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Brussels Briefing 54: Carin Smaller ''SDG2: cost and evidence reviews to expand sustainable practices''


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The Brussels Policy Briefing n. 54 on ”Sustainable agriculture: where are we on SDGs implementation?” took place on 27th February 2019 (European Commission, Charlemagne Building, Alcide de Gasperi Room, Rue de la Loi 170, 1040 Brussels).

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Brussels Briefing 54: Carin Smaller ''SDG2: cost and evidence reviews to expand sustainable practices''

  1. 1. A Partnership
  2. 2. To build consensus on the interventions needed to end hunger and transform the lives of the world's poorest farmers—while protecting the environment. Our mission
  3. 3. We combine state-of-the-art modelling techniques with expert evidence to support a donor roadmap to achieve SDG 2 (focusing on targets 2.1, 2.3 and 2.4) Our strategy
  4. 4. Evidence overview
  5. 5. We are collaborating with Nature Research to publish a focused collection of eight evidence reviews and editorial pieces on SDG 2.3 and 2.4, subject to the highest standards of peer-review Publication forthcoming in early 2020
  6. 6. How did we select our eight topics? Consulted with global experts at forums including the T20 and CFS45 throughout 2018 We used machine-learning to analyze a dataset of 50,000 articles about interventions and small-scale food producers We used the analysis to query expert partners on the relevancy of 30 select interventions
  7. 7. Our eight evidence synthesis topics Evidence review question Example interventions (not exhaustive) What are the interventions that small-scale producers can adopt to reduce pre- and post-harvest losses along the value chain? On and off-farm storage, regional processing capabilities, decentralized energy grids; improved varieties What are the knowledge-sharing interventions which demonstrate that small-scale producers have successfully adopted sustainable farming practices? Information and community technologies (ICTs), extension and advisory services, formal and informal education. What are the most effective risk-management policy interventions for small-scale producers? Social protection programs, credit subsidies, weather insurance, employment and education incentives What technology assessment tools provide comprehensive evaluations of a food system? Regulatory frameworks, scientific data-sharing agreements, impact assessments What are the livestock interventions that contribute to more sustainable and integrated farm systems? Alternative animal feed sources, dietary diversity, income diversification; animal health, livestock insurance. Which interventions create effective incentives for environmentally friendly farming practices while helping farmers obtain remunerative prices? Certification, farmer cooperative, ICTs, procurement, cooperatives, private business growth and development What combination of farm-level interventions contribute to increased incomes in water scarce (or drought-impacted) regions? Labor and land reforms, seeds and varieties, integrated pest management, mechanization, irrigation, and knowledge. What are the effective interventions to encourage non-manufacturing growth and employment opportunities for youth? Integration of farm and off-farm activities (eg. food processing); “out of agriculture” employment, urban-rural linkages.
  8. 8. Identify all relevant evidence-bases Establish a research question Search for similar systematic reviews 02 03 Develop and test search strategies 04 06 Write an inclusion and exclusion strategy Execute searches and screen materials 07 Review and synthesize results 08 09 Conduct a quality of evidence assessment 01 Each question will use the same process for synthesis Publish a protocol 04 We have 16 global research synthesis experts supporting the process
  9. 9. Modeling Framework
  10. 10. Ending Hunger: What would it cost? [2016] • We are not on track for SDG2 • But we can reach it if we • Have more resources • Use better interventions • Realign priorities
  11. 11. Well-defined indicator, directly used in model Not used, insufficient data Used, some limitations Not defined by UN Alternative indicators used Used, some limitations UN-Proposed Indicators First, we try to address the scope of SDG 2.1 2.3. and 2.4 Subgoals SDG 2.1 End Hunger SDG 2.3 Smallholder Productivity SDG 2.4 Sustainability Prevalence of Undernourishment Production per Labor Unit % of Agricultural Area that Is Sustainable Food Insecurity Experience Scale Average Income by Sex and Indigenous Status UN Tier 1 2 3 3 3 In the Cost Model? Yes No Yes No Yes
  12. 12. Existing SDG2 Costing Exercise IFPRI Brief: Quantifying the cost and benefits of ending hunger and undernutrition: Examining the differences among alternative approaches 265 billion Achieving Zero Hunger (FAO, IFAD, WFP) 52 billion IMPACT (IFPRI) 11 billion MIRAGRODEP (IFPRI-IISD)7 billion Investment Framework for Nutrition (World Bank) What are the additional transfers and investments needed to end poverty and hunger in all countries by 2030? How much would hunger decrease given investments to achieve target yield increases by 2030? What is the minimum cost to end hunger for vulnerable households in all countries by 2030? What is the minimum cost to meet the World Health Assembly (WHA) goals on reducing undernutrition by 2025?
  13. 13. Proposed Indicators in Model From Indicators to Quantitative Targets Subgoals SDG 2.1 End Hunger SDG 2.3 Smallholder Productivity SDG 2.4 Sustainability Prevalence of Undernourishment Total GHG emissions in agriculture Fertilizer Use | Energy Use | Land Use + Water Requirements Smallholder productivity Target 5% X2 NDC
  14. 14. Ceres2030 process and timeline The HLPF reported a dearth of evidence for SDG 2.3 and 2.4 in a review of SDG2 in 2017.
  15. 15. Thank you