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Sustainable Planning Fundamentals


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Dan Leeming of the Planning Partnership provides an overview of sustainable planning principles for the CaGBC's Sustainable Building Advisor Program in Apr 2012

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Sustainable Planning Fundamentals

  1. 1. Sustainable Building Advisor Course Canada Green Building Council Daniel H. Leeming BA, DIP CP, MES, FCIP, RPP The Planning Partnership ; Partner, Urban Design and Planning Canada Green Building Council
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS -A. Converging Issues -D. Integration of Sustainability in the Development Approval Process -B. Learning for our Past -E. Programs and the City -C. Providing for Our Future -F. Sustainability in Practice Canada Green Building Council
  3. 3. CONVERGING ISSUES - Rising Costs of Energy - Days of cheap energy are over - Aging Population - In 20 years, 1 in 4 Canadians will be 65+ - Public health - Last 20years has seen a 2 or 3 times - increase in diseases, asthma diabetes, - depression, hearth disease - Climate Change - CO2 levels are the highest in 500,000 - years and growing All of these issues are linked to how we design and build our communitiesWith the convergence of these issues, we have just one generation to make serious change before things get out of hand. Canada Green Building Council
  4. 4. CONVERGING ISSUESMay 25, 2011 - Shelia Fraser, Auditor General, warns of the harshchoice Canadians will have to face – tax hikes or program cuts due to:1. An aging population2. Aging infrastructure3. Effects of climate change Shelia Fraser discusses the impacts: • “… we can expect people will need more health care services and will be drawing on public pensions. Obviously, balancing these fiscal pressures will be a major challenge.” •“Melting permafrost is undermining roads, buildings and pipelines… and climate change could also affect key economic sectors such as forestry, mining, fisheries and Canada Green Building Council agriculture.”
  5. 5. CONVERGING ISSUESENERGY- Earth’s oil capacity: 2 trillion barrels- Remaining capacity at peak: 1 trillion barrels- Consumption: 27 billion barrels/year- Final consumption: 2041(37 years)- Population 1800: 1 billion- Population 2000: 6 billion Canada Green Building Council
  6. 6. CONVERGING ISSUESENERGY - At Peak oil consumption: - A 10% shortfall will triple cost of oil - Low Density Energy Costs: $ 4,000.00 Buildings $ 4,000.00 Transportation (2.5 cars/household) $ 8,000.00 - Some alternative fuels not a solution. Ethanol and hydrogen have a very low return on investment (ie. Competes with food production and uses energy to produce energy). - Reducing reliance on water helps to reduce reliance on energy. Pumping water is a huge user of energy. - It took 3 million years to produce enough oil for 1 year of consumption - Typical Oil Well: - 25 barrels = 1 barrel of energy used - Oil Sands: - 5 barrels = 1 barrel of energy used Canada Green Building Council
  7. 7. CONVERGING ISSUESEARTH`S RESOURCES, ONE PLANET LIVING United States * 9.5 5 Planets Canada 7.6 4 Planets Norway 5.8 3 Planets United Kingdom 5.6 3 Planets Zambia 0.6 0.3 Planets One Planet * Renewable ha/person 1.8 1 Planet (balance) Canada Green Building Council
  8. 8. CoolingCONVERGING ISSUES DemandCLIMATE CHANGE Respiratory Power Complications Demand Increased - Increased demand on cooling systems & power Smog demand; 2010 hottest summer on record. - Introduce a range of housing - Even if CO2 emissions were eliminated today, it could stay options and services in order to in the atmosphere for up to 200 years. age in place - World population has doubled since 1960, and parallels the steepest climb of CO2 . Rocketing economies of China & India, with more than 1 billion people each, ensures that CO2 will continue to rise. Canada Green Building Council
  9. 9. CONVERGING ISSUESCLIMATE CHANGE - An increase of 1 to 2 degrees Celsius in global temperature = - Sea Coasts – storms & rising sea levels cause growing erosion of coasts - Species – 30% at risk of extinction; increasing coral reef death - Flooding and depleted croplands in Pakistan / Bangladesh - An increase of 4 to 5 degrees Celsius in global temperature results in `Positive Feedback Loops` = - Melting of Arctic Tundra, warming of Southern oceans & melting of ice caps - Wheat and rice crop failures - A 30% increase in China’s rice needs means 50% of world production Canada Green Building Council
  10. 10. CONVERGING ISSUES“SNOWBALL EARHT” HYPOTHESIS• Geologists have found evidence that sea ice extended to the equator 716.5 millionyears ago• Francis A. Macdonald, an assistant professor in Harvard’s Department of Earth andPlanetary Sciences has found recent evidence that, “suggests that the Sturtianglaciation (Snowball Earth) lasted a minimum of 5 million years.” Canada Green Building Council
  11. 11. CONVERGING ISSUESAGING POPULATION - ‘Working-to-aged ratio’ increases from 100:44 to 100:61 by 2031 - Household formation growing faster than population growth - 3 to 5 year backlog for Long-Term Care - Increasing health care costs Age 65+ Seniors % of Society 2001 13% 2021 18% 2031 24% -Census of Canada Canada Green Building Council
  12. 12. CONVERGING ISSUESAGING POPULATION Introduce a range of housing options and services in order to age in place Long Term Care Facility in Cornell, Markham; Ontario Canada Green Building Council
  13. 13. CONVERGING ISSUESPUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE- Disease of the 19th Century TB Cholera Yellow Fever- Treatment Public Works Water Quality / Treatment Canada Green Building Council
  14. 14. CONVERGING ISSUESHEALTH ISSUES- Disease of the 19th Century Typhoid- Appalling typhoid death rates until; 1910 Chlorination 1914 Milk Pasteurization ‘American City Magazine’ Canada Green Building Council
  15. 15. CONVERGING ISSUESHEALTH ISSUES: The Shift from Communicable Diseases to Chronic Diseases Diseases of the 21st Century Diet & Exercise - Hypertension, Diabetes, Heart Disease, Cancer, Osteoarthritis and; Depression -All have doubled or tripled in the last 20 years - 2% of Canadians are underweight; 25-30% are overweight - 9% of premature deaths are now due to obesity - Child obesity has tripled in 20 years - 3 million people have diabetes in Canada, est. cost by 2020- $17 billion Treatment - Diet & Education - Exercise, 60 minutes of moderate activity daily, for adults; 90 minutes for children - Improve / Build Environments that encourage walking / cycling / recreation at all levels Canada Green Building Council
  16. 16. CONVERGING ISSUESHEALTH ISSUES Diseases of the 21st Century Respiratory Health - Transportation and buildings are the worst offenders (buildings, in the city; transportation, in the suburbs) - $1 Billion lost to direct healthcare costs and lost productivity costs - Children’s asthma has dropped by 19% since 1995 Treatment - Promote alternatives to high automobile dependence - Promote alternative low emissions energy sources - Better education on land use planning & lifestyle choices Canada Green Building Council
  17. 17. CONVERGING ISSUESHEALTH ISSUES Diseases of the 21st Century Mental Health Treatment - Mental health disorders, depression & anxiety - Education about loneliness, inactivity, depression have tripled in the last 20 years and commuting stress - Depression affects 121 million people - Improve / encourage exercise opportunities worldwide, the leading cause of disability and 4th - Improve opportunities for social interaction at leading contributor to global disease (WHO) all levels - Mental disability costs Canadians $14.4 billion in - Build better public meeting places (structured and treatment, medication & lost time unstructured) into communities at all scales - Social Capital (social, political, economic networks, ie. volunteer time) has dropped significantly Canada Green Building Council
  18. 18. CONVERGING ISSUESCHILDREN’S HEALTH Physical Activity Report Card Indicators - Access to community programs - Community infrastructure - Built environment Active Healthy Kids Canada 2011 - Proximity to parks Physical Activity Levels Report Card - Active transportation Grade “D-” - Neighbourhood safety and support - Municipal regulations Only 32% of Ontario’s children meet Canada’s physical activity guidelines (Public Health Agency of Canada) of 13,500 steps per day.“C-” for Physical Education“D” for Family Physical Activity“A-” for Proximity & Accessibility to Physical Activity Facilities“C” for Usage of Facilities, Programs, Parks & Playgrounds Canada Green Building Council
  19. 19. CONVERGING ISSUESCHILDREN’S HEALTH: (Physical Activity and the Built Form)Statistics- In 1971, the average age at which children began to watch TV was 4 years; today, it is 5 months.- > 90% of kids begin watching TV before the age of 2, despite recommendations that screen time should be zero for children under 2, and limited to 1 hour for kids 2-5.- National data shows 15.2% of 2-5-year-olds are overweight and 6.3% are obese.- Regional data shows that 24% of children and youth use active transportation to get to and from school. Canada Green Building Council
  20. 20. CONVERGING ISSUESCANADIAN HEALTH MEASURES SURVEY - Canadians of all ages are heavier, bigger-bellied, weaker and, by every conceivable measure, less fit than they were a generation ago, according to grim new data from Statistics Canada - The report on children and youth states "Children are taller, heavier, fatter and weaker than in 1981" - The Canadian Health Measures Survey released by StatsCan and the Public Health Agency of Canada involved 5,600 Canadians from ages 6 to 79. Data was collected at 15 sites across the country, including in Toronto. Canada Green Building Council
  21. 21. CONVERGING ISSUESICES ATLAS- Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences(Neighbourhood Environments & Resources for Healthy Living- A Focus on Diabetes in Toronto) Diabetes Prevalence Rates Canada Green Building Council
  22. 22. CONVERGING ISSUESPUBLIC HEALTH ISSUES AND THE BUILT ENVIRONMENTMany communities and health care facilities continue to contribute to:- A lack of diversity of land uses and full range housing options- Require increased travel time & car dependence- Increased live-work separation- Encouraged active sports facilities over full range of facilities that reflect broader society- Promoted traditional health care, ‘treat the disease’, verses the broad-based prevention strategy Canada Green Building Council
  23. 23. CONVERGING ISSUESSUSTAINABILITY AND THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT - Scientific evidence that regular physical activity can reduce various chronic disease by 50%. - The costs of many diseases have been clearly linked to our built environment. - The doubling every 20 years of health care costs is not sustainable, healthcare already struggling - Rising fuel costs will replace building, transportation, food production systems. - Climate change is just starting as greenhouse gasses spike upward. - Goals of 20% CO2 reduction by 2030 and 80% by 2050 means profound change. - Two generations to get to 80% is too little, too late. Canada Green Building Council
  25. 25. LEARNING FROM OUR PASTOPEN SPACE Canada Green Building Council
  26. 26. LEARNING FROM OUR PASTHISTORY OF THE SUBURBSMarket Place Realities 1 Housing drives the market of Community development:- In the 1950’s and 60’s lots were big, 50’ x 120’ and the houses were modest- 1,500sf and a single car garage was adequate Canada Green Building Council
  27. 27. LEARNING FROM OUR PASTHISTORY OF THE SUBURBSMarket Place Realities 2 Consequences:- Vanishing house and degraded streetscape- An old model of house building trying to adapt to new economic realities Canada Green Building Council
  28. 28. LEARNING FROM OUR PASTSTREET RIGHT-OF-WAY 20m ROW and 8m setback 15.5m ROW and 3m setback Canada Green Building Council
  29. 29. LEARNING FROM OUR PASTGREAT STREETS - Permeable by design; - Natural traffic calmers; - Contribute to livability of a community; - Their defined hierarchy acts to identify location in communities; and, - Provide 30% of public realm. Canada Green Building Council
  30. 30. LEARNING FROM OUR PASTTRANSIT PERCEPTION Canada Green Building Council
  31. 31. LEARNING FROM OUR PASTCYCLING  TORONTO VS. MONTREAL• Toronto is the most dangerous city in Canada to ride a bike, according to a recent study.• ‘Side-swiping’ was the most common form of incident reported (164 incidents)• Montréal utilizes separated bike lanes both spatially and with barriers Canada Green Building Council
  33. 33. PROVIDING FOR OUR FUTUREPUBLIC HEALTH AND THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT Ontario Professional Planners Institute - The costs of many diseases have been clearly linked to our built environment. - The doubling and tripling every 20 years of health care costs is not sustainable. - Our over-burdened healthcare system can barely keep up now. Canada Green Building Council
  34. 34. PROVIDING FOR OUR FUTUREMARKHAM LEISURE MASTER PLAN: (January 2010) Effective long-term planning requires an understanding of existing and emerging trends. These high level trends are shaping how leisure services are provided and in Markham they form the philosophy behind the Master Plan`s goals and recommendations: -Demographics and Social Factors -General Provision of Services -Parks and Recreation -Arts and Culture -Technological Innovations (Library Sector) Not only Parks and Programming, but also encompassing: -Ageing Society -Physical Health -Mental Health -Social / Cultural Canada Green Building Council
  35. 35. PROVIDING FOR OUR FUTURETHE IMPORTANCE OF URBAN DESIGN IN SUSTAINABLE & HEALTHY DEVELOPMENT - Issues of Sustainability and Public Health have a huge impact on the way we are and will plan and design our cities and neighbourhoods - Compact, complete, walkable communities with diverse housing options, that are sustainable, healthy, liveable and beautiful require a comprehensive, integrated, design based approach - There is significant experience, but a lot more needs to be done - There is a stringent need for new approaches, new techniques and tools, alternative development standards, measurements and indicators Canada Green Building Council
  36. 36. PROVIDING FOR OUR FUTUREKEY ELEMENTS OF GOOD URBAN DESIGN (Smart Growth)- Create compact urban form that builds upon existing - Create and revitalize visible, accessible and linked urban areas and decreases regional sprawl; range of open space opportunities- Build mixed-income, diverse housing and walkable - Build neighbourhoods and towns in patterns that neighbourhoods in both Greenfield and infill accommodate peoples everyday needs; and, locations; - Preserve a region’s agricultural heritage and- Ensure equitable distribution of housing mix with environmental systems; transportation options; - Use infrastructure investments wisely and set- Reinvest in urban areas to support the economic well performance criteria for allocation of government being of an entire region; funds. Canada Green Building Council
  37. 37. PROVIDING FOR OUR FUTUREKEY ELEMENTS OF SUSTAINABLE DESIGN Energy Waste Green Infrastructure Technology Onsite renewable energy sources Waste management reduction Certified green building Reduced demand Recycle content Building energy efficiency Reduction of petroleum-based fuels Existing building reuse Building water efficiency Solar orientation District heating and cooling Heat Island reduction Infrastructure energy efficiency Local food production Air Quality Reduced greenhouse gasses Water Enhanced stormwater management Reduced auto use  Good Urban Design is an Improved public transit excellent platform from to build a Waste water management Housing and job proximity good sustainability program upon Water efficient landscaping Infrastructure energy efficient Canada Green Building Council
  38. 38. INTEGRATION OF SUSTAINABILITY WITHIN THE DEVELOPMENT APPROVAL PROCESSOPPORTUNITIES FOR SUSTAINABILITY INTERVENTIONS PRIVATE DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC SECTOR POLICY, SUSTAINABILITY INDUSTRY OPERATIONS & APPROVALS INTERVENTION 1. Land Acquisition Acquires land in advance of Defines public interest in lands: * Provide information on the development rights: a. Flood hazard lands need for a. Farmland b. Areas of natural/scientific sustainability, media, general b. Redevelopment sites: interest education. - old industrial sites c. High quality farmland - sale of government d. Provincial/Regional public lands national defence parks bases Canada Green Building Council
  39. 39. INTEGRATION OF SUSTAINABILITY WITHIN THE DEVELOPMENT APPROVAL PROCESSOPPORTUNITIES FOR SUSTAINABILITY INTERVENTIONS PRIVATE DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC SECTOR POLICY, SUSTAINABILITY INDUSTRY OPERATIONS & APPROVALS INTERVENTION 2. The Granting of Development Rights Urban Growth Boundary Expansion * Interject specific policies on sustainability and establish Regional/Municipal Official Plans framework for review and comments on further plan submissions. ‘Legitimize’ the Detailed Approval Plans process. a. Secondary Plans * Establish a process to comment (Private participation) (Public Supervision) on specific land use b. Master Plans locations, built form, and delivery (Private participation) (Public Supervision) of systems (ie. c. Draft Plans roads, transit, parks, school (Private preparation) (Review and Approval) locations, streetscape design, etc.) d. Zoning By-Laws (Private application) (Review and Approval) * Ensure both policy and design e. Guidelines, Urban guidelines satisfy meaningful Sustainability sustainability goals (Private and Public (Review and Approval) preparation) * Coordinate and delegate approval process. Canada Green Building Council
  40. 40. INTEGRATION OF SUSTAINABILITY WITHIN THE DEVELOPMENT APPROVAL PROCESSOPPORTUNITIES FOR SUSTAINABILITY INTERVENTIONS PRIVATE DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC SECTOR POLICY, SUSTAINABILITY INDUSTRY OPERATIONS & APPROVALS INTERVENTION 3. Building Communities a. Builds roads & services Assumes complete * Ensure operation and systems maintenance of the above is b. Dedicates parkland preserved. Assumes parkland c. Builds private residential * Ongoing & employment Builds support/information/work with (retail/office) schools, libraries, hospitals, community groups, public and fire halls, etc. private agencies and politicians. * Consider award/recognition for high achievers. * Endorse tools and intervention methods that work. Canada Green Building Council
  41. 41. PROVIDING FOR OUR FUTURESUSTAINABILITY PROGRAMS Energy Star, LEED-ND, LEED-H, LEED-NC, BREEAM, Green Globes, Green Star, One Planet Living Ontario Building Code The race is on to improve built and natural environments before the damage is out of control… Canada Green Building Council
  42. 42. PROVIDING FOR OUR FUTURELEED FOR NEIGHBOURHOOD DEVELOPMENT - LEED-ND goes beyond any other set of standards for the sustainable evaluation of complete community development in North America - Compliments good urban design and enhances it through practical sustainable initiatives - Intended to encourage market transformation (applicable to both private and public sectors) - Being used by various progressive developers/builders in advance of mandatory standards - Direct impact on climate change as well as addresses other current issues: energy change, public health, ageing society Canada Green Building Council
  44. 44. THE REGIONAL CITY 60% to 80% of new growth in NorthAmerica is on the edges of older urban cores outer ring urban core Canada Green Building Council
  46. 46. EXPLAINING DENSITY Canada Green Building Council
  47. 47. EXPLAINING DENSITY Canada Green Building Council
  48. 48. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICEMARKHAM CENTRE - 98 ha (243 ac); 9,500 people - LEED Gold / Urban Design - Medium and High Density - District Energy Utility owned by Town of Markham - BRT / LRT Central Route - Voluntary hook-up - 100% of buildings connected to date: office, high rise, mid rise - Density Drives: Walkable urban centres; New economic regimes; High levels of transit; Social, cultural mix; Sustainable District Energy Plant initiatives. Canada Green Building Council
  49. 49. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICESUSTAINABLE PLACE-MAKING GUIDELINES Seaton, New Town scale  65,000 people Developed in conjunction with the Amendment Policies, the Neighbourhood Plans, and Landowner meetings Approach – holistic sustainability, including energy, water, solid waste, in addition to public health, social/cultural and natural environmental considerations Combined Document – Urban Design & Sustainable Guidelines Canada Green Building Council
  50. 50. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICESUSTAINABLE PLACE-MAKING GUIDELINESHow it Works…Guidelines Application Level•Related to both urban design and •Indicators differentiate whether thesustainable elements benchmarks are applicable at the site plan•Set out in the Amendment Policies or draft plan of subdivision level, or bothEnhanced Benchmarks Sustainability Checklist•Identified at the end of each relevant •Summarizes the benchmarks and targetsguideline •To be completed for each development•Identifies measurable targets application•May overlap urban design initiatives, butfocuses on achieving sustainability Canada Green Building Council
  51. 51. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICE Canada Green Building Council
  52. 52. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICESUSTAINABLE PLACE-MAKING GUIDELINES Guidelines & Enhanced Benchmarks Canada Green Building Council
  53. 53. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICEILLUSTRATED ZONING BY-LAW (Form-Based Codes) Canada Green Building Council
  54. 54. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICEILLUSTRATED ZONING BY-LAW (Form-Based Codes) Canada Green Building Council
  55. 55. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICETHE CURRIE BARRACKS, CALGARY - First in Canada and the largest to date worldwide, to earn LEED ND gold certification. - Sustainable, mixed-use urban village by Canada Lands Company, is the last of the three sites on the former military base in Calgary - Size: 88 ha (217 ac) - Land Uses: Residential, retail, office, institutional, recreational : • 3,000 housing units of various types (single family, urban estate, multi-family townhomes); • 18,580 m2 (200,000 ft2) of retail services in a mixed-use format, and • 27,871 m2 (300,000 ft2) of office space; • 8 ha (20 ac) of open space - Density: 40 u/ha (16 u/ac) - Population: 3,000 units Canada Green Building Council
  56. 56. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICECORNELL COMMUNITY, MARKHAM - Major new community in Markham - Based on New Urbanist principles - Compact, connected and complete; 40,000 population - Diverse Housing Range - 5 min. walk neighbourhoods - Transit service - Diverse open Space System - Cornell centre includes: Regional Hospital, BRT/LRT system, mid-high density residential, retail, office - DE plant can support 4,000,000 ft2 , opens 2011 - Heating/cooling/steam – hospital; heating/cooling - Cornell Centre - DE is influencing Urban Design plans for Centre Area District Energy Plant Canada Green Building Council
  58. 58. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICEECOTECH VILLAGE, DEMONSTRATION PLAN - 64 ha (157acs), 883 Units - 5 min. walk to central shops and transit - Mixed Use / Diverse Housing - Transit Node - 95% Passive Solar Alignment - Engineered wetland / Stormwater Management - Bio Swale Connected to Stormwater Facilities - Underground Greywater Storage - Community Allotment Gardens - Photovoltaic Roof Panels - Centralized Compost Area - Communal Geothermal - Walkable School with Green Roof - Greenbelt Linkage - Environmental Home Display Canada Green Building Council
  59. 59. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICEECOTECH VILLAGE, DEMONSTRATION PLAN Community Design Layering of Functional Needs: – Would have scored well in LEED for Neighbourhood Development Program Canada Green Building Council
  60. 60. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICE HalifaxHALIFAX- Urban Amenities- Sidewalk Cafés- HRM by Design Canada Green Building Council
  61. 61. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICEREDPATH FACTORY LOFTS, MONTRÉAL - Rehabilitation of the Redpath Factory- Lofts, by Cardinal Hardy Canada Green Building Council
  62. 62. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICEPLACE D’YOUVILLE, MONTRÉAL - Place d’Youville- by Cardinal Hardy / Claude Cormier Landscape Architect - The higher the density, the better the public realm. Canada Green Building Council
  63. 63. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICEPLACE D’YOUVILLE, MONTRÉAL - Place d’Youville- by Cardinal Hardy / Claude Cormier Landscape Architect Canada Green Building Council
  64. 64. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICEOLD MONTRÉAL - Old Montréal Lighting Plan- by Cardinal Hardy / Éclairage public inc. And Groupe Teknika - Improves ‘City Living’ experience. Canada Green Building Council
  65. 65. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICEREGENT PARK, TORONTO - Old Modernism Parliament St. Cabbagetown Gerrard St. E. Regent Park Dundas St. E. View to Downtown Canada Green Building Council
  66. 66. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICEREGENT PARK, TORONTO - Principle: Re-introduce Parks and Open Space - Stitch together former streets - ‘Eyes on the Street’ - ‘Defensible Spaces’ Canada Green Building Council
  67. 67. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICEREGENT PARK, TORONTO - Principle: Re-introduce Parks and Open Space - Major urban renewal of 1950’ s public housing area, 28 ha (69 ac) - 2,500 assisted living; 2,500 market based - 50% reduction of green house gas emissions - District Energy system in basement of residential tower (Phase 1) - Significant energy savings help to finance other redevelopment projects Canada Green Building Council
  68. 68. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICEWEST DON LANDS, TORONTO - Former Brownfield - 64 ha (157acs), 883 Units - Major new community in Toronto, 42 ha (104 ac) - 6,000 units (1,200 assisted living); 15,000 population - District Energy (DE) plant combined with public uses and parkland features - District Energy plant serves the entire plan area, construction to begin late 2009 - Mixed use, public transit, high order public realm, starts October 09 - City owned, mandatory hook-up; LEED-ND points were a consideration - 40% energy reduction target Canada Green Building Council
  69. 69. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICEST. MICHAEL’S HOSPITAL HEALTHY DEVELOPMENT INDEX Centre for Research on Inner City Health with The Planning Partnership - In response to Peel Council’s direction to comment on municipal development applications and the lack of quantifiable tools in existing literature to measure health impact of built environments - The purpose of the Index- to comprehensively evaluate land development applications from a health perspective and provide health-based rationale to inform planning decisions. - Made up of two parts designed to be used in tandem – the Evaluation Tool and Scorecard, the HDI would be used for evaluating proposed communities throughout all stages of the planning process. Canada Green Building Council
  70. 70. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICETHE INTERFACE_ LEED-ND and the CDC - The CDC supports public health efforts to design and build active communities that make it easier for people to live healthy lives. LEED-ND is one of those public health efforts. - 44% of all LEED-ND Credits are directly related to specific physical health initiatives. - Expert review panel findings revealed that many of the LEED-ND rating systems features could contribute to several health benefits. These include: - Reduce the risk of obesity, heart disease, and hyper tension (promotes walking) - Reduce the risk of asthma and other respiratory diseases, and reduce air pollution and injuries from vehicle crashes (encourages the use of public transit) - Increase social connection and sense of community (encourages community participation and the delivery of appealing and comfortable street environments) - Improve mental health (promotes the reduction of commuting time and the delivery of open spaces) - Encourage healthier diets (promotes community-based and local food production) Canada Green Building Council
  71. 71. SUSTAINABILITY IN PRACTICETHE INTERFACE_ LEED-ND and the UPHN - The UPHN is a network of the Medical Officers of Health for 18 of the largest cities in Canada. - “As public health leaders, deal with the challenges of rising rates of chronic disease, declining physical activity levels, elevated rates of diabetes and burgeoning levels of childhood obesity.” - “Recognise the pressing need to ensure that we build communities which support physical activity instead of perpetuating urban design which fails to address health needs.” - “The UPHN supports the ongoing work of Canada Green Buildings (CaGBC) in developing and refining formal approaches to implement a system of criteria for certifying neighbourhood designs through the development of the Canadian LEED guidelines for Neighbourhood Development (LEED-ND).” Canada Green Building Council
  72. 72. CONCLUSIONS Compact / Mixed & Walkable & Complete Emerging Great Public Diverse Transit Communities Green Places Housing Supportive Technologies Financially Market Leadership/ Evolution of Viable Acceptance Determination Change Canada Green Building Council
  73. 73. 1255 Bay Street, Suite 201 Toronto, Ontario M5R 2A9Canada Green Building Council