assuming you are writing an article about diffusion of innovations in the organization, could you describe its outline with a brief introduction, research questions, methodology, and so forth? (Actually the answer to this question can be used for the fundamental of task 4.1.)
Discussion Questions2. Could you provide several examples for each type of innovation-decisions in the organization? (Several examples for optional, collective, authority, and contingent innovation-decisions respectively)
Discussion Questions3. Do you happen to have any idea against or different from the generalizations in this chapter, not necessarily from the scientific standpoint but from your intuition or specific experience? If you do, please share your thought. (G1. Larger orgs are more innovative. G3. The innovation champion contributes to the success of an innovation in an org. G4. A performance gap can trigger the innovation process in an org. G5. Both the innovation and the org usually change during the innovation process.)