Kamikaze Proj


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Kamikaze Proj

  1. 1. By Mai Hanoon and Hilary Cutler Kamikazes
  2. 2. <ul><li>To educate students about Kamikazes during World War II </li></ul>Objective
  3. 3. <ul><li>Means “divine wind” in Japanese </li></ul><ul><li>During WWII, referred to suicide attacks against Allied boats in the Pacific by Japanese aviators </li></ul>Kamikaze
  4. 4. Japan's 205th <ul><li>Japan’s 205 th was the air force regiment assigned the job of completing the suicide attacks </li></ul><ul><li>The air group caused serious losses on the American Pacific fleet </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese that volunteered to join the 205 th Air Group were guaranteed a place in heaven for their sacrifices </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Kamikaze culture was based on Bushido tradition and was influenced by Shinto believes </li></ul><ul><li>Young Japanese grew up learning the core beliefs of the Kamikaze through fairy tales and folklore </li></ul>Culture
  6. 6. <ul><li>Before the kamikaze pilots’ last mission a ceremony was performed where the Japanese flag, inscribed with inspirational words of wisdom, was given to them </li></ul><ul><li>Pilots also read a “death poem” which was taken from Samurai tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Saki was drunk before the pilots departed along with receiving their “Flag of the Rising Sun” headband </li></ul>Departure Ceremony
  7. 7. <ul><li>Training for the Kamikaze unit was very brutal </li></ul><ul><li>Torturous punishment and strenuous training was used daily </li></ul><ul><li>Beatings during training were justified by the idea that they instilled the soldiers’ fighting spirits </li></ul><ul><li>Daily punishments caused some pilots to lose patriotism for their country </li></ul>Training
  8. 8. <ul><li>The idea of having a manned missile was proposed by vice-Admiral Onishi of the Japanese Navy on October 19, 1944. </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted the motto “One man, one ship.” </li></ul><ul><li>Created new plane just for the project named “Okha” translated to “Cherry Blossom” </li></ul>The Rise of the Kamikaze
  9. 9. The Mitsubishi A6M2 <ul><li>Nicknamed the &quot;Zero” </li></ul><ul><li>Kamikaze pilot's personal &quot;flying coffin.“ </li></ul><ul><li>It had a maximum speed of 332 mph and a range of 1,930 miles. </li></ul><ul><li>The A6M2 was armed with 2 machine guns and could carry 264 lbs bombs </li></ul><ul><li>Main aircraft used at Pearl Harbor and in the early stages of Pacific War </li></ul><ul><li>11,283 models produced </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Nakajima Ki-115 – 104 were built that could carry bombs used for kamikaze attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Mitsubishi J8M/Ki-200 Shusui – rocket powered interceptor </li></ul><ul><li>Reppu – specially designed for use againt B-29 </li></ul><ul><li>Yokosuka Ohka – piloted glide bomb called BAKA, or idiot, by the allies. It was very difficult to stop </li></ul><ul><li>Ki-167 or Kiruy To-Go – Bomber with a 3 ton thermite bomb </li></ul>Specialized Aircrafts
  11. 11. <ul><li>Went on from late March through June 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>First Kamikaze attacks took place during the battle on April 6-7 </li></ul><ul><li>1465 Kamikaze attacks flown from Kyushu </li></ul><ul><li>Attacks sank 30 American ships and damaged 164 others </li></ul>Battle of Okinawa
  12. 12. <ul><li>There were other units and weapons used by the Kamikaze soldiers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explosive speed boats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suicide torpedoes called “Kaitens” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suicide midget submarines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suicide divers carrying explosives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suicide infantry men carrying anti-tank mines </li></ul></ul>Other Tactics Kamikaze Kaiten
  13. 13. <ul><li>Continued to be active until the atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki </li></ul><ul><li>The commander of the Kamikazes, Admiral Takijiro Onishi, committed suicide when receiving the news of Emperor Hirohito’s surrender </li></ul>The Fate of Kamikazes
  14. 14. <ul><li>5000 Kamikaze pilots launched </li></ul><ul><li>36 American ships and landing crafts sunk </li></ul><ul><li>368 American ships and landing crafts damaged </li></ul>Total Statistics
  15. 15. <ul><li>The ideology of Kamikaze carried on into other cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Germans used similar tactics during World War II such as suicide ground-attack pilots </li></ul><ul><li>Al-Qaeda also adopted some Kamikaze ideas in both their first and second attacks on the World Trade Center </li></ul>Kamikaze Legacy
  16. 16. The End