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Career planning


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Career planning

  1. 1. Career planningMaster class by Amir Aisautov 10 November 2010
  2. 2. IntroductionAmir Aisautov• Education: • KazNTU (undergrad); • Georgetown University (MBA);• Current employment • SCM, Director of metals&mining business;• Previous professional experience: • P&G (marketing); • McKinsey & Co. (management consulting); • Clever management (investment company). 2
  3. 3. Short pre-assignment• Get piece of paper;• Take 2 minutes to think about how you pictureyourself in 10 years both professionally andpersonally;• Write it down. 3
  4. 4. Today’s agenda• Career vs. careerism;• Types of careers;• Career and business;• Career and success;• Personality types and career choices;• People on top;• Planning your career and personal strategies. 4
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  6. 6. Career vs. careerism (1/2)• “Career” coming from • Italian “Carriera” – run, way of life; • Latin “Carrus” – cart, wagon or “Carrera” – race;• Career is defined* as … • … an individuals “course or progress through life (or a distinct portion of life)”; • Mostly referring to renumerative work and formal education;• So is it good or bad? 5
  7. 7. Career vs. careerism (2/2)• “Careerism” coming from the same roots as “career” but probably with focus on Latin “Carrera” – race (“Rat Race”?);• Extreme careerism is defined* as … • … the propensity to pursue career advancement, power, and prestige through any non- performance based activity that is deemed necessary;• Themes of extreme careerism • Competence is not enough; • Impression Management; • Personal vs. organizational goals and short term focus;•So is it good or bad? 6
  8. 8. Types of career (1/2)• Professional career – growing skills and capabilities / competencies • Specialization; • Widening;• Inter-organizational career • Vertical; • Horizontal; • Moving towards decision making center;• Often difficult to combine different types. 7
  9. 9. Types of career (2/2)• Examples • Your parents? • People you know? •…• Is any type good or bad?• Pros and cons of different types?• Interesting view: Incompetence principle (Peter’s Principle). 8
  10. 10. Career and business• Levels of management • Junior positions – managing tools; • Mid management positions – managing operations and teams; • Top management positions – managing strategies and people; • Shareholders – managing own capital, to lesser extent strategies and people;• So in your view can you do “career” as a shareholder?• Is any path good or bad?• What are pros and cons? 9
  11. 11. Career and success• Remember that career refers mostly to remunerative work and formal education;• Is it all you think you need in life?• Now take a look at your piece of paper with pre-assignment;• Let brainstorm together - Success in life is … •… •… •…• Personal opinion. 10
  12. 12. Personality types and career choices (1/3)• MBTI - Myers-Briggs Type Indicator • is a psychometric questionnaire designed to measure psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions; • based on typological theory of Carl Gustav Jung; • widely used by companies all over the world;• Classifying dimensions (16 types) • Extraversion (E) - (I) Introversion; • Sensing (S) - (N) Intuition; • Thinking (T) - (F) Feeling; • Judgment (J) - (P) Perception;• Some limitations exist; 11
  13. 13. Personality types and career choices (2/3)• Take into account: • Type not trait; • Own best judge; • No right or wrong; • Not for selection;• Isabel Briggs Myers quote: •“Whatever the circumstances of your life the understanding of type can make your perceptions clearer, your judgements sounder, and your life closer to your heart’s desire”. 12
  14. 14. Personality types and career choices (3/3)• Other classification (720 types!) – J. Holland often considered more appropriate in context of career selection: • Realistic – oriented towards manipulation by tools and mechanisms; • Investigative – oriented towards search; • Artistic – oriented towards emotional, self-presentation; • Social – oriented towards interaction with people; • Entrepreneurial – oriented towards influencing people; • Conventional – oriented towards manipulation with data / information;• Limitations exist as well;• Read more on MBTI and Holland (other tests if like), your type and think how it can be applied to your career choices and life in general. 13
  15. 15. People on top – Lakshmi Mittal• Lakshmi Mittal• CEO and major shareholder of the largest steel maker in the world making 100+ mln. tones of steel / year;•Born in small business (steel making) family in India in 1950, educated in St. Xaviers College in Kalkuta.• Has 30+ years of experience in steel making;• Known for forcing consolidation in industry (grew his company from 1989 to number #1 in the world mostly through acquisitions on emerging markets – Trinidad and Tobago, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Romania, Algeria, Bosnia, South Africa, …and then developed world) and technological innovation (mini-mills, DRI instead of scrap). 14
  16. 16. People on top – Alexey Mordashev• Alexey Mordashev• CEO and major shareholder of one of the largest steel companies in the world (~20 mln. tones of steel / year);• Born in Cherepovets, Vologodskaya oblast of Russia in 1965;• Graduated from Leningrad engineering – economical institute in 1988;• After graduation started as an economist, in 1989 was intern at VoestAlpine (austrian steelmaking company), in 1992 at the age of 27 became CFO, created Severstal-invest where he owned 76% and via it consolidated shares of the plant. 15
  17. 17. People on top – Oleg Deripaska• Oleg Deripaska• CEO and major shareholder of Rusal – the largest producer of aluminium in the world;• Was born in 1968, grew up in rural areas of Krasnodar region;• In 1993 graduated from Moscow State University (physics) and Pleshka (1996);• While in MSU (early 90-s) his company started buy out of shares of aluminium producers in Russia (Sayanskiy aluminium plant);• In 1994 (at the age of 26 he became majority shareholder and CEO of the plant). 16
  18. 18. Planning your career and personal strategies (1/4)• Why do you need to plan it at all? Remember “Alice in Wonderland”? •“Alice: Would you tell me, please, which way I ought to go from here? •The Cat: That depends a good deal on where you want to get to •Alice: I dont much care where. •The Cat: Then it doesnt much matter which way you go •Alice: …so long as I get somewhere. •The Cat: Oh, youre sure to do that, if only you walk long enough”• It’s always just a personal choice: • Random; • Tradition; • Requirement; • Though-through choice. 17
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  20. 20. Planning your career and personal strategies (2/4)• Think about you life priorities, who you want to be (pre-assignment?), where you want to live, what lifestyle you are interested in several time horizons;• Think about your preferences (MBTI and Holland?);• Think what can lead to archiving priorities while suiting your preferences (in several time horizons if necessary!); • Industry; • Company; • Function; • Position; •…• Always plan some degree of flexibility. 18
  21. 21. Planning your career and personal strategies (3/4)• Most important industries in Ukraine • Metals; • Mining; • Agro; •…;• Most important companies / groups in Ukraine • State: • Ukrzalyznytsa;; •.; • Private: • SCM; •…• Functions • Finance; • Operations; • …;• Always plan some degree of flexibility. 19
  22. 22. Planning your career and personal strategies (4/4)• 2 volunteers needed for example;• Volunteers will state: • Priorities; • Preferences; • How she/he would archive priorities while suiting preferences;• What do you think, what would you advise volunteers? 20
  23. 23. Conclusion 23
  24. 24. Thank you for attention!Any questions?