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Social development

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Social Development in children,influences on child social development,stages of child social development, & social development in child at pre-school level.
Social Development.Social Development from Infancy to Adolescence .
Erick Erickson theory of social development. Social Characteristics of Learners and provision of suitable . activities at the following level. . Preschool and Kindergarten . Elementary Level.

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Social development

  1. 1. Page 1
  2. 2. Social development Child development Page 2
  3. 3. Learning objectives • What is Social development? • How to Support Social Development in Young Children • Difficulties occur in children social development • How can we remove difficulties. Page 3
  4. 4. Social development This involves learning the values, knowledge and skills that enable children to relate to others effectively and to contribute in positive ways to family, school and the community. Page 4
  5. 5. Influences on child social development Page 5
  6. 6. How to support social development • • • • • • Model Appropriate Social Behavior Support Self-Esteem Build Problem Solving Skills Encourage Exploration Play! Culture and self-concept • March 29, 2012 by Corey Fitzgerald Page 6
  7. 7. Children learn The language of children’s feelings is behavior.  Non verbal language - smile, look, approach.  Verbal language - greeting, joining, talking, questions,  Listening - taking turns  Sensitivity - how their approach affects others. Page 7
  8. 8. Children who do well  Are friendly and optimistic Have group joining skills Make relevant contributions  Are interested in others  Have a predictive understanding of others‟ reaction to them  Positive non verbal interaction Page 8
  9. 9. Social Difficulties • One third of children bring problems from home • One third don’t understand how to behave differently • One third are bored or in inappropriate environment (Lilian Katz, 2001) Page 9
  10. 10. How can we eliminate difficulties Address the cause Safe base (adult) near while the child gains confidence Grouping with socially competent Invite a single peer home Page 10
  11. 11. What parents can do Allow learning from mistakes without ridicule Give private, respectful consequences Let children help set rules Acknowledge that some children test rules and that they unconsciously do so in order to check out how much people care about them and how much they belong Page 11
  12. 12. Principles for child social development Ask questions that encourage children to put themselves in someone else’s shoes. Supervise and support children’s social activities without taking over. Show you are willing to listen and take children’s feelings into consideration. Page 12
  13. 13. Social development from infancy to adolescence Page 13
  14. 14. Learning objectives • Erickson’s theory • Eight stages of social development according to Erickson. Page 14
  15. 15. Erikson’s(1986) theory • Erikson theory have eight stages of social development. • Each stage consists of development task that confronts individual with crisis. • Each crisis is not atrophic but a turning point of increased vulnerability and enchained potential. Page 15
  16. 16. Trust versus mistrust • The developmental task requires warm and care giving. • The positive outcomes is a feeling of comfort. • Mistrust develops when infants are treated too negatively. Page 16
  17. 17. Autonomy versus shame and doubt • Kids asserts their independence and realize their will. • If infants are restrained too much or punished too harshly, they develop a sense of shame and doubt. Page 17
  18. 18. Initiative versus guilt • In this stage, adults expect children to become more responsible . • Children develop uncomfortable guilt feelings . • If they are irresponsible or are made to feel too anxious. Page 18
  19. 19. Industry versus inferiority • As kids move into elementary school years, they direct their energy toward (mastering knowledge) intellectual skills. • The danger in these years is developing a sense of inferiority and incompetence. Page 19
  20. 20. Intimacy versus isolation • The developmental task is to form positive close relationship with others. • For such individuals loneliness can become a dark cloud over their lives. Page 20
  21. 21. Generativity versus stagnation • Generativity means transmitting something positive to the next generation. • Stagnation means the feeling of having done nothing to help the next generation. Page 21
  22. 22. Integrity versus despair Adults review their lives, reflecting on what they have done. If the retrospective evaluations are positive, they a sense of integrity. In contrast older adults become despairing. If their backward glances are moving negative. Page 22
  23. 23. Social characteristics of learners Page 23
  24. 24. Introduction • Children grow and change in many ways during their primary school years. As well as growing physically, develop socially. Page 24
  25. 25. Characteristics of learners • Self-concept:Children develop a firm awareness that they are separate from others and have individual qualities. Page 25
  26. 26. Self-esteem • Learner began the task of making judgments about their own worth and competencies, their self-esteem. Page 26
  27. 27. Regulation of emotions • Children develop an awareness and understanding of their feeling in the preschool years, the self regulation of emotions. Page 27
  28. 28. Empathy • A significant characteristic of the learner is the development of empathy, the ability to understand and respond to the feelings of others.e.g love, hate etc. Page 28
  29. 29. Parents-child relation • Social development is affected by the relationships that children have with their parents and other adults as well as with other children. Page 29
  30. 30. Social development at Preschool and kindergarten Page 30
  31. 31. Preschool & kindergarten • Preschool is important to child social development because preschool provides the perfect setting where friends can interact with their peers, and develop social skills. So, how exactly does preschool help child social development Page 31
  32. 32. Example of preschool Page 32
  33. 33. 5 social skill for preschool & kindergarten  Understands the difference between right and wrong.  Explain their feelings and understand other emotions. Page 33
  34. 34. Social skills Play independently or in group. Share, converse and play with other children. Page 34
  35. 35. Cont…. • Likes to make decisions for himself, explores new things and take some (safe) risks. Page 35
  36. 36. Page 36

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