Kamikaze Pilots Of Wwii


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Kamikaze Pilots Of Wwii

  1. 1. Kamikaze Pilots of WWII Presented by: Mr. Pitman
  2. 3. BACKGROUND <ul><li>Japanese forces, after their defeat at the Battle of Midway in 1942, lost the momentum they had at the start of the Pacific War (known officially as the Great Eastern Asian War in Japan). </li></ul><ul><li>During 1943-44, Allied forces, backed by the industrial might and rich resources of the United States, were advancing steadily towards Japan. </li></ul>
  3. 4. BACKGROUND <ul><li>Japan's fighter planes were becoming outnumbered and outclassed by newer US-made planes, especially the F4U Corsair and P-51 Mustang . Because of combat losses, skilled fighter pilots were becoming extremely scarce. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, the low availability of parts and fuel made even normal flight operation a problem. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Table of Contents <ul><li>Who Are Kamikaze Pilots? </li></ul><ul><li>What Exactly Did They Do? </li></ul><ul><li>Why Did They Do This? </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed To a Five Point Oath </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons To Be a Kamikaze Pilot </li></ul><ul><li>USN Ships Sunk and Damaged By Kamikaze Pilots </li></ul><ul><li>Kamikaze Airplanes </li></ul><ul><li>Reference List </li></ul>
  5. 6. FORMING THE UNIT <ul><li>Vice Admiral Takijiro Onishi decided to form a suicide attack unit, the Kamikaze Special Attack Force . </li></ul><ul><li>Onishi, visiting the 201st Navy Flying Corps headquarters, suggested: &quot;I don't think there would be any other certain way to carry out the operation [to hold the Philippines], than to put a 250 kg bomb on a Zero and let it crash into a U.S. carrier, in order to disable her for a week.&quot; </li></ul>
  6. 7. Who Are Kamikaze Pilots? <ul><li>Japanese pilots who crashed into enemy ships </li></ul><ul><li>Majority accepted were in their late teens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brainwashed by the empire </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Experienced pilots trained the Kamikaze pilots </li></ul>
  7. 8. What Exactly Did They Do? <ul><li>They purposely crashed their planes into enemies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Their planes were loaded with explosives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They crashed into different things </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Naval bases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enemy warships </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Why Did They Do This? <ul><li>Japan was losing in the Pacific </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Last effort to turn around their fortunes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These crashes did extreme damage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One crash equal to ten firing missions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Suicide was completely new in warfare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The missions would take Americans by surprise </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Agreed To a Five Point Oath <ul><li>Must make loyalty his obligation </li></ul><ul><li>Must make prosperity his way of life </li></ul><ul><li>Must highly esteem military valor </li></ul><ul><li>Must have a high regard for righteousness </li></ul><ul><li>Must live a simple life </li></ul>I’m Scared
  10. 11. Reasons To Be a Kamikaze Pilot <ul><li>In Japanese, kamikaze means “divine wind” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Was an honor to die for country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was an honor to serve the emperor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One crashed plane could sink a ship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Became a hero if fifty people died </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. USN Ships Sunk and Damaged By Kamikazes <ul><li>Kamikazes did extreme damage to US ships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They sunk a total of 34 ships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They damaged a total of 288 ships </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Kamikaze Airplanes <ul><li>Kamikaze pilots flew a Zero-22 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a green camouflage color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was flown with a Sakae radial engine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The engine had wooden parts in it </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Kamikaze Airplanes <ul><li>Purpose-built kamikaze planes, as opposed to converted fighters and dive-bombers, had no landing gear at all. </li></ul><ul><li>Small boats packed with explosives, and manned torpedoes. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Battle of OKINAWA <ul><li>April 6 , 1945 during the Battle of Okinawa , when waves of planes made hundreds of attacks </li></ul><ul><li>These attacks, which expended 1,465 planes </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of the battle, at least 21 US ships had been sunk by kamikazes, along with some from other Allied navies, and dozens more had been damaged by Kamikazes. </li></ul>
  15. 16. DEFENDING ATTACKS <ul><li>Lack of training, kamikaze pilots tended to be easy pickings for experienced Allied pilots, flying vastly superior aircraft. </li></ul><ul><li>Firing their big guns into the sea in front of attacking planes flying near sea level, in order to create walls of water which would swamp the attacking planes. </li></ul>
  16. 17. EFFECTS <ul><li>By the end of World War II , the Japanese naval air service had sacrificed 2,525 kamikaze pilots and the army air force had given 1,387 </li></ul><ul><li>up to 80 percent of US losses in the final phase of the war in the Pacific. </li></ul><ul><li>14 percent of Kamikazes survived to score a hit on a ship; nearly 8.5 percent of all ships hit by Kamikazes sank. </li></ul>
  17. 18. TRADITIONS <ul><li>The Japanese military never had a problem in recruiting volunteers for kamikaze missions; indeed, there were three times as many volunteers as there were aircraft. </li></ul><ul><li>Experienced pilots were turned away </li></ul><ul><li>-- Defensive or training roles </li></ul><ul><li>The average kamikaze pilot was a 20-something studying science at university. Their motivations in volunteering varied from patriotism , to a desire to bring honour to their families, or to prove themselves personally — in an extreme fashion. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Reference List <ul><li>“ Information on The Kamikaze Pilots” ( 2001) http://mtmt.essortment.com/kamikazeinforma_rglb.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Photos by Derrill Stein http://www.laffey.org/2001%20Reunion/WWII%20Photos/Page6/fotoww24.htm http://meltingpot.fortunecity.com/cumberland/854/kamikaze_.html </li></ul><ul><li>Tony DiGiulian “Kamikaze Damage to US and British Carriers” 28 Apr. 2002 http://www.warships1.com/W-Tech/tech-042.htm </li></ul><ul><li>“ Aviation Sounds” http://avanimation.avsupport.com/Sound.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Cindy Keller “Zero-22 Restoration News” 17 Apr. 2002 http://home.interlink.or.jp/~katoh00/kaigun/a6m/restor.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.geocities.com/Tokyo/Market/2978/music/index-j.html#N-Mil </li></ul>