SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 40
Download to read offline
The ROI of Cool:
Quantifying the Value of Linear Parks, Trails and Greenspace
                          2012
A Quick Summary
Today we have more projects competing for 
fewer dollars.
So it is more important than ever for projects… 
particularly Green projects… to be able to 
quantify their benefits. 
This presentation will explore the value of 
shifting the Green Infrastructure discussion 
points from qualitative to quantitative.
Linear Parks and Trails are Cool

They are pretty. 
They are playgrounds.
They are civic centers. 
They are centerpieces 
of civic pride.
And they define our 
communities.


And they are good for local economies.
Richard Florida Says So
His ‘Creative Class’ premise argues that…
“While it remains important to have a solid business 
climate and good schools, regions interested in attracting 
the most talented and creative workforce should invest in 
lifestyle amenities like public art, cultural venues, parks 
and running trails, safe bike lanes, and on and off road 
cycling venues.”
These amenities will be the decisive source of 
competitive advantage among communities. 
So Does Michael Bloomberg
“Economists may not say it this way but the truth 
of the matter is: being cool counts. 
When people can find inspiration in a community 
that also offers great parks, safe streets and 
extensive mass transit, they vote with their feet.”
Great! So What’s the Problem?
Well, There’s Money
We now have more 
infrastructure projects 
competing for less 
money, and parks and 
trails are expensive. 
Land is expensive. 
Construction is expensive. 
Maintenance is expensive.

‘Do the right thing,’ Creative Class arguments are 
no longer enough to justify funding.
The Solution?
Show that Green Infrastructure offers benefits 
that offset the costs. 
Quantify the value of, or provide an ROI for, 
Green infrastructure. 
But do Parks and Trails have an ROI?
If a community invests 
millions in the design and 
construction of new trails 
and acres of parkland what 
will they get in return?
Or said another way… 
“What is the ROI of that 
Green Infrastructure?”

                      Buffalo Bayou
                      Partnership Buffalo and
                      Beyond Master Plan,
                      2002, prepared by
                      Thompson Design
                      Group
Is It More 
 Kid Stuff 
    and 
 Critters?
Is it 
 Fewer 
 Cars? 
A Cooler 
 Cool?
It’s All of the Above… and More.
    But How Do You Prove It?
Math
The following Case Studies briefly explore some of the 
benefits flowing from Green Infrastructure, as well as 
the math and methodology backing them up.
      Case Study 1:      Major Metro 
      Case Study 2:      Mixed Use Suburban 
      Case Study 3:      Low Density Semi‐Rural
Step One: Think Big
What sectors of a local economy might a  trail 
system impact the most?

•   Fiscal 
•   Transportation
•   Environmental 
•   Public Health 
Step Two: Dig In
Where do the benefits accrue?
Individuals Benefit          Communities Benefit
Municipalities Benefit    Corporations Benefit
Step Three: 
Determine What You Can Measure
• Recreation Benefits       •   Air Quality (CO2, NOx, VOC)
• Health Care Cost          •   Carbon Sequestration
  Savings                   •   Ecosystem Services
• Vehicle Operating Cost    •   Clean Water
  Savings                   •   Property Tax
• Crash Risk Reduction
• Property Value 
  Premiums
Step Four: Have Fun With Numbers
• Most benefits are derived from the number of individuals 
  who can be expected to use the trails in some form –
  cyclists, hikers, runners, walkers, general recreational users, 
  and commuters
• User counts are predicated on population proximity to the 
  park/trail system with 1.5 miles being the limit of influence
• Using population counts 
  within 1.5 miles on either 
  side of the park/trail created 
  a 3 mile‐wide band 
  overlaying the entire system
Oh… Here Are Our Sources. Mostly.
• User predictions, the key to estimating impact and benefits, 
  are based on work developed in cooperation with the 
  Federal Highway Administration

• Assumptions and methodologies have been reviewed and 
  discussed with experts at Rice University, Texas A&M, 
  Baylor College of Medicine, Harris County Flood Control, 
  and Houston‐Galveston Area Council (H‐GAC)  

• Data provided by H‐GAC, Trust for Public Lands, U.S. Army 
  Corps of Engineers, U.S. Census Bureau, Texas 
  Transportation Institute, League of American Bicyclists, 
  Houston Parks Board
Major Metro Case Study 

    The Houston Parks Board’s 
    Bayou Greenway Initiative
300 Miles of Trails for $490 Million
The Bayou Greenway Map
The Bayou Greenway Amoeba Map
Bayou Greenway Numbers
So, It Costs $490 Million to Build and Connect 300 Miles 
of Trails and You Estimate it Will Generate What…? 
Recreation Benefits                                           $ 63,209,711
Health Benefits                                               $ 13,927,262
Vehicle Operating Cost Savings / Congestion Relief            $ 3,778,207
Crash Reduction                                               $ 280,336
Air Quality: VOC, NOx, CO2                                    $ 140,690
Carbon Sequestration                                          $     5,794
EcoSystem Services                                            $ 20,972,475
Clean Water                                                   $ 390,890
Property Value                                                $ 21,642,036

Estimated Annual Total (Moderate)                             $124,347,400

Total Number of Individuals Living Within 1.5 Mile Buffers:      1,919,228
The Bayou Greenway’s Bottom Line
Okay, What’s the ROI on 
          Bayou Greenway
Take $124,347,400  (Annual Benefits Estimate), divide 
that by $490,000,000 (Estimated Cost to Build 300 
Miles of Trails) and you get an annual ROI of .25.

Said another way, the projected benefits flowing 
from the project will exceed construction costs in 4 
years.
Mixed Use Suburban Case Study

          Energy Corridor 
    Five Trails and a Tiger Grant
West Houston Trails
Overlapping Benefit Buffers
Scenario Modeling
Option 4 Numbers
Four separate trail alignments were considered. The following
recaps the results for one of the scenarios, Option 4.

Recreation Benefits                                           $ 4,797,340
Health Benefits                                               $ 1,056,251
Vehicle Operating Cost Savings / Congestion Relief            $ 195,497
Crash Reduction                                               $    14,506
Air Quality: VOC, Nox, CO2                                    $     7,280
Carbon Sequestration                                          $     5,794
EcoSystem Services                                            $         0
Clean Water                                                   $         0
Property Value                                                $ 2,366,004
Estimated Annual Total (Moderate)                             $10,306,465
Total Number of Individuals Living Within 1.5 Mile Buffers:       138,421
Low Density Semi‐Rural Case Study

     Bayou Watershed Masterplan
         Public Engagement
Regional Population Overview
Community Assets and Finger Trails
Bayou Watershed Numbers
The following projections are preliminary. Additional research
is being done to establish trail usage patterns, and assess the
impact of replanting native vegetation along the corridor.

Recreation Benefits                                           $ 4,299,411
Health Benefits                                               $ 947,631
Vehicle Operating Cost Savings / Congestion Relief            $ 162,272
Crash Reduction                                               $    12,040
Air Quality: VOC, NOx, CO2                                    $     6,043
Carbon Sequestration                                          $       554
EcoSystem Services                                            $ 1,251,434
Clean Water                                                   $    23,440
Property Value                                                $ 2,184,017
Estimated Annual Total (Moderate)                             $ 8,967,892
Total Number of Individuals Living Within 1.5 Mile Buffers:      119,974
Modeling Green Infrastructure

  What Else Can You Do Once You 
    Quantify Green Benefits?
Strategic Planning…
Master Planning…
Community Risk Assessments
The Take Away

Linear parks, trails, bikeways, and greenspace are cool. 
And that “cool” has a very real value that can be 
quantified much the way construction materials can.
So while funding for Green Infrastructure becomes 
increasingly dependent upon its ROI, qualitative “do the 
right thing” arguments will become less persuasive. And 
numbers will become more persuasive.
Do the math.
Q and A?
Thank You!
For Follow‐Up We are…

John Havenstrite
jhavenstrite@marshdarcypartners.com

Sue Darcy
sdarcy@marshdarcypartners.com

More Related Content

Viewers also liked

Traffic calming recommendations_ward_e
Traffic calming recommendations_ward_eTraffic calming recommendations_ward_e
Traffic calming recommendations_ward_e
Candice Osborne
 
Automatic Road Sign Recognition From Video
Automatic Road Sign Recognition From VideoAutomatic Road Sign Recognition From Video
Automatic Road Sign Recognition From Video
Dr Wei Liu
 
Planning for a multimodal transport interchange data collection
Planning for a multimodal transport interchange   data collectionPlanning for a multimodal transport interchange   data collection
Planning for a multimodal transport interchange data collection
Gargee Ghosh
 
Planning for a Multimodal Transport Hub: Case Study - Sealdah Interchange, Ko...
Planning for a Multimodal Transport Hub: Case Study - Sealdah Interchange, Ko...Planning for a Multimodal Transport Hub: Case Study - Sealdah Interchange, Ko...
Planning for a Multimodal Transport Hub: Case Study - Sealdah Interchange, Ko...
Gargee Ghosh
 

Viewers also liked (20)

10 traffic calming
10 traffic calming10 traffic calming
10 traffic calming
 
Capacity maximising traffic signal control policies
Capacity maximising traffic signal control policiesCapacity maximising traffic signal control policies
Capacity maximising traffic signal control policies
 
Traffic Calming (Voca meeting)
Traffic Calming (Voca meeting)Traffic Calming (Voca meeting)
Traffic Calming (Voca meeting)
 
Road safety lecture 2012
Road safety lecture 2012Road safety lecture 2012
Road safety lecture 2012
 
Defensive Driving
Defensive Driving Defensive Driving
Defensive Driving
 
Traffic Signal Re-timing Studies to Reduce Congestion and Emissions
Traffic Signal Re-timing Studies to Reduce Congestion and EmissionsTraffic Signal Re-timing Studies to Reduce Congestion and Emissions
Traffic Signal Re-timing Studies to Reduce Congestion and Emissions
 
Neural network for real time traffic signal control
Neural network for real time traffic signal controlNeural network for real time traffic signal control
Neural network for real time traffic signal control
 
Defensive driving
Defensive drivingDefensive driving
Defensive driving
 
speed detection speed camera
speed detection speed cameraspeed detection speed camera
speed detection speed camera
 
Traffic calming recommendations_ward_e
Traffic calming recommendations_ward_eTraffic calming recommendations_ward_e
Traffic calming recommendations_ward_e
 
Automatic Road Sign Recognition From Video
Automatic Road Sign Recognition From VideoAutomatic Road Sign Recognition From Video
Automatic Road Sign Recognition From Video
 
Planning for a multimodal transport interchange data collection
Planning for a multimodal transport interchange   data collectionPlanning for a multimodal transport interchange   data collection
Planning for a multimodal transport interchange data collection
 
a project on automatic traffic control using IC 555
a project on automatic traffic control using IC 555a project on automatic traffic control using IC 555
a project on automatic traffic control using IC 555
 
Smart Roadside Initiative
Smart Roadside InitiativeSmart Roadside Initiative
Smart Roadside Initiative
 
Four way traffic light conrol using Verilog
Four way traffic light conrol using VerilogFour way traffic light conrol using Verilog
Four way traffic light conrol using Verilog
 
Real time pedestrian detection, tracking, and distance estimation
Real time pedestrian detection, tracking, and distance estimationReal time pedestrian detection, tracking, and distance estimation
Real time pedestrian detection, tracking, and distance estimation
 
Pedestrian Safety and Urban Infrastructure
Pedestrian Safety and Urban InfrastructurePedestrian Safety and Urban Infrastructure
Pedestrian Safety and Urban Infrastructure
 
Dedicated roads for autonomous vehicles
Dedicated roads for autonomous vehicles Dedicated roads for autonomous vehicles
Dedicated roads for autonomous vehicles
 
Planning for a Multimodal Transport Hub: Case Study - Sealdah Interchange, Ko...
Planning for a Multimodal Transport Hub: Case Study - Sealdah Interchange, Ko...Planning for a Multimodal Transport Hub: Case Study - Sealdah Interchange, Ko...
Planning for a Multimodal Transport Hub: Case Study - Sealdah Interchange, Ko...
 
Density based traffic signal control using microcontroller
Density based traffic signal control using microcontrollerDensity based traffic signal control using microcontroller
Density based traffic signal control using microcontroller
 

Similar to #8 The ROI of Cool: Quantifying the Values and Benefits of Open Space and Trails - Havenstrite

Modeling the Benefits of Green Infrastructure - A Case Study of Houstons Bayo...
Modeling the Benefits of Green Infrastructure - A Case Study of Houstons Bayo...Modeling the Benefits of Green Infrastructure - A Case Study of Houstons Bayo...
Modeling the Benefits of Green Infrastructure - A Case Study of Houstons Bayo...
BikeTexas
 
2010 sustainbilty progress912
2010 sustainbilty progress9122010 sustainbilty progress912
2010 sustainbilty progress912
Rosemarie Russo
 
Carbon Neutrality Business Case & Avoiding Greenwashing
Carbon Neutrality Business Case & Avoiding GreenwashingCarbon Neutrality Business Case & Avoiding Greenwashing
Carbon Neutrality Business Case & Avoiding Greenwashing
Carbon Balance Consulting
 
Economic Impact on Walking & Biking in Vermont
Economic Impact on Walking & Biking in VermontEconomic Impact on Walking & Biking in Vermont
Economic Impact on Walking & Biking in Vermont
chapinspencer
 
Ecosystem Valuation and Water Risk: Ed Pinero
Ecosystem Valuation and Water Risk: Ed Pinero Ecosystem Valuation and Water Risk: Ed Pinero
Ecosystem Valuation and Water Risk: Ed Pinero
U.S. Water Alliance
 
Newsletter_Jun2004[14]
Newsletter_Jun2004[14]Newsletter_Jun2004[14]
Newsletter_Jun2004[14]
Marni Turek
 
Managing Stormwater in the Hudson Valley: A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Permeabl...
Managing Stormwater in the Hudson Valley: A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Permeabl...Managing Stormwater in the Hudson Valley: A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Permeabl...
Managing Stormwater in the Hudson Valley: A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Permeabl...
Libby Zemaitis
 

Similar to #8 The ROI of Cool: Quantifying the Values and Benefits of Open Space and Trails - Havenstrite (20)

Modeling the Benefits of Green Infrastructure - A Case Study of Houstons Bayo...
Modeling the Benefits of Green Infrastructure - A Case Study of Houstons Bayo...Modeling the Benefits of Green Infrastructure - A Case Study of Houstons Bayo...
Modeling the Benefits of Green Infrastructure - A Case Study of Houstons Bayo...
 
2010 sustainbilty progress912
2010 sustainbilty progress9122010 sustainbilty progress912
2010 sustainbilty progress912
 
Economic Value of Open Space in Pennsylvania
Economic Value of Open Space in PennsylvaniaEconomic Value of Open Space in Pennsylvania
Economic Value of Open Space in Pennsylvania
 
Carbon Neutrality Business Case & Avoiding Greenwashing
Carbon Neutrality Business Case & Avoiding GreenwashingCarbon Neutrality Business Case & Avoiding Greenwashing
Carbon Neutrality Business Case & Avoiding Greenwashing
 
The Gold Standard - GIB Summit 2014 by Adrian Rimmer at GIB Summit
The Gold Standard - GIB Summit 2014 by Adrian Rimmer at GIB SummitThe Gold Standard - GIB Summit 2014 by Adrian Rimmer at GIB Summit
The Gold Standard - GIB Summit 2014 by Adrian Rimmer at GIB Summit
 
Blake lapthorn green breakfast with craig simmons of best foot forward
Blake lapthorn green breakfast with craig simmons of best foot forwardBlake lapthorn green breakfast with craig simmons of best foot forward
Blake lapthorn green breakfast with craig simmons of best foot forward
 
Sustainable Choice of Pavement Preservation
Sustainable Choice of Pavement PreservationSustainable Choice of Pavement Preservation
Sustainable Choice of Pavement Preservation
 
Managing stormwater in the Hudson Valley: a cost benefit analysis of permeabl...
Managing stormwater in the Hudson Valley: a cost benefit analysis of permeabl...Managing stormwater in the Hudson Valley: a cost benefit analysis of permeabl...
Managing stormwater in the Hudson Valley: a cost benefit analysis of permeabl...
 
Water-Wastewater Impact Fees
Water-Wastewater Impact FeesWater-Wastewater Impact Fees
Water-Wastewater Impact Fees
 
Economic Impact on Walking & Biking in Vermont
Economic Impact on Walking & Biking in VermontEconomic Impact on Walking & Biking in Vermont
Economic Impact on Walking & Biking in Vermont
 
Carpool + Energy Stewards Presentation
Carpool + Energy Stewards PresentationCarpool + Energy Stewards Presentation
Carpool + Energy Stewards Presentation
 
Ecosystem Valuation and Water Risk: Ed Pinero
Ecosystem Valuation and Water Risk: Ed Pinero Ecosystem Valuation and Water Risk: Ed Pinero
Ecosystem Valuation and Water Risk: Ed Pinero
 
Blake Lapthorn South Coast green breakfast - carbon neutral world class event...
Blake Lapthorn South Coast green breakfast - carbon neutral world class event...Blake Lapthorn South Coast green breakfast - carbon neutral world class event...
Blake Lapthorn South Coast green breakfast - carbon neutral world class event...
 
Newsletter_Jun2004[14]
Newsletter_Jun2004[14]Newsletter_Jun2004[14]
Newsletter_Jun2004[14]
 
Fostering a Regional Green Economy: Municipal Roles and Others’ Responsibilit...
Fostering a Regional Green Economy: Municipal Roles and Others’ Responsibilit...Fostering a Regional Green Economy: Municipal Roles and Others’ Responsibilit...
Fostering a Regional Green Economy: Municipal Roles and Others’ Responsibilit...
 
Fostering a Regional Green Economy: Municipal Roles and Other’s Responsibilit...
Fostering a Regional Green Economy: Municipal Roles and Other’s Responsibilit...Fostering a Regional Green Economy: Municipal Roles and Other’s Responsibilit...
Fostering a Regional Green Economy: Municipal Roles and Other’s Responsibilit...
 
Walt Disney Final[1]
Walt Disney Final[1]Walt Disney Final[1]
Walt Disney Final[1]
 
Managing Stormwater in the Hudson Valley: A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Permeabl...
Managing Stormwater in the Hudson Valley: A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Permeabl...Managing Stormwater in the Hudson Valley: A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Permeabl...
Managing Stormwater in the Hudson Valley: A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Permeabl...
 
Smart Growth Debate Proponent's Presentation
Smart Growth Debate Proponent's PresentationSmart Growth Debate Proponent's Presentation
Smart Growth Debate Proponent's Presentation
 
National Research Council - Guidelines on Undertaking a Comprehensive Analysi...
National Research Council - Guidelines on Undertaking a Comprehensive Analysi...National Research Council - Guidelines on Undertaking a Comprehensive Analysi...
National Research Council - Guidelines on Undertaking a Comprehensive Analysi...
 

More from Project for Public Spaces & National Center for Biking and Walking

More from Project for Public Spaces & National Center for Biking and Walking (20)

Level of Service F for Grade A Streets--Cesar Chavez Street
Level of Service F for Grade A Streets--Cesar Chavez Street  Level of Service F for Grade A Streets--Cesar Chavez Street
Level of Service F for Grade A Streets--Cesar Chavez Street
 
A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities
A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for CitiesA Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities
A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities
 
Level of Service F for Grade A Streets
Level of Service F for Grade A StreetsLevel of Service F for Grade A Streets
Level of Service F for Grade A Streets
 
Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...
Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...
Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...
 
Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...
Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...
Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...
 
Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...
Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...
Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...
 
'Selling' Rural Communities on Cycling-The River Town Program
'Selling' Rural Communities on Cycling-The River Town Program'Selling' Rural Communities on Cycling-The River Town Program
'Selling' Rural Communities on Cycling-The River Town Program
 
Federal Funding for Active Transportation and Recreation-Wesley Blount
Federal Funding for Active Transportation and Recreation-Wesley BlountFederal Funding for Active Transportation and Recreation-Wesley Blount
Federal Funding for Active Transportation and Recreation-Wesley Blount
 
A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities--Bike Parking Ap...
A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities--Bike Parking Ap...A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities--Bike Parking Ap...
A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities--Bike Parking Ap...
 
'Selling' Rural Communities on Cycling-Lessons from the Historic Columbia Riv...
'Selling' Rural Communities on Cycling-Lessons from the Historic Columbia Riv...'Selling' Rural Communities on Cycling-Lessons from the Historic Columbia Riv...
'Selling' Rural Communities on Cycling-Lessons from the Historic Columbia Riv...
 
Selling' Rural Communities on Cycling--ODOT Pedestrian and Bicycle Program
Selling' Rural Communities on Cycling--ODOT Pedestrian and Bicycle ProgramSelling' Rural Communities on Cycling--ODOT Pedestrian and Bicycle Program
Selling' Rural Communities on Cycling--ODOT Pedestrian and Bicycle Program
 
A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities-Level of Service...
A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities-Level of Service...A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities-Level of Service...
A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities-Level of Service...
 
Taking Pedestrian and Bicycle Counting Programs to the Next Level
Taking Pedestrian and Bicycle Counting Programs to the Next Level Taking Pedestrian and Bicycle Counting Programs to the Next Level
Taking Pedestrian and Bicycle Counting Programs to the Next Level
 
Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...
Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...
Policies for Pupils: Working with School Boards on Walking and Bicycling Poli...
 
Federal Funding for Active Transportation and Recreation
Federal Funding for Active Transportation and RecreationFederal Funding for Active Transportation and Recreation
Federal Funding for Active Transportation and Recreation
 
Not Your Grandfather's DOT: The FDOT District 5 and PennDOT Experiences--Bria...
Not Your Grandfather's DOT: The FDOT District 5 and PennDOT Experiences--Bria...Not Your Grandfather's DOT: The FDOT District 5 and PennDOT Experiences--Bria...
Not Your Grandfather's DOT: The FDOT District 5 and PennDOT Experiences--Bria...
 
Not Your Grandfather's DOT: The FDOT District 5 and PennDOT Experiences--Bold...
Not Your Grandfather's DOT: The FDOT District 5 and PennDOT Experiences--Bold...Not Your Grandfather's DOT: The FDOT District 5 and PennDOT Experiences--Bold...
Not Your Grandfather's DOT: The FDOT District 5 and PennDOT Experiences--Bold...
 
Transportation Studies in the 21st Century: Incorporating all Modes-SFMTA Urb...
Transportation Studies in the 21st Century: Incorporating all Modes-SFMTA Urb...Transportation Studies in the 21st Century: Incorporating all Modes-SFMTA Urb...
Transportation Studies in the 21st Century: Incorporating all Modes-SFMTA Urb...
 
Transportation Studies in the 21st Century: Incorporating all Modes
Transportation Studies in the 21st Century: Incorporating all ModesTransportation Studies in the 21st Century: Incorporating all Modes
Transportation Studies in the 21st Century: Incorporating all Modes
 
Integrating a Health Impact Assessment into District-Wide School Travel Plan...
	Integrating a Health Impact Assessment into District-Wide School Travel Plan...	Integrating a Health Impact Assessment into District-Wide School Travel Plan...
Integrating a Health Impact Assessment into District-Wide School Travel Plan...
 

#8 The ROI of Cool: Quantifying the Values and Benefits of Open Space and Trails - Havenstrite